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Dimethyl sulfide

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-8.96 ± 0.48kcal/molCcbVoronkov, Klyuchnikov, et al., 1989ALS
Deltafgas-8.98 ± 0.14kcal/molCcrMcCullough, Hubbard, et al., 1957ALS
Deltafgas-7.74kcal/molN/ADouglas, 1946Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -60.2 kj/mol from Douglas, 1946 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 27.8 kj/mol from McCullough, Hubbard, et al., 1957.; DRB

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-15.6 ± 0.36kcal/molCcbVoronkov, Klyuchnikov, et al., 1989 
Deltafliquid-15.64 ± 0.14kcal/molCcrMcCullough, Hubbard, et al., 1957 
Deltafliquid-14.4kcal/molCmDouglas, 1946At 291°K
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-521.38 ± 0.08kcal/molCcrMcCullough, Hubbard, et al., 1957Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -521.09 ± 0.08 kcal/mol

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil311. ± 3.KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus174.88KN/AHaines, Helm, et al., 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.06 K; TRC
Tfus174.90KN/AMcallan, Cullum, et al., 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple174.85KN/AOsborne, Doescher, et al., 1942Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.03 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc503.KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tc503.0KN/ABerthoud and Brum, 1924Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; by disappearance of meniscus; TRC
Tc503.0KN/ABerthoud and Brum, 1924Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; by apperanance of turbidity; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc54.58atmN/ABerthoud and Brum, 1924Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4000 atm; vapor pressure at Tc; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc4.972mol/lN/ABerthoud and Brum, 1924Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.03 mol/l; TRC
rhoc4.84mol/lN/AHerz and Neukirch, 1923Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.03 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap6.65 ± 0.07kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
6.5310.5N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
6.91283.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 268. - 319. K.; AC
6.62322.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 307. - 379. K.; AC
6.36387.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 372. - 453. K.; AC
6.38462.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 447. - 503. K.; AC
6.88 ± 0.02276.CMcCullough, Hubbard, et al., 1957AC
6.67 ± 0.02292.CMcCullough, Hubbard, et al., 1957AC
6.45 ± 0.02310.CMcCullough, Hubbard, et al., 1957AC
6.74302.EBWhite, Barnard--Smith, et al., 1952Based on data from 287. - 318. K.; AC
6.91278.N/AOsborne, Doescher, et al., 1942, 2Based on data from 251. - 293. K.; AC
6.91310.N/AThompson and Linnett, 1935AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kcal/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kcal/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
276. - 311.9.9280.2731503.Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
250.60 - 293.244.281421201.134-29.906Osborne, Doescher, et al., 1942, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
1.91174.9Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C2H5S- + Hydrogen cation = Dimethyl sulfide

By formula: C2H5S- + H+ = C2H6S

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar390.2 ± 1.5kcal/molD-EAMoran and Ellison, 1988gas phase; B
Deltar393.2 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSIngemann and Nibbering, 1985gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar383.0 ± 1.7kcal/molH-TSMoran and Ellison, 1988gas phase; B
Deltar386.0 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREIngemann and Nibbering, 1985gas phase; B

C2H7S+ + Dimethyl sulfide = (C2H7S+ bullet Dimethyl sulfide)

By formula: C2H7S+ + C2H6S = (C2H7S+ bullet C2H6S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; «DELTA»rH?, inconsistent with other protonated sulfur dimers; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.4cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; «DELTA»rH?, inconsistent with other protonated sulfur dimers; M

C2H6S+ + Dimethyl sulfide = (C2H6S+ bullet Dimethyl sulfide)

By formula: C2H6S+ + C2H6S = (C2H6S+ bullet C2H6S)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.8kcal/molDTDeng, Illies, et al., 1995gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0K) = 27.6 kcal/mol; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.5cal/mol*KDTDeng, Illies, et al., 1995gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0K) = 27.6 kcal/mol; M

C4H9+ + Dimethyl sulfide = (C4H9+ bullet Dimethyl sulfide)

By formula: C4H9+ + C2H6S = (C4H9+ bullet C2H6S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1991gas phase; condensation; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.6cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1991gas phase; condensation; M

2Dimethyl sulfide + Oxygen = 2Dimethyl Sulfoxide

By formula: 2C2H6S + O2 = 2C2H6OS

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-66.36 ± 0.20kcal/molCmDouglas, 1946liquid phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -66.5 ± 0.2 kcal/mol; At 291°K; ALS

Lithium ion (1+) + Dimethyl sulfide = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Dimethyl sulfide)

