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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δfliquid49. ± 0.9kJ/molReviewRoux, Temprado, et al., 2008There are sufficient high-quality literature values to make a good evaluation with a high degree of confidence. In general, the evaluated uncertainty limits are on the order of (0.5 to 2.5) kJ/mol.; DRB
Δfliquid48.95 ± 0.54kJ/molCcbGood and Smith, 1969ALS
Δfliquid49.04 ± 0.50kJ/molCcbProsen, Gilmont, et al., 1945Hf by Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946; ALS
Δfliquid46.0kJ/molCcbLandrieu, Baylocq, et al., 1929ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δcliquid-3267. ± 20.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid173.26J/mol*KN/AOliver, Eaton, et al., 1948DH
liquid175.3J/mol*KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1930Extrapolation below 90 K, 47.49 J/mol*K.; DH
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid,1 bar45.56J/mol*KN/AAhlberg, Blanchard, et al., 1937DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
135.69298.15Grolier, Roux-Desgranges, et al., 1993DH
135.9298.5Czarnota, 1991p = 0.1 MPa. Cp values given for the pressure range 0.1 to 68.1 MPa.; DH
135.62298.15Lainez, Rodrigo, et al., 1989DH
134.63298.15Shiohama, Ogawa, et al., 1988DH
135.75298.15Grolier, Roux-Desgranges, et al., 1987DH
134.61293.15Kalali, Kohler, et al., 1987T = 293.15, 313.15 K.; DH
135.707298.15Tanaka, 1987DH
139.9322.05Naziev, Bashirov, et al., 1986T = 322.05, 351.15 K. p = 0.1 MPa. Unsmoothed experimental datum given as 1.7915 kJ/kg*K.; DH
137.4303.15Reddy, 1986T = 303.15, 313.15 K.; DH
136.06298.15Ogawa and Murakami, 1985DH
135.718298.15Tanaka, 1985DH
136.24298.15Gorbunova, Simonov, et al., 1983T = 283.78 to 348.47 K. Cp = 1.3943 - 5.857x10-4T + 5.89x10-6T2 kJ/kg*K. Cp value calculated from equation.; DH
136.5300.Gorbunova, Grigoriev, et al., 1982T = 280 to 353 K. Data also given by equation.; DH
135.7298.15Grolier, Inglese, et al., 1982T = 298.15 K.; DH
135.74298.15Tanaka, 1982Temperatures 293.15, 298.15, 303.15 K.; DH
135.60298.15Wilhelm, Faradjzadeh, et al., 1982DH
133.6293.15Atalla, El-Sharkawy, et al., 1981DH
135.90298.15Vesely, Zabransky, et al., 1979DH
135.61298.15Grolier, Wilhelm, et al., 1978DH
135.90298.15Vesely, Svoboda, et al., 1977T = 298 to 318 K.; DH
135.60298.15Wilhelm, Grolier, et al., 1977DH
135.76298.15Fortier, Benson, et al., 1976DH
135.760298.15Fortier and Benson, 1976DH
135.7298.15Rajagopal and Subrahmanyam, 1974T = 298.15 to 323.15 K.; DH
134.3298.Deshpande and Bhatagadde, 1971T = 298 to 318 K.; DH
135.9298.15Hyder Khan and Subrahmanyam, 1971T = 298; 313 K.; DH
135.9298.Subrahmanyam and Khan, 1969DH
135.4298.Recko, 1968T = 24 to 40°C, equation only.; DH
130.298.Pacor, 1967DH
134.6293.Rastorguev and Ganiev, 1967T = 293 to 353 K.; DH
135.30300.Findenegg, Gruber, et al., 1965DH
134.98298.Rabinovich and Nikolaev, 1962T = 10 to 35°C.; DH
135.1316.Swietoslawski and Zielenkiewicz, 1960Mean value 21 to 66°C.; DH
136.4303.Duff and Everett, 1956T = 303 to 353 K.; DH
135.23298.Staveley, Tupman, et al., 1955T = 288 to 347 K.; DH
31.8293.Sieg, Crtzen, et al., 1951DH
136.06298.15Oliver, Eaton, et al., 1948T = 13 to 337 K.; DH
119.295.Tschamler, 1948DH
133.5298.Kurbatov, 1947T = 9 to 80°C, mean Cp, five temperatures.; DH
136.0298.1Zhdanov, 1941T = 8 to 46°C.; DH
135.44298.2Burlew, 1940T = 281 to 353 K.; DH
131.4287.8Kolosovskii and Udovenko, 1934DH
131.4287.8de Kolossowsky and Udowenko, 1933DH
131.4298.15Ferguson and Miller, 1933T = 293 to 323 K. Data calculated from equation.; DH
135.1298.1Richards and Wallace, 1932T = 293 to 333 K.; DH
143.57323.15Fiock, Ginnings, et al., 1931T = 50 to 110°C.; DH
135.1300.0Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930T = 93 to 300 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
132.2298.Andrews, Lynn, et al., 1926T = -18 to 110°C.; DH
133.1293.2Williams and Daniels, 1925T = 20 to 60°C.; DH
133.9303.Willams and Daniels, 1924T = 303 to 333 K. Equation only.; DH
137.2298.Dejardin, 1919T = 24 to 50°C.; DH
133.5298.von Reis, 1881T = 292 to 364 K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
47.8690.Ahlberg, Blanchard, et al., 1937T = 4 to 93 K.; DH
97.9223.9Aoyama and Kanda, 1935T = 82 to 224 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
118.4273.Maass and Walbauer, 1925T = 93 to 273 K.; DH


Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Roux, Temprado, et al., 2008
Roux, M.V.; Temprado, M.; Chickos, J.S.; Nagano, Y., Critically Evaluated Thermochemical Properties of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2008, 37, 4, 1855-1996. [all data]

Good and Smith, 1969
Good, W.D.; Smith, N.K., Enthalpies of combustion of toluene, benzene, cyclohexane, cyclohexene, methylcyclopentane, 1-methylcyclopentene, and n-hexane, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1969, 14, 102-106. [all data]

Prosen, Gilmont, et al., 1945
Prosen, E.J.; Gilmont, R.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion of benzene, toluene, ethyl-benzene, o-xylene, m-xylene, p-xylene, n-propylbenzene, and styrene, J. Res. NBS, 1945, 34, 65-70. [all data]

Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946
Prosen, E.J.; Johnson, W.H.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion and formation at 25°C of the alkylbenzenes through C10H14, and of the higher normal monoalkylbenzenes, J. Res. NBS, 1946, 36, 455-461. [all data]

Landrieu, Baylocq, et al., 1929
Landrieu, P.; Baylocq, F.; Johnson, J.R., Etude thermochimique dans la serie furanique, Bull. Soc. Chim. France, 1929, 45, 36-49. [all data]

Oliver, Eaton, et al., 1948
Oliver, G.D.; Eaton, M.; Huffman, H.M., The heat capacity, heat of fusion and entropy of benzene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1948, 70, 1502-1505. [all data]

Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930
Huffman, H.M.; Parks, G.S.; Daniels, A.C., Thermal data on organic compounds. VII. The heat capacities, entropies and free energies of twelve aromatic hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1930, 52, 1547-1558. [all data]

Ahlberg, Blanchard, et al., 1937
Ahlberg, J.E.; Blanchard, E.R.; Lundberg, W.O., The heat capacities of benzene, methyl alcohol and glycerol at very low temperatures, J. Chem. Phys., 1937, 5, 537-551. [all data]

Grolier, Roux-Desgranges, et al., 1993
Grolier, J.-P.E.; Roux-Desgranges, G.; Berkane, M.; Jimenez, E.; Wilhelm, E., Heat capacities and densities of mixtures of very polar substances 2. Mixtures containing N,N-dimethylformamide, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1993, 25(1), 41-50. [all data]

Czarnota, 1991
Czarnota, I., Heat capacity of benzene at high pressures, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1991, 23, 25-30. [all data]

Lainez, Rodrigo, et al., 1989
Lainez, A.; Rodrigo, M.M.; Wilhelm, E.; Grolier, J.-P.E., Excess volumes and excess heaat capacitiies of some mixtures with trans,trans,cis-1,5,9-cyclododecatriene at 298.15K, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1989, 34, 332-335. [all data]

