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Butanoic acid, 2-methyl-, ethyl ester

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Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase VF-Wax MSDB-FFAPDB-WaxDB-WaxCP-Wax 57 CB
Column length (m) 60.30.60.60.50.
Carrier gas Helium HeliumHeliumHydrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.20
Tstart (C) 60.0.30.30.35.
Tend (C) 220.200.200.200.150.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.6.2.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.2.4.4.5.
Final hold (min) 25. 30.30.17.5
I 1049.1040.1046.1053.1028.
ReferenceDuarte, Dias, et al., 2010Laselan, Buettner, et al., 2009Beck, Higbee, et al., 2008Beck, Higbee, et al., 2008Callejon, Morales, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxSupelcowax-10DB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.10.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.10.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.10.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.30.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 180.210.240.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.55.50.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 10. 1.52.2.
Final hold (min) 30. 2.5.15.
I 1058.1055.1037.1045.1045.
ReferenceCaldeira, de Sousa, et al., 2008Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 2008Chin, Nazimah, et al., 2007Xu, Fan, et al., 2007Fan and Qian, 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxHP-InnowaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.60.30.60.
Carrier gas HeHeNitrogenH2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.250.500.50.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.35.40.40.
Tend (C) 200.240.235.200.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.5.2.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 3.5.4.5.5.
Final hold (min) 15.15.30.  
I 1028.1041.1062.1060.1074.
ReferenceKomes, Ulrich, et al., 2006Isogai, Utsunomiya, et al., 2005Qian and Wang, 2005Culleré, Escudero, et al., 2004López, Ezpeleta, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.60.
Carrier gas H2  HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.30.30.40.40.
Tend (C) 200.250.250.250.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.4.8.3.
Initial hold (min) 5.1.1.5.10.
Final hold (min)    5.10.
I 1063.1050.1055.1047.1052.
ReferenceLópez, Ortín, et al., 2003Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 2003Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 2003Fu, Yoon, et al., 2002Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxEC-1000FFAP
Column length (m) 30.60.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeH2HeH2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.320.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.250.50.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.35.40.
Tend (C) 240.200.200.230.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 7.2.4.5.3.
Initial hold (min)  2.5.5.5.
Final hold (min) 5. 60.15. 
I 1051.1042.1052.1055.1045.
ReferenceLin, Rouseff, et al., 2002Umano, Hagi, et al., 2002Aznar, López, et al., 2001Bendall, 2001Ducruet, Fournier, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxFFAPDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.25.25.
Carrier gas H2HeH2HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.250.50.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.60.50.50.
Tend (C) 200.230.245.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.6.3.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.2.3.4.4.
Final hold (min) 60.5.20.10.10.
I 1056.1044.1077.1036.1048.
ReferenceFerreira, Aznar, et al., 2001Czerny and Grosch, 2000Kotseridis and Baumes, 2000Morales, Duque, et al., 2000Morales, Duque, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Wax 52CBDB-WaxCarbowax 20MHP-InnowaxCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.30.60.25.60.
Carrier gas H2 He He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.530.320.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.22 0.5 0.5
Tstart (C) 60.60.40.35.40.
Tend (C) 190.210.190.250.190.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.2.4.2.
Initial hold (min) 4. 5. 5.
Final hold (min) 21.    
I 1049.1057.1061.1041.1061.
ReferenceHwan and Chou, 1999Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 1999Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 1999Ong and Acree, 1999Ferreira, Ardanuy, et al., 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MHP-InnowaxHP-InnowaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.25.25.30.30.
Carrier gas He  HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.5  0.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.35.35.50.50.
Tend (C) 190.250.250.240.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.4.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.  3.3.
Final hold (min)    10.10.
I 1061.1041.1041.1033.1048.
ReferenceFerreira, Lopez, et al., 1998Ong and Acree, 1998Ong, Acree, et al., 1998Parada and Duque, 1998Parada and Duque, 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.15.80.60.60.
Carrier gas H2  HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.20.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.5  0.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.50.70.30.30.
Tend (C) 220.225.170.180.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.6.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min)  3. 4.4.
Final hold (min)      
I 1066.1050.1049.1048.1051.
ReferenceLebossé, Ducruet, et al., 1997Roberts and Acree, 1996Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990Takeoka and Butter, 1989Takeoka and Butter, 1989
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas N2N2N2N2
Substrate     
Column diameter (mm) 0.220.220.220.22
Phase thickness (mum)     
Tstart (C) 80.80.80.80.
Tend (C) 200.200.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min)     
Final hold (min)     
I 1050.1058.1050.1058.
ReferenceMihara, Tateba, et al., 1988Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Duarte, Dias, et al., 2010
Duarte, W.F.; Dias, D.R.; Oliveira, J.M.; Teixeira, J.A.; de Almeida e Silva, J.B.; Schwan, R.F., Characterization of different fruit wines made from cacao,cupuassu, gabiroba, jaboticaba and umbu, Food Sci. Technol., 2010, 43, 1564-1572. [all data]

