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hafnium

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Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)6.82507 ± 0.00004eVN/AN/AL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
6.82507EVALLide, 1992LL
6.82507 ± 0.00004LSCallender, Hackett, et al., 1988LL
6.65 ± 0.10EIRauh and Ackermann, 1979LLK
6.7 ± 0.1EIRauh and Ackermann, 1974LLK

References

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Lide, 1992
Lide, D.R. (Editor), Ionization potentials of atoms and atomic ions in Handbook of Chem. and Phys., 1992, 10-211. [all data]

Callender, Hackett, et al., 1988
Callender, C.L.; Hackett, P.A.; Rayner, D.M., First ionization potential of hafnium by double-resonance field-ionization spectroscopy, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 1988, 5, 1341. [all data]

Rauh and Ackermann, 1979
Rauh, E.G.; Ackermann, R.J., The first ionization potentials of the transition metals, J. Chem. Phys., 1979, 70, 1004. [all data]

Rauh and Ackermann, 1974
Rauh, E.G.; Ackermann, R.J., First ionization potentials of some refractory oxide vapors, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 1396. [all data]


Notes

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