Shiohama, Ogawa, et al., 1988
Shiohama, Y.; Ogawa, H.; Murakami, S.; Fujihara, I., Excess molar isobaric heat capacities and isentropic compressibilities of (cis- or trans-decalin + benzene or toluene or iso-octane or n-heptane) at 298.15 K, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1988, 20, 1183-1189. [all data]

Grolier, Roux-Desgranges, et al., 1987
Grolier, J.-P.E.; Roux-Desgranges, G.; Kooner, Z.S.; Smith, J.F.; Hepler, L.G., Thermal and volumetric properties of chloroform + benzene mixtures and the ideal associated solution model of complex formation, J. Solution Chem., 1987, 16, 745-752. [all data]

Kalali, Kohler, et al., 1987
Kalali, H.; Kohler, F.; Svejda, P., Excess properties of the mixture bis(2-dichlorethyl)ether (chlorex) + 2,2,4-trimethylpentane (isooctane), Monatsh. Chem., 1987, 118, 1-18. [all data]

Tanaka, 1987
Tanaka, R., Excess heat capacities for mixture of benzene with n-heptane at 293.15, 298.15 and 303.15 K, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1987, 32, 176-177. [all data]

Naziev, Bashirov, et al., 1986
Naziev, Ya.M.; Bashirov, M.M.; Badalov, Yu.A., Experimental device for measurement of isobaric specific heat of electrolytes at elevated pressures, Inzh-Fiz. Zhur., 1986, 51(5), 789-795. [all data]

Reddy, 1986
Reddy, K.S., Isentropic compressibilities of binary liquid mixtures at 303.15 and 313.15 K, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1986, 31, 238-240. [all data]

Ogawa and Murakami, 1985
Ogawa, H.; Murakami, S., Flow microcalorimeter for heat capacities of solutions, Thermochim. Acta, 1985, 88, 255-260. [all data]

Tanaka, 1985
Tanaka, R., Excess heat capacities for mixtures of benzene with cyclopentane, methylcyclohexane, and cyclooctane at 298.15 K, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1985, 30, 267-269. [all data]

Gorbunova, Simonov, et al., 1983
Gorbunova, N.I.; Simonov, V.M.; Shipova, V.A., Thermodynamic properties of benzene, Teplofiz. Vys. Temp., 1983, 21(2), 270-275. [all data]

Gorbunova, Grigoriev, et al., 1982
Gorbunova, N.I.; Grigoriev, V.A.; Simonov, V.M.; Shipova, V.A., Heat capacity of liquid benzene and hexafluorobenzene at atmospheric pressure, Int. J. Thermophysics, 1982, 3, 1-15. [all data]

Grolier, Inglese, et al., 1982
Grolier, J.-P.E.; Inglese, A.; Wilhelm, E., Excess volumes and excess heat capacities of tetrachloroethene + cyclohexane, + methylcyclohexane, + benzene, and + toluene at 298.15 K, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1982, 14, 523-529. [all data]

Tanaka, 1982
Tanaka, R., Determination of excess heat capacities of (benzene + tetrachloromethane and + cyclohexane) between 293.15 and 303.15 K by use of a Picker flow calorimeter, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1982, 14, 259-268. [all data]

Wilhelm, Faradjzadeh, et al., 1982
Wilhelm, E.; Faradjzadeh, A.; Grolier, J.-P.E., Excess volumes and excess heat capacities of 2,3-dimethylbutane + butane and + toluene, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1982, 14, 1199-1200. [all data]

Atalla, El-Sharkawy, et al., 1981
Atalla, S.R.; El-Sharkawy, A.A.; Gasser, F.A., Measurement of thermal properties of liquids with an AC heated-wire technique, Inter. J. Thermophys., 1981, 2(2), 155-162. [all data]

Vesely, Zabransky, et al., 1979
Vesely, F.; Zabransky, M.; Svoboda, V.; Pick, J., The use of mixing calorimeter for measuring heat capacities of liquids, Coll. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1979, 44, 3529-3532. [all data]

