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1-Butanol

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil390.6 ± 0.8KAVGN/AAverage of 138 out of 147 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus188. ± 9.KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple184.54KN/AWilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Ttriple184.51KN/ACounsell, Hales, et al., 1965Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Ttriple183.9KN/AParks, 1925Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc562. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 21 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc45. ± 4.barAVGN/AAverage of 10 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.274l/molN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc3.65 ± 0.06mol/lAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap52. ± 3.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 15 out of 16 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
43.29390.9N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
46.0372.EBMuñoz and Krähenbühl, 2001Based on data from 357. - 389. K.; AC
38.2423.N/AWormald and Fennell, 2000AC
29.6473.N/AWormald and Fennell, 2000AC
20.8523.N/AWormald and Fennell, 2000AC
49.9330.N/ADejoz, Cruz Burguet, et al., 1995Based on data from 315. - 390. K.; AC
45.3379.N/ASusial and Ortega, 1993Based on data from 364. - 403. K.; AC
45.3387.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 376. - 399. K.; AC
50.1338.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 323. - 413. K.; AC
41.9428.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 413. - 550. K.; AC
51.6236.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 209. - 251. K.; AC
45.4386.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 376. - 397. K.; AC
43.8406.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 391. - 429. K.; AC
41.9430.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 415. - 501. K.; AC
37.4512.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 497. - 563. K.; AC
47.2366.EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 351. - 397. K. See also Ambrose, Counsell, et al., 1970.; AC
49.0344.N/ASachek, Peshchenko, et al., 1982Based on data from 329. - 391. K.; AC
49.5 ± 0.1333.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973AC
48.6 ± 0.1343.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973AC
47.5 ± 0.1353.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973AC
46.4 ± 0.1363.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973AC
55.0303.N/AWilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973Based on data from 288. - 404. K.; AC
53.0310.DTAKemme and Kreps, 1969Based on data from 295. - 391. K.; AC
47.2 ± 0.1356.CCounsell, Hales, et al., 1965AC
45.4 ± 0.1381.CCounsell, Hales, et al., 1965AC
43.1 ± 0.1391.CCounsell, Hales, et al., 1965AC
42.1434.N/AAmbrose and Townsend, 1963Based on data from 419. - 563. K.; AC
46.6377.EBBiddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963Based on data from 362. - 398. K.; AC
48.3352.N/ABrown and Smith, 1959Based on data from 337. - 390. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
48.3352.N/AKahlbaum, 1898Based on data from 314. - 390. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-αTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) 298. - 410.
A (kJ/mol) 62.53
alpha -0.6584
beta 0.696
Tc (K) 562.9
ReferenceMajer and Svoboda, 1985

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
295.8 - 391.04.546071351.555-93.34Kemme and Kreps, 1969 
391. - 479.4.390311254.502-105.246Hessel and Geiseler, 1965Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
419.34 - 562.984.429211305.001-94.676Ambrose and Townsend, 1963, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
362.36 - 398.844.503931313.878-98.789Biddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
9.372184.5Counsell, Hales, et al., 1965, 2DH
9.28183.9Acree, 1991AC
9.280183.9Parks, 1925, 2DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
50.79184.5Counsell, Hales, et al., 1965, 2DH
50.46183.9Parks, 1925, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Wilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985
Wilhoit, R.C.; Chao, J.; Hall, K.R., Thermodynamic Properties of Key Organic Compounds in the Carbon Range C1 to C4. Part 1. Properties of Condensed Phases, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1985, 14, 1. [all data]

Counsell, Hales, et al., 1965
Counsell, J.F.; Hales, J.L.; Martin, J.F., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part 16.?Butyl alcohol, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1965, 61, 1869, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9656101869 . [all data]

Parks, 1925
Parks, G.S., Thermal data on organic compounds: I the heat capacities and free energies of methyl, ethyl and n-butyl alcohol, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1925, 47, 338-45. [all data]

Gude and Teja, 1995
Gude, M.; Teja, A.S., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 4. Aliphatic Alkanols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1995, 40, 1025-1036. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Muñoz and Krähenbühl, 2001
Muñoz, Laura A.L.; Krähenbühl, M. Alvina, Isobaric Vapor Liquid Equilibrium (VLE) Data of the Systems n -Butanol + Butyric Acid and n -Butanol + Acetic Acid, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2001, 46, 1, 120-124, https://doi.org/10.1021/je000033u . [all data]

