Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

1-Pentanol

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxHP-Innowax
Column length (m) 60.30.30.30.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0Cnot specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 1252.1249.1256.1256.1259.
ReferenceGyawali and Kim, 2012Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012Feng, Zhuang, et al., 2011
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SOLGel-WaxSOLGel-WaxDB-WaxHP-InnowaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHydrogenHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.251.0
Program 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)not specified35 0C (9 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 1 0C/min -> 100 0C 16 0C/min -> 210 0C (20 min)40 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 220 0C (5 min)40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 190 0C (11 min) 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (8 min)
I 1265.1256.1262.1258.1231.
ReferenceJohanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011Sampaio, Garruti, et al., 2011Xiao, Dai, et al., 2011Kadar, Juan-Borras, et al., 2010
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxFFAPCP-Wax 52 CBDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.50.60.20.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.200.250.180.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.330.250.180.25
Program 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)70 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 142 0C 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min)45 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C35 0C (1 min) 2/9 0C/min -> 100 0C 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (5 min)not specified
I 1256.1262.1244.1242.1249.
ReferenceGyawali and Kim, 2009Ortiz, Echeverra, et al., 2009Romeo, Verzera, et al., 2009Rowan, Hunt, et al., 2009Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxPEG 20MSupelcowax-10Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 50 0C 20 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C40 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 230 0C35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)40C(10min) => 2C/min => 200C(1min) => 2C/min => 250C (10min)
I 1255.1255.1256.1261.1258.
ReferenceTao, Wenlai, et al., 2008Zhang, Zhang, et al., 2008Berard, Bianchi, et al., 2007Berard, Bianchi, et al., 2007Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MFFAPFFAPDB-WaxPEG-20M
Column length (m)  50.50.30.30.
Carrier gas  HeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.20.20.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.330.330.250.25
Program not specified70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C (10min)70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C(10min)50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 150 0C 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min)40C(3min) => 5C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)
I 1224.1253.1253.1241.1255.
ReferenceDury-Brun, Fournier, et al., 2007Lara, Echeverría, et al., 2007Lopez, Villatoro, et al., 2007Tian, Zhang, et al., 2007Zhang C., Zhang H., et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.50.  60.
Carrier gas HeH2  He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.32  0.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.5  0.25
Program 40C(3min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 220C(20min) => 5C/min => 230C25C(7min) => 0.8C/min => 33C => 2.4C/min => 80C => 3.7C/min => 155C (20min)not specifiednot specified35C(5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C (5min)
I 1253.1248.1239.1249.1255.
ReferenceGyawalia, Seo, et al., 2006Dhifi, Angerosa, et al., 2005Editorial paper, 2005Editorial paper, 2005Mattheis, Fan, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase FFAPDB-WaxCarbowax 20MHP-FFAPPEG-20M
Column length (m) 50.60. 50.30.
Carrier gas HeHelium He 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.25 0.20.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.330.25 0.330.25
Program 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C(10min)60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0Cnot specified70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C (10min)50C(8min) => 4C/min => 110C => 16C/min => 200C
I 1253.1250.1240.1253.1260.
ReferenceEcheverría, Correa, et al., 2004Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 2004Vinogradov, 2004Echeverria, Fuentes, et al., 2003Garruti, Franco, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxHP Innowax FSPDB-WaxCP-Wax 52CBDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.60.30.50.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHe He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.250.251.20.25
Program 60C(2min) => 2C/min => 220C => 3C/min => 245C(20min)60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C25 0C (0.5 min) 50 K/min -> 50 0C 3.5 K/min -> 150 0C 7.5 K/min -> 240 0C40C(10min) => 3C/min => 190C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)25C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C
I 1255.1260.1252.1250.1248.
ReferenceSelli, Cabaroglu, et al., 2003Tasdemir, Demirci, et al., 2003Miranda, Nogueira, et al., 2001Muresan, Eillebrecht, et al., 2000Caldentey, Daria Fumi, et al., 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PEG-20MCP-Wax 52CBCP-Wax 52 CBSupelcowax-10CP Wax 52 CB
Column length (m) 25.50.30.30.50.
Carrier gas  HeH2He 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)  0.2 0.250.20
Program not specified30C (1.5min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 220C (3.5min)60 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C 3 0C/min -> 245 0C50C(2min) => 7C/min => 140C => 17.5C/min => 230C50 0C (10 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C 5 0C/min -> 150 0C 7 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
I 1230.1245.1266.1213.1243.
ReferenceDing, Deng, et al., 1998Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 1998Carro Marino, López Tamames, et al., 1995Chang, Seitz, et al., 1995Patterson and Stevenson, 1995
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Wax 52CBDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxSupelcowax-10
Column length (m) 50.30.60.60.30.
Carrier gas   HeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.53
Phase thickness (mum) 1.50.250.250.250.25
Program 40C => 2C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250Cnot specified35C (5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C(5min)35C (5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C(5min)80C(5min) => 5C/min => 155C => 4C/min => 240C(30min)
I 1233.1270.1252.1252.1252.
ReferenceLuning, de Rijk, et al., 1994Marlatt, Ho, et al., 1992Mattheis, Buchanan, et al., 1992Mattheis, Buchanan, et al., 1992Miranda-Lopez, Libbey, et al., 1992
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxCarbowax 20M
Column length (m)   60.60. 
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)   0.320.32 
Phase thickness (mum)      
Program not specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 1200.1236.1250.1247.1213.
ReferencePeng, Yang, et al., 1991Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Binder, Flath, et al., 1989Binder and Flath, 1989Shibamoto, 1987
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Gyawali and Kim, 2012
Gyawali, R.; Kim, K.-S., Bioactive volatile compounds of three medicinal plants from Nepal, Kathmandu Univ. J. Sci., Engineering and Technol., 2012, 8, 1, 51-62. [all data]

Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012
Welke, J.E.; Manfroi, V.; Zanus, M.; Lazarotto, M.; Zini, C.A., Characterization of the volatile profile of Brazilian merlot wines through comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2012, 1226, 124-139, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.01.002 . [all data]

Feng, Zhuang, et al., 2011
Feng, T.; Zhuang, H.; Ye, R.; Jin, Z.; Xu, X.; Xie, Z., Analysis of volatile compounds of Mesona Blumes gum/rice extrudates via GC-MS and electronic nose, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 2011, 160, 1, 964-973, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2011.09.013 . [all data]

Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011
Johanningsmeier, S.D.; McFeeters, R.F., Detection of volatile spoilage metabolites in fermented cucumbers using nontargeted, comprehensive 2-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGCxTOFMS), J. Food Sci., 2011, 76, 1, c168-c177, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01918.x . [all data]

Sampaio, Garruti, et al., 2011
Sampaio, K.S.; Garruti, D.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Janzantti, N.S.; Da Silva, M.A.AP., Aroma volatiles recovered in the water phase of cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale L.) juice during concentration, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2011, 91, 10, 1801-1809, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4385 . [all data]

Xiao, Dai, et al., 2011
Xiao, Z.; Dai, S.; Niu, Y.; Yu, H.; Zhu, J.; Tian, H.; Gu, Y., Discrimination of Chinese vinegars based on headspace solid-phase microextraction - gas chromatography mass spectrometry of volatile compounds and multivariate analysis, J. Food Sci., 2011, 76, 8, c1125-c1135, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02356.x . [all data]

Kadar, Juan-Borras, et al., 2010
Kadar, M.; Juan-Borras, M.; Hellebrandova, M.; Domenech, E.; Escriche, I., Volatile fraction composition of Acacia (Robinia pseudoacacia) honey from Romania, Spain, and Check Republic, Bull. USAMV Agriculture, 2010, 67, 2, 259-265. [all data]

Gyawali and Kim, 2009
Gyawali, R.; Kim, K.-S., Volatile organic compounds of medicinal values from Nepalese Acorus calamus L., Kathmandu Univ. J. Sci. Eng. Technol., 2009, 5, II, 51-65. [all data]

Ortiz, Echeverra, et al., 2009
Ortiz, A.; Echeverra, G.; Graell, J.; Lara, I., Calcium dips enhance volatile emission of cold-stored Fuji Kiki-8 apples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 11, 4931-4938, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9003576 . [all data]

Romeo, Verzera, et al., 2009
Romeo, V.; Verzera, A.; Ziino, M.; Condurao, C.; Tripodi, G., Headspace volatiles of Vicia sativa L. (Legumnodeae) by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Ess. Oil Res., 2009, 21, 1, 33-35, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2009.9700101 . [all data]

Rowan, Hunt, et al., 2009
Rowan, D.D.; Hunt, M.B.; Dimouro A.; Alspach P.A.; Weskett R.; Volz, R.K.; Gardiner, S.E.; Chagne, D., Profiling fruit volatiles in the progeny of a Royal Gala x Granny Smith apple (Malus x domestica) cross, J. Agr. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 17, 7953-7961, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf901678v . [all data]

Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009
Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 2009, 74, 2, c90-c99, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.01029.x . [all data]

Tao, Wenlai, et al., 2008
Tao, L.; Wenlai, F.; Yan, X., Characterization of volatile and semi-volatile compounds in Chinese rica wines by headspace solid phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry, J. Inst. Brew., 2008, 114, 2, 172-179, https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2050-0416.2008.tb00323.x . [all data]

