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Ethylene

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Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
MS - José A. Martinho Simões
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Reactions 1 to 50

C2H3- + Hydrogen cation = Ethylene

By formula: C2H3- + H+ = C2H4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar407. ± 2.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 5 out of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar401.00 ± 0.50kcal/molIMREErvin, Gronert, et al., 1990gas phase; B
Deltar399.1 ± 2.1kcal/molH-TSDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar398.6 ± 4.9kcal/molH-TSPeerboom, Rademaker, et al., 1992gas phase; B
Deltar>397.00kcal/molIMRBFroelicher, Freiser, et al., 1986gas phase; B

C7H4CrO5 (g) = C5CrO5 (g) + Ethylene (g)

By formula: C7H4CrO5 (g) = C5CrO5 (g) + C2H4 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.1 ± 1.kcal/molKinGMcNamara, Becher, et al., 1994The reaction enthalpy was identified with the activation energy.; MS
Deltar24.7 ± 2.4kcal/molKinGWells, House, et al., 1994The reaction enthalpy relies on the measured activation energy and on the assumption of a negligible barrier for product recombination Wells, House, et al., 1994.; MS

Silver ion (1+) + Ethylene = (Silver ion (1+) bullet Ethylene)

By formula: Ag+ + C2H4 = (Ag+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33.7kcal/molHPMSGuo and Castleman, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.1cal/mol*KN/AGuo and Castleman, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
17.1750.HPMSGuo and Castleman, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

NH4+ + Ethylene = (NH4+ bullet Ethylene)

By formula: H4N+ + C2H4 = (H4N+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.kcal/molPHPMSDeakyne and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.cal/mol*KN/ADeakyne and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
3.7294.PHPMSDeakyne and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Cobalt ion (1+) + Ethylene = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet Ethylene)

By formula: Co+ + C2H4 = (Co+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.5 ± 2.2kcal/molCIDTSievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998RCD

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
42.8 (+1.7,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M
6.5 (+3.0,-0.) CIDHaynes and Armentrout, 1994gas phase; «DELTA»rH>=, guided ion beam CID; M

Ethyl Chloride = Ethylene + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: C2H5Cl = C2H4 + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.0kcal/molEqkLevanova, Bushneva, et al., 1979liquid phase; ALS
Deltar17.1kcal/molEqkLevanova, Bushneva, et al., 1979gas phase; ALS
Deltar17.35 ± 0.50kcal/molEqkHowlett, 1955gas phase; ALS
Deltar17.1kcal/molEqkLane, Linnett, et al., 1953gas phase; ALS

Chromium ion (1+) + Ethylene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Ethylene)

By formula: Cr+ + C2H4 = (Cr+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.9 ± 2.6kcal/molCIDTSievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998RCD

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
29.9 (+4.5,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; «DELTA»rH>=, guided ion beam CID; M

Nickel ion (1+) + Ethylene = (Nickel ion (1+) bullet Ethylene)

By formula: Ni+ + C2H4 = (Ni+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.5 ± 2.6kcal/molCIDTSievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998RCD

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
32.9 (+4.5,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; «DELTA»rH>=, guided ion beam CID; M

Copper ion (1+) + Ethylene = (Copper ion (1+) bullet Ethylene)

By formula: Cu+ + C2H4 = (Cu+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.1 ± 3.3kcal/molCIDTSievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998RCD

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
22.7 (+2.6,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; «DELTA»rH>=, guided ion beam CID; M

Scandium ion (1+) + Ethylene = (Scandium ion (1+) bullet Ethylene)

By formula: Sc+ + C2H4 = (Sc+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52. ± 3.kcal/molPDissRanashinge and Freiser, 1992gas phase; M

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
31.3 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; «DELTA»rH >=, guided ion beam CID; M

Lanthanum ion (1+) + Ethylene = (Lanthanum ion (1+) bullet Ethylene)

By formula: La+ + C2H4 = (La+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52. ± 3.kcal/molPDissRanashinge and Freiser, 1992gas phase; M

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
21.5 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; «DELTA»rH>=, guided ion beam CID; M

Yttrium ion (1+) + Ethylene = (Yttrium ion (1+) bullet Ethylene)

By formula: Y+ + C2H4 = (Y+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52. ± 3.kcal/molPDissRanashinge and Freiser, 1992gas phase; M

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
26.1 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; «DELTA»rH>=, guided ion beam CID; M

Titanium ion (1+) + Ethylene = (Titanium ion (1+) bullet Ethylene)

By formula: Ti+ + C2H4 = (Ti+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar34.9 ± 2.6kcal/molCIDTSievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998RCD

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
28.4 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; «DELTA»rH>=, guided ion beam CID; M

Vanadium ion (1+) + Ethylene = (Vanadium ion (1+) bullet Ethylene)

