Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Aluminum

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas78.87 ± 0.96kcal/molReviewCox, Wagman, et al., 1984CODATA Review value
Deltafgas78.800kcal/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1983
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas,1 bar39.3294 ± 0.001cal/mol*KReviewCox, Wagman, et al., 1984CODATA Review value
gas,1 bar39.333cal/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1983

Gas Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (cal/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kcal/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (cal/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

View table.

Temperature (K) 2790.812 - 6000.
A 4.870201
B 0.157939
C -0.074959
D 0.010781
E 0.018684
F 77.40380
G 45.28700
H 78.80000
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1983

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid2.524kcal/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1983
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid,1 bar9.453cal/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1983
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid,1 bar6.764 ± 0.024cal/mol*KReviewCox, Wagman, et al., 1984CODATA Review value
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid6.757cal/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1983

Liquid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (cal/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kcal/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (cal/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

View table.

Temperature (K) 933.45 - 2790.812
A 7.588681
B 9.406850×10-9
C -4.269871×10-9
D 6.439221×10-10
E 1.309761×10-9
F -0.226024
G 17.54290
H 2.524381
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1983

Solid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (cal/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kcal/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (cal/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

View table.

Temperature (K) 298. - 933.
A 6.713480
B -1.294180
C 2.045990
D 0.819161
E -0.066294
F -2.186230
G 14.79680
H 0.000000
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1983

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil2793.KN/AHonig and Kramer, 1969Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus933.45KN/AAnonymous, 1988Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; nominal value, from the catalog; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple933.25KN/AHonig and Kramer, 1969Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
1557. - 2329.5.7305213204.109-24.306Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
MS - José A. Martinho Simões
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C72H100CoN18O17P (solution) = Cyanocobalamin (solution) + Aluminum (solution)

By formula: C72H100CoN18O17P (solution) = C63H88CoN14O14P (solution) + Al (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30. ± 4.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 5 out of 6 values; Individual data points

(CAS Reg. No. 158445-17-1 bullet 4294967295Aluminum) + Aluminum = CAS Reg. No. 158445-17-1

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 158445-17-1 bullet 4294967295Al) + Al = CAS Reg. No. 158445-17-1

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar101.9 ± 1.8kcal/molN/ANakajima, Taguwa, et al., 1995gas phase; Vertical Detachment Energy: 2.75±0.04 eV; B

(CAS Reg. No. 161173-70-2 bullet 4294967295Aluminum) + Aluminum = CAS Reg. No. 161173-70-2

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 161173-70-2 bullet 4294967295Al) + Al = CAS Reg. No. 161173-70-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40.2 ± 5.2kcal/molN/ANakajima, Taguwa, et al., 1995gas phase; Vertical Detachment Energy: 2.14±0.11 eV; B

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 10Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 11Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 10Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 11Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 11Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 12Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 11Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 12Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar81.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 12Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 13Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 12Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 13Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 13Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 14Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 13Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 14Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 14Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 15Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 14Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 15Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar67.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 15Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 16Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 15Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 16Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 9Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 10Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 9Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 10Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar67.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 6Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 7Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 6Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 7Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 8Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 9Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 8Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 9Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar65.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(CAS Reg. No. 56448-64-7 bullet 4294967295Aluminum) + Aluminum = CAS Reg. No. 56448-64-7

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 56448-64-7 bullet 4294967295Al) + Al = CAS Reg. No. 56448-64-7

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.8 ± 7.5kcal/molN/AVillalta and Leopold, 2009gas phase; B

(CAS Reg. No. 166899-79-2 bullet 4294967295Aluminum) + Aluminum = CAS Reg. No. 166899-79-2

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 166899-79-2 bullet 4294967295Al) + Al = CAS Reg. No. 166899-79-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.3 ± 7.6kcal/molN/ANakajima, Zhang, et al., 1995gas phase; B

