Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

lithium

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas38.07 ± 0.24kcal/molReviewCox, Wagman, et al., 1984CODATA Review value
Deltafgas38.074kcal/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1962
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas,1 bar33.1697 ± 0.0024cal/mol*KReviewCox, Wagman, et al., 1984CODATA Review value
gas,1 bar33.169cal/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1962

Gas Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (cal/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kcal/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (cal/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

View table.

Temperature (K) 1620.12 - 6000.
A 5.576979
B -0.662625
C 0.183418
D -0.000859
E -0.008424
F 36.21021
G 39.72001
H 38.07371
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1962

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid0.569kcal/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1962
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid,1 bar8.112cal/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1962
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid,1 bar6.960 ± 0.048cal/mol*KReviewCox, Wagman, et al., 1984CODATA Review value
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid6.953cal/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1962

Liquid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (cal/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kcal/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (cal/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

View table.

Temperature (K) 453.69 - 700.700. - 1620.12
A 7.7604506.216291
B -0.6300131.346170
C -1.512220-0.959184
D 1.0110810.208816
E 0.0013590.082254
F -1.701081-1.003751
G 17.7566015.86110
H 0.5688340.568834
ReferenceChase, 1998Chase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1962 Data last reviewed in June, 1962

Solid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (cal/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kcal/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (cal/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

View table.

Temperature (K) 298. - 453.
A 40.52390
B -210.9730
C 472.6190
D -355.4761
E -0.384712
F -7.468511
G 98.86391
H 0.000000
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1962

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
298.14 - 1599.994.982607918.984-9.52Hicks, 1963Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
1204. - 1353.1.584211603.966-711.088Hartmann and Schneider, 1929Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: José A. Martinho Simões

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

methyllithium (g) = lithium (g) + Methane (g)

By formula: CH3Li (g) = Li (g) + CH4 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar66.0kcal/molN/ASmith and Patrick, 1983 

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to Li+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)5.39172eVN/AN/AL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
5.39172EVALLide, 1992LL
5.36 ± 0.01PIDugourd, Rayane, et al., 1992LL
5.392SKelly, 1987LBLHLM
5.4 ± 0.2EINakagawa, Asano, et al., 1981LLK
5.5 ± 0.3EIN/ALLK
5.4EIZmbov, Wu, et al., 1977LLK
5.39172SMoore, 1970RDSH

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Cox, Wagman, et al., 1984
Cox, J.D.; Wagman, D.D.; Medvedev, V.A., CODATA Key Values for Thermodynamics, Hemisphere Publishing Corp., New York, 1984, 1. [all data]

Chase, 1998
Chase, M.W., Jr., NIST-JANAF Themochemical Tables, Fourth Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Monograph 9, 1998, 1-1951. [all data]

Hicks, 1963
Hicks, W.T., Evaluation of Vapor-Pressure Data of Mercury, Lithium, Sodium, and Potassium, J. Chem. Phys., 1963, 38, 8, 1873-1880, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1733889 . [all data]

Hartmann and Schneider, 1929
Hartmann, H.; Schneider, R., Die Siedetemperaturen von Magnesium, Calcium, Strontium, Barium and Lithium, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem., 1929, 180, 1, 275-283, https://doi.org/10.1002/zaac.19291800129 . [all data]

Smith and Patrick, 1983
Smith, G.P.; Patrick, R., Int. J. Chem. Kinet., 1983, 15, 167. [all data]

Lide, 1992
Lide, D.R. (Editor), Ionization potentials of atoms and atomic ions in Handbook of Chem. and Phys., 1992, 10-211. [all data]

Dugourd, Rayane, et al., 1992
Dugourd, P.; Rayane, D.; Labastie, P.; Vezin, B.; Chevaleyre, J.; Broyer, M., Measurements of lithium cluster ionization potentials, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1992, 197, 433. [all data]

Kelly, 1987
Kelly, R.L., Atomic and ionic spectrum lines of hydrogen through kryton, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1987, 16. [all data]

Nakagawa, Asano, et al., 1981
Nakagawa, H.; Asano, M.; Kubo, K., Mass spectrometric study of the vaporization of lithium metasilicate, J. Nucl. Mater., 1981, 102, 292. [all data]

Zmbov, Wu, et al., 1977
Zmbov, K.F.; Wu, C.H.; Ihle, H.R., A mass spectrometric study of heteronuclear diatomic alkali metal molecules. Dissociation energies ionization potentials of NaLi, KLi, NaK, J. Chem. Phys., 1977, 67, 4603. [all data]

Moore, 1970
Moore, C.E., Ionization potentials and ionization limits derived from the analyses of optical spectra, Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., (U.S. Natl. Bur. Stand.), 1970, 34, 1. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, References