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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1HP-1HP-1HP-1HP-1
Column length (m) 50.50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 1.051.051.051.051.05
Temperature (C) 110.20.30.40.50.
I 470.23470.9470.7470.1469.67
ReferenceHéberger, Görgényi, et al., 2002Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 2002Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 2002Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 2002Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1HP-1HP-1HP-1HP-1
Column length (m) 50.50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas    N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 1.051.051.051.051.05
Temperature (C) 60.70.90.110.50.
I 469.5469.28469.41470.470.
ReferenceHéberger, Görgényi, et al., 2002Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 2002Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 2002Héberger and Görgényi, 1999Héberger and Görgényi, 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1HP-1SE-30SE-30SE-30
Column length (m) 50.50.25.25.25.
Carrier gas N2N2HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 1.051.051.1.1.
Temperature (C) 70.90.100.110.80.
I 469.469.481.484.477.
ReferenceHéberger and Görgényi, 1999Héberger and Görgényi, 1999Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 1997Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 1997Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 1997
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30SE-54SE-54SE-54Apiezon L + KF
Column length (m) 25.15.15.15.30.
Carrier gas HeArArAr 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.280.280.280.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1.2.52.52.50.06
Temperature (C) 90.110.130.150.60.
I 478.488.7488.2485.0497.
ReferenceGolovnya, Syomina, et al., 1997Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 1989Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 1989Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 1989Svetlova, Samusenko, et al., 1986
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase SE-30SqualaneSqualanePorapack QSqualane
Column length (m) 2.6.6. 1.
Carrier gas  N2N2N2 
Substrate Gaschrom QChromosorb W-AMChromosorb W-AM  
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.50.50.200.100.
I 475.437.437.450.443.5
ReferenceWinskowski, 1983Becerra, Sánchez, et al., 1982Becerra, Sánchez, et al., 1982Goebel, 1982Gröbler and Bálizs, 1979
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase SE-30Apiezon LApiezon LApiezon LSE-30
Column length (m) 3.7   3.7
Carrier gas      
Substrate Celatom AW silanizedCelite 545Celite 545  
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 150.120.160.70.150.
I 465.441.444.439.459.
ReferenceHaken, Nguyen, et al., 1979Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Haken, Ho, et al., 1975
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase Apiezon LDC-200Apiezon LSE-30Apiezon L
Column length (m) 2.34.5.6.2.25
Carrier gas N2  He 
Substrate DCMS-treated Chromosorb W  Chromosorb PCelite
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.100.100.80.130.
I 443.472.450.475.450.
ReferenceBrown, Chapman, et al., 1968Rohrschneider, 1966Rohrschneider, 1966Viani, Müggler-Chavan, et al., 1965Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPacked
Active phase Apiezon LApiezon L
Column length (m) 2.25 
Carrier gas   
Substrate CeliteCelite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis)
Column diameter (mm)   
Phase thickness (mum)   
Temperature (C) 70.70.
I 447.439.
ReferenceWehrli and Kováts, 1959von Kováts, 1958
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Héberger, Görgényi, et al., 2002
Héberger, K.; Görgényi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kováts indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 973, 1-2, 135-142, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01198-6 . [all data]

Héberger and Görgényi, 1999
Héberger, K.; Görgényi, M., Principal component analysis of Kováts indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1999, 845, 1-2, 21-31, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00323-4 . [all data]

Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 1997
Golovnya, R.V.; Syomina, L.A.; Samusenko, A.L., Temperature changes of sorption parameters of di-n-alkylketones and methylcyclohexanones in capillary gas chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 1997, 46, 2, 314-318, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02494370 . [all data]

Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 1989
Grigor'eva, D.N.; Vasil'ev, A.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Variation in retention indices and equivalent chain lengths of homologous series of n-alkyl acetates, n-alkyl methyl ketones, and methyl esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids as a function of homolog number and analysis temperature, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1989, 44, 1, 68-73. [all data]

Svetlova, Samusenko, et al., 1986
Svetlova, N.I.; Samusenko, A.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Advantage of the universal equation over the linear equation for the calculation of retention parameters of homologous series in capillary chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 12, 737-740, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240091205 . [all data]

Winskowski, 1983
Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 1983, 17, 3, 160-165, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02271041 . [all data]

Becerra, Sánchez, et al., 1982
Becerra, M.R.; Sánchez, E.F.; Domínguez, J.A.G.; Muñoz, J.G.; Molera, M.J., The use of gaseous and liquid n-paraffins in GC identification of oxidation products of acetondimethyl acetal, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1982, 20, 8, 363-366, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/20.8.363 . [all data]

Goebel, 1982
Goebel, K.-J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und Rechnerhilfe, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 235, 1, 119-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95793-5 . [all data]

Gröbler and Bálizs, 1979
Gröbler, A.; Bálizs, G., Investigations on mixed gas chromatographic stationary phases. Part I. Dependence of the retention index on the composition of the stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1979, 17, 11, 631-635, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/17.11.631 . [all data]

Haken, Nguyen, et al., 1979
Haken, J.K.; Nguyen, A.; Wainwright, M.S., Application of linear extrathermodynamic relationships to alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, amd ethoxy alcohols, J. Chromatogr., 1979, 179, 1, 75-85, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)80658-5 . [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Haken, Ho, et al., 1975
Haken, J.K.; Ho, D.K.M.; Vaughan, C.E., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VII. The retention behaviour of pyruvate esters and related carbonyl and carboxyl compounds, J. Chromatogr., 1975, 106, 2, 317-325, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)93839-1 . [all data]

Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968
Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 1968, 21, 5, 1125-1141, https://doi.org/10.1071/CH9681125 . [all data]

Rohrschneider, 1966
Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflüssigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 1966, 22, 6-22, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97064-5 . [all data]

Viani, Müggler-Chavan, et al., 1965
Viani, R.; Müggler-Chavan, F.; Reymond, D.; Egli, R.H., 196. Sur la composition de l'arôme de café, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1965, 48, 195-196, 1809-1815, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19650480743 . [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19590420745 . [all data]

von Kováts, 1958
von Kováts, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1958, 41, 7, 1915-1932, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19580410703 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, References