Laselan, Buettner, et al., 2009
Laselan, P.; Buettner, A.; Christlbauer, M., Investigation of the retronasal perseption of palm wine (Elaeis guineensis) aroma by application of sensory analysis and exhaled odorant measurement (EXOM), African J. of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and development, 2009, 9, 2, 793-813. [all data]

Beck, Higbee, et al., 2008
Beck, J.J.; Higbee, B.S.; Marrill, G.B.; Roitman, J.N., Comparison of volatile emissions from undamaged and mechanically damaged almonds, J, Sci. Food Argic., 2008, 88, 8, 1363-1368, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3224 . [all data]

Callejon, Morales, et al., 2008
Callejon, R.M.; Morales, M.L.; Ferreira, A.C.S.; Troncoso, A.M., Defining the typical aroma of sherry vinegar: sensory and chemical approach, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2008, 56, 17, 8086-8095, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf800903n . [all data]

Caldeira, de Sousa, et al., 2008
Caldeira, I.; de Sousa, R.B.; Balchior, A.P.; Climaco, M.C., A sensory and chemical approach to the aroma of wooden aged Lourinha wine brandy, Ciencia Tec. Vitiv., 2008, 23, 2, 97-110. [all data]

Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 2008
Kumazawa, K.; Itobe, T.; Nishimura, O.; Hamaguchi, T., A new approach to estimate the in-mouth release characteristics of odorants in chewing gum, Food Science and Technology Research, 2008, 14, 3, 269-276, https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.14.269 . [all data]

Chin, Nazimah, et al., 2007
Chin, S.T.; Nazimah, S.A.H.; Quek, S.Y.; Che Man, Y.B.; Rahman, R.A.; Hashim, D.M., Analysis of volatile compounds from Malaysian durians (Durio zibethinus) using headspace SPME coupled to fast GC-MS, J. Food Comp. Anal., 2007, 20, 1, 31-44, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2006.04.011 . [all data]

Xu, Fan, et al., 2007
Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3051-3057, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0631732 . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese Wuliangye and Jiannanchun Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 7, 2695-2704, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf052635t . [all data]

Komes, Ulrich, et al., 2006
Komes, D.; Ulrich, D.; Lovric, T., Characterization of odor-active compounds in Croatian Rhine Riesling wine, subregion Zagorje, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2006, 222, 1-2, 1-7, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-005-0094-y . [all data]

Isogai, Utsunomiya, et al., 2005
Isogai, A.; Utsunomiya, H.; Kanda, R.; Iwata, H., Changes in the Aroma Compounds of Sake during Aging, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 10, 4118-4123, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf047933p . [all data]

Qian and Wang, 2005
Qian, M.C.; Wang, Y., Seasonal Variations of Volatile Composition and Odor Activity Value of Marion (Rubus spp. hyb) and Thornless Evergreen (R.laciniatus L.) Blackberries, J. Food. Sci., 2005, 70, 1, c13-c20, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2005.tb09013.x . [all data]

