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Ammonia

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Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
B - John E. Bartmess
MS - José A. Martinho Simões

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Reactions 101 to 146

(Vanadium ion (1+) bullet Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Vanadium ion (1+) bullet 2Ammonia)

By formula: (V+ bullet H3N) + H3N = (V+ bullet 2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar164. ± 9.2kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD
Deltar188.kJ/molCIDMarinelli and Squires, 1989gas phase; M

(Nickel ion (1+) bullet Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Nickel ion (1+) bullet 2Ammonia)

By formula: (Ni+ bullet H3N) + H3N = (Ni+ bullet 2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar249. ± 13.kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD
Deltar231.kJ/molCIDMarinelli and Squires, 1989gas phase; M

(Cobalt ion (1+) bullet Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet 2Ammonia)

By formula: (Co+ bullet H3N) + H3N = (Co+ bullet 2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar248. ± 13.kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD
Deltar256.kJ/molCIDMarinelli and Squires, 1989gas phase; M

Propanenitrile, 3,3'-thiobis- + 2Ammonia = 22-Propenenitrile + ammonium sulphide

By formula: C6H8N2S + 2H3N = 2C3H3N + ammonium sulphide

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar126.4 ± 2.5kJ/molCmGladstone and Chang, 1966liquid phase; Heat of formation derived by Cox and Pilcher, 1970; ALS

HO- + Ammonia = H4NO-

By formula: HO- + H3N = H4NO-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.21kJ/molN/ASchwartz, Davico, et al., 2000gas phase; Vertical Detachment Energy: 2.54±0.015 eV. Affinity is from difference in EAs; B

Fluorine anion + Ammonia = (Fluorine anion bullet Ammonia)

By formula: F- + H3N = (F- bullet H3N)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.kJ/molFASpears and Ferguson, 1973gas phase; «DELTA»rH>; M

H3N+ + Ammonia = (H3N+ bullet Ammonia)

By formula: H3N+ + H3N = (H3N+ bullet H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar97. ± 19.kJ/molEIStephan, Futrell, et al., 1982gas phase; M
Deltar75.7kJ/molPINg, Trevor, et al., 1977gas phase; M

Bismuth ion (1+) + Ammonia = (Bismuth ion (1+) bullet Ammonia)

By formula: Bi+ + H3N = (Bi+ bullet H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar149.kJ/molHPMSCastleman, 1978gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar149.J/mol*KHPMSCastleman, 1978gas phase; M

Rubidium ion (1+) + Ammonia = (Rubidium ion (1+) bullet Ammonia)

By formula: Rb+ + H3N = (Rb+ bullet H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar78.2kJ/molHPMSCastleman, 1978gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar102.J/mol*KHPMSCastleman, 1978gas phase; M

C3H9Si+ + Ammonia = (C3H9Si+ bullet Ammonia)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + H3N = (C3H9Si+ bullet H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar195.kJ/molPHPMSLi and Stone, 1990gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Si+)CH3COOC2H5; Wojtyniak and Stone, 1986; M

Iron ion (1+) + Ammonia = (Iron ion (1+) bullet Ammonia)

By formula: Fe+ + H3N = (Fe+ bullet H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar183. ± 12.kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD
Deltar161.kJ/molCIDMarinelli and Squires, 1989gas phase; M

Chromium ion (1+) + Ammonia = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Ammonia)

By formula: Cr+ + H3N = (Cr+ bullet H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar182. ± 10.kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD
Deltar156.kJ/molCIDMarinelli and Squires, 1989gas phase; M

Manganese ion (1+) + Ammonia = (Manganese ion (1+) bullet Ammonia)

By formula: Mn+ + H3N = (Mn+ bullet H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar147. ± 7.9kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD
Deltar154.kJ/molCIDMarinelli and Squires, 1989gas phase; M

Vanadium ion (1+) + Ammonia = (Vanadium ion (1+) bullet Ammonia)

By formula: V+ + H3N = (V+ bullet H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar190. ± 11.kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD
Deltar217.kJ/molCIDMarinelli and Squires, 1989gas phase; M

Nickel ion (1+) + Ammonia = (Nickel ion (1+) bullet Ammonia)

By formula: Ni+ + H3N = (Ni+ bullet H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar231. ± 16.kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD
Deltar214.kJ/molCIDMarinelli and Squires, 1989gas phase; M

