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Trichloromethane

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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1HP-1HP-1HP-1HP-1
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Temperature (C) 0.10.20.30.40.
I 617.2619.628.4625.8621.1
ReferenceWang, Liu, et al., 2005Wang, Liu, et al., 2005Wang, Liu, et al., 2005Wang, Liu, et al., 2005Wang, Liu, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1HP-1C78, Branched paraffinOV-1DB-1
Column length (m) 30.30.3.322.630.
Carrier gas   He He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25 0.530.53
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25 2.785.0
Temperature (C) 50.60.130.70.60.
I 618.2614.8607.9604.606.
ReferenceWang, Liu, et al., 2005Wang, Liu, et al., 2005Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000Annino and Villalobos, 1999Dewulf, Van Langenhove, et al., 1997
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase OV-1C78, Branched paraffinApolaneOV-1OV-1
Column length (m) 30.3.33.73.3.
Carrier gas    HeHe
Substrate  Chromosorb G HP Chromosorb W DMCSChromosorb W DMCS
Column diameter (mm) 0.32    
Phase thickness (mum) 0.96    
Temperature (C) 50.130.130.100.125.
I 604.606.8610.604.608.
ReferenceVillalobos, 1995Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Dutoit, 1991Castello and Gerbino, 1988Castello and Gerbino, 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase OV-1SqualaneSE-30Porapack QApolane
Column length (m) 3.1.22. 2.4
Carrier gas HeN2 N2He
Substrate Chromosorb W DMCSChezasorb AW-HMDSGaschrom Q Chromosorb
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 75.80.100.200.70.
I 602.582.609.568.595.2
ReferenceCastello and Gerbino, 1988Pacáková, Vojtechová, et al., 1988Winskowski, 1983Goebel, 1982Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase Apiezon LDC-200SqualaneApiezon LApiezon L
Column length (m) 2.34.5.5. 
Carrier gas N2    
Substrate DCMS-treated Chromosorb W   Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis)
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.100.100.100.130.
I 616.610.587.622.622.
ReferenceBrown, Chapman, et al., 1968Rohrschneider, 1966Rohrschneider, 1966Rohrschneider, 1966von Kováts, 1958
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type Packed
Active phase Apiezon L
Column length (m)  
Carrier gas  
Substrate Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis)
Column diameter (mm)  
Phase thickness (mum)  
Temperature (C) 70.
I 613.
Referencevon Kováts, 1958
Comment MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Wang, Liu, et al., 2005
Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 2005, 81, 2, 184-190, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2005.02.003 . [all data]

Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000
Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsár, Z.; Kováts, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 904, 2, 211-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00908-0 . [all data]

Annino and Villalobos, 1999
Annino, R.; Villalobos, R., A strategy for the simplification and solution of complex chromatographic analysis problems utilizing two-dimensional mapping of retention indexes followed by computer modeling of heart cuts from serially coupled columns containing different stationary phases, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1999, 22, 10, 589-593. [all data]

Dewulf, Van Langenhove, et al., 1997
Dewulf, J.; Van Langenhove, H.; Everaert, M., Solid-phase microextraction of volatile organic compounds estimation of the sorption equilibrium from the Kováts index, effect of salinity and humic acids and the study of the kinetics by the development of an agitated/static layer model, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 761, 1-2, 205-217, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(96)00810-2 . [all data]

Villalobos, 1995
Villalobos, R., A window diagram for key component analysis in on-line gas chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1995, 18, 6, 343-347, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240180604 . [all data]

Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992
Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 609, 1-2, 229-259, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)80167-S . [all data]

Dutoit, 1991
Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 555, 1-2, 191-204, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87179-X . [all data]

Castello and Gerbino, 1988
Castello, G.; Gerbino, T.C., Effect of Temperature on the Gas Chromatographic Separation of Halogenated Compounds on Polar and Non-Polar Stationary Phases, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 437, 33-45, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)90369-8 . [all data]

Pacáková, Vojtechová, et al., 1988
Pacáková, V.; Vojtechová, H.; Coufal, P., Reaction gas chromatography: study of the photodecomposition of halogenated hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 1988, 25, 7, 621-626, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02327659 . [all data]

Winskowski, 1983
Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 1983, 17, 3, 160-165, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02271041 . [all data]

Goebel, 1982
Goebel, K.-J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und Rechnerhilfe, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 235, 1, 119-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95793-5 . [all data]

Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976
Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarján, G.; Kováts, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 63-83, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84063-2 . [all data]

Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968
Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 1968, 21, 5, 1125-1141, https://doi.org/10.1071/CH9681125 . [all data]

Rohrschneider, 1966
Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflüssigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 1966, 22, 6-22, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97064-5 . [all data]

von Kováts, 1958
von Kováts, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1958, 41, 7, 1915-1932, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19580410703 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, References