Culleré, Escudero, et al., 2004
Culleré, L.; Escudero, A.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Gas chromatography-olfactometry and chemical quantitative study of the aroma of six premium auality Spanish aged red wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 6, 1653-1660, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0350820 . [all data]

López, Ezpeleta, et al., 2004
López, R.; Ezpeleta, E.; Sánchez, I.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Analysis of the aroma intensities of volatile compounds released from mild acid hydrolysates of odourless precursors extracted from Tempranillo and Grenache grapes using gas chromatography-olfactometry, Food Chem., 2004, 88, 1, 95-103, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.01.025 . [all data]

López, Ortín, et al., 2003
López, R.; Ortín, N.; Pérez-Trujillo, J.P.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Impact odorants of different young white wines from the Canary islands, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 11, 3419-3425, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf026045w . [all data]

Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 2003
Tanaka, T.; Yamauchi, T.; Katsumata, R.; Kiuchi, K., Comparison of volatile components in commercial Itohiki-Natto by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 2003, 50, 6, 278-285, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk.50.278 . [all data]

Fu, Yoon, et al., 2002
Fu, S.-G.; Yoon, Y.; Basemore, R., Aroma-actie components in fermented bamboo shoots, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 3, 549-554, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010883t . [all data]

Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 2002
Hayata, Y.; Sakamoto, T.; Kozuka, H.; Sakamoto, K.; Osajima, Y., Analysis of aromatic volatile compounds in 'Miyabi' melon (Cucumis melo L.) using the Porapak Q column, J. Jpn. Soc. Hortic. Sci., 2002, 71, 4, 517-525, https://doi.org/10.2503/jjshs.71.517 . [all data]

Lin, Rouseff, et al., 2002
Lin, J.; Rouseff, R.L.; Barros, S.; Naim, M., Aroma composition changes in early season grapefruit juice produced from thermal concentration, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 4, 813-819, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011154g . [all data]

Umano, Hagi, et al., 2002
Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from newly hybrid citrus, dekopon (Shiranuhi mandarin Suppl. J.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 19, 5355-5359, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0203951 . [all data]

Aznar, López, et al., 2001
Aznar, M.; López, R.; Cacho, J.F.; Ferreira, V., Identification and quantification of impact odorants of aged red wines from Rioja. GC-olfactometry, quantitative GC-MS, and odor evaluation of HPLC fractions, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 6, 2924-2929, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001372u . [all data]

Bendall, 2001
Bendall, J.G., Aroma compounds of fresh milk from New Zealand cows fed different diets, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 10, 4825-4832, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010334n . [all data]

Ducruet, Fournier, et al., 2001
Ducruet, V.; Fournier, N.; Saillard, P.; Feigenbaum, A.; Guichard, E., Influence of packaging on the aroma stability of strawberry syrup during shelf life, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 5, 2290-2297, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0012796 . [all data]

Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 2001
Ferreira, V.; Aznar, M.; López, R.; Cacho, J., Quantitative gas chromatography-olfactometry carried out at different dilutions of an extract. Differences in the odor profiles of four high-quality spanish aged red wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 10, 4818-4824, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010283u . [all data]

Czerny and Grosch, 2000
Czerny, M.; Grosch, W., Potent odorants of raw Arabica coffee. Their changes during roasting, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 3, 868-872, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990609n . [all data]

Kotseridis and Baumes, 2000
Kotseridis, Y.; Baumes, R., Identification of impact odorants in Bordeaux red grape juice, in the commercial yeast used for its fermentation, and in the produced wine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 2, 400-406, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990565i . [all data]

Morales, Duque, et al., 2000
Morales, A.L.; Duque, C.; Bautista, E., Identification of free and glycosidically bound volatiles and glycosides by capillary GC and capillary GC-MS in Lulo del Chocó (Solanum topiro), J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 2000, 23, 5, 379-385, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1521-4168(20000501)23:5<379::AID-JHRC379>3.0.CO;2-B . [all data]

