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1-Pentanol

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Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxAT-WaxFFAPVF-Wax MSCP Wax 52 CB
Column length (m) 60.60.60.60.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.50
Tstart (C) 60.60.45.60.40.
Tend (C) 220.280.220.220.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.5.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 1. 1.5.2.
Final hold (min) 5. 5.25.15.
I 1260.1206.1233.1244.1254.
ReferenceFeng, Zhuang, et al., 2011Kiss, Csoka, et al., 2011Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 2011Duarte, Dias, et al., 2010Birtic, Ginies, et al., 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-WaxDB-WaxHP-InnowaxStabilwaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.30.30.60.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.5
Tstart (C) 50.40.50.40.40.
Tend (C) 230.230.250.240.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.3.6.53.5.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.1.55. 
Final hold (min) 15.5.10.10. 
I 1255.1255.1237.1238.1259.
ReferenceMo, Fan, et al., 2009Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009Thakeow, Angeli, et al., 2008Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2007Dury-Brun, Fournier, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Wax 52CBFFAPCP-Wax 52CBCP-Wax 52CBCP-Wax 52CB
Column length (m) 30.30.60.60.60.
Carrier gas HeN2HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.50.50.5
Tstart (C) 40.35.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 220.320.220.220.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.4.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 1.5.8.8.8.
Final hold (min) 2.45.20.20.20.
I 1260.1272.1256.1257.1259.
ReferenceHymete, Rohloff, et al., 2007Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 2007Povolo, Contarini, et al., 2007Povolo, Contarini, et al., 2007Povolo, Contarini, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BP-20BP-20TR-WAXDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeH2HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 70.70.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 220.220.200.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.3.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 4.4.10.2.2.
Final hold (min) 5.5.10.5.15.
I 1259.1259.1250.1268.1268.
ReferenceRawat, Gulati, et al., 2007Rawat, Gulati, et al., 2007Tena N., Lazzez A., et al., 2007Xu, Fan, et al., 2007Fan and Qian, 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxTR-WAXZB-WaxInnowaxStabilwax DA
Column length (m) 30.60.60.60.60.
Carrier gas N2HeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.250.5
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.60.40.
Tend (C) 230.200.250.240.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.3.3.5.5.
Initial hold (min) 2.10.2. 5.
Final hold (min) 15. 10.30. 
I 1264.1255.1264.1244.1241.
ReferenceFan and Qian, 2006, 2Salas J.J., Garcia-Gonzalez D.L., et al., 2006Wierda R.L., Fletcher G., et al., 2006Joichi, Yomogida, et al., 2005Nogueira, Lubachevsky, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxTR-WAXZB-WaxZB-WaxHP-FFAP
Column length (m) 60.60.30.30.30.
Carrier gas  H2HeliumHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.530.250.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1.0.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 180.200.250.250.120.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.5.5.5.
Initial hold (min) 10.10.2.2.5.
Final hold (min)   5.5.3.
I 1213.1255.1252.1255.1262.
ReferenceRizzolo, Cambiaghi, et al., 2005Salas, Sánchez, et al., 2005N/AN/ALópez, Guzmán, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PEG-20MDB-WaxStabilwaxDB-WaxCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.30.60.60.50.
Carrier gas  H2HeliumH2Helium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.250.250.320.70
Phase thickness (mum) 0.200.50.250.25 
Tstart (C) 40.50.40.40.50.
Tend (C) 180.200.240.230.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.10.5.5.2.
Final hold (min) 30.10.10.25. 
I 1248.1272.1238.1253.1275.
ReferenceNarain, Almeida, et al., 2004Alves and Franco, 2003Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003Dregus and Engel, 2003Saura, LAencina, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10RTX-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.60.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.25 
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.60.
Tend (C) 200.200.180.220.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.5.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 10.10.5.10.4.
Final hold (min)   20.10. 
I 1250.1248.1258.1253.1251.
ReferenceVichi, Castellote, et al., 2003Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003Galindo-Cuspinera, Lubran, et al., 2002Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 2002Ito, Sugimoto, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxSupelcowax-10DB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.30.60.30.
Carrier gas He HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.50.50.35.50.
Tend (C) 200.210.220.200.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.1.54.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 2.5.3.10. 
Final hold (min)  10.  40.
I 1244.1259.1233.1285.1217.
