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n-Amyl ether

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-93.1kcal/molCcbMurrin and Goldhagen, 1957 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-104.02 ± 0.71kcal/molCcbMurrin and Goldhagen, 1957 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-1588.0 ± 0.7kcal/molCcbMurrin and Goldhagen, 1957Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -104.0 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections)

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil460.7KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Tboil459.KN/AAmerican Tokyo Kasei, 1988BS
Tboil459.9KN/ADreisbach and Martin, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC
Tboil460.65KN/ATimmermans and Martin, 1928Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tboil411.2KN/ATimmermans, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus203.72KN/ADreisbach and Martin, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Tfus203.85KN/ATimmermans and Martin, 1928Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tfus204.15KN/ATimmermans, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
11.0388.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 373. - 460. K.; AC
10.9451.N/ALapidus and Nisel'son, 1968Based on data from 423. - 480. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
378.61 - 459.903.865731396.465-98.829Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
MM - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)203.8kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity197.3kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Gas basicity at 298K

Gas basicity (review) (kcal/mol) Reference Comment
195.6 ± 0.2Decouzon, Gal, et al., 1996T = 338K; MM
195.7Decouzon, Gal, et al., 1996T = T(eff) = 430K; MM
195.7Decouzon, Gal, et al., 1996T = T(eff) = 430K; MM
195.7Decouzon, Gal, et al., 1996T = T(eff) = 430K; MM

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-1576
NIST MS number 229285

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedApolane130.1051.Dutoit, 1991Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30120.1076.García-Raso, Martínez-Castro, et al., 1987N2, Supelcoport; Column length: 3. m
PackedApiezon L120.1056.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.1059.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon M130.1058.Golovnya and Garbuzov, 1974N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.1 m
PackedSE-30120.1070.Bierl, Beroza, et al., 1972Column length: 3.0 m
PackedApiezon L130.1052.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m
PackedApiezon L190.1057.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M120.1165.García-Raso, Martínez-Castro, et al., 1987N2, Supelcoport; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11069.7Sun and Stremple, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 325. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11070.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 200(1min) => 5C/min => 300C(25min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1172.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1173.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011068.Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 201125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-1011077.Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 201125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySqualane1076.Chen, 2008Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301065.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1052.N/AProgram: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1165.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1161.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1163.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Murrin and Goldhagen, 1957
Murrin, J.W.; Goldhagen, S., Determination of the C-O bond energy from the heats of combustion of four aliphatic ethers, NAVORD Report No. 5491, U.S. Naval Powder Factory Res. & Dev. Dept., 1957, 1-14. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

American Tokyo Kasei, 1988
American Tokyo Kasei, TCI American Organic Chemical 88/89 Catalog, American Tokyo Kasei, Portland, OR, 1988, 1610. [all data]

Dreisbach and Martin, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Martin, R.A., Physical Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 2875-8. [all data]

Timmermans and Martin, 1928
Timmermans, J.; Martin, F., Study of the Physical Constants of Twenty Organic Compounds of the Physical Constants of Twenty Organic Compounds, J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1928, 25, 411. [all data]

Timmermans, 1922
Timmermans, J., Investigation of the Freezing Point of Organic Substances VII, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1922, 31, 389. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Lapidus and Nisel'son, 1968
Lapidus, I.I.; Nisel'son, L.A., Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 1968, 42, 6, 733. [all data]

Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Shrader, S.A., Vapor Pressure--Temperature Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 12, 2879-2880, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50480a054 . [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Decouzon, Gal, et al., 1996
Decouzon, M.; Gal, J.E.; Herreros, M.; Marai, P.C.; Murrell, J.; Todd, J.F.J., On the Use of the Kinetic Method for the Determination of Proton Affinities by Fourier-Transfrom Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry, Rapid. Comm. Mass Spectrom., 1996, 10, 242. [all data]

Dutoit, 1991
Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 555, 1-2, 191-204, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87179-X . [all data]

García-Raso, Martínez-Castro, et al., 1987
García-Raso, A.; Martínez-Castro, I.; Páez, M.I.; Sanz, J.; García-Raso, J.; Saura-Calixto, F., Gas Chromatographic Behaviour of Carbohydrate Trimethylsilyl Ethers. I. Aldopentoses, J. Chromatogr., 1987, 398, 9-20, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)96491-X . [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Golovnya and Garbuzov, 1974
Golovnya, R.V.; Garbuzov, V.G., Effect of heteroatom in aliphatic sulfur- and oxygen-containing compounds on the values of the retention indices in gas chromatography, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 1974, 7, 1519-1521. [all data]

Bierl, Beroza, et al., 1972
Bierl, B.A.; Beroza, M.; Aldridge, M.H., Effect of functional-group position on retention indices of six classes of compounds on four stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1972, 10, 12, 712-715, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/10.12.712 . [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19590420745 . [all data]

Sun and Stremple, 2003
Sun, G.; Stremple, P., Retention index characterization of flavor, fragrance, and many other compounds on DB-1 and DB-XLB, 2003, retrieved from http://www.chem.agilent.com/cag/cabu/pdf/b-0279.pdf. [all data]

Peng, 2000
Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 903, 1-2, 117-143, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00901-8 . [all data]

Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 2011
Zenkevich, I.G.; Eliseenkov, E.V.; Kasatochkin, A.N.; Ukolov, A.I., Identification of the products of nonregioselective organic reactions by chromatography - mass spectrometry: chloro derivatives of dialkyl ethers, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 2011, 66, 14, 1445-1454, https://doi.org/10.1134/S1061934811140218 . [all data]

Chen, 2008
Chen, H.-F., Quantitative prediction of gas chromatography retention indices with support vector machines, radial basis neutral networks and multiple linear regression, Anal. Chim. Acta, 2008, 609, 1, 24-36, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2008.01.003 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References