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thulium


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

View reactions leading to Tm+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)6.18431 ± 0.00006eVN/AN/AL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
1.029 ± 0.022LPESDavis and Thompson, 2002B
0.0320 ± 0.0070EFDNadeau, Garwan, et al., 1997B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
6.18431EVALLide, 1992LL
6.18431 ± 0.00006SMartin, Zalubas, et al., 1978LLK
6.1 ± 0.1EIAckermann, Rauh, et al., 1976LLK
5.7EISeiver and Eick, 1971LLK
6.180 ± 0.008PIParr, 1971LLK
6.03 ± 0.04SIHertel, 1968RDSH
5.87 ± 0.10EIZmbov and Margrave, 1966RDSH
6.18 ± 0.02SReader and Sugar, 1966RDSH
6.18 ± 0.02SReader and Sugar, 1966RDSH
6.22 ± 0.02SCamus and Blaise, 1965RDSH
6.15 ± 0.02SIAlekseev and Kaminskii, 1965RDSH

References

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Davis and Thompson, 2002
Davis, V.T.; Thompson, J.S., Measurement of the electron affinity of thulium - art. no. 010501, Phys. Rev. A, 2002, 65, 101501. [all data]

Nadeau, Garwan, et al., 1997
Nadeau, M.-J.; Garwan, M.A.; Zhao, X.-L.; Litherland, A.E., A Negative Ion Survey; Toward the Completion of the Periodic Table of the Negative Ions, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. B, 1997, 123, 1-4, 521-526, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-583X(96)00749-5 . [all data]

Lide, 1992
Lide, D.R. (Editor), Ionization potentials of atoms and atomic ions in Handbook of Chem. and Phys., 1992, 10-211. [all data]

Martin, Zalubas, et al., 1978
Martin, W.C.; Zalubas, R.; Hagan, L., Atomic energy levels - the rare earth elements, Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser. (U.S. Natl. Bur. Stand.), 1978, 60. [all data]

Ackermann, Rauh, et al., 1976
Ackermann, R.J.; Rauh, E.G.; Thorn, R.J., The thermodynamics of ionization of gaseous oxides; the first ionization potentials of the lanthanide metals and monoxides, J. Chem. Phys., 1976, 65, 1027. [all data]

Seiver and Eick, 1971
Seiver, R.L.; Eick, H.A., Vapor pressure measurements in the samarium dicarbide-carbon and thulium dicarbide-carbon systems, High Temp. Sci., 1971, 3, 292. [all data]

Parr, 1971
Parr, A.C., Photoionization of europium and thulium: threshold to 1350 A, J. Chem. Phys., 1971, 54, 3161. [all data]

Hertel, 1968
Hertel, G.R., Surface ionization. III. The first ionization potentials of the lanthanides, J. Chem. Phys., 1968, 48, 2053. [all data]

Zmbov and Margrave, 1966
Zmbov, K.F.; Margrave, J.L., The first ionization potentials of samarium, europium, gadolinium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, and ytterbium by the electron-impact method, J. Phys. Chem., 1966, 70, 3014. [all data]

Reader and Sugar, 1966
Reader, J.; Sugar, J., Ionization energies of the neutral rare earths, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 1966, 56, 1189. [all data]

Camus and Blaise, 1965
Camus, P.; Blaise, J., Nouvelle determination du potential d'ionisation du spectre d'arc du thulium, Compt. Rend., 1965, 261, 4359. [all data]

Alekseev and Kaminskii, 1965
Alekseev, N.I.; Kaminskii, D.L., Ionization of some rare earth elements on the surfaces of tungsten, rhenium, and iridium, Zh. Tekhn. Fiz. 1964,34,1521 (Engl. Transl.: Soviet Phys. - Tech. Phys., 1965, 9, 1177). [all data]


Notes

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