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1-Propanol

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil370.3 ± 0.5KAVGN/AAverage of 128 out of 140 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus146.95KN/AAnonymous, 1968TRC
Tfus146.7KN/ATschamler, Richter, et al., 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Tfus147.KN/ATimmermans, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple148.75KN/AWilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Ttriple148.75KN/ACounsell, Lees, et al., 1968Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Ttriple147.0KN/AParks and Huffman, 1926Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc536.9 ± 0.8KAVGN/AAverage of 20 out of 25 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc52. ± 1.barAVGN/AAverage of 12 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.218l/molN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
Vc0.216l/molN/AZawisza and Vejrosta, 1982Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.001 l/mol; Visual; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc4.58 ± 0.06mol/lAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap47. ± 1.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 15 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
41.44370.3N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
41.2371.N/AWormald and Vine, 2000AC
35.2423.N/AWormald and Vine, 2000AC
29.4453.N/AWormald and Vine, 2000AC
21.0498.N/AWormald and Vine, 2000AC
11.4528.N/AWormald and Vine, 2000AC
47.0318.N/AAucejo, Gonzalez-Alfaro, et al., 1995Based on data from 303. - 370. K.; AC
42.9375.N/AOrtega, Susial, et al., 1990Based on data from 360. - 377. K.; AC
48.0214.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 200. - 228. K.; AC
43.5366.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 356. - 376. K.; AC
42.3384.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 369. - 407. K.; AC
40.1416.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 401. - 482. K.; AC
36.5492.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 478. - 507. K.; AC
46.4 ± 0.1313.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973AC
45.7 ± 0.1323.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973AC
44.9 ± 0.1333.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973AC
44.0 ± 0.1343.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973AC
43.2 ± 0.1353.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973AC
42.4 ± 0.1363.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973AC
49.3290.N/AWilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973Based on data from 275. - 373. K.; AC
44.7348.EBAmbrose, Counsell, et al., 1970Based on data from 333. - 377. K. See also Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987.; AC
46.9307.DTAKemme and Kreps, 1969Based on data from 292. - 370. K.; AC
46.7303.N/AVan Ness, Soczek, et al., 1967Based on data from 288. - 348. K.; AC
40.7420.N/AAmbrose and Townsend, 1963Based on data from 405. - 537. K.; AC
44.3353.EBBiddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963Based on data from 338. - 378. K.; AC
44.1358.N/AMathews and McKetta, 1961Based on data from 343. - 385. K.; AC
43.9 ± 0.1343.CMathews and McKetta, 1961AC
42.3 ± 0.1360.CMathews and McKetta, 1961AC
41.2 ± 0.1370.CMathews and McKetta, 1961AC
40.3 ± 0.1378.CMathews and McKetta, 1961AC
39.7 ± 0.1384.CMathews and McKetta, 1961AC
45.5321. - 367.N/AAronovich, Kastorskii, et al., 1959AC
43.2354.N/AWilliamson and Harrison, 1957AC
44.99 ± 0.42333.13VWilliamson and Harrison, 1957, 2ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-αTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) 298. - 390.
A (kJ/mol) 52.06
alpha -0.8386
beta 0.6888
Tc (K) 536.7
ReferenceMajer and Svoboda, 1985

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
333.32 - 377.724.876011441.629-74.299Ambrose and Sprake, 1970Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
292.4 - 370.55.313841690.864-51.804Kemme and Kreps, 1969 
405.46 - 536.714.598711300.491-86.364Ambrose and Townsend, 1963, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
5.372148.75Counsell, Lees, et al., 1968, 2DH
5.4148.7van Miltenburg and van den Berg, 2004AC
5.37148.8Counsell, Lees, et al., 1968AC
5.192147.0Parks and Huffman, 1926, 2DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
36.11148.75Counsell, Lees, et al., 1968, 2DH
35.3147.0Parks and Huffman, 1926, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Anonymous, 1968
Anonymous, X., Chemicals and Plastics Physical Properties, 1968, Union Carbide Corp., product bulletin, 1968. [all data]

Tschamler, Richter, et al., 1949
Tschamler, H.; Richter, E.; Wettig, F., Mixtures of Primry Aliphatic Alcohols with Chlorex and Other Organic Substances. Binary Liquid Mixtures XII., Monatsh. Chem., 1949, 80, 749. [all data]

Timmermans, 1935
Timmermans, J., Researches in Stoichiometry. I. The Heat of Fusion of Organic Compounds., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1935, 44, 17-40. [all data]

Wilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985
Wilhoit, R.C.; Chao, J.; Hall, K.R., Thermodynamic Properties of Key Organic Compounds in the Carbon Range C1 to C4. Part 1. Properties of Condensed Phases, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1985, 14, 1. [all data]

Counsell, Lees, et al., 1968
Counsell, J.F.; Lees, E.B.; Martin, J.F., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part XIX. Low-temperature heat capacity and entropy of propan-1-ol, 2-methylpropan-1-ol, and pentan-1-ol, J. Chem. Soc., A, 1968, 1819, https://doi.org/10.1039/j19680001819 . [all data]

Parks and Huffman, 1926
Parks, G.S.; Huffman, H.M., Thermal data on organic compounds: IV the heat capacites, entropies, and free energies of normal propyl alcohol, ethyl ether, and dulcitol, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 2788-93. [all data]

Gude and Teja, 1995
Gude, M.; Teja, A.S., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 4. Aliphatic Alkanols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1995, 40, 1025-1036. [all data]

