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Tin(IV) chloride

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
250.5 - 386.4.181621384.537-54.377Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
MS - José A. Martinho Simões
B - John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

3Stannane, tetramethyl- (l) + Tin(IV) chloride (l) = 4Stannane, chlorotrimethyl- (l)

By formula: 3C4H12Sn (l) + Cl4Sn (l) = 4C3H9ClSn (l)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-184. ± 28.kJ/molRSCNash, Skinner, et al., 1965Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977 and Cox and Pilcher, 1970.; MS

Stannane, tetramethyl- (l) + 3Tin(IV) chloride (l) = 4Methyltin trichloride (l)

By formula: C4H12Sn (l) + 3Cl4Sn (l) = 4CH3Cl3Sn (l)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-186. ± 28.kJ/molRSCNash, Skinner, et al., 1965Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977 and Cox and Pilcher, 1970.; MS

Stannane, tetramethyl- (l) + Tin(IV) chloride (l) = 2Tin, dichlorodimethyl- (l)

By formula: C4H12Sn (l) + Cl4Sn (l) = 2C2H6Cl2Sn (l)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-97. ± 15.kJ/molRSCNash, Skinner, et al., 1965Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977 and Cox and Pilcher, 1970.; MS

Stannane, tetraethyl- (l) + Tin(IV) chloride (l) = C2H5Cl3Sn (l) + Stannane, chlorotriethyl- (l)

By formula: C8H20Sn (l) + Cl4Sn (l) = C2H5Cl3Sn (l) + C6H15ClSn (l)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-94.6 ± 4.6kJ/molRSC and ESTNash, Skinner, et al., 1965MS

Chlorine anion + Tin(IV) chloride = Cl5Sn-

By formula: Cl- + Cl4Sn = Cl5Sn-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar235. ± 7.9kJ/molCIDTHao, Kaspar, et al., 2005gas phase; B

3Stannane, tetraethyl- (l) + Tin(IV) chloride (l) = 4Stannane, chlorotriethyl- (l)

By formula: 3C8H20Sn (l) + Cl4Sn (l) = 4C6H15ClSn (l)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-189.5 ± 9.2kJ/molRSC and ESTNash, Skinner, et al., 1965MS

3Stannane, tetraethenyl- (l) + Tin(IV) chloride (l) = 4C6H9ClSn (l)

By formula: 3C8H12Sn (l) + Cl4Sn (l) = 4C6H9ClSn (l)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-111. ± 13.kJ/molRSCNash, Skinner, et al., 1965MS

Stannane, tetraethenyl- (l) + 3Tin(IV) chloride (l) = 4C2H3Cl3Sn (l)

By formula: C8H12Sn (l) + 3Cl4Sn (l) = 4C2H3Cl3Sn (l)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-103. ± 13.kJ/molRSCNash, Skinner, et al., 1965MS

Stannane, tetraethenyl- (l) + Tin(IV) chloride (l) = 2C4H6Cl2Sn (l)

By formula: C8H12Sn (l) + Cl4Sn (l) = 2C4H6Cl2Sn (l)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-92. ± 13.kJ/molRSCNash, Skinner, et al., 1965MS

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)11.7 ± 0.2eVN/AN/AL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
2.500 ± 0.050LPESWang, Chi, et al., 2010Reverse Coulombic barrier estimated as 1.4±0.1 eV; B
2.40 ± 0.10LPESIoffe, Avdoshenko, et al., 2005Vertical Detachment Energy: 2.6±0.1 eV; B
2.20 ± 0.20NBIELacmann, Maneira, et al., 1983B
2.49 ± 0.15NBIEMathur, Rothe, et al., 1979B
2.91329N/ACheck, Faust, et al., 2001NiF3-; ; «DELTA»S(EA)=2.6; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
11.5PEBancroft, Pellach, et al., 1982LBLHLM
11.88 ± 0.05PEBassett and Lloyd, 1971LLK
11.5 ± 0.4EIBuchanan, Knowles, et al., 1969RDSH

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
SnCl+12.5 ± 1.0?EIBuchanan, Knowles, et al., 1969RDSH
SnCl2+13.6 ± 1.0?EIBuchanan, Knowles, et al., 1969RDSH
SnCl3+12.2 ± 0.4ClEIBuchanan, Knowles, et al., 1969RDSH
Sn+22.2 ± 1.0?EIBuchanan, Knowles, et al., 1969RDSH

Ion clustering data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Chlorine anion + Tin(IV) chloride = Cl5Sn-

By formula: Cl- + Cl4Sn = Cl5Sn-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar235. ± 7.9kJ/molCIDTHao, Kaspar, et al., 2005gas phase

Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin A.A.Kutin, Moscow, Russia
NIST MS number 258387

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Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Takehiko Shimanouchi

Symmetry:   Td     Symmetry Number sigma = 12


 Sym.   No   Approximate   Selected Freq.  Infrared   Raman   Comments 
 Species   type of mode   Value   Rating   Value  Phase  Value  Phase

a1 1 Sym str 366  C  ia 366 liq.
e 2 Deg deform 104  C  ia 104 liq.
f2 3 Deg str 403  C 403 liq.
f2 4 Deg deform 134  C 134 liq.