(AlO- bullet 4294967295Aluminum) + Aluminum = AlO-

By formula: (AlO- bullet 4294967295Al) + Al = AlO-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar148.6 ± 6.4kcal/molN/ADesai, Wu, et al., 1996gas phase; B

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 5Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 6Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 5Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 6Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar103.1kcal/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 2Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 3Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 2Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 3Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.8kcal/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 3Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 4Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 3Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 4Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.3kcal/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 4Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 5Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 4Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 5Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar55.3kcal/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 2Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 2Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.8kcal/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

Aluminum ion (1+) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet Aluminum)

By formula: Al+ + Al = (Al+ bullet Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.8kcal/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Ion clustering data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

View reactions leading to Al+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)5.98577eVN/AN/AL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
0.433816 ± 0.000044LPDScheer, Bilodeau, et al., 1998Given: 432.83(5) meV; B
0.442 ± 0.010LPESFeigerle, Corderman, et al., 1981B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
5.98577EVALLide, 1992LL
5.986SKelly, 1987LBLHLM
6.0 ± 0.2EIHo and Burns, 1980LLK
6.0 ± 0.3EIKleinschmidt and Hildenbrand, 1978LLK
6.0 ± 0.3PEHildenbrand, 1977LLK
6.0EIHildenbrand, 1977, 2LLK
6. ± 1.EIPaule, 1976LLK
6.6 ± 0.6EICocke and Gingerich, 1971LLK
5.986SMoore, 1970RDSH
5.98576 ± 0.000002SEriksson and Isberg, 1963RDSH

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
B - John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Aluminum ion (1+) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet Aluminum)

By formula: Al+ + Al = (Al+ bullet Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.8kcal/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 2Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 2Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.8kcal/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 2Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 3Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 2Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 3Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.8kcal/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 3Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 4Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 3Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 4Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.3kcal/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 4Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 5Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 4Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 5Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar55.3kcal/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 5Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 6Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 5Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 6Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar103.1kcal/molCIDHanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987gas phase; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 6Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 7Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 6Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 7Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 8Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 9Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 8Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 9Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar65.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 9Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 10Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 9Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 10Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar67.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 10Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 11Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 10Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 11Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 11Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 12Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 11Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 12Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar81.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 12Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 13Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 12Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 13Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 13Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 14Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 13Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 14Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 14Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 15Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 14Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 15Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar67.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 15Aluminum) + Aluminum = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet 16Aluminum)

By formula: (Al+ bullet 15Al) + Al = (Al+ bullet 16Al)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69.kcal/molPDissJarrold, Ray, et al., 1990gas phase; from graph; M

(AlO- bullet 4294967295Aluminum) + Aluminum = AlO-

By formula: (AlO- bullet 4294967295Al) + Al = AlO-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar148.6 ± 6.4kcal/molN/ADesai, Wu, et al., 1996gas phase; B

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Cox, Wagman, et al., 1984
Cox, J.D.; Wagman, D.D.; Medvedev, V.A., CODATA Key Values for Thermodynamics, Hemisphere Publishing Corp., New York, 1984, 1. [all data]

Chase, 1998
Chase, M.W., Jr., NIST-JANAF Themochemical Tables, Fourth Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Monograph 9, 1998, 1-1951. [all data]

Honig and Kramer, 1969
Honig, R.E.; Kramer, D.A., Vapor pressure data for the solid and liquid elements, RCA Rev., 1969, 1969, 285. [all data]

Anonymous, 1988
Anonymous, X., , NBS Spec. Publ. (U. S.) 260, 1988. [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Nakajima, Taguwa, et al., 1995
Nakajima, A.; Taguwa, T.; Nakao, K.; Hoshino, K.; Iwata, S.; Kaya, K., Photoelectron Spectroscopy of AlnS1- Clusters (n=1-9), J. Chem. Phys., 1995, 102, 2, 660, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.469178 . [all data]

Jarrold, Ray, et al., 1990
Jarrold, M.F.; Ray, U.; Bower, J.E.; Creegan, K.M., Photodissociation of Metal Cluster Ions. Dissociation Energies and Optical Spectroscopy, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1990, 86, 13, 2537, https://doi.org/10.1039/ft9908602537 . [all data]

