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Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C4H4+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.58 ± 0.02eVN/AN/AL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.58 ± 0.02EIRosenstock, McCulloh, et al., 1977LLK
9.58 ± 0.02PEBieri, Burger, et al., 1977LLK
9.58 ± 0.02PEBrogli, Heilbronner, et al., 1975LLK
9.63PEBruckmann and Klessinger, 1973LLK
9.9EILi and McGee, 1969RDSH
9.9EIHedaya, Miller, et al., 1969RDSH
9.87EIVarsel, Morrell, et al., 1960RDSH
9.9EIPolyakova, Zimina, et al., 1960RDSH
9.9EIPolyakova, Zimina, et al., 1959RDSH
9.64 ± 0.03PEVan Hoorn, 1975Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C3H+18.71?EIField, Franklin, et al., 1957RDSH
C4H+12.13H2+HEIField, Franklin, et al., 1957RDSH
C4H2+12.84H2EIField, Franklin, et al., 1957RDSH
C4H3+12.59HEIField, Franklin, et al., 1957RDSH


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Rosenstock, McCulloh, et al., 1977
Rosenstock, H.M.; McCulloh, K.E.; Lossing, F.P., On the mechanisms of C6H6 ionization fragmentation, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1977, 25, 327. [all data]

Bieri, Burger, et al., 1977
Bieri, G.; Burger, F.; Heilbronner, E.; Maier, J.P., Valence ionization enrgies of hydrocarbons, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1977, 60, 2213. [all data]

Brogli, Heilbronner, et al., 1975
Brogli, F.; Heilbronner, E.; Wirz, J.; Kloster-Jensen, E.; Bergman, R.G.; Vollhardt, K.P.C.; Ashe, A.J., III, The consequences of «sigma» and «pi» conjugative interactions in mono-, di- and triacetylenes. A photoelectron spectroscopic investigation, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1975, 58, 2620. [all data]

Bruckmann and Klessinger, 1973
Bruckmann, P.; Klessinger, M., Photoelektronenspektren organischer verbindungen. III. Photoelektronenspektren acetylensubstituierter kleiner ringe, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1973, 2, 341. [all data]

Li and McGee, 1969
Li, P.H.; McGee, H.A., Jr., Mass spectrum and ionization potential of condensed cyclobutadiene, Chem. Commun., 1969, 592. [all data]

Hedaya, Miller, et al., 1969
Hedaya, E.; Miller, R.D.; McNeil, D.W.; D'Angelo, P.F.; Schissel, P., Flash vacuum pyrolysis. V. Cyclobutadiene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1969, 91, 1875. [all data]

Varsel, Morrell, et al., 1960
Varsel, C.J.; Morrell, F.A.; Resnik, F.E.; Powell, W.A., Qualitative and quantitative analysis of organic compounds. Use of low-voltage mass spectrometry, Anal. Chem., 1960, 32, 182. [all data]

Polyakova, Zimina, et al., 1960
Polyakova, A.A.; Zimina, K.I.; Petrov, A.A.; Khmel'nitskii, R.A., Mass spectra of vinylalkylacetylenes, Zh. Obshch. Khim., 1960, 30, 912, In original 927. [all data]

Polyakova, Zimina, et al., 1959
Polyakova, A.A.; Zimina, K.I.; Petrov, A.A.; Klmel'nitskii, R.A., Mass Spectra and the structure of vinylacetylenes, Dokl. Phys. Chem., 1959, 127, 597, In original 386. [all data]

Van Hoorn, 1975
Van Hoorn, M.D., He(I) ionisation potentials and MO calculations of butenyne and the monomethyl-substituted butenynes, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1975, 6, 65. [all data]

Field, Franklin, et al., 1957
Field, F.H.; Franklin, J.L.; Lampe, F.W., Reactions of gaseous ions. II. Acetylene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1957, 79, 2665. [all data]


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