Grolier, Wilhelm, et al., 1978
Grolier, J.-P.E.; Wilhelm, E.; Hamedi, M.H., Molar heat capacities and isothermal compressibility of binary liquid mixtures: carbon tetrachloride + benzene, carbon tetrachloride + cyclohexane and benzene + cyclohexane, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 1978, 82, 1282-1290. [all data]

Vesely, Svoboda, et al., 1977
Vesely, F.; Svoboda, V.; Pick, J., Heat capacities of some organic liquids determined with the mixing calorimeter, 1st Czech. Conf. Calorimetry (Lect. Short Commun.), 1977, C9-1-C9-4. [all data]

Wilhelm, Grolier, et al., 1977
Wilhelm, E.; Grolier, J.-P.E.; Karbalai Ghassemi, M.H., Molar heat capacities of binary liquid mixtures: 1,2-dichloroethane + benzene, + toluene, and + p-xylene, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 1977, 81, 925-930. [all data]

Fortier, Benson, et al., 1976
Fortier, J.-L.; Benson, G.C.; Picker, P., Heat capacities of some organic liquids determined with the Picker flow calorimeter, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1976, 8, 289-299. [all data]

Fortier and Benson, 1976
Fortier, J.-L.; Benson, G.C., Excess heat capacities of binary liquid mixtures determined with a Picker flow calorimeter, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1976, 8, 411-423. [all data]

Rajagopal and Subrahmanyam, 1974
Rajagopal, E.; Subrahmanyam, S.V., Excess function of VE,(dVE/dp)T, and CpE of isooctane + benzene and + toluene, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1974, 6, 873-876. [all data]

Deshpande and Bhatagadde, 1971
Deshpande, D.D.; Bhatagadde, L.G., Heat capacities at constant volume, free volumes, and rotational freedom in some liquids, Aust. J. Chem., 1971, 24, 1817-1822. [all data]

Hyder Khan and Subrahmanyam, 1971
Hyder Khan, V.; Subrahmanyam, S.V., Excess thermodynamic functions of the systems: benzene + p-xylene and benzene + p-dioxan, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1971, 67, 2282-2291. [all data]

Subrahmanyam and Khan, 1969
Subrahmanyam, S.V.; Khan, V.H., Thermodynamics of the system benzene - p-dioxane, Curr. Sci., 1969, 38, 510-511. [all data]

Recko, 1968
Recko, W.M., Excess heat capacity of the binary systems formed by n-propyl alcohol with benzene, mesitylene and cyclohexane, Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci. Ser. Sci. Chim., 1968, 16, 549-552. [all data]

Pacor, 1967
Pacor, P., Applicability of the DuPont 900 DTA apparatus in quantitative differential thermal analysis, Anal. Chim. Acta, 1967, 37, 200-208. [all data]

Rastorguev and Ganiev, 1967
Rastorguev, Yu.L.; Ganiev, Yu.A., Study of the heat capacity of selected solvents, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Neft Gaz. 10, 1967, No.1, 79-82. [all data]

Findenegg, Gruber, et al., 1965
Findenegg, G.H.; Gruber, K.; Pereira, J.F.; Kohler, F., Kalorimetrische Messungen an Mischungen von Nichtelektrolyten, 1. Mitt.: Molwarme des Systems 1,2-Dibromathan-Benzol, Monatsh. Chem., 1965, 96, 669-678. [all data]

Rabinovich and Nikolaev, 1962
Rabinovich, I.B.; Nikolaev, P.N., Isotopic effect in the specific heat of some deutero compounds, Dokl. Akad. Nauk, 1962, SSSR 142, 1335-1338. [all data]

Swietoslawski and Zielenkiewicz, 1960
Swietoslawski, W.; Zielenkiewicz, A., Mean specific heat in homologous series of binary and ternary positive azeotropes, Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci. Ser. Sci. Chim., 1960, 8, 651-653. [all data]

Duff and Everett, 1956
Duff, G.M.; Everett, D.H., The heat capacity of the system benzene + diphenylmethane, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1956, 52, 753-763. [all data]