ReferenceUmano, Hagi, et al., 2002Chyau and Mau, 2001Weckerle, Bastl-Borrmann, et al., 2001Girard and Durance, 2000Lee and Shibamoto, 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxCarbowax 20MDB-WaxCarbowax
Column length (m) 60.60.25.60.50.
Carrier gas NitrogenHeHe N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.30.320.2
Phase thickness (mum)  0.25   
Tstart (C) 40.40.60.30.80.
Tend (C) 200.200.190.170.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.5.2.1.
Initial hold (min) 10.2.2.4. 
Final hold (min)   20.60.20.
I 1276.1250.1235.1246.1210.
ReferenceTamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Umano, Hagi, et al., 2000Xue, Ye, et al., 2000Buttery, Orts, et al., 1999Menon, Chacko, et al., 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxSupelcowax-10PEG-20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.25.30.
Carrier gas He H2 He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.5 0.25
Tstart (C) 40.30.35.50.50.
Tend (C) 200.170.250.230.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.5.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 2.4.5. 3.
Final hold (min)  30.20. 10.
I 1250.1246.1259.1228.1246.
ReferenceUmano, Nakahara, et al., 1999Buttery and Ling, 1998Campeanu, Burcea, et al., 1998Ding, Deng, et al., 1998Parada and Duque, 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxInnowaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.60.60.60.
Carrier gas He  HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.25  
Tstart (C) 50.40.50.60.50.
Tend (C) 240.240.230.180.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.6.2.2.3.
Initial hold (min) 3.10.   
Final hold (min) 10.25.  40.
I 1249.1260.1230.1252.1262.
ReferenceParada and Duque, 1998Petersen, Poll, et al., 1998Ravichandran and Parthiban, 1998Sekiwa, Kubota, et al., 1997Wada and Shibamoto, 1997
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase TC-WaxSupelcowax-10DB-WaxSupelcowax-10Carbowax 20M
Column length (m) 60.60.30.90.60.
Carrier gas  HeHydrogenHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.500.25 
Tstart (C) 80.40.30.35.60.
Tend (C) 240.200.190.220.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 5.3.6.20.4.
Final hold (min)  30. 30. 
I 1244.1260.1257.1244.1231.
ReferenceShuichi, Masazumi, et al., 1996Wong and Lai, 1996Young, Gilbert, et al., 1996Girard and Lau, 1995Kawakami, Ganguly, et al., 1995
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxPEG-20MPEG-20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.50.50.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)   0.150.15 
Tstart (C) 60.60.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 180.180.180.180.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.2.3.
Initial hold (min) 4.4.4.4.4.
Final hold (min)      
I 1242.1243.1229.1231.1249.
ReferenceKobayashi, Tsuda, et al., 1995Kobayashi, Tsuda, et al., 1995Togari, Kobayashi, et al., 1995Togari, Kobayashi, et al., 1995Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1993
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MPEG-20MCarbowax 20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 50.50.50.80.60.
Carrier gas HeHeN2  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.20.32
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 60.60.60.70.50.
Tend (C) 180.180.180.170.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 4.4.   
Final hold (min)     10.
I 1232.1231.1238.1213.1247.
ReferenceKawakami, Kobayashi, et al., 1993Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991Kubota, Nakamoto, et al., 1991Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990Binder, Benson, et al., 1990
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxSP-1000DB-WaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 60.25.60.50.50.
Carrier gas  N2 N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.20.320.220.22
Phase thickness (mum)  0.43   
Tstart (C) 50.60.50.80.80.
Tend (C) 230.190.230.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.4.3.3.
Initial hold (min)   0.1  
Final hold (min) 10.30.10.  
I 1247.1271.1245.1223.1224.
ReferenceBinder, Turner, et al., 1990De Llano D.G., Ramos M., et al., 1990Binder, Flath, et al., 1989Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 60.60.50.50.31.
Carrier gas H2H2N2N2Helium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.220.220.50
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25   
Tstart (C) 30.30.80.80.40.
Tend (C) 180.180.200.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.3.3.10.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.   
Final hold (min)      
I 1256.1256.1223.1224.1236.
ReferenceTakeoka, Flath, et al., 1988Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type Capillary
Active phase Carbowax 20M
Column length (m) 150.
Carrier gas  
Substrate  
Column diameter (mm) 0.64
Phase thickness (mum)  
Tstart (C) 50.
Tend (C) 170.
Heat rate (K/min) 1.
Initial hold (min) 30.
Final hold (min)  
I 1230.
ReferenceButtery, Parker, et al., 1981
Comment MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Feng, Zhuang, et al., 2011
Feng, T.; Zhuang, H.; Ye, R.; Jin, Z.; Xu, X.; Xie, Z., Analysis of volatile compounds of Mesona Blumes gum/rice extrudates via GC-MS and electronic nose, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 2011, 160, 1, 964-973, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2011.09.013 . [all data]