Cobalt ion (1+) + Ammonia = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet Ammonia)

By formula: Co+ + H3N = (Co+ bullet H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar218. ± 15.kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD
Deltar246.kJ/molCIDMarinelli and Squires, 1989gas phase; M

Acetamide + Water = Acetic acid + Ammonia

By formula: C2H5NO + H2O = C2H4O2 + H3N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar76.1 ± 1.4kJ/molCmHill and Wadso, 1968solid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

(Magnesium ion (1+) bullet 4Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Magnesium ion (1+) bullet 5Ammonia)

By formula: (Mg+ bullet 4H3N) + H3N = (Mg+ bullet 5H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar56. ± 12.kJ/molCIDTAndersen, Muntean, et al., 20005th ligand is NH3; RCD

H6Cl2N2Pt (cr) = platinum (cr) + 2Hydrogen chloride (g) + (4/3)Ammonia (g) + (1/3)Nitrogen (g)

By formula: H6Cl2N2Pt (cr) = Pt (cr) + 2HCl (g) + (4/3)H3N (g) + (1/3)N2 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar221. ± 3.kJ/molTD-HFCAl Takhin, Skinner, et al., 1983MS

Sodium hydroxide + Acetamide = Acetic acid, sodium salt + Ammonia

By formula: HNaO + C2H5NO = C2H3NaO2 + H3N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-45.6kJ/molCmCalvet, 1933solid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

22-Propenenitrile + ammonium sulphide = Propanenitrile, 3,3'-thiobis- + 2Ammonia

By formula: 2C3H3N + ammonium sulphide = C6H8N2S + 2H3N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-126.4 ± 2.5kJ/molCmGladstone and Chang, 1966liquid phase; ALS

2-Oxetanone, 4-methylene- + Ammonia = acetoacetamide

By formula: C4H4O2 + H3N = acetoacetamide

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-173.0kJ/molKinLopatin, Popov, et al., 1992liquid phase; solvent: Solution; ALS

(Iron ion (1+) bullet 2Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Iron ion (1+) bullet 3Ammonia)

By formula: (Fe+ bullet 2H3N) + H3N = (Fe+ bullet 3H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar68. ± 13.kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD

(Iron ion (1+) bullet 3Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Iron ion (1+) bullet 4Ammonia)

By formula: (Fe+ bullet 3H3N) + H3N = (Fe+ bullet 4H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.8 ± 7.1kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 3Ammonia)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 2H3N) + H3N = (Cr+ bullet 3H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar54.0 ± 5.9kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD

(Titanium ion (1+) bullet 2Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Titanium ion (1+) bullet 3Ammonia)

By formula: (Ti+ bullet 2H3N) + H3N = (Ti+ bullet 3H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar176. ± 15.kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD

(Titanium ion (1+) bullet 3Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Titanium ion (1+) bullet 4Ammonia)

By formula: (Ti+ bullet 3H3N) + H3N = (Ti+ bullet 4H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar156. ± 10.kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD

(Cobalt ion (1+) bullet 2Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet 3Ammonia)

By formula: (Co+ bullet 2H3N) + H3N = (Co+ bullet 3H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar64.0 ± 5.9kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD

(Cobalt ion (1+) bullet 3Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet 4Ammonia)

By formula: (Co+ bullet 3H3N) + H3N = (Co+ bullet 4H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar49.0 ± 5.9kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD

(Rubidium ion (1+) bullet 4Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Rubidium ion (1+) bullet 5Ammonia)

By formula: (Rb+ bullet 4H3N) + H3N = (Rb+ bullet 5H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.7kJ/molHPMSCastleman, 1978gas phase; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 3Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 4Ammonia)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 3H3N) + H3N = (Cr+ bullet 4H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30. ± 9.2kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD

(Titanium ion (1+) bullet Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Titanium ion (1+) bullet 2Ammonia)

By formula: (Ti+ bullet H3N) + H3N = (Ti+ bullet 2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar175. ± 15.kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD

(Manganese ion (1+) bullet 3Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Manganese ion (1+) bullet 4Ammonia)

By formula: (Mn+ bullet 3H3N) + H3N = (Mn+ bullet 4H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar36. ± 5.9kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD

(Magnesium ion (1+) bullet 2Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Magnesium ion (1+) bullet 3Ammonia)