Staveley, Tupman, et al., 1955
Staveley, L.A.K.; Tupman, W.I.; Hart, K.R., Some thermodynamice properties of the systems benzene + ethylene dichloride, benzene + carbon tetrachloride, acetone + chloroform, and acetone + carbon disulphide, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1955, 51, 323-342. [all data]

Sieg, Crtzen, et al., 1951
Sieg, L.; Crtzen, J.L.; Jost, W., Zur Thermodynamik von Mischphasen IX. Über das Verdampfungsgleichgewicht Benzol-1-2-Dichloraethan, Z. Phys. Chem., 1951, 198, 263-269. [all data]

Tschamler, 1948
Tschamler, H., Uber binare flussige Mischungen I. Mischungswarment, Volumseffekte und Zustandsdiagramme von chlorex mit benzol und n-alkylbenzolen, Monatsh. Chem., 1948, 79, 162-177. [all data]

Kurbatov, 1947
Kurbatov, V.Ya., Specific heat of liquids. I. Specific heat of benzenoid hydrocarbons, Zhur. Obshch. Khim., 1947, 17, 1999-2003. [all data]

Zhdanov, 1941
Zhdanov, A.K., Specific heats of some liquids and azeotropic mixtures, Zhur. Obshch. Khim., 1941, 11, 471-482. [all data]

Burlew, 1940
Burlew, J.S., Measurement of the heat capacity of a small volume of liquid by the piezo-thermometric method. III. Heat capacity of benzene and of toluene from 8°C. to the boiling point, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1940, 62, 696-700. [all data]

Kolosovskii and Udovenko, 1934
Kolosovskii, N.A.; Udovenko, W.W., Specific heat of liquids. II., Zhur. Obshchei Khim., 1934, 4, 1027-1033. [all data]

de Kolossowsky and Udowenko, 1933
de Kolossowsky, N.A.; Udowenko, W.W., Mesure des chaleurs specifique moleculaires de quelques liquides, Compt. rend., 1933, 197, 519-520. [all data]

Ferguson and Miller, 1933
Ferguson, A.; Miller, J.T., A method for the determination of the specific heats of liquids, and a determination of the specific heats of aniline and benzene over the approximate range 20°C to 50°C, Proc. Phys. Soc. London, 1933, 45, 194-207. [all data]

Richards and Wallace, 1932
Richards, W.T.; Wallace, J.H., Jr., The specific heats of five organic liquids from their adiabatic temperature-pressure coefficients, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1932, 54, 2705-2713. [all data]

Fiock, Ginnings, et al., 1931
Fiock, E.F.; Ginnings, D.C.; Holton, W.B., Calorimetric determinations of thermal properties of methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol, and benzene, J. Res., 1931, NBS 6, 881-900. [all data]

Andrews, Lynn, et al., 1926
Andrews, D.H.; Lynn, G.; Johnston, J., The heat capacities and heat of crystallization of some isomeric aromatic compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 1274-1287. [all data]

Williams and Daniels, 1925
Williams, J.W.; Daniels, F., The specific heats of binary mixtures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1925, 47, 1490-1503. [all data]

Willams and Daniels, 1924
Willams, J.W.; Daniels, F., The specific heats of certain organic liquids at elevated temperatures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1924, 46, 903-917. [all data]

Dejardin, 1919
Dejardin, G., Pressions maxima des vapeurs du benzene et du cyclohexane aux temperatures moyennes et calcul de leurs chaleurs specifiques principales, Ann. phys. [9], 1919, 11, 253-291. [all data]

von Reis, 1881
von Reis, M.A., Die specifische Wärme flüssiger organischer Verbindungen und ihre Beziehung zu deren Moleculargewicht, Ann. Physik [3], 1881, 13, 447-464. [all data]

Aoyama and Kanda, 1935
Aoyama, S.; Kanda, E., Studies on the heat capacities at low temperature. Report I. Heat capacities of some organic substances at low temperature, Sci. Rept. Tohoku Imp. Univ. [1]24, 1935, 107-115. [all data]

Maass and Walbauer, 1925
Maass, O.; Walbauer, L.J., The specific heats and latent heats of fusion of ice and of several organic compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1925, 47, 1-9. [all data]


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