Zawisza and Vejrosta, 1982
Zawisza, A.; Vejrosta, J., High-pressure liquid-vapor equilibria, critical stat, and p(V, T, x) up to 573.15 K and 5.066 MPa for (heptane + propan-1-ol), J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1982, 14, 239-49. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Wormald and Vine, 2000
Wormald, C.J.; Vine, M.D., Specific enthalpy increments for propan-1-ol at temperatures up to 573.2 K and 11.3 MPa, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 2000, 32, 3, 329-339, https://doi.org/10.1006/jcht.1999.0594 . [all data]

Aucejo, Gonzalez-Alfaro, et al., 1995
Aucejo, Antonio; Gonzalez-Alfaro, Vicenta; Monton, Juan B.; Vazquez, M. Isabel, Isobaric Vapor-Liquid Equilibria of Trichloroethylene with 1-Propanol and 2-Propanol at 20 and 100 kPa, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1995, 40, 1, 332-335, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00017a073 . [all data]

Ortega, Susial, et al., 1990
Ortega, Juan; Susial, Pedro; De Alfonso, Casiano, Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibrium of methyl butanoate with ethanol and 1-propanol binary systems, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1990, 35, 2, 216-219, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00060a037 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Svoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973
Svoboda, V.; Veselý, F.; Holub, R.; Pick, J., Enthalpy data of liquids. II. The dependence of heats of vaporization of methanol, propanol, butanol, cyclohexane, cyclohexene, and benzene on temperature, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1973, 38, 12, 3539-3543, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19733539 . [all data]

Wilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973
Wilhoit, R.C.; Zwolinski, B.J., Physical and thermodynamic properties of aliphatic alcohols, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data Suppl., 1973, 1, 2, 1. [all data]

Ambrose, Counsell, et al., 1970
Ambrose, D.; Counsell, J.F.; Davenport, A.J., The use of Chebyshev polynomials for the representation of vapour pressures between the triple point and the critical point, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1970, 2, 2, 283-294, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(70)90093-5 . [all data]

Kemme and Kreps, 1969
Kemme, Herbert R.; Kreps, Saul I., Vapor pressure of primary n-alkyl chlorides and alcohols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1969, 14, 1, 98-102, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60040a011 . [all data]

Van Ness, Soczek, et al., 1967
Van Ness, Hendrick C.; Soczek, C.A.; Peloquin, G.L.; Machado, R.L., Thermodynamic excess properties of three alcohol-hydrocarbon systems, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1967, 12, 2, 217-224, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60033a017 . [all data]

Ambrose and Townsend, 1963
Ambrose, D.; Townsend, R., 681. Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part IX. The critical properties and vapour pressures, above five atmospheres, of six aliphatic alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 3614, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9630003614 . [all data]

Biddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963
Biddiscombe, D.P.; Collerson, R.R.; Handley, R.; Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F.; Sprake, C.H.S., 364. Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part VIII. Purification and vapour pressures of the propyl and butyl alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 1954, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9630001954 . [all data]

Mathews and McKetta, 1961
Mathews, J.F.; McKetta, J.J., THE THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF n-PROPYL ALCOHOL, J. Phys. Chem., 1961, 65, 5, 758-762, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100823a013 . [all data]

Aronovich, Kastorskii, et al., 1959
Aronovich, Kh.A.; Kastorskii, L.P.; Fedorova, K.F., Zh. Fiz. Khim., 1959, 41, 20. [all data]

Williamson and Harrison, 1957
Williamson, Kenneth D.; Harrison, Roland H., Heats of Vaporization of 1,1,2-Trichloroethane, 1-Propanol, and 2-Propanol; Vapor Heat Capacity of 1,1,2-Trichloroethane, J. Chem. Phys., 1957, 26, 6, 1409, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1743555 . [all data]

Williamson and Harrison, 1957, 2
Williamson, K.D.; Harrison, R.H., Heats of vaporization of 1,1,2-trichloroethane, 1-propanol, and 2-propanol; vapor heat capacity of 1,1,2-trichloroethane, J. Chem. Phys., 1957, 26, 1409-14. [all data]

Ambrose and Sprake, 1970
Ambrose, D.; Sprake, C.H.S., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds XXV. Vapour pressures and normal boiling temperatures of aliphatic alcohols, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1970, 2, 5, 631-645, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(70)90038-8 . [all data]

Ambrose and Townsend, 1963, 2
Ambrose, D.; Townsend, R., Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Oxygen Compounds. Part 9. The Critical Properties and Vapour Pressures, above Five Atmospheres, of Six Aliphatic Alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 3614-3625, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9630003614 . [all data]

Counsell, Lees, et al., 1968, 2
Counsell, J.F.; Lees, E.B.; Martin, J.F., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part XIX. Low temperature heat capacity and entropy of propan-1-ol, 2-methyl-propan-1-ol, and pentan-1-ol, 1968, J. [all data]

van Miltenburg and van den Berg, 2004
van Miltenburg, J. Cees; van den Berg, Gerrit J.K., Heat Capacities and Derived Thermodynamic Functions of 1-Propanol between 10 K and 350 K and of 1-Pentanol between 85 K and 370 K, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2004, 49, 3, 735-739, https://doi.org/10.1021/je0499768 . [all data]

Parks and Huffman, 1926, 2
Parks, G.S.; Huffman, H.M., Thermal data on organic compounds. IV. The heat capacities, entropies and free energies of normal propyl alcohol, ethyl ether and dulcitol, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 2788-2793. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, References