Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

tungsten


Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas851.03kJ/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1966
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas,1 bar173.96J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1966

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid46.90kJ/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1966
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid,1 bar45.68J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1966
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid32.66J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1966

Liquid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

View table.

Temperature (K) 3680. - 6000.
A 35.56404
B -1.551741×10-7
C 2.915253×10-8
D -1.891725×10-9
E -4.107702×10-7
F 22.90422
G 72.18572
H 46.89595
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1966

Solid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

View table.

Temperature (K) 298. - 1900.1900. - 3680.
A 23.95930-22.57640
B 2.63968090.27980
C 1.257750-44.27150
D -0.2546427.176630
E -0.048407-24.09740
F -7.433250-9.978731
G 60.54290-14.24470
H 0.0000000.000000
ReferenceChase, 1998Chase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1966 Data last reviewed in June, 1966

Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: José A. Martinho Simões

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Tungsten hexacarbonyl (cr) = 6Carbon monoxide (g) + tungsten (cr)

By formula: C6O6W (cr) = 6CO (g) + W (cr)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar298.8 ± 4.7kJ/molTD-HFC, HAL-HFCAl-Takhin, Connor, et al., 1984The reaction enthalpy corresponds to the TD experiments and leads to -962.0 ± 4.8 kJ/mol for the enthalpy of formation. The value -960±3 was recommended by the authors Al-Takhin, Connor, et al., 1984. Other values for the enthalpy of sublimation have been reported: 73. ± 1. kJ/mol Adedeji, Brown, et al., 1975, 74.1 ± 4.2 kJ/mol Hieber and Romberg, 1935, 69.9 ± 4.2 kJ/mol Rezukhina and Shvyrev, 1952, and 78.9 ± 1.1 kJ/mol Daamen, Ernsting, et al., 1979 Boxhoorn, Ernsting, et al., 1980. See also Pilcher, Ware, et al., 1975
Deltar296.1 ± 1.8kJ/molTD-HZCBarnes, Pilcher, et al., 1974Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977 and Tel'noi and Rabinovich, 1977.

C9H9N3O3W (cr) = 0.5Tungsten hexacarbonyl (g) + 0.5tungsten (cr) + 3Acetonitrile (g)

By formula: C9H9N3O3W (cr) = 0.5C6O6W (g) + 0.5W (cr) + 3C2H3N (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar195.kJ/molTD-HFCAdedeji, Connor, et al., 1978The value for the reaction enthalpy corresponds to the thermal decomposition experiments and leads to -415. kJ/mol for the enthalpy of formation of W(CO)3(MeCN)3(cr). The value -405.0±12.0 was recommended by the authors Adedeji, Connor, et al., 1978

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

View reactions leading to W+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)7.98eVN/AN/AL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
0.816265 ± 0.000074LPDLindahl, Andersson, et al., 2010Given: 6583.6(6) cm-1; B
0.8170 ± 0.0040LPESBengali, Casey, et al., 1992B
0.8160 ± 0.0080LPESFeigerle, Corderman, et al., 1981B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
7.98EVALLide, 1992LL
7.49 ± 0.08EIRauh and Ackermann, 1979LLK
7.98SMoore, 1970RDSH
7.98SMoore, 1970RDSH

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Chase, 1998
Chase, M.W., Jr., NIST-JANAF Themochemical Tables, Fourth Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Monograph 9, 1998, 1-1951. [all data]

Al-Takhin, Connor, et al., 1984
Al-Takhin, G.; Connor, J.A.; Pilcher, G.; Skinner, H.A., J. Organomet. Chem., 1984, 265, 263. [all data]

Adedeji, Brown, et al., 1975
Adedeji, F.A.; Brown, D.L.S.; Connor, J.A.; Leung, M.; Paz-Andrade, I.M.; Skinner, H.A., J. Organometal. Chem., 1975, 97, 221. [all data]

Hieber and Romberg, 1935
Hieber, W.; Romberg, E., Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem., 1935, 221, 321. [all data]

Rezukhina and Shvyrev, 1952
Rezukhina, T.N.; Shvyrev, V.V., Vestn. Moskov. Univ., 1952, 7, 41. [all data]

Daamen, Ernsting, et al., 1979
Daamen, H.; Ernsting, J.M.; Oskam, A., Thermochim. Acta, 1979, 33, 217. [all data]

Boxhoorn, Ernsting, et al., 1980
Boxhoorn, G.; Ernsting, J.M.; Stufkens, D.J.; Oskam, A., Thermochim. Acta, 1980, 42, 315. [all data]

Pilcher, Ware, et al., 1975
Pilcher, G.; Ware, M.J.; Pittam, D.A., J. Less-Common Met., 1975, 42, 223. [all data]

Barnes, Pilcher, et al., 1974
Barnes, D.S.; Pilcher, G.; Pittam, D.A.; Skinner, H.A.; Todd, D., J. Less-Common Met., 1974, 38, 53. [all data]

Pedley and Rylance, 1977
Pedley, J.B.; Rylance, J., Computer Analysed Thermochemical Data: Organic and Organometallic Compounds, University of Sussex, Brigton, 1977. [all data]

Tel'noi and Rabinovich, 1977
Tel'noi, V.I.; Rabinovich, I.B., Russ. Chem. Rev., 1977, 46, 689. [all data]

Adedeji, Connor, et al., 1978
Adedeji, F.A.; Connor, J.A.; Demain, C.P.; Martinho Simões, J.A.; Skinner, H.A.; Zafarani- Moattar, M.T., J. Organometal. Chem., 1978, 149, 333. [all data]

Lindahl, Andersson, et al., 2010
Lindahl, A.O.; Andersson, P.; Diehl, C.; Forstner, O.; Klason, P.; Hanstorp, D., The electron affinity of tungsten, Eur. Phys. J. D, 2010, 60, 2, 219-222, https://doi.org/10.1140/epjd/e2010-00199-y . [all data]

Bengali, Casey, et al., 1992
Bengali, A.A.; Casey, S.M.; Cheng, C.-L.; Dick, J.P.; Fenn, T.; Villaalta, P.W.; Leopold, D.G., Negative Ion Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Coordinatively Unsaturated Group VI Metal Carbonyls: Cr(CO)3, Mo(CO)3, and W(CO)3, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1992, 114, 13, 5257, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00039a043 . [all data]

Feigerle, Corderman, et al., 1981
Feigerle, C.S.; Corderman, R.R.; Bobashev, S.V.; Lineberger, W.C., Binding Energies and Structure of Transition Metal Negative Ions, J. Chem. Phys., 1981, 74, 3, 1580, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.441289 . [all data]

Lide, 1992
Lide, D.R. (Editor), Ionization potentials of atoms and atomic ions in Handbook of Chem. and Phys., 1992, 10-211. [all data]

Rauh and Ackermann, 1979
Rauh, E.G.; Ackermann, R.J., The first ionization potentials of the transition metals, J. Chem. Phys., 1979, 70, 1004. [all data]

Moore, 1970
Moore, C.E., Ionization potentials and ionization limits derived from the analyses of optical spectra, Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., (U.S. Natl. Bur. Stand.), 1970, 34, 1. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, NIST Free Links, References