By formula: V+ + C2H4 = (V+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.9 ± 1.9kcal/molCIDTSievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998RCD

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
28.0 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; «DELTA»rH>=, guided ion beam CID; M

Iron ion (1+) + Ethylene = (Iron ion (1+) bullet Ethylene)

By formula: Fe+ + C2H4 = (Fe+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar34.7 ± 2.6kcal/molCIDTSievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998RCD

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
34.6 (+1.4,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

Ethylene + Bromine = Ethane, 1,2-dibromo-

By formula: C2H4 + Br2 = C2H4Br2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-28.90 ± 0.30kcal/molCmConn, Kistiakowsky, et al., 1938gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -29.06 ± 0.30 kcal/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

Ethylene + Iodine = Ethane, 1,2-diiodo-

By formula: C2H4 + I2 = C2H4I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-11.5 ± 0.2kcal/molEqkAbrams and Davis, 1954gas phase; ALS
Deltar-13.4 ± 0.5kcal/molEqkCutherbertson and Kistiakowsky, 1935gas phase; Heat of dissociation; ALS

(Silver ion (1+) bullet Ethylene) + Ethylene = (Silver ion (1+) bullet 2Ethylene)

By formula: (Ag+ bullet C2H4) + C2H4 = (Ag+ bullet 2C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.4kcal/molHPMSGuo and Castleman, 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.2cal/mol*KHPMSGuo and Castleman, 1991gas phase; M

Hydrogen + Ethylene = Ethane

By formula: H2 + C2H4 = C2H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-32.6 ± 0.5kcal/molChydKistiakowsky and Nickle, 1951gas phase; ALS
Deltar-32.58 ± 0.06kcal/molChydKistiakowsky, Romeyn, et al., 1935gas phase; ALS

Ethyl bromide = Hydrogen bromide + Ethylene

By formula: C2H5Br = HBr + C2H4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.20 ± 0.50kcal/molEqkLane, Linnett, et al., 1953gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = 19.1 kcal/mol; ALS

C3H9Si+ + Ethylene = (C3H9Si+ bullet Ethylene)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C2H4 = (C3H9Si+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.6kcal/molPHPMSLi and Stone, 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38.5cal/mol*KPHPMSLi and Stone, 1989gas phase; M

C2H4+ + Ethylene = (C2H4+ bullet Ethylene)

By formula: C2H4+ + C2H4 = (C2H4+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.8kcal/molPIOno, Linn, et al., 1984gas phase; M
Deltar18.2kcal/molPICeyer, Tiedemann, et al., 1979gas phase; M

C6H4FeO4 (l) = 4Carbon monoxide (g) + iron (cr) + Ethylene (g)

By formula: C6H4FeO4 (l) = 4CO (g) + Fe (cr) + C2H4 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.0 ± 2.0kcal/molHAL-HFCBrown, Connor, et al., 1976MS
Deltar44.31kcal/molTD-HFCBrown, Connor, et al., 1976MS

Bicyclo[2.2.2]oct-2-ene = 1,3-Cyclohexadiene + Ethylene

By formula: C8H12 = C6H8 + C2H4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.4kcal/molKinHuybrechts, Rigaux, et al., 1980gas phase; Diels-Alder addition at 560°K, see Van Mele, Boon, et al., 1986; ALS

Fluorine anion + Ethylene = (Fluorine anion bullet Ethylene)

By formula: F- + C2H4 = (F- bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.0 ± 3.0kcal/molIMRBSullivan and Beauchamp, 1976gas phase; Structure: Roy and McMahon, 1985; B

Rh+ + Ethylene = (Rh+ bullet Ethylene)

By formula: Rh+ + C2H4 = (Rh+ bullet C2H4)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
38.5 (+0.7,-0.) CIDChen and Armetrout, 1995gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

C7H9Cl2NPd (solution) + 1,3-Diazine (l) = (PdCl2(C5H5N)2) (solution) + Ethylene (solution)

By formula: C7H9Cl2NPd (solution) + C4H4N2 (l) = (PdCl2(C5H5N)2) (solution) + C2H4 (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-13.8 ± 0.41kcal/molRSCPartenheimer and Durham, 1974solvent: Dichloromethane; MS

Rhodium, bis(η2-ethene)(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O')- (solution) + 1,5-Cyclooctadiene, (Z,Z)- (solution) = C13H19O2Rh (solution) + 2Ethylene (solution)

By formula: C9H15O2Rh (solution) + C8H12 (solution) = C13H19O2Rh (solution) + 2C2H4 (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-2.2 ± 0.1kcal/molRSCJesse, Cordfunke, et al., 1979solvent: n-Heptane; MS

Hydrogen bromide (g) + C2H3BrMg (solution) = Ethylene (solution) + Br2Mg (solution)

