Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Butanoic acid, 2-methyl-, ethyl ester

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Optima-5 MSDB-5HP-5 MSSE-54DB-5 MS
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHelium Helium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 35.60.50.0.40.
Tend (C) 250.240.240.200.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.3.4.6.4.
Initial hold (min) 3. 2.2.2.
Final hold (min) 5. 10. 2.
I 851.853.846.852.841.
ReferenceGoeminne, Vandendriessche, et al., 2012Fraternale, Ricci, et al., 2011Pino, Marquez, et al., 2010Laselan, Buettner, et al., 2009Su, Wang, et al., 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1RTX-5DB-5HP-1DB-5
Column length (m) 30.10.30.50.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeN2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.180.320.20.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.20.250.331.
Tstart (C) 30.40.40.60.40.
Tend (C) 210.275.250.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.50.4.2.4.
Initial hold (min)  0.52. 2.
Final hold (min)  0.55.20.15.
I 837.854.849.830.849.
ReferenceKumazawa, Itobe, et al., 2008Setkova, Risticevic, et al., 2007Xu, Fan, et al., 2007Berlioz, Cordella, et al., 2006Fan and Qian, 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5HP-5RTX-5SE-54
Column length (m) 13.530.60.60.30.
Carrier gas HeN2HeHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.530.053
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.251.51.5
Tstart (C) 35.40.30.0.100.
Tend (C) 225.250.260.240.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.4.2.6.5.
Initial hold (min) 3.2.2.  
Final hold (min)  5.28.  
I 850.849.856.4857.845.
Referencede Souza, Vásquez, et al., 2006Fan and Qian, 2005Leffingwell and Alford, 2005Tokitomo, Steihaus, et al., 2005Kilic, Hafizoglu, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5SPB-5DB-5DB-5RSL-200
Column length (m) 25.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeH2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.330.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 190.220.290.290.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.5.7.7.6.
Initial hold (min)  1.  5.
Final hold (min) 5.20.  5.
I 861.850.819.816.840.
ReferenceAzodanlou, Darbellay, et al., 2003Ledauphin, Guichard, et al., 2003Lin, Rouseff, et al., 2002Lin, Rouseff, et al., 2002Ngassoum, Jirovetz, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5HP-5DB-5HP-5DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.30.
Carrier gas  H2HeHeH2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.250.251.0.5
Tstart (C) 35.40.40.40.60.
Tend (C) 275.280.230.240.245.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.3.6.3.3.
Initial hold (min)  10.2. 3.
Final hold (min)  10.5. 20.
I 842.864.848.850.849.
ReferenceRouseff, Jella, et al., 2001Bicalho, Pereira, et al., 2000Czerny and Grosch, 2000García, Martín, et al., 2000Kotseridis and Baumes, 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BP-5DB-5HP-1HP-1HP-1
Column length (m) 50.30.25.25.25.
Carrier gas He    
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.200.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 1.1.   
Tstart (C) 40.40.35.35.35.
Tend (C) 190.200.250.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.3.4.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.   
Final hold (min)      
I 860.851.837.837.835.
ReferenceLopez, Ferreira, et al., 1999Meynier, Novelli, et al., 1999Ong and Acree, 1999Ong and Acree, 1998Ong, Acree, et al., 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101SE-54OV-101HP-5
Column length (m) 12.12.50.15. 
Carrier gas   HeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.32 
Phase thickness (mum)   1.05  
Tstart (C) 35.35.40.35.35.
Tend (C) 225.225.300.250.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.6.2.6.6.
Initial hold (min) 3.3. 3.2.
Final hold (min)      
I 837.836.844.839.849.
ReferenceRoberts and Acree, 1996Roberts and Acree, 1996Weenen, Koolhaas, et al., 1996Chisholm, Guiher, et al., 1995Larsen and Frisvad, 1995
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-1DB-1OV-101DB-1
Column length (m) 60.30.30.50.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHe He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.280.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.01.0  
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.80.30.
Tend (C) 200.250.250.200.210.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 2.   4.
Final hold (min)  30.30.  
I 845.835.837.837.842.
ReferenceShimoda, Shibamoto, et al., 1993Peppard, 1992Peppard, 1992Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990Takeoka and Butter, 1989
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1SE-30SE-30OV-1
Column length (m) 60.200. 183.
Carrier gas HeN2HeliumN2
Substrate     
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.6 0.762
Phase thickness (mum)     
Tstart (C) 30.20.70.0.
Tend (C) 210.220.170.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.1.
Initial hold (min) 4.   
Final hold (min)     
I 842.836.845.837.
ReferenceTakeoka and Butter, 1989Dirinck, de Pooter, et al., 1981Alves and Jennings, 1979Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1979
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Goeminne, Vandendriessche, et al., 2012
Goeminne, P.C.; Vandendriessche, T.; Van Eldere, J.; Nicolai, B.M.; Hertog, M.L.; Dupont, L.J., Detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in sputum headspace through volatile organic compound analysis, Respiratory Res., 2012, 13, 87, 1-9. [all data]