Zhang, Zhang, et al., 2008
Zhang, C.; Zhang, H.; Wang, L.; Guo, X., Effect of carrot (Daucus carota) antifreeze proteins on texture preperties of frozen dough and volatile compounds of crumb, Food. Sci. Technol. (Lebesmittel-Wissenschaft und Technologie), 2008, 41, 6, 1029-1036, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2007.07.010 . [all data]

Berard, Bianchi, et al., 2007
Berard, J.; Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Chatel, A.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Characterization of the volatile fraction and of free fatty acids of Fontina Valle d'Aosta, a protected designation of origin Italian cheese, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 293-300, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.11.041 . [all data]

Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2007
Bosch-Fuste, J.; Riu-Aumatell, M.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Volatile profiles of sparkling wines obtained by three extraction methods and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 428-435, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.12.053 . [all data]

Dury-Brun, Fournier, et al., 2007
Dury-Brun, C.; Fournier, N.; Pernin, K.; Guichard, E.; Voilley, A., A new approach to studying sponge cake aroma after storage in treated paper and plastic packaging by direct gas chromatography?olfactometry (D-GC-O), Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 255-264, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1788 . [all data]

Lara, Echeverría, et al., 2007
Lara, I.; Echeverría, G.; Graell, J.; López, M.L., Volatile Emission after Controlled Atmosphere Storage of Mondial Gala Apples (Malus domestica): Relationship to Some Involved Enzyme Activities, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 15, 6087-6095, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf070464h . [all data]

Lopez, Villatoro, et al., 2007
Lopez, M.L.; Villatoro, C.; Fuentes, T.; Graell, J.; Lara, I.; Echeverria, G., Volatile compounds, quality parameters and consumer acceptance of 'Pink Lady®' apples stored in different conditions, Postharvest Biol. Technol., 2007, 43, 1, 55-66, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2006.07.009 . [all data]

Tian, Zhang, et al., 2007
Tian, Y.; Zhang, X.; Huang, T.; Zou, K.; Zhou, J., Research advances on the essential oils from leaves of Eucalyptus, Food Fermentation Ind. (Chinese), 2007, 33, 10, 143-147. [all data]

Zhang C., Zhang H., et al., 2007
Zhang C.; Zhang H.; Wang L.; Gao H.; Guo X.N.; Yao H.Y., Improvement of texture properties and flavor of frozen dough by carrot (Daucus carota) antifreeze protein supplementation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 23, 9620-9626, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0717034 . [all data]

Gyawalia, Seo, et al., 2006
Gyawalia, R.; Seo, H.-Y.; Lee, H.-J.; Song, H.-P.; Kim, D.-H.; Byun, M.-W.; Kim, K.-S., Effect of «gamma»-irradiation on volatile compounds of dried Welsh onion (Allium fistulosum L.), Radiat. Phys. Chem., 2006, 75, 2, 322-328, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2005.07.001 . [all data]

Dhifi, Angerosa, et al., 2005
Dhifi, W.; Angerosa, F.; Serraiocco, A.; Oumar, I.; Hamrouni, I.; Marzouk, B., Virgin olive oil aroma: Characterization of some Tunisian cultivars, Food Chem., 2005, 93, 4, 697-701, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.12.036 . [all data]

Editorial paper, 2005
Editorial paper, Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) Application Guide, The Reporter Europe (Supelco), 2005, 16, 5, 12-12. [all data]

Mattheis, Fan, et al., 2005
Mattheis, J.P.; Fan, X.; Argenta, L.C., Interactive Responses of Gala Apple Fruit Volatile Production to Controlled Atmosphere Storage and Chemical Inhibition of Ethylene Action, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 11, 4510-4516, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf050121o . [all data]

Echeverría, Correa, et al., 2004
Echeverría, G.; Correa, E.; Ruiz-Altisent, M.; Graell, J.; Puy, J.; López, L., Characterization of Fuji apples from different harvest dates and storage conditions from measurements of volatiles by gas chromatography and electronic nose, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 10, 3069-3076, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf035271i . [all data]

Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 2004
Kim. J.H.; Ahn, H.J.; Yook, H.S.; Kim, K.S.; Rhee, M.S.; Ryu, G.H.; Byun, M.W., Color, flavor, and sensory characteristics of gamma-irradiated salted and fermented anchovy sauce, Radiation Phys. Chem., 2004, 69, 2, 179-187, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0969-806X(03)00400-6 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Echeverria, Fuentes, et al., 2003
Echeverria, G.; Fuentes, M.T.; Graell, J.; Lopez, M.L., Relationships between volatile production, fruit quality and sensory evaluation of Fuji apples stored in different atmospheres by means of multivariate analysis, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2003, 84, 1, 5-20, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1554 . [all data]

