Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Propane, 2-chloro-

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-144. ± 5.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacgas-2059.6 ± 0.79kJ/molCcbFletcher and Pilcher, 1971 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-2028.4 ± 8.4kJ/molCcbSmith, Bjellerup, et al., 1953Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -2023.9 kJ/mol

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil308. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 11 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus155.97KN/ADreisbach, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Tfus156.15KN/ATimmermans and Martin, 1928Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap27.6kJ/molN/ADjkyj, Paulech, et al., 1960Based on data from 271. - 312. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
30.2254.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 239. - 310. K.; AC
30.6209.N/AStull, 1947Based on data from 194. - 309. K.; AC
27.2 ± 0.84307.VMathews and Fehlandt, 1931Reanalyzed by Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986, Original value = 26.5 kJ/mol; ALS
27.3288.N/ARex, 1906Based on data from 273. - 303. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
194.3 - 309.73.819441022.222-41.619Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
273. - 303.4.97621631.719.836Rex, 1906, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
7.39156.Acree, 1991AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Propane, 2-chloro- = Propene + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: C3H7Cl = C3H6 + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.4 ± 0.8kJ/molEqkNoren and Sunner, 1970gas phase; ALS
Deltar73.72 ± 0.63kJ/molEqkKabo and Andreevskii, 1963gas phase; At 415.5 K; ALS
Deltar73.0 ± 2.1kJ/molEqkHowlett, 1955gas phase; ALS

Chlorine anion + Propane, 2-chloro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Propane, 2-chloro-)

By formula: Cl- + C3H7Cl = (Cl- bullet C3H7Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar61.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.6 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B

Bromine anion + Propane, 2-chloro- = (Bromine anion bullet Propane, 2-chloro-)

By formula: Br- + C3H7Cl = (Br- bullet C3H7Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.2 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B

Methyl cation + Propane, 2-chloro- = (Methyl cation bullet Propane, 2-chloro-)

By formula: CH3+ + C3H7Cl = (CH3+ bullet C3H7Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar320.kJ/molPHPMSSharma, Meza de Hojer, et al., 1985gas phase; from i-C3H7+ + CH3Cl; Cox and Pilcher, 1970, 2, Rosenstock, Buff, et al., 1982, Sen Sharma and Kebarle, 1978; M

Lithium ion (1+) + Propane, 2-chloro- = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Propane, 2-chloro-)

By formula: Li+ + C3H7Cl = (Li+ bullet C3H7Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar130.kJ/molICRStaley and Beauchamp, 1975gas phase; switching reaction(Li+)H2O, from graph; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970 extrapolated; M

n-Propyl chloride = Propane, 2-chloro-

By formula: C3H7Cl = C3H7Cl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-12.7 ± 0.8kJ/molEqkKabo and Andreevskii, 1965gas phase; Correction by Andreevskii, 1972; ALS

Hydrogen + Propane, 2-chloro- = Propane + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: H2 + C3H7Cl = C3H8 + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-58.32 ± 0.71kJ/molChydDavies, Lacher, et al., 1965gas phase; ALS

Propene + Hydrogen chloride = Propane, 2-chloro-

By formula: C3H6 + HCl = C3H7Cl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-73.39kJ/molEqkKabo and Andreevskii, 1963gas phase; At 385°K; ALS

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-4938
NIST MS number 229273

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Fletcher and Pilcher, 1971
Fletcher, R.A.; Pilcher, G., Measurements of heats of combustion by flame calorimetry. Part 7.-Chloromethane, chloroethane, 1-chloropropane, 2-chloropropane, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1971, 67, 3191-3201. [all data]

Smith, Bjellerup, et al., 1953
Smith, L.; Bjellerup, L.; Krook, S.; Westermark, H., Heats of combustion of organic chloro compounds determined by the "quartz wool" method, Acta Chem. Scand., 1953, 7, 65. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Dreisbach, 1955
Dreisbach, R.R., Physical Properties of Chemical Compounds, Advances in Chemistry Series No. 15, Am. Chem. Soc.: Washington, D. C., 1955. [all data]

