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Acetaldehyde

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-40.80 ± 0.35kcal/molChydWiberg, Crocker, et al., 1991ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
8.49250.Thermodynamics Research Center, 19971 bar. Recommended heat capacity and entropy values are in good agreement with statistically calculated values of [ Pitzer K.S., 1949, 66LIP/WAG]. Discrepancies with results of calculation [ Della Vedova C.O., 1991] amount to 1.4 J/mol*K for S(300 K) and 3.4 J/mol*K for Cp(900 K). S(298.15 K) value calculated by high accuracy ab initio method [ East A.L.L., 1997] is in close agreement with selected one. Please also see Chao J., 1980, Chao J., 1986.; GT
9.625100.
10.34150.
11.11200.
12.62273.15
13.22 ± 0.02298.15
13.27300.
15.84400.
18.33500.
20.54600.
22.48700.
24.156800.
25.619900.
26.8861000.
27.9831100.
28.9341200.
29.7561300.
30.4711400.
31.0921500.
32.3181750.
33.2072000.
33.8622250.
34.3572500.
34.7392750.
35.0363000.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
13.14298.1Chao J., 1986These ideal gas heat capacity values were obtained from the observed values of [ Coleman C.F., 1949] using the second virial coefficient data from [ Pitzer K.S., 1949].; GT
13.87322.9
14.92372.7
16.12422.4

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-46.95 ± 0.35kcal/molChydWiberg, Crocker, et al., 1991ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid28.04cal/mol*KN/ALebedev and Vasil'ev, 1988DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
21.28298.15Lebedev and Vasil'ev, 1988T = 15 to 300 K.; DH
22.99273.Connor, Elving, et al., 1947DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
CAL - James S. Chickos, William E. Acree, Jr., Joel F. Liebman, Students of Chem 202 (Introduction to the Literature of Chemistry), University of Missouri -- St. Louis

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil293.9 ± 0.8KAVGN/AAverage of 26 out of 28 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus150. ± 3.KAVGN/AAverage of 16 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc466.0KN/ATeja and Anselme, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tc461.KN/AHollmann, 1903Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tc454.7KN/AVan der Waals, 1881Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 6. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc6.49mol/lN/ATeja and Anselme, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap6.243kcal/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap6.14kcal/molN/AWiberg, Crocker, et al., 1991DRB
Deltavap6.43kcal/molEBBull, Seregrennaja, et al., 1963Based on data from 293. - 377. K. See also Verevkin, Krasnykh, et al., 2003.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
6.157293.3N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
6.21308.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 293. - 377. K.; AC
6.60283.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 272. - 294. K. See also Dykyj, 1970.; AC
6.29308.N/AKim and Kim, 1977Based on data from 293. - 345. K.; AC
6.45307.N/AColes and Popper, 1950Based on data from 273. - 307. K.; AC
6.15 ± 0.05294.VColeman and DeVries, 1949ALS

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
293.4 - 377.53.68068822.894-69.899Bull, Seregrennaja, et al., 1963, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
272.9 - 307.65.18261637.08322.317Coles and Popper, 1950Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
0.5521149.78Lebedev and Vasil'ev, 1988DH
0.411242.9Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
3.688149.78Lebedev and Vasil'ev, 1988DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
3.685149.8Domalski and Hearing, 1996CAL
1.69242.9

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.4101242.9liquidliquidLebedev and Vasil'ev, 1988Lambda type transition.; DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
1.76242.9liquidliquidLebedev and Vasil'ev, 1988Lambda; DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C2H3O- + Hydrogen cation = Acetaldehyde

By formula: C2H3O- + H+ = C2H4O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar366.42 ± 0.81kcal/molD-EAMead, Lykke, et al., 1984gas phase; Uncertainty: 6 millical/mol (0.26 micro-eV).Dipolebound state at ca. 14.3 cal/mol (5 cm-1); B
Deltar365.8 ± 2.2kcal/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; Acid: ethanal. The enol is 9.6 kcal/mol more acidic: Holmes and Lossing, 1982; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar366.5 ± 2.9kcal/molG+TSCumming and Kebarle, 1978gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar359.6 ± 1.2kcal/molH-TSMead, Lykke, et al., 1984gas phase; Uncertainty: 6 millical/mol (0.26 micro-eV).Dipolebound state at ca. 14.3 cal/mol (5 cm-1); B
Deltar359.0 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; Acid: ethanal. The enol is 9.6 kcal/mol more acidic: Holmes and Lossing, 1982; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar359.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRECumming and Kebarle, 1978gas phase; B

C2H5O+ + Acetaldehyde = (C2H5O+ bullet Acetaldehyde)

By formula: C2H5O+ + C2H4O = (C2H5O+ bullet C2H4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.0kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.2cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.2kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

C2H7O+ + Acetaldehyde = (C2H7O+ bullet Acetaldehyde)

By formula: C2H7O+ + C2H4O = (C2H7O+ bullet C2H4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31.2kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.9cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.2kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984, Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

C2H5O+ + Acetaldehyde = (C2H5O+ bullet Acetaldehyde)