By formula: HBr (g) + C2H3BrMg (solution) = C2H4 (solution) + Br2Mg (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-70.29 ± 0.53kcal/molRSCHolm, 1981solvent: Tetrahydrofuran; MS

C6HCrO6+ + Ethylene = (C6HCrO6+ bullet Ethylene)

By formula: C6HCrO6+ + C2H4 = (C6HCrO6+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.3 ± 1.2kcal/molICRCDHop and McMahon, 1991gas phase; Ar collision gas; M

Aluminum ion (1+) + Ethylene = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet Ethylene)

By formula: Al+ + C2H4 = (Al+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.0 ± 2.0kcal/molCIDC,EqGStockigt, Schwarz, et al., 1996Anchored to theory; RCD

(CAS Reg. No. 25013-41-6 bullet 4294967295Ethylene) + Ethylene = CAS Reg. No. 25013-41-6

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 25013-41-6 bullet 4294967295C2H4) + C2H4 = CAS Reg. No. 25013-41-6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.9 ± 2.1kcal/molN/ADePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B

Hydrogen + Ethene, chloro- = Ethylene + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: H2 + C2H3Cl = C2H4 + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-18.39kcal/molChydLacher, Kianpour, et al., 1956gas phase; At 298 K; ALS

Ethylene + Chlorine = Ethane, 1,2-dichloro-

By formula: C2H4 + Cl2 = C2H4Cl2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-43.65 ± 0.15kcal/molCmConn, Kistiakowsky, et al., 1938gas phase; At 355 °K; ALS

Ethane, 1-chloro-2-iodo- = Iodine atom + Chlorine atom + Ethylene

By formula: C2H4ClI = I + Cl + C2H4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar76.5 ± 1.0kcal/molKinMinton, Felder, et al., 1984gas phase; ALS

(C2H4+ bullet Ethylene) + Ethylene = (C2H4+ bullet 2Ethylene)

By formula: (C2H4+ bullet C2H4) + C2H4 = (C2H4+ bullet 2C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.2kcal/molPICeyer, Tiedemann, et al., 1979gas phase; M

C12H14Mo (cr) + Iodine (cr) = C10H10I2Mo (cr) + Ethylene (g)

By formula: C12H14Mo (cr) + I2 (cr) = C10H10I2Mo (cr) + C2H4 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-38.96 ± 0.50kcal/molRSCCalhorda, Carrondo, et al., 1991MS

Rhodium, bis(η2-ethene)(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O')- (cr) + 2Carbon monoxide (g) = Rhodium, dicarbonyl(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O')-, (SP-4-2)- (cr) + 2Ethylene (g)

By formula: C9H15O2Rh (cr) + 2CO (g) = C7H7O4Rh (cr) + 2C2H4 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-12.8 ± 0.41kcal/molDSCJesse, Baks, et al., 1978MS

C9H15IrO2 (cr) + 2Carbon monoxide (g) = C7H7IrO4 (cr) + 2Ethylene (g)

By formula: C9H15IrO2 (cr) + 2CO (g) = C7H7IrO4 (cr) + 2C2H4 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-17.7 ± 1.1kcal/molDSCJesse, Baks, et al., 1978MS

(Iron ion (1+) bullet Ethylene) + Ethylene = (Iron ion (1+) bullet 2Ethylene)

By formula: (Fe+ bullet C2H4) + C2H4 = (Fe+ bullet 2C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar36.1 ± 3.6kcal/molCIDTSievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998RCD

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet Ethylene) + Ethylene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2Ethylene)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet C2H4) + C2H4 = (Cr+ bullet 2C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.8 ± 2.6kcal/molCIDTSievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998RCD

(Manganese ion (1+) bullet Ethylene) + Ethylene = (Manganese ion (1+) bullet 2Ethylene)

By formula: (Mn+ bullet C2H4) + C2H4 = (Mn+ bullet 2C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.0 ± 3.3kcal/molCIDTSievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998RCD

(Vanadium ion (1+) bullet Ethylene) + Ethylene = (Vanadium ion (1+) bullet 2Ethylene)

By formula: (V+ bullet C2H4) + C2H4 = (V+ bullet 2C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.4 ± 3.3kcal/molCIDTSievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998RCD

(Nickel ion (1+) bullet Ethylene) + Ethylene = (Nickel ion (1+) bullet 2Ethylene)

By formula: (Ni+ bullet C2H4) + C2H4 = (Ni+ bullet 2C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.3 ± 3.3kcal/molCIDTSievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998RCD

(Cobalt ion (1+) bullet Ethylene) + Ethylene = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet 2Ethylene)

By formula: (Co+ bullet C2H4) + C2H4 = (Co+ bullet 2C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar36.3 ± 3.3kcal/molCIDTSievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998RCD