Timmermans and Martin, 1928
Timmermans, J.; Martin, F., Study of the Physical Constants of Twenty Organic Compounds of the Physical Constants of Twenty Organic Compounds, J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1928, 25, 411. [all data]

Djkyj, Paulech, et al., 1960
Djkyj, J.; Paulech, J.; Seprakova, M., Chem. Zvesti, 1960, 14, 327. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Mathews and Fehlandt, 1931
Mathews, J.H.; Fehlandt, P.R., The heats of vaporization of some organic compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1931, 53, 3212-32. [all data]

Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986
Pedley, J.B.; Naylor, R.D.; Kirby, S.P., Thermochemical Data of Organic Compounds, Chapman and Hall, New York, 1986, 1-792. [all data]

Rex, 1906
Rex, A., Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1906, 55, 355. [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Rex, 1906, 2
Rex, A., Uber die Loslichkeit der Halogenderivate der Kohlenwasserstoffe in Wasser, Z. Phys. Chem. (Frankfurt/Main), 1906, 55, 355-370. [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]

Noren and Sunner, 1970
Noren, I.; Sunner, S., The enthalpy of formation of 2-chloropropane from equilibrium studies, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1970, 2, 597-602. [all data]

Kabo and Andreevskii, 1963
Kabo, G.Ya.; Andreevskii, D.N., Equilibrium of 2-chloropropane dehydrochlorination, Neftekhimiya, 1963, 3, 764-770. [all data]

Howlett, 1955
Howlett, K.E., The use of equilibrium constants to calculate thermodynamic quantities. Part II, J. Chem. Soc., 1955, 1784-17. [all data]

Li, Ross, et al., 1996
Li, C.; Ross, P.; Szulejko, J.; McMahon, T.B., High-Pressure Mass Spectrometric Investigations of the Potential Energy Surfaces of Gas-Phase Sn2 Reactions., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 39, 9360, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja960565o . [all data]

Sharma, Meza de Hojer, et al., 1985
Sharma, D.M.S.; Meza de Hojer, S.; Kebarle, P., Stabilities of halonium ions from a study of gas-phase equilibria R+ + XR' = (RXR')+, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 13, 3757, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00299a002 . [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970, 2
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds in Academic Press, New York, 1970. [all data]

Rosenstock, Buff, et al., 1982
Rosenstock, H.M.; Buff, R.; Ferreira, M.A.A.; Lias, S.G.; Parr, A.C.; Stockbauer, R.L.; Holmes, J.L., Fragmentation mechanism and energetics of some alkyl halide ions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1982, 104, 2337. [all data]

Sen Sharma and Kebarle, 1978
Sen Sharma, D.K.; Kebarle, P., Binding Energies and Stabilities of Chloronium Ions from Study of the Gas - Phase Equilibria: R1+ + ClR2 = R1ClR2+, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1978, 100, 18, 5826, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00486a039 . [all data]

Staley and Beauchamp, 1975
Staley, R.H.; Beauchamp, J.L., Intrinsic Acid - Base Properties of Molecules. Binding Energies of Li+ to pi - and n - Donor Bases, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1975, 97, 20, 5920, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00853a050 . [all data]

Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970
Dzidic, I.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of the Alkali Ions in the Gas Phase. Enthalpies and Entropies of Reactions M+(H2O)n-1 + H2O = M+(H2O)n, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1466, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a013 . [all data]

Kabo and Andreevskii, 1965
Kabo, G. Ya; Andreevskii, D.N., Thermodynamics of monochloropropane isomerization, Neftekhimiya, 1965, 5, 132-135. [all data]

Andreevskii, 1972
Andreevskii, D.N., Thermochemistry of organic halogeno-compounds, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1972, 46, 819-820. [all data]

Davies, Lacher, et al., 1965
Davies, J.; Lacher, J.R.; Park, J.D., Reaction heats of organic compounds. Part 4.-Heats of hydrogenation of n- and iso-Propyl bromides and chlorides, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1965, 61, 2413-2416. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References