By formula: C2H5O+ + C2H4O = (C2H5O+ bullet C2H4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of the type OH-O between organics

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31.9kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.0cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.3kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1982gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)2OH+)(CH3)2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Grimsrud and Kebarle, 1973, Lias, Liebman, et al., 1984; M

C2H3O- + Hydrogen cation = Acetaldehyde

By formula: C2H3O- + H+ = C2H4O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar393.19 ± 0.96kcal/molD-EANimlos, Soderquist, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar391.0 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSDePuy, Bierbaum, et al., 1985gas phase; B
Deltar387.0 ± 8.0kcal/molCIDTGraul and Squires, 1990gas phase; B
Deltar<382.00kcal/molCIDTGraul and Squires, 1988gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar385.4 ± 1.1kcal/molH-TSNimlos, Soderquist, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar383.3 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRBDePuy, Bierbaum, et al., 1985gas phase; B
Deltar<374.25 ± 0.60kcal/molH-TSGraul and Squires, 1988gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Acetaldehyde = (Chlorine anion bullet Acetaldehyde)

By formula: Cl- + C2H4O = (Cl- bullet C2H4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.4 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.7cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9F, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.9 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

MeCO2 anion + Acetaldehyde = (MeCO2 anion bullet Acetaldehyde)

By formula: C2H3O2- + C2H4O = (C2H3O2- bullet C2H4O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bonds of deprotonated acids to ketones/

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.3 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.7cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.8 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

Hydrogen + Acetaldehyde = Ethanol

By formula: H2 + C2H4O = C2H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-19.44 ± 0.34kcal/molChydWiberg, Crocker, et al., 1991liquid phase; solvent: Triglyme; ALS
Deltar-16.51 ± 0.10kcal/molChydDolliver, Gresham, et al., 1938gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -16.8 ± 0.1 kcal/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

(C2H5O- bullet 4294967295Acetaldehyde) + Acetaldehyde = C2H5O-

By formula: (C2H5O- bullet 4294967295C2H4O) + C2H4O = C2H5O-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37.7 ± 1.0kcal/molN/ARamond, Davico, et al., 2000gas phase; B
Deltar39.5 ± 2.2kcal/molTherBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Nitric oxide anion + Acetaldehyde = (Nitric oxide anion bullet Acetaldehyde)

By formula: NO- + C2H4O = (NO- bullet C2H4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar39.1kcal/molICRReents and Freiser, 1981gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(NO+)C2H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Farid and McMahon, 1978; M

Lithium ion (1+) + Acetaldehyde = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Acetaldehyde)

By formula: Li+ + C2H4O = (Li+ bullet C2H4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.3kcal/molICRStaley and Beauchamp, 1975gas phase; switching reaction(Li+)H2O, Keesee and Castleman, 1986 from Berman and Beauchamp, 1986; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970 interpolated; M

3Acetaldehyde = Paraldehyde

By formula: 3C2H4O = C6H12O3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-21. ± 1.kcal/molCmKrasnov, Ozherel'eva, et al., 1983liquid phase; solvent: Nonaqueous; Trimerization; ALS
Deltar-23.4kcal/molEqkBusfield, Lee, et al., 1973gas phase; ALS

Magnesium ion (1+) + Acetaldehyde = (Magnesium ion (1+) bullet Acetaldehyde)

By formula: Mg+ + C2H4O = (Mg+ bullet C2H4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar63. ± 5.kcal/molICROperti, Tews, et al., 1988gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Mg+)CH3OH; M

Ethane, 1,1-dimethoxy- + Water = 2Methyl Alcohol + Acetaldehyde

By formula: C4H10O2 + H2O = 2CH4O + C2H4O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.622 ± 0.015kcal/molCmWiberg, 1980liquid phase; solvent: Water; Hydrolysis; ALS

1,1-Dimethoxyethane + Water = 2Methyl Alcohol + Acetaldehyde

By formula: C4H10O2 + H2O = 2CH4O + C2H4O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.54 ± 0.07kcal/molCmBirley and Skinner, 1970liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

Ethane, 1,2-dimethoxy- + Water = 2Methyl Alcohol + Acetaldehyde

By formula: C4H10O2 + H2O = 2CH4O + C2H4O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.6 ± 0.2kcal/molEqkWiberg, Morgan, et al., 1994liquid phase; ALS

2Methyl Alcohol + Acetaldehyde = Ethane, 1,2-dimethoxy- + Water

By formula: 2CH4O + C2H4O = C4H10O2 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-14.8 ± 0.3kcal/molCmWiberg, Morgan, et al., 1994gas phase; ALS

Acetaldehyde + Iodine = Hydrogen iodide + Acetyl iodide

By formula: C2H4O + I2 = HI + C2H3IO

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.7 ± 0.5kcal/molEqkWalsh and Benson, 1966gas phase; ALS

Water + Acetaldehyde, phenylhydrazone = Hydrazine, phenyl- + Acetaldehyde

By formula: H2O + C8H10N2 = C6H8N2 + C2H4O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-14.6kcal/molCmLandrieu, 1905solid phase; ALS