Fraternale, Ricci, et al., 2011
Fraternale, D.; Ricci, D.; Flamini, G.; Giomaro, G., Volatile profile of red apple from Marche region (Italy), Rec. Nat. Prod., 2011, 5, 3, 202-207. [all data]

Pino, Marquez, et al., 2010
Pino, J.A.; Marquez, E.; Quijano, C.E.; Castro, D., Volatile compounds in noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) at two ripening stages, Ciencia e Technologia de Alimentos, 2010, 30, 1, 183-187, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612010000100028 . [all data]

Laselan, Buettner, et al., 2009
Laselan, P.; Buettner, A.; Christlbauer, M., Investigation of the retronasal perseption of palm wine (Elaeis guineensis) aroma by application of sensory analysis and exhaled odorant measurement (EXOM), African J. of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and development, 2009, 9, 2, 793-813. [all data]

Su, Wang, et al., 2009
Su, Y.; Wang, C.; Yinlong, G., Analysis of volatile compounds from Mentha hapioealyx Briq. by GC-MS based on accurate mass measurements and retention indices, Acta Chem. Sinica, 2009, 67, 6, 546-554. [all data]

Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 2008
Kumazawa, K.; Itobe, T.; Nishimura, O.; Hamaguchi, T., A new approach to estimate the in-mouth release characteristics of odorants in chewing gum, Food Science and Technology Research, 2008, 14, 3, 269-276, https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.14.269 . [all data]

Setkova, Risticevic, et al., 2007
Setkova, L.; Risticevic, S.; Pawliszyn, J., Rapid headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic?time-of-flight mass spectrometric method for qualitative profiling of ice wine volatile fraction II: Classification of Canadian and Czech ice wines using statistical evaluation of the data, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1147, 2, 224-240, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.02.052 . [all data]

Xu, Fan, et al., 2007
Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3051-3057, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0631732 . [all data]

Berlioz, Cordella, et al., 2006
Berlioz, B.; Cordella, C.; Cavalli, J.-F.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Fernandez, X., Comparison of the amounts of volatile compounds in French protected designation of origin virgin olive oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 26, 10092-10101, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061796+ . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese Wuliangye and Jiannanchun Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 7, 2695-2704, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf052635t . [all data]

de Souza, Vásquez, et al., 2006
de Souza, M.D.C.A.; Vásquez, P.; del Mastro, N.L.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Characterization and cachaca and rum aroma, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 2, 485-488, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0511190 . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2005
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese Yanghe Daqu Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 20, 7931-7938, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051011k . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

Tokitomo, Steihaus, et al., 2005
Tokitomo, Y.; Steihaus, M.; Buttner, A.; Schieberle, P., Odor-Active Constituents in Fresh Pineapple (ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) by Quamtitative and Sensory Evaluations, Biosci. Biotechnol, Biochem,, 2005, 69, 7, 1323-1330, https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb.69.1323 . [all data]

Kilic, Hafizoglu, et al., 2004
Kilic, A.; Hafizoglu, H.; Kollmannsberger, H.; Nitz, S., Volatile constituents and key odorants in leaves, buds, flowers, and fruits of Laurus nobilis L., J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 6, 1601-1606, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0306237 . [all data]

Azodanlou, Darbellay, et al., 2003
Azodanlou, R.; Darbellay, C.; Luisier, J.-L.; Villettaz, J.-C.; Amadò, R., Quality assessment of strawberries (Fragaria species), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 3, 715-721, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0200467 . [all data]

Ledauphin, Guichard, et al., 2003
Ledauphin, J.; Guichard, H.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Picoche, B.; Barillier, D., Chemical and sensorial aroma characterization of freshly distilled calvados. 2. Identification of volatile compounds and key odorants, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 2, 433-442, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020373e . [all data]

Lin, Rouseff, et al., 2002
Lin, J.; Rouseff, R.L.; Barros, S.; Naim, M., Aroma composition changes in early season grapefruit juice produced from thermal concentration, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 4, 813-819, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011154g . [all data]

Ngassoum, Jirovetz, et al., 2001
Ngassoum, M.B.; Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G., SPME/GC/MS analysis of headspace aroma compounds of the Cameroonian fruit Tetrapleura tetraptera (Thonn.) Taub., Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2001, 213, 1, 18-21, https://doi.org/10.1007/s002170100330 . [all data]

Rouseff, Jella, et al., 2001
Rouseff, R.; Jella, P.; Bazemore, R.; Yang, J.-J., Aroma active internal standards for gas chromatography-olfactometry of grapefruit juices, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 2001, 782, 73-87. [all data]