Garruti, Franco, et al., 2003
Garruti, D.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; da Silva, M.A.A.P.; Janzantti, N.S.; Alves, G.L., Evaluation of volatile flavour compounds from cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale L) juice by the Osme gas chromatography/olfactometry technique, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2003, 83, 14, 1455-1462, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1560 . [all data]

Selli, Cabaroglu, et al., 2003
Selli, s.; Cabaroglu, T.; Canbas, A., Flavour components of orange wine made from a Turkish cv. Kozan, Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 2003, 38, 5, 587-593, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2621.2003.00691.x . [all data]

Tasdemir, Demirci, et al., 2003
Tasdemir, D.; Demirci, B.; Demirci, F.; Dönmez, A.A.; Baser, K.H.C.; Rüedi, P., Analysis of the Volatile Components of Five Turkish Rhododendron Species by Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction and GC-MS (HS-SPME-GC-MS), Z. Naturforsch., 2003, 58c, 797-803. [all data]

Miranda, Nogueira, et al., 2001
Miranda, E.J.F.; Nogueira, R.I.; Pontes, S.M.; Rezende, C.M., Odour-active compounds of banana passa identified by aroma extract dilution analysis, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 4, 281-285, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.997 . [all data]

Muresan, Eillebrecht, et al., 2000
Muresan, S.; Eillebrecht, M.A.J.L.; de Rijk, T.C.; de Jonge, H.G.; Leguijt, T.; Nijhuis, H.H., Aroma profile development of intermediate chocolate products. I. Volatile constituents of block-milk, Food Chem., 2000, 68, 2, 167-174, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(99)00171-5 . [all data]

Caldentey, Daria Fumi, et al., 1998
Caldentey, P.; Daria Fumi, M.; Mazzoleni, V.; Careri, M., Volatile compounds produced by microorganisms isolated from cork, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 3, 185-188, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199805/06)13:3<185::AID-FFJ723>3.0.CO;2-W . [all data]

Ding, Deng, et al., 1998
Ding, Q.; Deng, Y.; Sun, Y.; Huagn, A.; Sun, Y., Analysis of volatile components in ox feces by capillary gas chromatography, Beijing Daxue Xuebao Ziran Kexueban, 1998, 34, 6, 720-725. [all data]

Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 1998
Jakobsen, H.B.; Hansen, M.; Christensen, M.R.; Brockhoff, P.B.; Olsen, C.E., Aroma volatiles of blanched green peas (Pisum sativum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 9, 3727-3734, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980026y . [all data]

Carro Marino, López Tamames, et al., 1995
Carro Marino, N.; López Tamames, E.; García Jares, C.M., Contribution to the study of the aromatic potential of three muscat Vitis vinifera varieties: identification of new compounds, Food Sci. Technol. Int., 1995, 1, 2-3, 105-116, https://doi.org/10.1177/108201329500100206 . [all data]

Chang, Seitz, et al., 1995
Chang, C.-Y.; Seitz, L.M.; Chambers, E., IV, Volatile Flavor Components of Breads Made from Hard Red Winter Wheat and Hard White Winter Wheat, Cereal Chem., 1995, 72, 3, 237-242. [all data]

Patterson and Stevenson, 1995
Patterson, R.L.S.; Stevenson, M.H., Irradiation-induced off-odor in chicken and its possible control, British Poultry Science, 1995, 36, 3, 425-441, https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669508417789 . [all data]

Luning, de Rijk, et al., 1994
Luning, P.A.; de Rijk, T.; Wichers, H.J.; Roozen, J.P., Gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, and sniffing port analyses of volatile compounds of fresh bell peppers (Capsicum annuum) at different ripening stages, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 4, 977-983, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00040a027 . [all data]

Marlatt, Ho, et al., 1992
Marlatt, C.; Ho, C.-T.; Chien, M., Studies of aroma constituents bound as glycosides in tomato, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 2, 249-252, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00014a016 . [all data]

Mattheis, Buchanan, et al., 1992
Mattheis, J.P.; Buchanan, D.A.; Fellman, J.K., Volatile compounds emitted by sweet cherries (Prunus avium Cv. Bing) during fruit development and ripening, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 3, 471-474, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00015a022 . [all data]

Miranda-Lopez, Libbey, et al., 1992
Miranda-Lopez, R.; Libbey, L.M.; Watson, B.T.; McDaniel, M.R., Odor analysis of Pinot noir wines from grapes of different maturities by a gas chromatography-olfactometry technique (Osme), J. Food Sci., 1992, 57, 4, 985-993, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1992.tb14339.x . [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]

Binder, Flath, et al., 1989
Binder, R.G.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R., Volatile components of bittermelon, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 2, 418-420, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00086a032 . [all data]

Binder and Flath, 1989
Binder, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile components of pineapple guava, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 3, 734-736, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a034 . [all data]

Shibamoto, 1987
Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s)., Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, References