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Ethylene oxide

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil285. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus160.55KN/AAnonymous, 1968TRC
Tfus160.6KN/AMcDonald, Shrader, et al., 1959Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC
Tfus161.45KN/ATimmermans and Hennaut-Roland, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tfus161.9KN/AMaass and Boomer, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple160.65KN/AWilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Ttriple160.65KN/AGiauque and Gordon, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc468.9KN/AWalters and Smith, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.11 K; TRC
Tc469.0KN/AHess and Tilton, 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Tc465.2KN/AMaass and Boomer, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc72.33barN/AWalters and Smith, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6894 bar; TRC
Pc71.91barN/AHess and Tilton, 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7584 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc7.13mol/lN/AWalters and Smith, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.23 mol/l; TRC
rhoc7.26mol/lN/APost, 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.23 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap25.51kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap25.9kJ/molAStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 283. - 385. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
25.527283.66N/AGiauque and Gordon, 1949, 2P = 101.325 kPa; DH
25.54283.7N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
26.8269.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 239. - 284. K. See also McDonald, Shrader, et al., 1959, 2 and Dykyj, 1970.; AC
26.8269.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 223. - 284. K. See also Giauque and Gordon, 1949, 2.; AC
25.5 ± 0.3283.66VGiauque and Gordon, 1949, 3ALS
26.9290.N/AMoor, Kanep, et al., 1937Based on data from 268. - 313. K.; AC

Entropy of vaporization

DeltavapS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
89.99283.66Giauque and Gordon, 1949, 2P; DH

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
182.59 - 283.594.3861115.1-29.015McDonald, Shrader, et al., 1959, 2 
273.4 - 304.95.846962022.8362.656Coles and Popper, 1950Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
5.1731160.65Giauque and Gordon, 1949, 2DH
5.17160.7Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
32.20160.65Giauque and Gordon, 1949, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Anonymous, 1968
Anonymous, X., Chemicals and Plastics Physical Properties, 1968, Union Carbide Corp., product bulletin, 1968. [all data]

McDonald, Shrader, et al., 1959
McDonald, R.A.; Shrader, S.A.; Stull, D.R., Vapor Pressures and Freezing Points of 30 Organics, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1959, 4, 311. [all data]

Timmermans and Hennaut-Roland, 1937
Timmermans, J.; Hennaut-Roland, M., Works from International Bureau at Physical-Chemical Standards. VIII. Physical constants of 20 organic compounds, J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1937, 34, 693. [all data]

Maass and Boomer, 1922
Maass, O.; Boomer, E.H., Vapor densities at low pressures and over an extended temperature range: I the properties of ethylene oxide compared to oxygen compounds of similar molecular weight, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1922, 44, 1709-1728. [all data]

Wilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985
Wilhoit, R.C.; Chao, J.; Hall, K.R., Thermodynamic Properties of Key Organic Compounds in the Carbon Range C1 to C4. Part 1. Properties of Condensed Phases, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1985, 14, 1. [all data]

Giauque and Gordon, 1949
Giauque, W.F.; Gordon, J., The entropy of ethylene oxide heat capacity from 14 to 285c vapor pressure heats of fusion and vaporization, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 2176. [all data]

Walters and Smith, 1952
Walters, C.J.; Smith, J.M., Volumetric Behaviour and Thermodynamic Properties of Ethylene Oxide, Chem. Eng. Prog., 1952, 48, 337. [all data]

Hess and Tilton, 1950
Hess, L.G.; Tilton, V.V., Ethylene Oxide - Hazards and Methods of Handling., Ind. Eng. Chem., 1950, 42, 1251-8. [all data]

Post, 1950
Post, R.G., , Unpublished Rep., Chem. Eng. No. 362, 1950. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Giauque and Gordon, 1949, 2
Giauque, W.F.; Gordon, J., The entropy of ethylene oxide. Heat capacity from 14 to 285K. Vapor pressure. Heats of fusion and vaporization, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 2176-2181. [all data]

McDonald, Shrader, et al., 1959, 2
McDonald, R.A.; Shrader, S.A.; Stull, D.R., Vapor Pressures and Freezing Points of Thirty Pure Organic Compounds., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1959, 4, 4, 311-313, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60004a009 . [all data]

Dykyj, 1970
Dykyj, J., Petrochemica, 1970, 10, 2, 51. [all data]

Giauque and Gordon, 1949, 3
Giauque, W.F.; Gordon, J., The entropy of ethylene oxide. Heat capacity from 14 to 285°K. Vapor pressure. Heats of fusion and vaporization, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 2176-21. [all data]

Moor, Kanep, et al., 1937
Moor, V.G.; Kanep, E.K.; Dobkin, I.E., Trans. Exptl. Research Lab. Khemgas, Materials on Cracking and Chemical Treatment of Cracking Products U.S.S.R., 1937, 3, 320. [all data]

Coles and Popper, 1950
Coles, K.F.; Popper, Felix, Vapor-Liquid Equilibria. Ethylene Oxide - Acetaldehyde and Ethylene Oxide - Water Systems, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1950, 42, 7, 1434-1438, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50487a046 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]


Notes

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