By formula: Li+ + C2H6S = (Li+ bullet C2H6S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.8kcal/molICRStaley and Beauchamp, 1975gas phase; switching reaction(Li+)H2O, from graph; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970 extrapolated; M

Sodium ion (1+) + Dimethyl sulfide = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Dimethyl sulfide)

By formula: Na+ + C2H6S = (Na+ bullet C2H6S)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
14.2298.IMREMcMahon and Ohanessian, 2000Anchor alanine=39.89; RCD

Hydrogen iodide + Iodomethyl methyl sulfide = Dimethyl sulfide + Iodine

By formula: HI + C2H5IS = C2H6S + I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-6.6 ± 1.1kcal/molKinShum and Benson, 1985gas phase; ALS

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
0.483100.MN/A 
0.080 EN/ACalculated molecular structure relationship.
0.483500.XN/AValue given here as quoted by missing citation.
0.563500.MN/A 
0.62 XN/AValue given here as quoted by missing citation.
0.44 CN/A missing citation refer to an unpublished manuscript; no details are available. Solubility in sea water.
0.563700.MN/A 
0.61 MN/AValue at T = 293. K.
0.70 RN/AValue at T = 293. K.
0.16 MN/A 
0.55 VN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C2H6S+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.69 ± 0.02eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)198.6kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity191.5kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.6PECarnovale, Livett, et al., 1983LBLHLM
8.72PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981LLK
8.5 ± 0.1PEAue, Webb, et al., 1980LLK
8.6PEAue and Bowers, 1979LLK
8.687SMcDiarmid, 1974LLK
8.706 ± 0.010SScott, Causley, et al., 1973LLK
8.67PEMollere, Bock, et al., 1973LLK
8.57 ± 0.04PEBunzli, Frost, et al., 1973LLK
8.7PESchafer and Schweig, 1972LLK
8.69 ± 0.01PIAkopyan, Sergeev, et al., 1970RDSH
8.68 ± 0.03PECullen, Frost, et al., 1969RDSH
8.7 ± 0.1EIKeyes and Harrson, 1968RDSH
8.685 ± 0.005PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
8.67PEChang, Young, et al., 1986Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.7PECarnovale, Livett, et al., 1983Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.7PEAue and Bowers, 1979Vertical value; LLK
8.71PEKobayashi, 1978Vertical value; LLK
8.71PEKobayashi, 1978, 2Vertical value; LLK
8.67PEWagner and Bock, 1974Vertical value; LLK
8.65PESchweig and Thiel, 1974Vertical value; LLK
8.65PEFrost, Herring, et al., 1972Vertical value; LLK
8.71PECradock and Whiteford, 1972Vertical value; LLK
8.67PEBock, Wagner, et al., 1972Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CHS+14.0 ± 0.1CH4+HPIErmolenko, Akopyan, et al., 1983LBLHLM
CHS+14.16 ± 0.08?EICullen, Frost, et al., 1970RDSH
CH2S+10.5 ± 0.1CH4PIErmolenko, Akopyan, et al., 1983LBLHLM
CH2S+10.97 ± 0.13?EICullen, Frost, et al., 1970RDSH
CH2S+10.46 ± 0.08CH4PIAkopyan, Sergeev, et al., 1970RDSH
CH3+13.0?EIGowenlock, Kay, et al., 1963RDSH
CH3S+10.8 ± 0.1CH3PIErmolenko, Akopyan, et al., 1983LBLHLM
CH3S+10.79 ± 0.04CH3PIAkopyan, Sergeev, et al., 1970RDSH
CH3S+11.1 ± 0.1CH3EIKeyes and Harrson, 1968RDSH
C2H3+14.1 ± 0.1H2S+HPIErmolenko, Akopyan, et al., 1983LBLHLM
C2H3+14.7?EIGowenlock, Kay, et al., 1963RDSH
C2H5S+10.85 ± 0.15HPIErmolenko, Akopyan, et al., 1983LBLHLM
C2H5S+10.93 ± 0.02HPIAkopyan, Sergeev, et al., 1970RDSH
C2H5S+11.5 ± 0.1HEIKeyes and Harrson, 1968RDSH
C2H5S+11.2 ± 0.1HEITaft, Martin, et al., 1965RDSH
H2S+14.29 ± 0.04?EICullen, Frost, et al., 1970RDSH
H3S+13.6 ± 0.1C2H+H2PIErmolenko, Akopyan, et al., 1983LBLHLM
H3S+14.14 ± 0.02?EIHaney and Franklin, 1969RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C2H5S- + Hydrogen cation = Dimethyl sulfide