Wormald and Fennell, 2000
Wormald, C.J.; Fennell, D.P., Organometallics, 2000, 21, 3, 767-779, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006648903706 . [all data]

Dejoz, Cruz Burguet, et al., 1995
Dejoz, Ana; Cruz Burguet, M.; Munoz, Rosa; Sanchotello, Margarita, Isobaric Vapor-Liquid Equilibria of Tetrachloroethylene with 1-Butanol and 2-Butanol at 6 and 20 kPa, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1995, 40, 1, 290-292, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00017a064 . [all data]

Susial and Ortega, 1993
Susial, Pedro; Ortega, Juan, Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibria in the system methyl propanoate + n-butyl alcohol, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1993, 38, 4, 647-649, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00012a044 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Ambrose, Counsell, et al., 1970
Ambrose, D.; Counsell, J.F.; Davenport, A.J., The use of Chebyshev polynomials for the representation of vapour pressures between the triple point and the critical point, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1970, 2, 2, 283-294, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(70)90093-5 . [all data]

Sachek, Peshchenko, et al., 1982
Sachek, A.I.; Peshchenko, A.D.; Markovnik, V.S.; Ral'ko, O.V.; Andreevskii, D.N.; Leont'eva, A.A., Termodin. Org. Soedin., 1982, 94. [all data]

Svoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973
Svoboda, V.; Veselý, F.; Holub, R.; Pick, J., Enthalpy data of liquids. II. The dependence of heats of vaporization of methanol, propanol, butanol, cyclohexane, cyclohexene, and benzene on temperature, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1973, 38, 12, 3539-3543, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19733539 . [all data]

Wilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973
Wilhoit, R.C.; Zwolinski, B.J., Physical and thermodynamic properties of aliphatic alcohols, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data Suppl., 1973, 1, 2, 1. [all data]

Kemme and Kreps, 1969
Kemme, Herbert R.; Kreps, Saul I., Vapor pressure of primary n-alkyl chlorides and alcohols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1969, 14, 1, 98-102, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60040a011 . [all data]

Ambrose and Townsend, 1963
Ambrose, D.; Townsend, R., 681. Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part IX. The critical properties and vapour pressures, above five atmospheres, of six aliphatic alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 3614, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9630003614 . [all data]

Biddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963
Biddiscombe, D.P.; Collerson, R.R.; Handley, R.; Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F.; Sprake, C.H.S., 364. Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part VIII. Purification and vapour pressures of the propyl and butyl alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 1954, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9630001954 . [all data]

Brown and Smith, 1959
Brown, I.; Smith, F., Liquid-Vapour Equilibria. IX. The Systems n-Propanol + Benzene and n-Butanol + Benzene at 45°C, Aust. J. Chem., 1959, 12, 3, 407-621, https://doi.org/10.1071/CH9590407 . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Kahlbaum, 1898
Kahlbaum, G.W.A., Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1898, 26, 577. [all data]

Hessel and Geiseler, 1965
Hessel, D.; Geiseler, G., Uber die Druckabhangigkeit des heteroazeotropen Systems n-Butanol/Wasser, Z. Phys. Chem. (Leipzig), 1965, 229, 199-209. [all data]

Ambrose and Townsend, 1963, 2
Ambrose, D.; Townsend, R., Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Oxygen Compounds. Part 9. The Critical Properties and Vapour Pressures, above Five Atmospheres, of Six Aliphatic Alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 3614-3625, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9630003614 . [all data]

Biddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963, 2
Biddiscombe, D.P.; Collerson, R.R.; Handley, R.; Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F.; Sprake, C.H.S., Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Oxygen Compounds. Part 8. Purification and Vapor Pressures of the Propyl and Butyl Alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 1954-1957, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9630001954 . [all data]

Counsell, Hales, et al., 1965, 2
Counsell, J.F.; Hales, J.L.; Martin, J.F., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part 16. Butyl alcohol, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1965, 61, 1869-1875. [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]

Parks, 1925, 2
Parks, G.S., Thermal data on organic compounds I. The heat capacities and free energies of methyl, ethyl and normal-butyl alcohols, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1925, 47, 338-345. [all data]


Notes

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