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Ethyl Chloride

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-109. ± 8.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacgas-1413.1 ± 0.59kJ/molCcbFletcher and Pilcher, 1971ALS
Deltacgas-1430. ± 10.kJ/molCcbCasey and Fordham, 1951ALS

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-137. ± 1.kJ/molReviewManion, 2002derived from recommended «DELTA»fHgas° and «DELTA»vapH°; DRB
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid186.27J/mol*KN/AGordon and Giauque, 1948DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
103.3290.Gordon and Giauque, 1948T = 13 to 287 K.; DH
109.6288.Kurbatov, 1948T = -67 to 15°C; mean Cp, three temperatures.; DH
108.8298.Riedel, 1941T = -48 to 45°C.; DH
108.8298.1Riedel, 1940T = -48 to 46°C.; DH
107.70298.Jenkin and Shorthose, 1924T = -30 to 40°C.; DH

Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Chlorine anion + Ethyl Chloride = (Chlorine anion bullet Ethyl Chloride)

By formula: Cl- + C2H5Cl = (Cl- bullet C2H5Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar61. ± 19.kJ/molIMRBRiveros, Breda, et al., 1973gas phase; Anchored: Larson and McMahon, 1984; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.5 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B

Ethyl Chloride = Ethylene + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: C2H5Cl = C2H4 + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.0kJ/molEqkLevanova, Bushneva, et al., 1979liquid phase; ALS
Deltar71.5kJ/molEqkLevanova, Bushneva, et al., 1979gas phase; ALS
Deltar72.6 ± 2.1kJ/molEqkHowlett, 1955gas phase; ALS
Deltar71.5kJ/molEqkLane, Linnett, et al., 1953gas phase; ALS

(C2H5+ bullet 2Ethyl Chloride) + Ethyl Chloride = (C2H5+ bullet 3Ethyl Chloride)

By formula: (C2H5+ bullet 2C2H5Cl) + C2H5Cl = (C2H5+ bullet 3C2H5Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.kJ/molHPMSLuczynski and Wincel, 1974gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.J/mol*KHPMSLuczynski and Wincel, 1974gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M

(C2H5+ bullet Ethyl Chloride) + Ethyl Chloride = (C2H5+ bullet 2Ethyl Chloride)

By formula: (C2H5+ bullet C2H5Cl) + C2H5Cl = (C2H5+ bullet 2C2H5Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.kJ/molHPMSLuczynski and Wincel, 1974gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar36.J/mol*KHPMSLuczynski and Wincel, 1974gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M

Bromine anion + Ethyl Chloride = (Bromine anion bullet Ethyl Chloride)

By formula: Br- + C2H5Cl = (Br- bullet C2H5Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.4 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B

Methyl cation + Ethyl Chloride = (Methyl cation bullet Ethyl Chloride)

By formula: CH3+ + C2H5Cl = (CH3+ bullet C2H5Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar300.kJ/molPHPMSSharma, Meza de Hojer, et al., 1985gas phase; from Et+ + CH3Cl; Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Rosenstock, Buff, et al., 1982; Sen Sharma and Kebarle, 1978; M

C4H9+ + Ethyl Chloride = (C4H9+ bullet Ethyl Chloride)

By formula: C4H9+ + C2H5Cl = (C4H9+ bullet C2H5Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38.kJ/molPHPMSSharma, Meza de Hojer, et al., 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar68.2J/mol*KPHPMSSharma, Meza de Hojer, et al., 1985gas phase; M

Hydrogen + Ethyl Chloride = Ethane + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: H2 + C2H5Cl = C2H6 + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-69.3 ± 0.4kJ/molChydLacher, Emery, et al., 1956gas phase; ALS

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Fletcher and Pilcher, 1971
Fletcher, R.A.; Pilcher, G., Measurements of heats of combustion by flame calorimetry. Part 7.-Chloromethane, chloroethane, 1-chloropropane, 2-chloropropane, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1971, 67, 3191-3201. [all data]

Casey and Fordham, 1951
Casey, D.W.H.; Fordham, S., An all-glass calorimeter, and the heat of combustion of ethyl chloride, J. Chem. Soc., 1951, 2513-2516. [all data]

Manion, 2002
Manion, J.A., Evaluated Enthalpies of Formation of the Stable Closed Shell C1 and C2 Chlorinated Hydrocarbons, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2002, 31, 1, 123-172, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1420703 . [all data]