(Copper ion (1+) bullet Ethylene) + Ethylene = (Copper ion (1+) bullet 2Ethylene)

By formula: (Cu+ bullet C2H4) + C2H4 = (Cu+ bullet 2C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.6 ± 3.1kcal/molCIDTSievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998RCD

2-Norbornene = 1,3-Cyclopentadiene + Ethylene

By formula: C7H10 = C5H6 + C2H4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.2 ± 0.60kcal/molEqkWalsh and Wells, 1976gas phase; ALS

2Ethylene = Cyclobutane

By formula: 2C2H4 = C4H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-20.7 ± 1.0kcal/molEqkQuick, Knecht, et al., 1972gas phase; At 750 K; ALS

Ethane, 1,2-diiodo- = Ethylene + Iodine

By formula: C2H4I2 = C2H4 + I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.5 ± 0.2kcal/molEqkBenson and Amano, 1962gas phase; ALS

2-Butene, (E)- + Ethylene = cyclobutane, 1,2-dimethyl-, trans-

By formula: C4H8 + C2H4 = C6H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-16.7kcal/molEqkScacchi and Back, 1977liquid phase; ALS

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Ervin, Gronert, et al., 1990
Ervin, K.M.; Gronert, S.; Barlow, S.E.; Gilles, M.K.; Harrison, A.G.; Bierbaum, V.M.; DePuy, C.H.; Lin, W.C., Bonds Strengths of Ethylene and Acetylene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1990, 112, 15, 5750, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00171a013 . [all data]

DePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989
DePuy, C.H.; Gronert, S.; Barlow, S.E.; Bierbaum, V.M.; Damrauer, R., The Gas Phase Acidities of the Alkanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 6, 1968, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00188a003 . [all data]

Peerboom, Rademaker, et al., 1992
Peerboom, R.A.L.; Rademaker, G.J.; Dekoning, L.J.; Nibbering, N.M.M., Stabilization of Cycloalkyl Carbanions in the Gas Phase, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 1992, 6, 6, 394, https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.1290060608 . [all data]

Froelicher, Freiser, et al., 1986
Froelicher, S.W.; Freiser, B.S.; Squires, R.R., The C3H5- isomers. Experimental and theoretical studies of the tautomeric propenyl ions and the cyclopropyl anion in the gas phase, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1986, 108, 2853. [all data]

McNamara, Becher, et al., 1994
McNamara, B.; Becher, D.M.; Towns, M.H.; Grant, E.R., J. Phys. Chem., 1994, 98, 4622. [all data]

Wells, House, et al., 1994
Wells, J.R.; House, P.G.; Weitz, E., J. Phys. Chem., 1994, 98, 8343. [all data]

Guo and Castleman, 1991
Guo, B.C.; Castleman, A.W., The Bonding Strength of Ag+(C2H4) and Ag+(C2H4)2 Complexes, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1991, 181, 1, 16, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(91)90214-T . [all data]

Deakyne and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985
Deakyne, C.A.; Meot-Ner (Mautner), M., Unconventional Ionic Hydrogen Bonds. 2. NH+ pi. Complexes of Onium Ions with Olefins and Benzene Derivatives, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 2, 474, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00288a034 . [all data]

Sievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998
Sievers, M.R.; Jarvis, L.M.; Armentrout, P.B., Transition Metal Ethene Bonds: Thermochemistry of M+(C2H4)n (M=Ti-Cu, n=1 and 2) Complexes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1998, 120, 8, 1891, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja973834z . [all data]

Armentrout and Kickel, 1994
Armentrout, P.B.; Kickel, B.L., Gas Phase Thermochemistry of Transition Metal Ligand Systems: Reassessment of Values and Periodic Trends, in Organometallic Ion Chemistry, B. S. Freiser, ed, 1994. [all data]

Haynes and Armentrout, 1994
Haynes, C.L.; Armentrout, P.B., Thermochemistry and Structures of CoC3H6+: Metallacyclic and Metal-Alkene Isomers, Organomettalics, 1994, 13, 9, 3480, https://doi.org/10.1021/om00021a022 . [all data]

Levanova, Bushneva, et al., 1979
Levanova, s.V.; Bushneva, I.I.; Rodova, R.M.; Rozhnov, A.M.; Treger, Yu.A.; Aprelkin, A.S., Thermodynamic stability of chloroethanes in dehydrochlorination reactions, J. Appl. Chem. USSR, 1979, 52, 1439-1442. [all data]

Howlett, 1955
Howlett, K.E., The use of equilibrium constants to calculate thermodynamic quantities. Part II, J. Chem. Soc., 1955, 1784-17. [all data]

Lane, Linnett, et al., 1953
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Notes

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