By formula: C2H5S- + H+ = C2H6S

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar390.2 ± 1.5kcal/molD-EAMoran and Ellison, 1988gas phase; B
Deltar393.2 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSIngemann and Nibbering, 1985gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar383.0 ± 1.7kcal/molH-TSMoran and Ellison, 1988gas phase; B
Deltar386.0 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREIngemann and Nibbering, 1985gas phase; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

C2H6S+ + Dimethyl sulfide = (C2H6S+ bullet Dimethyl sulfide)

By formula: C2H6S+ + C2H6S = (C2H6S+ bullet C2H6S)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.8kcal/molDTDeng, Illies, et al., 1995gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0K) = 27.6 kcal/mol; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.5cal/mol*KDTDeng, Illies, et al., 1995gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0K) = 27.6 kcal/mol; M

C2H7S+ + Dimethyl sulfide = (C2H7S+ bullet Dimethyl sulfide)

By formula: C2H7S+ + C2H6S = (C2H7S+ bullet C2H6S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; «DELTA»rH?, inconsistent with other protonated sulfur dimers; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.4cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; «DELTA»rH?, inconsistent with other protonated sulfur dimers; M

C4H9+ + Dimethyl sulfide = (C4H9+ bullet Dimethyl sulfide)

By formula: C4H9+ + C2H6S = (C4H9+ bullet C2H6S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1991gas phase; condensation; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.6cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1991gas phase; condensation; M

Lithium ion (1+) + Dimethyl sulfide = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Dimethyl sulfide)

By formula: Li+ + C2H6S = (Li+ bullet C2H6S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.8kcal/molICRStaley and Beauchamp, 1975gas phase; switching reaction(Li+)H2O, from graph; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970 extrapolated; M

Sodium ion (1+) + Dimethyl sulfide = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Dimethyl sulfide)

By formula: Na+ + C2H6S = (Na+ bullet C2H6S)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
14.2298.IMREMcMahon and Ohanessian, 2000Anchor alanine=39.89; RCD

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Condensed Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Except where noted, spectra from this collection were measured on dispersive instruments, often in carefully selected solvents, and hence may differ in detail from measurements on FTIR instruments or in other chemical environments. More information on the manner in which spectra in this collection were collected can be found here.

Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner COBLENTZ SOC.
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin WYANDOTTE CHEMICALS CORP.
Source reference COBLENTZ NO. 05969
Date Not specified, most likely prior to 1970
Name(s) dimethyl sulfide
(methylsulfanyl)methane
State LIQUID
Instrument BAIRD (GRATING)
Instrument parameters NaCl PRISM
Path length 0.005 CM
Resolution 2
Sampling procedure TRANSMISSION
Data processing DIGITIZED BY COBLENTZ SOCIETY (BATCH I) FROM HARD COPY
Boiling point 37-38 C

This IR spectrum is from the Coblentz Society's evaluated infrared reference spectra collection.


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-1477
NIST MS number 233890

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Alexander N. Yermakov, Alexy A. Usov, Antonina A. Goncharova, Axlexander N. Leskin, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Source Fehnel and Carmack, 1949
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 10217
Instrument Beckman DU
Melting point 79
Boiling point 203

Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5100.533.7Miller and Bruno, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5120.543.6Miller and Bruno, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-560.532.0Miller and Bruno, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-580.530.2Miller and Bruno, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-3170.528.Buttery, Ling, et al., 1983Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm
PackedSE-30110.508.Möckel and Zolg, 1977Chromosorb W AW (80-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedApiezon M130.523.Golovnya, Garbuzov, et al., 1976N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.1 m
PackedApiezon M130.522.Golovnya and Garbuzov, 1974N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.1 m
CapillaryApiezon L120.520.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane120.500.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane86.497.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane120.500.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySqualane86.497.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryApiezon L120.520.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryE-30160.532.Kudryavtseva, Fatalieva, et al., 1972 
PackedDC-20060.516.Golovnya and Arsen'ev, 1970Column length: 1.5 m
PackedSE-3060.515.Golovnya and Arsen'ev, 1970Column length: 1.5 m
PackedApiezon L110.516.Martinu and Janák, 1970 
PackedApiezon L130.523.Martinu and Janák, 1970 
PackedApiezon L150.528.Martinu and Janák, 1970 
PackedDC-200120.550.Reymond, Mueggler-Chavan, et al., 1966Celite; Column length: 4. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedPolyethylene Glycol130.774.Golovnya, Garbuzov, et al., 1976N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.1 m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax777.Shimoda and Shibamoto, 1990He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 190. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5526.Insausti, Goñi, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 15. min, 8. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5500.Peterson and Reineccius, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 4. min
CapillaryDB-5505.Rychlik and Bosset, 200130. m/0.053 mm/1.5 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 230. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-5513.Majcher and Jelen, 200730. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40C(1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 280C
CapillaryHP-5MS515.Bonaiti, Irlinger, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 5C(8min) => 3C/min => 20C => 10C/min => 150C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5517.Klesk, Qian, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5526.Boscaini, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-5516.Klesk and Qian, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryHP-5515.Engel, Baty, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 5C(5min) => 3C/min => 20C => 5C/min => 100C 15C/min => 150C (5min)
CapillarySE-54500.Fickert and Schieberle, 199825. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 240C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP777.Lozano P.R., Drake M., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 25. min
CapillaryFFAP769.Lozano P.R., Drake M., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 25. min
CapillaryFFAP760.Lozano P.R., Miracle E.R., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax760.Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax716.Peterson and Reineccius, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 6. min
CapillaryDB-Wax720.Wu and Cadwallader, 200230. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax729.le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax725.Le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryFFAP757.Ott, Fay, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-Wax754.Ott, Fay, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax757.Ott, Fay, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax757.Ott, Fay, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-10745.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10715.Majcher and Jelen, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 5C/min => 240C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB763.Romeo, Ziino, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax737.Hallier, Prost, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 160C => 15C/min => 230C
CapillaryFFAP751.Ranau and Steinhart, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(3min) => 3C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 220C (13.5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax773.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax773.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryFFAP733.Yasuhara, 198750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C (5min) => 2C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 210C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30 (10 %) + CW-20M (1 %)112.509.Hillen and Werner, 1973Nitrogen, Chromosorb W DCMS (100-120 mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30 (10 %) + CW-20M (1 %)50.511.Hillen and Werner, 1973Nitrogen, Chromosorb W DCMS (100-120 mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedApiezon L100.550.Kavan, 1973Column length: 3.2 m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS521.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-5514.Cais-Sokolinska, Majcher, et al., 201125. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5 MS532.Su, Wang, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillarySPB-5518.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-1505.Bendimerad and Bendiab, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5505.0Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryOV-101506.Zenkevich, 200525. m/0.20 mm/0.10 «mu»m, N2/He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryPONA495.Yang, Wang, et al., 200450. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryPONA523.Yang, Wang, et al., 200350. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 150. C
CapillaryPONA523.Yang, Yang, et al., 200350. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySPB-5516.Pérès, Begnaud, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 5. min
CapillaryAT-1538.Kelling, 2001He, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-1500.Buttery, Ling, et al., 199730. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryRTX-5505.Milo and Grosch, 199530. m/0.52 mm/1.5 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 5. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryOV-101525.Tamura, Nakamoto, et al., 1995N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101527.Tamura, Nakamoto, et al., 1995N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1508.Buttery, Teranishi, et al., 1990He, 30. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101522.Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101527.Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1508.Flath, Matsumoto, et al., 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1508.Flath, Matsumoto, et al., 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS514.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5529.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/1.00 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillaryRTX-5 MS515.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS526.Su, Wang, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5534.Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 200850. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS565.Cajka, Hajslova, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (0.75 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C 30 0C/min -> 245 0C (1.25 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone507.Blunden, Aneja, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)
CapillaryBPX-5521.Duflos, Moine, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 5C/min => 100C => 20C/min => 280C (5min)
CapillaryHP-5517.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 200450. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-5517.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryPONA523.Yang, Wang, et al., 200350. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS550.Luo and Agnew, 200130. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-5543.van Ruth, Grossmann, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -30C(1min) => 100C/min => 40C(4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane528.Spanier, Shahidi, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-5521.Masanetz, Guth, et al., 1998Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-5521.Masanetz, Guth, et al., 1998Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes503.Zenkevich, 1998Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1508.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes503.Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1506.Nedjma and Maujean, 199530. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, H2; Program: 35(1)-10 -> 55-25 ->250
CapillaryDB-1506.Schuberth, 199430. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 10C/min => 200C => 50C/min => 250C
CapillarySPB-1508.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySE-52527.van Langenhove and Schamp, 1986Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySF96+Igepal512.Flath, Altieri, et al., 1984Column length: 152. m; Column diameter: 0.76 mm; Program: 25C(1min) => 5C/min => 50C (4min) => 1.25C/min => 180C
CapillarySE-30493.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Program: -10C (8min) => 12C/min => 26C => 3C/min => 170C (30min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax755.Rochat, Egger, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 9.5 min
CapillaryDB-Wax755.Rochat, Egger, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 9.5 min
CapillaryDB-Wax757.Rochat, Egger, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 9.5 min
CapillaryDB-Wax772.Rochat, Egger, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 9.5 min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB751.Povolo, Contarini, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB753.Povolo, Contarini, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB748.Povolo, Contarini, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryInnowax746.Bendimerad and Bendiab, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryTC-Wax754.Ishikawa, Ito, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10745.Girard and Durance, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax748.Umano, Hagi, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-FFAP716.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax746.Rochat, Egger, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-10740.Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200950. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax753.Valappil, Fan, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 7 0C/min -> 110 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillarySupelcowax 10740.Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax757.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySupelcowax-10793.Forney and Jordan, 199860. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 16C/min => 120C => 15C/min => 240C(3min)