Paraldehyde = 3Acetaldehyde

By formula: C6H12O3 = 3C2H4O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.4kcal/molEqkBusfield, Lee, et al., 1973gas phase; At 292-313 K; ALS

Sodium ion (1+) + Acetaldehyde = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Acetaldehyde)

By formula: Na+ + C2H4O = (Na+ bullet C2H4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.1 ± 0.8kcal/molCIDTArmentrout and Rodgers, 2000RCD

Silver ion (1+) + Acetaldehyde = (Silver ion (1+) bullet Acetaldehyde)

By formula: Ag+ + C2H4O = (Ag+ bullet C2H4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.5 ± 4.5kcal/molRAKHo, Yang, et al., 1997RCD

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-9104
NIST MS number 227634

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Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Takehiko Shimanouchi

Symmetry:   Cs     Symmetry Number sigma = 1


 Sym.   No   Approximate   Selected Freq.  Infrared   Raman   Comments 
 Species   type of mode   Value   Rating   Value  Phase  Value  Phase

a' 1 CH3 d-str 3005  C 3005 M gas 3001 W liq.
a' 2 CH3 s-str 2917  D 2917 S p liq.
a' 3 CH str 2822  C 2822 M gas 2843 W p liq.
a' 4 CO str 1743  C 1743 VS gas 1714 S p liq.
a' 5 CH3 d-deform 1441  C 1441 S gas 1426 S liq.
a' 6 CH bend 1400  C 1400 S gas 1391 S liq.
a' 7 CH3 s-deform 1352  C 1352 S gas 1342 M liq.
a' 8 CC str 1113  C 1113 S gas 1109 M p liq.
a' 9 CH3 rock 919  C 919 M gas 911 M liq.
a' 10 CCO deform 509  C 509 S gas 512 S p liq.
a 11 CH3 d-str 2967  C 2967 M gas 2964 W liq.
a 12 CH3 d-deform 1420  C 1420 S gas 1426 S dp liq.
a 13 CH3 rock 867  C 867 M gas 885 M liq.
a 14 CH bend 763  C 763 W gas 767 M dp liq.
a 15 Torsion 150  C 150 W gas MW: «nu»150 ()A), «nu»148 ()E)

Source: Shimanouchi, 1972

Notes

VSVery strong
SStrong
MMedium
WWeak
pPolarized
dpDepolarized
MWTorsional Frequency calculated from microwave spectroscopic data.
C3~6 cm-1 uncertainty
D6~15 cm-1 uncertainty

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Wiberg, Crocker, et al., 1991
Wiberg, K.B.; Crocker, L.S.; Morgan, K.M., Thermochemical studies of carbonyl compounds. 5. Enthalpies of reduction of carbonyl groups, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 3447-3450. [all data]

Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997
Thermodynamics Research Center, Selected Values of Properties of Chemical Compounds., Thermodynamics Research Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1997. [all data]

Pitzer K.S., 1949
Pitzer K.S., Jr., Thermodynamics and vibrational spectrum of acetaldehyde, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 2842-2844. [all data]

Della Vedova C.O., 1991
Della Vedova C.O., Raman and infrared spectra and photochemical behavior of acetaldehyde isolated in matrixes, J. Raman Spectrosc., 1991, 22, 505-507. [all data]

East A.L.L., 1997
East A.L.L., Ab initio statistical thermodynamical models for the computation of third-law entropies, J. Chem. Phys., 1997, 106, 6655-6674. [all data]

Chao J., 1980
Chao J., Perfect gas thermodynamic properties of methanal, ethanal and their deuterated species, Thermochim. Acta, 1980, 41, 41-54. [all data]

Chao J., 1986
Chao J., Thermodynamic properties of key organic oxygen compounds in the carbon range C1 to C4. Part 2. Ideal gas properties, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1986, 15, 1369-1436. [all data]

Coleman C.F., 1949
Coleman C.F., The heat capacity of organic vapors. V. Acetaldehyde, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 2839-2841. [all data]

Lebedev and Vasil'ev, 1988
Lebedev, B.V.; Vasil'ev, V.G., Thermodynamics of ethanal at 0-300 K, Zhur. Fiz. Khim., 1988, 62, 3099-3102. [all data]

Connor, Elving, et al., 1947
Connor, A.Z.; Elving, P.J.; Steingiser, S., Specific heat of acetaldehyde and acetaldehyde dibutyl acetal, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1947, 69, 1532. [all data]

Teja and Anselme, 1990
Teja, A.S.; Anselme, M.J., The critical properties of thermally stable and unstable fluids. I. 1985 results, AIChE Symp. Ser., 1990, 86, 279, 115-21. [all data]

Hollmann, 1903
Hollmann, R., Physical and natural equilibria between the modifications of aldehyde, Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1903, 43, 129-59. [all data]

Van der Waals, 1881
Van der Waals, J.D., Continuity of Gas and Liquid Data, 1881,, 1881, Leipzig, p 168. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Bull, Seregrennaja, et al., 1963
Bull, S.S.; Seregrennaja, I.I.; Tsherbakora, P.R., Khim. Prom. (Moscow), 1963, 7, 507. [all data]

Verevkin, Krasnykh, et al., 2003
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Notes

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