Source: Shimanouchi, 1972

Notes

iaInactive
C3~6 cm-1 uncertainty

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Nash, Skinner, et al., 1965
Nash, G.A.; Skinner, H.A.; Stack, W.F., Trans. Faraday Soc., 1965, 61, 640. [all data]

Pedley and Rylance, 1977
Pedley, J.B.; Rylance, J., Computer Analysed Thermochemical Data: Organic and Organometallic Compounds, University of Sussex, Brigton, 1977. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds in Academic Press, New York, 1970. [all data]

Hao, Kaspar, et al., 2005
Hao, C.T.; Kaspar, J.D.; Check, C.E.; Lobring, K.C.; Gilbert, T.M.; Sunderlin, L.S., Effect of substituents on the strength of A-Cl- (A = Si, Ge, and Sn) bonds in hypervalent systems: ACl(5)(-), ACl(4)F(-), and A(CH3)(3)Cl-2(-), J. Phys. Chem. A, 2005, 109, 9, 2026-2034, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp040743x . [all data]

Wang, Chi, et al., 2010
Wang, X.B.; Chi, C.X.; Zhou, M.F.; Kuvychko, I.V.; Seppelt, K.; Popov, A.A.; Strauss, S.H.; Boltalina, O.V.; Wang, L.S., Photoelectron Spectroscopy of C60Fn- and C60Fm2- (n=17, 33, 35, 43, 45, 47; m=34, 46) in the Gas Phase and the Generation and Characterization of C-1-C60F47- and D-2-C60F44 in Solution, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2010, 114, 4, 1756-1765, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp9097364 . [all data]

Ioffe, Avdoshenko, et al., 2005
Ioffe, I.N.; Avdoshenko, S.M.; Boltalina, O.V.; Sidorov, L.N.; Berndt, K.; Weber, J.M., Mass spectrometry, photoelectron spectroscopy, and quantum chemical studies of fluorofullerene dianions, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 2005, 243, 3, 223-230, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijms.2005.03.005 . [all data]

Lacmann, Maneira, et al., 1983
Lacmann, K.; Maneira, M.J.P.; Moutinho, A.M.C.; Weigman, U., Total and Double Differential Cross Sections of Ion- Pair Formations in Collisions of K Atoms with SnCl4 and CCl4, J. Chem. Phys., 1983, 78, 1767. [all data]

Mathur, Rothe, et al., 1979
Mathur, E.P.; Rothe, E.W.; Reck, G.P., Negative ions from the reactions of alkalis with SnCl4, GeCl4, and TiCl4, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1979, 31, 77. [all data]

Check, Faust, et al., 2001
Check, C.E.; Faust, T.O.; Bailey, J.M.; Wright, B.J.; Gilbert, T.M.; Sunderlin, L.S., Addition of Polarization and Diffuse Functions to the LANL2DZ Basis Set for P-Block Elements, J. Phys. Chem. A,, 2001, 105, 34, 8111, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp011945l . [all data]

Bancroft, Pellach, et al., 1982
Bancroft, G.M.; Pellach, E.; Tse, J.S., High resolution HeI and HeII photoelectron spectra of TiCl4, SnCl4, and (CH3)4Sn, Inorg. Chem., 1982, 21, 2950. [all data]

Bassett and Lloyd, 1971
Bassett, P.J.; Lloyd, D.R., Photoelectron spectra of halides. Part I. Tetrafluorides and tetrachlorides of group IVB, J. Chem. Soc., 1971, (A), 641. [all data]

Buchanan, Knowles, et al., 1969
Buchanan, A.S.; Knowles, D.J.; Swingler, D.L., Electron impact studies of stannous chloride and stannic chloride, J. Phys. Chem., 1969, 73, 4394. [all data]

Shimanouchi, 1972
Shimanouchi, T., Tables of Molecular Vibrational Frequencies Consolidated Volume I, National Bureau of Standards, 1972, 1-160. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, References