By formula: (Mg+ bullet 2H3N) + H3N = (Mg+ bullet 3H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar95.4 ± 8.8kJ/molCIDTAndersen, Muntean, et al., 2000RCD

(Magnesium ion (1+) bullet 3Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Magnesium ion (1+) bullet 4Ammonia)

By formula: (Mg+ bullet 3H3N) + H3N = (Mg+ bullet 4H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44. ± 10.kJ/molCIDTAndersen, Muntean, et al., 2000RCD

(Nickel ion (1+) bullet 3Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Nickel ion (1+) bullet 4Ammonia)

By formula: (Ni+ bullet 3H3N) + H3N = (Ni+ bullet 4H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37. ± 5.9kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD

(Copper ion (1+) bullet Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Copper ion (1+) bullet 2Ammonia)

By formula: (Cu+ bullet H3N) + H3N = (Cu+ bullet 2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar246. ± 10.kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD

H2N- + Ammonia = (H2N- bullet Ammonia)

By formula: H2N- + H3N = (H2N- bullet H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.21kJ/molPDisSnodgrass, Coe, et al., 1989gas phase; B

(Magnesium ion (1+) bullet Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Magnesium ion (1+) bullet 2Ammonia)

By formula: (Mg+ bullet H3N) + H3N = (Mg+ bullet 2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar122. ± 6.7kJ/molCIDTAndersen, Muntean, et al., 2000RCD

6Urea = 1,3,5-Triazine-2,4,6-triamine + 3Carbon dioxide + 6Ammonia

By formula: 6CH4N2O = C3H6N6 + 3CO2 + 6H3N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar469.4kJ/molEqkRukevich and Zagranichnyi, 1971liquid phase; ALS

Titanium ion (1+) + Ammonia = (Titanium ion (1+) bullet Ammonia)

By formula: Ti+ + H3N = (Ti+ bullet H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar195. ± 7.1kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD

Copper ion (1+) + Ammonia = (Copper ion (1+) bullet Ammonia)

By formula: Cu+ + H3N = (Cu+ bullet H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar237. ± 14.kJ/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD

Magnesium ion (1+) + Ammonia = (Magnesium ion (1+) bullet Ammonia)

By formula: Mg+ + H3N = (Mg+ bullet H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar154. ± 12.kJ/molCIDTAndersen, Muntean, et al., 2000RCD

2Methylamine = Dimethylamine + Ammonia

By formula: 2CH5N = C2H7N + H3N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-19.7kJ/molEqkIssoire and Long, 1960gas phase; ALS

Nitric oxide anion + Ammonia = H3N2O-

By formula: NO- + H3N = H3N2O-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.51kJ/molN/AHendricks, de Clercq, et al., 2002gas phase; B

Formamide = Carbon monoxide + Ammonia

By formula: CH3NO = CO + H3N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.4kJ/molEqkBauder and Gunthard, 1958gas phase; ALS

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Walter and Armentrout, 1998
Walter, D.; Armentrout, P.B., Periodic Trends in Chemical Reactivity: Reactions of Sc+, Y+, La+, and Lu+ with H2, D2 and HD, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1998, 120, 13, 3176, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja973202c . [all data]

Marinelli and Squires, 1989
Marinelli, P.J.; Squires, R.R., Sequential Solvation of Atomic Transition Metal Ions: The Second Solvent Molecule Can Bind More Strongly than the First, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 11, 4101, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00193a052 . [all data]

Gladstone and Chang, 1966
Gladstone, S.; Chang, H.Y., Determination of the standard heat of formation of 3,3'-thiodipropionitrile, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1966, 11, 238-239. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Schwartz, Davico, et al., 2000
Schwartz, R.L.; Davico, G.E.; Kim, J.B.; Lineberger, C.W., Negative Ion Photoelectron Spectroscopy of OH-(NH3), J. Chem. Phys., 2000, 112, 11, 4966, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.481051 . [all data]

Spears and Ferguson, 1973
Spears, K.G.; Ferguson, E.E., Termolecular and Saturated Termolecular Kinetics for Li+ and F-, J. Chem. Phys., 1973, 59, 8, 4174, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1680610 . [all data]