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Voronkov, Klyuchnikov, et al., 1989
Voronkov, M.G.; Klyuchnikov, V.A.; Kolabin, S.N.; Shvets, G.N.; Varusin, P.I.; Deryagina, E.N.; Korchevin, N.A.; Tsvetnitskaya, S.I., Thermochemical properties of diorganyl chalcogenides and dichalcogenides RMnR(M = S, Se, Te; n = 1, 2)., Dokl. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1989, 307, 650-653, In original 1139. [all data]

McCullough, Hubbard, et al., 1957
McCullough, J.P.; Hubbard, W.N.; Frow, F.R.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Waddington, G., Ethanethiol and 2-thiapropane: Heats of formation and isomerization; the chemical thermodynamic properties from 0 to 1000°K, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1957, 79, 561-566. [all data]

Douglas, 1946
Douglas, T.B., Heats of formation of liquid methyl sulfoxide and crystalline methyl sulfone at 18°, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1946, 68, 1072-1076. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Haines, Helm, et al., 1956
Haines, W.E.; Helm, R.V.; Cook, G.L.; Ball, J.S., Purification and Properties of Organic Sulfur Compounds, J. Phys. Chem., 1956, 60, 549-55. [all data]

Mcallan, Cullum, et al., 1951
Mcallan, D.T.; Cullum, T.V.; Dean, R.A.; Fidler, F.A., The Preparation and Properties of Sulfur Compounds Related to Petroleum I. The Dialkyl Sulfides and Disulfides, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1951, 73, 3627-32. [all data]

Osborne, Doescher, et al., 1942
Osborne, D.W.; Doescher, R.N.; Yost, D.M., The heat capacity, heats of fusion and vaporization, vapor pressure and entropy of dimethyl sulfide., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1942, 64, 169-72. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Berthoud and Brum, 1924
Berthoud, A.; Brum, R., Physical Properties of Some Organic Compounds., J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1924, 21, 143-60. [all data]

Herz and Neukirch, 1923
Herz, W.; Neukirch, E., On Knowldge of the Critical State, Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1923, 104, 433-50. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

White, Barnard--Smith, et al., 1952
White, P.T.; Barnard--Smith, D.G.; Fidler, F.A., Vapor Pressure--Temperature Relationships of Sulfur Compounds Related to Petroleum, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1952, 44, 6, 1430-1438, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50510a064 . [all data]

Osborne, Doescher, et al., 1942, 2
Osborne, D.W.; Doescher, R.N.; Yost, D.M., The heat capacity, heats of fusion and vaporization, vapor pressure and entropy of dimethyl sulfide, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1942, 64, 169-172. [all data]

Thompson and Linnett, 1935
Thompson, H.W.; Linnett, J.W., The vapour pressures of some alkyl sulphides, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1935, 31, 1743, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9353101743 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Moran and Ellison, 1988
Moran, S.; Ellison, G.B., Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Sulfur Ions, J. Phys. Chem., 1988, 92, 7, 1794, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100318a021 . [all data]

Ingemann and Nibbering, 1985
Ingemann, S.; Nibbering, N.M.M., Gas phase chemistry of alpha-thio carbanions, Can. J. Chem., 1985, 62, 2273. [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M.; Sieck, L.W., The Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 4. SH+ O and NH+ S Bonds. Correlations with Proton Affinity. Mutual Effects of Weak and Strong Ligands in Mixed Clusters, J. Phys. Chem., 1985, 89, 24, 5222, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100270a021 . [all data]

Deng, Illies, et al., 1995
Deng, Y.; Illies, A.J.; James, M.A.; McKee, M.L.; Peschke, M., A Definitive Investigation of the Gas-Phase Two-Center Three-electron Bond in [H2S:SH2+], [Me2S:SMe2]+, and [Et2S:SEt2]+: Therory and Experiment, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 1, 420, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00106a048 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1991
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Notes

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