Bicalho, Pereira, et al., 2000
Bicalho, B.; Pereira, A.S.; Aquino Neto, F.R.; Pinto, A.C.; Rezende, C.M., Application of high-temperature gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to the investigation of glycosidically bound components related to cashew applie (Anacardium occidentale L. Var. nanum) volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 4, 1167-1174, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9909252 . [all data]

Czerny and Grosch, 2000
Czerny, M.; Grosch, W., Potent odorants of raw Arabica coffee. Their changes during roasting, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 3, 868-872, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990609n . [all data]

García, Martín, et al., 2000
García, C.; Martín, A.; Timón, M.L.; Córdoba, J.J., Microbial populations and volatile compounds in the 'bone taint' spoilage of dry cured ham, Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2000, 30, 1, 61-66, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1472-765x.2000.00663.x . [all data]

Kotseridis and Baumes, 2000
Kotseridis, Y.; Baumes, R., Identification of impact odorants in Bordeaux red grape juice, in the commercial yeast used for its fermentation, and in the produced wine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 2, 400-406, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990565i . [all data]

Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 1999
Lopez, R.; Ferreira, V.; Hernandez, P.; Cacho, J.F., Identification of impact odorants of young red wines made with Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Grenache grape varieties: a comparative study, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1999, 79, 11, 1461-1467, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199908)79:11<1461::AID-JSFA388>3.0.CO;2-K . [all data]

Meynier, Novelli, et al., 1999
Meynier, A.; Novelli, E.; Chissolinim, R.; Zanardi, E.; Gandemer, G., Volatile compounds of commercial Milano salami, Meat Sci., 1999, 51, 2, 175-183, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(98)00122-3 . [all data]

Ong and Acree, 1999
Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E., Similarities in the aroma chemistry of Gewürztraminer variety wines and lychee (Litchi chinesis Sonn.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 2, 665-670, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980452j . [all data]

Ong and Acree, 1998
Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E., Gas chromatography/olfactory analysis of lychee (Litchi chinesis Sonn.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 6, 2282-2286, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9801318 . [all data]

Ong, Acree, et al., 1998
Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Characterization of volatiles in rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 2, 611-615, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970665t . [all data]

Roberts and Acree, 1996
Roberts, D.D.; Acree, T.E., Effects of heating and cream addition on fresh raspberry aroma using a retronasal aroma simulator and gas chromatography olfactometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 12, 3919-3925, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf950701t . [all data]

Weenen, Koolhaas, et al., 1996
Weenen, H.; Koolhaas, W.E.; Apriyantono, A., Sulfur-containing volatiles of durian fruits (Durio zibethinus Murr.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 10, 3291-3293, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960191i . [all data]

Chisholm, Guiher, et al., 1995
Chisholm, M.G.; Guiher, L.A.; Zaczkiewicz, S.M., Aroma characteristics of aged Vidal blanc wine, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 1995, 46, 1, 56-62. [all data]

Larsen and Frisvad, 1995
Larsen, T.O.; Frisvad, J.C., Characterization of volatile metabolites from 47 Penicillium taxa, Mycol. Res., 1995, 99, 10, 1153-1166, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0953-7562(09)80271-2 . [all data]

Shimoda, Shibamoto, et al., 1993
Shimoda, M.; Shibamoto, T.; Noble, A.C., Evaluation of heaspace volatiles of Cabernet Sauvignon wines sampled by an on-column method, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 10, 1664-1668, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00034a028 . [all data]

Peppard, 1992
Peppard, T.L., Volatile flavor constituents of Monstera deliciosa, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 2, 257-262, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00014a018 . [all data]

Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990
Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 1990, 62, 24, 2676-2684, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00223a006 . [all data]

Takeoka and Butter, 1989
Takeoka, G.; Butter, R.G., Volatile constituents of pineapple (Ananas Comosus [L.] Merr.) in Flavor Chemistry. Trends and Developments, Teranishi,R.; Buttery,R.G.; Shahidi,F., ed(s)., American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1989, 223-237. [all data]

Dirinck, de Pooter, et al., 1981
Dirinck, P.J.; de Pooter, H.L.; Willaert, G.A.; Schamp, N.M., Flavor quality of cultivated strawberries: the role of the sulfur compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 2, 316-321, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00104a024 . [all data]

Alves and Jennings, 1979
Alves, S.; Jennings, W.G., Volatile composition of certain Amazonian fruits, Food Chem., 1979, 4, 2, 149-159, https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(79)90039-6 . [all data]

Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1979
Schreyen, L.; Dirinck, P.; Sandra, P.; Schamp, N., Flavor analysis of quince, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1979, 27, 4, 872-876, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60224a058 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References