Stephan, Futrell, et al., 1982
Stephan, K.; Futrell, J.H.; Peterson, K.I.; Castleman, A.W.; Wagner, H.E.; Djuric, N.; Mark, T.D., An Electron - Impact Study of Ammonia Clusters in a Supersonic Molecular Beam: Appearence Potentials of NH4+, (NH3)2H+, (NH3)3+, (NH3)3H+ and (NH2 NH3)+, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1982, 44, 3-4, 167, https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-7381(82)80023-5 . [all data]

Ng, Trevor, et al., 1977
Ng, C.Y.; Trevor, D.J.; Tiedemann, P.W.; Ceyer, S.T.; Kronebush, B.H.; Mahan, B.H.; Lee, Y.T., Photoinization of Dimeric Polyatomic Molecules: Proton Affinities of H2O and HF, J. Chem. Phys., 1977, 67, 9, 4235, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.435404 . [all data]

Castleman, 1978
Castleman, A.W., The Properties of Clusters in the Gas Phase: Ammonia about Bi+, Rb+, and K+, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1978, 53, 3, 560, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(78)80069-4 . [all data]

Li and Stone, 1990
Li, X.; Stone, A.J., Gas-Phase (CH3)3Si+ Affinities of Alkylamines and Proton Affinities of Trimethylsilyl Alkylamines, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1990, 101, 2-3, 149, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(90)87008-5 . [all data]

Wojtyniak and Stone, 1986
Wojtyniak, A.C.M.; Stone, A.J., A High-Pressure Mass Spectrometric Study of the Bonding of Trimethylsilylium to Oxygen and Aromatic Bases, Can. J. Chem., 1986, 74, 59. [all data]

Hill and Wadso, 1968
Hill, J.O.; Wadso, I., Some thermochemical properties of N,N,N-triacetylammonia, Acta Chem. Scand., 1968, 22, 1590-1594. [all data]

Andersen, Muntean, et al., 2000
Andersen, A.; Muntean, F.; Walter, D.; Rue, C.; Armentrout, P.B., Collision-Induced Dissociation and Theoretical Studies of Mg+ Complexes with CO, CO2, NH3, CH4, CH3OH, and C6H6, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2000, 104, 4, 692, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp993031t . [all data]

Al Takhin, Skinner, et al., 1983
Al Takhin, G.; Skinner, H.A.; Zaki, A.A., J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1983, 2323.. [all data]

Calvet, 1933
Calvet, E., Mesures thermochimiques directes en chimie organique vitesses et chaleurs de saponification des amides. II.-Mesures effectuees et resultats obtenus, J. Chim. Phys., 1933, 30, 140-146. [all data]

Lopatin, Popov, et al., 1992
Lopatin, E.B.; Popov, V.V.; Epshtein, N.A.; Mikhaleva, L.M.; Makarov, Yu.N., Kinetic and thermochemical characteristics of diketene-based reactions, Khim.-Farm. Zh., 1992, 26, 76-78. [all data]

Snodgrass, Coe, et al., 1989
Snodgrass, J.T.; Coe, J.V.; Freidhoff, C.B.; McHugh, K.M.; Bowen, K.H., Photoelectron Spectroscopy of the Negative Cluster Ions, NH2-(NH3)n=1,2, J. Chem. Phys., 1989, 92, xxxx. [all data]

Rukevich and Zagranichnyi, 1971
Rukevich, O.S.; Zagranichnyi, V.I., Equilibrium in the reaction of melamine formation from urea, J. Anal. Chem. USSR, 1971, 44, 1616-1620. [all data]

Issoire and Long, 1960
Issoire, J.; Long, C., Etude de la thermodynamique chimique de la reaction de formation des methylamines, Bull. Soc. Chim. France, 1960, 2004-2012. [all data]

Hendricks, de Clercq, et al., 2002
Hendricks, J.H.; de Clercq, H.L.; Freidhoff, C.B.; Arnold, S.T.; Eaton, J.G.; Fancher, C.; Lyapustina, S.A.; S., Anion solvation at the microscopic level: Photoelectron spectroscopy of the solvated anion clusters, NO-(Y)(n), where Y=Ar, Kr, Xe, N2O, H2S, NH3, H2O, and C2H4(OH)(2), J. Chem. Phys., 2002, 116, 18, 7926-7938, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1457444 . [all data]

Bauder and Gunthard, 1958
Bauder, A.; Gunthard, Hs.H., Thermodynamische Eigenschaften von Formamid, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1958, 41, 670-673. [all data]


Notes

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