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Aluminum

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas330.0 ± 4.0kJ/molReviewCox, Wagman, et al., 1984CODATA Review value
Deltafgas329.70kJ/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1983
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas,1 bar164.554 ± 0.004J/mol*KReviewCox, Wagman, et al., 1984CODATA Review value
gas,1 bar164.57J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1983

Gas Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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Temperature (K) 2790.812 - 6000.
A 20.37692
B 0.660817
C -0.313631
D 0.045106
E 0.078173
F 323.8575
G 189.4808
H 329.6992
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1983

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid10.56kJ/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1983
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid,1 bar39.55J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1983
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid,1 bar28.30 ± 0.10J/mol*KReviewCox, Wagman, et al., 1984CODATA Review value
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid28.27J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1983

Liquid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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Temperature (K) 933.45 - 2790.812
A 31.75104
B 3.935826×10-8
C -1.786515×10-8
D 2.694171×10-9
E 5.480037×10-9
F -0.945684
G 73.39949
H 10.56201
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1983

Solid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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Temperature (K) 298. - 933.
A 28.08920
B -5.414849
C 8.560423
D 3.427370
E -0.277375
F -9.147187
G 61.90981
H 0.000000
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1983

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil2793.KN/AHonig and Kramer, 1969Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus933.45KN/AAnonymous, 1988Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; nominal value, from the catalog; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple933.25KN/AHonig and Kramer, 1969Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
1557. - 2329.5.7362313204.109-24.306Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
MS - José A. Martinho Simões
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C72H100CoN18O17P (solution) = Cyanocobalamin (solution) + Aluminum (solution)

By formula: C72H100CoN18O17P (solution) = C63H88CoN14O14P (solution) + Al (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar124. ± 20.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 5 out of 6 values; Individual data points

(CAS Reg. No. 158445-17-1 bullet 4294967295Aluminum) + Aluminum = CAS Reg. No. 158445-17-1

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 158445-17-1 bullet 4294967295Al) + Al = CAS Reg. No. 158445-17-1

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar426.3 ± 7.5kJ/molN/ANakajima, Taguwa, et al., 1995gas phase; Vertical Detachment Energy: 2.75±0.04 eV; B

(CAS Reg. No. 161173-70-2 bullet 4294967295Aluminum) + Aluminum = CAS Reg. No. 161173-70-2

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 161173-70-2 bullet 4294967295Al) + Al = CAS Reg. No. 161173-70-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar168. ± 22.kJ/molN/ANakajima, Taguwa, et al., 1995gas phase; Vertical Detachment Energy: 2.14±0.11 eV; B

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 10Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 11Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 10Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 11Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar300.kJ/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 11Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 12Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 11Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 12Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar340.kJ/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 12Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 13Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 12Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 13Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar300.kJ/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 13Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 14Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 13Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 14Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar250.kJ/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 14Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 15Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 14Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 15Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar280.kJ/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 15Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 16Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 15Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 16Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar290.kJ/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 9Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 10Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 9Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 10Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar280.kJ/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 6Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 7Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 6Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 7Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar180.kJ/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 8Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 9Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 8Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 9Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar270.kJ/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(CAS Reg. No. 56448-64-7 bullet 4294967295Aluminum) + Aluminum = CAS Reg. No. 56448-64-7

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 56448-64-7 bullet 4294967295Al) + Al = CAS Reg. No. 56448-64-7

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar305. ± 31.kJ/molN/AVillalta and Leopold, 2009gas phase; B

(CAS Reg. No. 166899-79-2 bullet 4294967295Aluminum) + Aluminum = CAS Reg. No. 166899-79-2

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 166899-79-2 bullet 4294967295Al) + Al = CAS Reg. No. 166899-79-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar177. ± 32.kJ/molN/ANakajima, Zhang, et al., 1995gas phase; B

(AlO- bullet 4294967295Aluminum) + Aluminum = AlO-

By formula: (AlO- bullet 4294967295Al) + Al = AlO-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar622. ± 27.kJ/molN/ADesai, Wu, et al., 1996gas phase; B

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 5Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 6Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 5Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 6Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar431.4kJ/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 2Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 3Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 2Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 3Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar196.kJ/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 3Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 4Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 3Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 4Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar248.kJ/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 4Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 5Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 4Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 5Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar231.kJ/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 2Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 2Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar108.kJ/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

Aluminum ion (1+) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet Aluminum)

By formula: Al+ + Al = (Al+ bullet Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar87.0kJ/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Cox, Wagman, et al., 1984
Cox, J.D.; Wagman, D.D.; Medvedev, V.A., CODATA Key Values for Thermodynamics, Hemisphere Publishing Corp., New York, 1984, 1. [all data]

Chase, 1998
Chase, M.W., Jr., NIST-JANAF Themochemical Tables, Fourth Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Monograph 9, 1998, 1-1951. [all data]

Honig and Kramer, 1969
Honig, R.E.; Kramer, D.A., Vapor pressure data for the solid and liquid elements, RCA Rev., 1969, 1969, 285. [all data]

Anonymous, 1988
Anonymous, X., , NBS Spec. Publ. (U. S.) 260, 1988. [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Nakajima, Taguwa, et al., 1995
Nakajima, A.; Taguwa, T.; Nakao, K.; Hoshino, K.; Iwata, S.; Kaya, K., Photoelectron Spectroscopy of AlnS1- Clusters (n=1-9), J. Chem. Phys., 1995, 102, 2, 660, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.469178 . [all data]

Jarrold, Ray, et al., 1990
Jarrold, M.F.; Ray, U.; Bower, J.E.; Creegan, K.M., Photodissociation of Metal Cluster Ions. Dissociation Energies and Optical Spectroscopy, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1990, 86, 13, 2537, https://doi.org/10.1039/ft9908602537 . [all data]

Villalta and Leopold, 2009
Villalta, P.W.; Leopold, D.G., A study of the ground and excited states of Al-3 and Al-3(-). I. 488 nm anion photoelectron spectrum, J. Chem. Phys., 2009, 130, 2, 024303, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2973625 . [all data]

Nakajima, Zhang, et al., 1995
Nakajima, A.; Zhang, N.; Kawamata, H.; Hayase, T.; Nakao, K.; Kaya, K., Photoelectron spectroscopy and mass distributions of aluminum-sulfur cluster anions (AlnSm-), Chem. Phys. Lett., 1995, 241, 4, 295, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(95)00653-L . [all data]

Desai, Wu, et al., 1996
Desai, S.R.; Wu, H.; Wang, L.-S., Vibrationally Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy of AlO- and AlO2-, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1996, 159, 1-3, 75, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1176(96)04443-6 . [all data]

Hanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987
Hanley, L.; Ruatta, S.A.; Anderson, S.L., Collision - Induced Dissciation of Aluminum Cluster Ions: Fragmentation Patterns, Bond Energies, and Structures for Al2+ - Al7+, J. Chem. Phys., 1987, 87, 1, 260, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.453623 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References