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Dimethyl Sulfoxide

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone100.780.Huber, Kenndler, et al., 1993H2; Column length: 5. m; Phase thickness: 2.65 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.784.Huber, Kenndler, et al., 1993H2; Column length: 5. m; Phase thickness: 2.65 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone80.777.Huber, Kenndler, et al., 1993H2; Column length: 5. m; Phase thickness: 2.65 «mu»m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPEG-20M130.1569.Huber, Kenndler, et al., 1993Column length: 10. m; Phase thickness: 1.33 «mu»m
CapillaryPEG-20M150.1584.Huber, Kenndler, et al., 1993Column length: 10. m; Phase thickness: 1.33 «mu»m
CapillaryPEG-20M130.1569.1Huber, Kenndler, et al., 1993Column length: 10. m; Phase thickness: 1.33 «mu»m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1782.Hancock and Peters, 1991He, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm
CapillaryDB-5820.1Hancock and Peters, 1991He, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm
CapillaryDB-5820.5Hancock and Peters, 1991He, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm
CapillaryDB-5829.2Hancock and Peters, 1991He, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm
CapillaryDB-1786.6D'Agostino and Provost, 198515. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryStabilwax1560.Cros, Lignot, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryStabilwax1560.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101563.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1582.3D'Agostino and Provost, 198515. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101790.Zenkevich, 200525. m/0.20 mm/0.10 «mu»m, N2/He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-1772.Valette, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 60. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Sil5 CB MS780.Iraqi, Vermeulen, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 36C(2min) => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C(30min)
CapillarySPB-5827.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1784.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillarySPB-1784.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.787.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1603.Puvipirom and Chaisei, 201215. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1582.Soria, Sanz, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryStabilwax1560.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryRTX-Wax1569.Prososki, Etzel, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1596.Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryStabilwax1560.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1553.Wei, Mura, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1595.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1576.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1582.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-FFAP1553.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1549.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Wax 52 CB1550.Kaack and Christensen, 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.29 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 33 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1579.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1554.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Huber, Kenndler, et al., 1993
Huber, J.F.K.; Kenndler, E.; Reich, G.; Hack, W.; Wolf, J., Optimal Selection of Gas Chromatographic Columns for the Analytical Control of Chemical Warfare Agents by Application of Information Theory to Retention Data, Anal. Chem., 1993, 65, 20, 2903-2906, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00068a031 . [all data]

Hancock and Peters, 1991
Hancock, J.R.; Peters, G.R., Retention index monitoring of compounds of chemical defence interest using thermal desorption gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 538, 2, 249-257, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88845-2 . [all data]

D'Agostino and Provost, 1985
D'Agostino, P.A.; Provost, L.R., Gas chromatographic retention indices of chemical warfare agents and simulants, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 331, 47-54, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(85)80005-4 . [all data]

Cros, Lignot, et al., 2005
Cros, S.; Lignot, B.; Bourseau, P.; Jaouen, P.; Prost, C., Desalination of mussel cooking juices by electrodialysis: effect on the aroma profile, J. Food Eng., 2005, 69, 4, 425-436, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2004.08.036 . [all data]

Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003
Cros, S.; Vandanjon, L.; Jaouen, P.; Bourseau, P., Processing of industrial mussel cooking juices by reverse osmosis: pollution abatement and aromas recovery, 2003, retrieved from http://www.membrane.unsw.edu.au/imstec03/content/papers/DAI/imstec064.pdf. [all data]

Chung, 1999
Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in crabmeats of Charybdis feriatus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 6, 2280-2287, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981027t . [all data]

Zenkevich, 2005
Zenkevich, I.G., Experimentally measured retention indices., 2005. [all data]

Valette, Fernandez, et al., 2003
Valette, L.; Fernandez, X.; Poulain, S.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Levieil, R.; Restier, L., Volatile constituents from Romanesco cauliflower, Food Chem., 2003, 80, 3, 353-358, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(02)00272-8 . [all data]

Iraqi, Vermeulen, et al., 2005
Iraqi, R.; Vermeulen, C.; Benzekri, A.; Bouseta, A.; Collin, S., Screening for key odorants in Moroccan green olives by gas chromatography-olfactometry/aroma extract dilution analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 4, 1179-1184, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040349w . [all data]

Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 2003
Begnaud, F.; Pérès, C.; Berdagué, J.-L., Characterization of volatile effluents of livestock buildings by solid-phase microextraction, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 2003, 83, 10, 837-849, https://doi.org/10.1080/03067310310001603349 . [all data]

Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997
Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56, retrieved from http://www.odccp.org/pdf/technicalseries1997-01-011.pdf. [all data]

Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992
Strete, P.J.; Ruprah, M.; Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and identification of volatile substances by headspace capillary gas chromatography to aid the diagnosis of acute poisoning, Analyst, 1992, 117, 7, 1111-1127, https://doi.org/10.1039/an9921701111 . [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Puvipirom and Chaisei, 2012
Puvipirom, J.; Chaisei, S., Contribution of roasted grains and seeds in aroma of oleang (Thai coffee drink), Int. Food Res. J., 2012, 19, 2, 583-588. [all data]

Soria, Sanz, et al., 2008
Soria, A.C.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., SPME followed by GC-MS: a powerful technique for qualitative analysis of honey volatiles, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2008, 1-12. [all data]

Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2007
Cros, S.; Vandanjon, L.; Jaouen, P.; Bourseau, P., Processing of Industrial Mussel Cooking Juices by Reverse Osmotis: Pollution Abatement and Aromas Recovery, 2007, retrieved from title of Internet file: [imstec064]. [all data]

Prososki, Etzel, et al., 2007
Prososki, R.A.; Etzel, M.R.; Rankin, S.A., Solvent type affects the number, distribution, and relative quantities of volatile compounds found in sweet whey powder, J. Dairy Sci., 2007, 90, 2, 523-531, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(07)71535-7 . [all data]

Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 2004
Soria, A.C.; Gonzalez, M.; de Lorenzo, C.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanza, J., Characterization of artisanal honeys from Madrid (Central Spain) on the basis of their melissopalynological, physicochemical and volatile composition data, Food Chem., 2004, 85, 1, 121-130, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.06.012 . [all data]

Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003, 2
Cros, S.; Vandanjon, L.; Jaouen, P.; Bourseau, P., IMSTEC'03 Conference Proceedings, Processing of industrial mussel cooking juices by reverse osmosis: pollution abatement and aromas recovery, Universoty of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, 2003, 6. [all data]

Wei, Mura, et al., 2001
Wei, A.; Mura, K.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidative activity of volatile chemicals extracted from beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 8, 4097-4101, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010325e . [all data]

Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 1999
Iwatsuki, K.; Mizota, Y.; Kubota, T.; Nishimura, O.; Masuda, H.; Sotoyama, K.; Tomita, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis. Evluation of aroma of pasteurized and UHT processed milk by aroma extract dilution analysis, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 1999, 46, 9, 587-597, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk.46.587 . [all data]

Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011
Johanningsmeier, S.D.; McFeeters, R.F., Detection of volatile spoilage metabolites in fermented cucumbers using nontargeted, comprehensive 2-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGCxTOFMS), J. Food Sci., 2011, 76, 1, c168-c177, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01918.x . [all data]

Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 2009
Mebazaa, R.; Mahmoudi, A.; Fouchet, M.; Dos Santos, M.; Kamissoko, F.; Nafti, A.; Ben Cheikh, R.; Rega, B.; Camel, V., Characterization of volatile compounds in Tunisian fenugreek seeds, Food Chem., 2009, 115, 4, 1326-1336, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.01.066 . [all data]

Kaack and Christensen, 2008
Kaack, K.; Christensen, L.P., Effect of packing materials and storage time on volatile compounds in tea processes from flowers of black elder (Sambucus nigra L.), Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2008, 227, 4, 1259-1273, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-008-0844-8 . [all data]

Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 2004
Kim. J.H.; Ahn, H.J.; Yook, H.S.; Kim, K.S.; Rhee, M.S.; Ryu, G.H.; Byun, M.W., Color, flavor, and sensory characteristics of gamma-irradiated salted and fermented anchovy sauce, Radiation Phys. Chem., 2004, 69, 2, 179-187, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0969-806X(03)00400-6 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References