Hwan and Chou, 1999
Hwan, C.-H.; Chou, C.-C., Volatile components of the Chinese fermented soya bean curd as affected by the addition of ethanol in ageing solution, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1999, 79, 2, 243-248, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199902)79:2<243::AID-JSFA179>3.0.CO;2-I . [all data]

Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 1999
Iwatsuki, K.; Mizota, Y.; Kubota, T.; Nishimura, O.; Masuda, H.; Sotoyama, K.; Tomita, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis. Evluation of aroma of pasteurized and UHT processed milk by aroma extract dilution analysis, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 1999, 46, 9, 587-597, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk.46.587 . [all data]

Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 1999
Lopez, R.; Ferreira, V.; Hernandez, P.; Cacho, J.F., Identification of impact odorants of young red wines made with Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Grenache grape varieties: a comparative study, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1999, 79, 11, 1461-1467, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199908)79:11<1461::AID-JSFA388>3.0.CO;2-K . [all data]

Ong and Acree, 1999
Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E., Similarities in the aroma chemistry of Gewürztraminer variety wines and lychee (Litchi chinesis Sonn.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 2, 665-670, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980452j . [all data]

Ferreira, Ardanuy, et al., 1998
Ferreira, V.; Ardanuy, M.; López, R.; Cacho, J.F., Relationship between flavor dilution values and odor unit values in hydroalcoholic solutions: role of volatility and a practical rule for its estimation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 10, 4341-4346, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980144l . [all data]

Ferreira, Lopez, et al., 1998
Ferreira, V.; Lopez, R.; Escudero, A.; Cacho, J.F., The Aroma of Red Wine: Hierarchy Grenache and Nature of its Main Odorants, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1998, 77, 2, 259-267, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199806)77:2<259::AID-JSFA36>3.0.CO;2-Q . [all data]

Ong and Acree, 1998
Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E., Gas chromatography/olfactory analysis of lychee (Litchi chinesis Sonn.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 6, 2282-2286, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9801318 . [all data]

Ong, Acree, et al., 1998
Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Characterization of volatiles in rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 2, 611-615, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970665t . [all data]

Parada and Duque, 1998
Parada, F.; Duque, C., Studies on the aroma of piñuela fruit pulp (Bromelia plumieri): Free and bound volatile composition and characterization of some glucoconjugates as aroma precursors, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1998, 21, 10, 577-581, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1521-4168(19981001)21:10<577::AID-JHRC577>3.0.CO;2-V . [all data]

Lebossé, Ducruet, et al., 1997
Lebossé, R.; Ducruet, V.; Feigenbaum, A., Interactions between reactive aroma compounds from model citrus juice with polypropylene packaging film, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 8, 2836-2842, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960957e . [all data]

Roberts and Acree, 1996
Roberts, D.D.; Acree, T.E., Effects of heating and cream addition on fresh raspberry aroma using a retronasal aroma simulator and gas chromatography olfactometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 12, 3919-3925, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf950701t . [all data]

Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990
Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 1990, 62, 24, 2676-2684, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00223a006 . [all data]

Takeoka and Butter, 1989
Takeoka, G.; Butter, R.G., Volatile constituents of pineapple (Ananas Comosus [L.] Merr.) in Flavor Chemistry. Trends and Developments, Teranishi,R.; Buttery,R.G.; Shahidi,F., ed(s)., American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1989, 223-237. [all data]

Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988
Mihara, S.; Tateba, H.; Nishimura, O.; Machii, Y.; Kishino, K., The volatile components of Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis Schneid) in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s)., Elsevier, New York, 1988, 537-550. [all data]

Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987
Mihara, S.; Tateba, H.; Nishimura, O.; Machii, Y.; Kishino, K., Volatile components of Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis Schneid), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1987, 35, 4, 532-537, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00076a023 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, References