Gordon and Giauque, 1948
Gordon, J.; Giauque, W.F., The entropy of ethyl chloride. Heat capacity from 18 to 287K. Vapor pressure. Heats of fusion and vaporization, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1948, 70, 1506-1510. [all data]

Kurbatov, 1948
Kurbatov, V.Ya., Heat capacity of liquids. 2. Heat capacity and the temperature dependence of heat capacity from halogen derivatives of acylic hydrocarbons, Zh. Obshch. Kim., 1948, 18, 372-389. [all data]

Riedel, 1941
Riedel, L., Determination of the specific heat of liquid ethyl chloride and liquid methylene chloride, Bull. Int. Inst., Refrig. Annex 22, 1941, No4, 1-3. [all data]

Riedel, 1940
Riedel, L., Bestimmung der spezifischen Wärme von Äthychlorid und Methylenchlorid im flüssigen Zustand, Z. ges. Kalte-Ind., 1940, 47, 87. [all data]

Jenkin and Shorthose, 1924
Jenkin, C.F.; Shorthose, D.N., Thermal properties of ethyl chloride, 1924, 347-349. [all data]

Li, Ross, et al., 1996
Li, C.; Ross, P.; Szulejko, J.; McMahon, T.B., High-Pressure Mass Spectrometric Investigations of the Potential Energy Surfaces of Gas-Phase Sn2 Reactions., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 39, 9360, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja960565o . [all data]

Riveros, Breda, et al., 1973
Riveros, J.M.; Breda, A.C.; Blair, L.K., Formation and relative stability of chloride ion clusters in the gas phase by ICR spectroscopy, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1973, 95, 4066. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Fluoride and chloride affinities of main group oxides, fluorides, oxofluorides, and alkyls. Quantitative scales of lewis acidities from ion cyclotron resonance halide-exchange equilibria, J. Phys. Chem., 1984, 88, 1083. [all data]

Levanova, Bushneva, et al., 1979
Levanova, s.V.; Bushneva, I.I.; Rodova, R.M.; Rozhnov, A.M.; Treger, Yu.A.; Aprelkin, A.S., Thermodynamic stability of chloroethanes in dehydrochlorination reactions, J. Appl. Chem. USSR, 1979, 52, 1439-1442. [all data]

Howlett, 1955
Howlett, K.E., The use of equilibrium constants to calculate thermodynamic quantities. Part II, J. Chem. Soc., 1955, 1784-17. [all data]

Lane, Linnett, et al., 1953
Lane, M.R.; Linnett, J.W.; Oswin, H.G., A study of the C2H4+HCl=C2H5Cl and C2H4+Hbr=C2H5Br equilibria, Proc. Roy. Soc. London A, 1953, 216, 361-374. [all data]

Luczynski and Wincel, 1974
Luczynski, Z.; Wincel, H., Ion - Molecule Reactions in Ethyl Chloride, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1974, 14, 1, 29, https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-7381(74)80059-8 . [all data]

Sharma, Meza de Hojer, et al., 1985
Sharma, D.M.S.; Meza de Hojer, S.; Kebarle, P., Stabilities of halonium ions from a study of gas-phase equilibria R+ + XR' = (RXR')+, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 13, 3757, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00299a002 . [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds in Academic Press, New York, 1970. [all data]

Rosenstock, Buff, et al., 1982
Rosenstock, H.M.; Buff, R.; Ferreira, M.A.A.; Lias, S.G.; Parr, A.C.; Stockbauer, R.L.; Holmes, J.L., Fragmentation mechanism and energetics of some alkyl halide ions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1982, 104, 2337. [all data]

Sen Sharma and Kebarle, 1978
Sen Sharma, D.K.; Kebarle, P., Binding Energies and Stabilities of Chloronium Ions from Study of the Gas - Phase Equilibria: R1+ + ClR2 = R1ClR2+, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1978, 100, 18, 5826, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00486a039 . [all data]

Lacher, Emery, et al., 1956
Lacher, J.R.; Emery, E.; Bohmfalk, E.; Park, J.D., Reaction heats of organic compounds. IV. A high temperature calorimeter and the hydrogenation of methyl ethyl and vinyl chlorides, J. Phys. Chem., 1956, 60, 492-495. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References