Kiss, Csoka, et al., 2011
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Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 2011
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Duarte, Dias, et al., 2010
Duarte, W.F.; Dias, D.R.; Oliveira, J.M.; Teixeira, J.A.; de Almeida e Silva, J.B.; Schwan, R.F., Characterization of different fruit wines made from cacao,cupuassu, gabiroba, jaboticaba and umbu, Food Sci. Technol., 2010, 43, 1564-1572. [all data]

Birtic, Ginies, et al., 2009
Birtic, S.; Ginies, C.; Causse, M.; Renard, C.M.G.C.; Page, D., Changes in volatiles and glycosides during fruit maturartion of two contrasted tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) lines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 2, 591-598, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf8023062 . [all data]

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Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009
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Thakeow, Angeli, et al., 2008
Thakeow, P.; Angeli, S.; Weissbecker, B.; Schutz, S., Antennal and behavioral responses of Cis boleti to fungal odor of Trametes gibbosa, Chem. Senses, 2008, 33, 4, 379-387, https://doi.org/10.1093/chemse/bjn005 . [all data]

Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2007
Cros, S.; Vandanjon, L.; Jaouen, P.; Bourseau, P., Processing of Industrial Mussel Cooking Juices by Reverse Osmotis: Pollution Abatement and Aromas Recovery, 2007, retrieved from title of Internet file: [imstec064]. [all data]

Dury-Brun, Fournier, et al., 2007
Dury-Brun, C.; Fournier, N.; Pernin, K.; Guichard, E.; Voilley, A., A new approach to studying sponge cake aroma after storage in treated paper and plastic packaging by direct gas chromatography?olfactometry (D-GC-O), Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 255-264, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1788 . [all data]

Hymete, Rohloff, et al., 2007
Hymete, A.; Rohloff, J.; Iversen, T.-H.; Kjosen, H., Volatile constituents of the roots of Echinops kebericho Mesfin, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 1, 35-38, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1746 . [all data]

Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 2007
Nebesny, E.; Budryn, G.; Kula, J.; Majda, T., The effect of roasting method on headspace composition of robusta coffee bean aroma, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2007, 225, 1, 9-19, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-006-0375-0 . [all data]

Povolo, Contarini, et al., 2007
Povolo, M.; Contarini, G.; Mele, M.; Secchiari, P., Study on the influence of pasture on volatile fraction of Ewes' dairy products by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Dairy Sci., 2007, 90, 2, 556-569, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(07)71539-4 . [all data]

Rawat, Gulati, et al., 2007
Rawat, R.; Gulati, A.; Babu, G.D.K.; Acharya, R.; Kaul, V.K.; Singh, B., Characterization of volatile components of Kangra orthodox black tea by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 229-235, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.03.071 . [all data]

Tena N., Lazzez A., et al., 2007
Tena N.; Lazzez A.; Aparicio-Ruiz R.; Garcia-Gonzalez D.L., Volatile compounds characterizing tunisian chemiali and chetoui virgin olive oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 19, 7852-7858, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf071030p . [all data]

Xu, Fan, et al., 2007
Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3051-3057, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0631732 . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese Wuliangye and Jiannanchun Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 7, 2695-2704, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf052635t . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006, 2
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Salas J.J., Garcia-Gonzalez D.L., et al., 2006
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Wierda R.L., Fletcher G., et al., 2006
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Joichi, Yomogida, et al., 2005
Joichi, A.; Yomogida, K.; Awano, K.; Ueda, Y., Volatile components of tea-scented modern roses and ancient Chinese roses, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 2, 152-157, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1388 . [all data]

Nogueira, Lubachevsky, et al., 2005
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Rizzolo, Cambiaghi, et al., 2005
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Salas, Sánchez, et al., 2005
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López, Guzmán, et al., 2004
López, M.G.; Guzmán, G.R.; Dorantes, A.L., Solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of volatile compounds from avocado puree after microwave processing, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1036, 1, 87-90, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2004.03.020 . [all data]

Narain, Almeida, et al., 2004
Narain, N.; Almeida, J.N.; Galvão, M.S.; Madruga, M.S.; de Brito, E.S., Volatile compounds in passion fruit (Passiflora edulis forma Flavicarpa) and yellow mombin (Spondias mombin L.) fruits obtained by dynamic headspace technique, Cienc. Tecnol. Aliment. Campinas, 2004, 24, 2, 212-216, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612004000200009 . [all data]

Alves and Franco, 2003
Alves, G.L.; Franco, M.R.B., Headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of volatile compounds in murici (Byrsonima crassifolia L. Rich), J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 985, 1-2, 297-301, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01398-5 . [all data]

Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003
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Notes

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