Villalta and Leopold, 2009
Villalta, P.W.; Leopold, D.G., A study of the ground and excited states of Al-3 and Al-3(-). I. 488 nm anion photoelectron spectrum, J. Chem. Phys., 2009, 130, 2, 024303, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2973625 . [all data]

Nakajima, Zhang, et al., 1995
Nakajima, A.; Zhang, N.; Kawamata, H.; Hayase, T.; Nakao, K.; Kaya, K., Photoelectron spectroscopy and mass distributions of aluminum-sulfur cluster anions (AlnSm-), Chem. Phys. Lett., 1995, 241, 4, 295, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(95)00653-L . [all data]

Desai, Wu, et al., 1996
Desai, S.R.; Wu, H.; Wang, L.-S., Vibrationally Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy of AlO- and AlO2-, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1996, 159, 1-3, 75, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1176(96)04443-6 . [all data]

Hanley, Ruatta, et al., 1987
Hanley, L.; Ruatta, S.A.; Anderson, S.L., Collision - Induced Dissciation of Aluminum Cluster Ions: Fragmentation Patterns, Bond Energies, and Structures for Al2+ - Al7+, J. Chem. Phys., 1987, 87, 1, 260, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.453623 . [all data]

Scheer, Bilodeau, et al., 1998
Scheer, M.; Bilodeau, RC; Thogresen, J.; Haugen, HK, Threshold Photodetachment of Al-: Electron Affinity and Fine Structure, Phys. Rev. A, 1998, 57, 3, R1493-, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.57.R1493 . [all data]

Feigerle, Corderman, et al., 1981
Feigerle, C.S.; Corderman, R.R.; Lineberger, W.C., Electron affinities of B, Al, Bi, and Pb, J. Chem. Phys., 1981, 74, 2, 1513, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.441174 . [all data]

Lide, 1992
Lide, D.R. (Editor), Ionization potentials of atoms and atomic ions in Handbook of Chem. and Phys., 1992, 10-211. [all data]

Kelly, 1987
Kelly, R.L., Atomic and ionic spectrum lines of hydrogen through kryton, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1987, 16. [all data]

Ho and Burns, 1980
Ho, P.; Burns, R.P., A mass spectrometric study of the AlO2 molecule, High Temp. Sci., 1980, 12, 31. [all data]

Kleinschmidt and Hildenbrand, 1978
Kleinschmidt, P.D.; Hildenbrand, D.L., Dissociation energies of CaI, SrI, and BaI from high temperature mass spectrometry, J. Chem. Phys., 1978, 68, 2819. [all data]

Hildenbrand, 1977
Hildenbrand, D.L., Dissociation energies of CaBr, SrBr, BaBr, and BaCl from mass spectrometric studies of gaseous equilibria, J. Chem. Phys., 1977, 66, 3526. [all data]

Hildenbrand, 1977, 2
Hildenbrand, D.L., Dissociation energy of samarium monoxide and its relation to that of europium monoxide, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1977, 48, 340. [all data]

Paule, 1976
Paule, R.C., Mass spectrometric studies of Al2O3 vaporization processes, High Temp. Sci., 1976, 8, 257. [all data]

Cocke and Gingerich, 1971
Cocke, D.L.; Gingerich, K.A., Mass spectrometric determination of the dissociation energies of the molecules Ho2, HoAg, and HoAu, J. Phys. Chem., 1971, 75, 3264. [all data]

Moore, 1970
Moore, C.E., Ionization potentials and ionization limits derived from the analyses of optical spectra, Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., (U.S. Natl. Bur. Stand.), 1970, 34, 1. [all data]

Eriksson and Isberg, 1963
Eriksson, K.B.S.; Isberg, H.B.S., The spectrum of atomic aluminium, Al I, Ark. Fys., 1963, 23, 527. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, References