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Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxHP-InnowaxSOLGel-WaxSOLGel-Wax
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Column diameter (mm)
Phase thickness (mum)
Program not specifiednot specifiednot specified40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)not specified
I 800.818.845.814.814.
ReferenceWelke, Manfroi, et al., 2012Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012Feng, Zhuang, et al., 2011Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxCP-Wax 52 CBHP-InnowaxDB-WaxSupelko CO Wax
Column length (m) 60. 30.60.60.
Carrier gas Helium HeliumHeliumHelium
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50
Program 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)not specified45 0C (1 min) 5 oC/min -> 170 0C 10 0C/min -> 260 0C (1 min)40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 190 0C (11 min) 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (8 min)40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
I 775.821.841.836.816.
ReferenceMiyazaki, Plotto, et al., 2011Povolo, Cabassi, et al., 2011Cajka, Riddellova, et al., 2010Kadar, Juan-Borras, et al., 2010Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 2010
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelko CO WaxSupelcowax 10Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10HP-Innowax
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeHeHelium
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.
Phase thickness (mum)
Program not specified45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
I 813.815.814.819.788.
ReferenceVekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 2010Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2008Berard, Bianchi, et al., 2007Berard, Bianchi, et al., 2007Viegas and Bassoli, 2007
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxSupelcowax-10InnowaxCarbowax 20MCP-Wax 52CB
Column length (m) 60.60.  50.
Carrier gas HeliumHe   
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.32  0.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25  1.2
Program not specified35C(3min) => 5C/min => 110C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)not specifiednot specified40C(10min) => 3C/min => 190C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)
I 823.847.835.810.824.
ReferenceViegas and Bassoli, 2007Kourkoutas, Kandylis, et al., 2006Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004Vinogradov, 2004Muresan, Eillebrecht, et al., 2000
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax 10Supelcowax 10Supelcowax 10Polyethylene GlycolDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.  
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHelium  
Column diameter (mm)  
Phase thickness (mum)  
Program 60 0C (10 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (30 min)not specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 815.820.821.820.816.
ReferenceCastioni and Kapetanidis, 1996Castioni and Kapetanidis, 1996Castioni and Kapetanidis, 1996Zenkevich, Korolenko, et al., 1995Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.Carbowax 20MPolyethylene Glycol
Column length (m)  50.  
Carrier gas  Hydrogen  
Column diameter (mm)  0.32  
Phase thickness (mum)     
Program not specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 810.847.819.810.
ReferenceShibamoto, 1987Waggott and Davies, 1984Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982MacLeod and Pieris, 1981


Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012
Welke, J.E.; Manfroi, V.; Zanus, M.; Lazarotto, M.; Zini, C.A., Characterization of the volatile profile of Brazilian merlot wines through comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2012, 1226, 124-139, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.01.002 . [all data]

Feng, Zhuang, et al., 2011
Feng, T.; Zhuang, H.; Ye, R.; Jin, Z.; Xu, X.; Xie, Z., Analysis of volatile compounds of Mesona Blumes gum/rice extrudates via GC-MS and electronic nose, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 2011, 160, 1, 964-973, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2011.09.013 . [all data]

Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011
Johanningsmeier, S.D.; McFeeters, R.F., Detection of volatile spoilage metabolites in fermented cucumbers using nontargeted, comprehensive 2-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGCxTOFMS), J. Food Sci., 2011, 76, 1, c168-c177, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01918.x . [all data]

Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 2011
Miyazaki, T.; Plotto, A.; Goodner, K.; Gmitter F.G., Distribution of aroma volatile compounds in tangerine hybrids and proposed inheritance, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2011, 91, 3, 449-460, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4205 . [all data]

Povolo, Cabassi, et al., 2011
Povolo, M.; Cabassi, G.; Profaizer, M.; Lanteri, S., Study on the use of evolved gas analysis FT-IR (EGA FT-IR) for the evaluation of cheese volatile fraction, The Open Food Sci. J., 2011, 5, 1, 10-16, https://doi.org/10.2174/1874256401105010010 . [all data]

Cajka, Riddellova, et al., 2010
Cajka, T.; Riddellova, K.; Klimankova, E.; Carna, M.; Pudil, F.; Hajslova, J., Traceability of olive oil based on volatiles pattern and multivariante analysis, Food Chem., 2010, 121, 1, 282-289, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.12.011 . [all data]

Kadar, Juan-Borras, et al., 2010
Kadar, M.; Juan-Borras, M.; Hellebrandova, M.; Domenech, E.; Escriche, I., Volatile fraction composition of Acacia (Robinia pseudoacacia) honey from Romania, Spain, and Check Republic, Bull. USAMV Agriculture, 2010, 67, 2, 259-265. [all data]

Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 2010
Vekiari, S.A.; Orepoulou, V.; Kourkoutas, Y.; Kamoun, N.; Msallem, M.; Psimouli, V.; Arapoglou, D., Characterization and seasonal variations of the quality of virgin olive oil of the Thoumbolia and Koroneiki varieties from Southern Greece, Grasas y Aceites, 2010, 61, 3, 221-231, https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.108709 . [all data]

Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2008
Soria, A.C.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanz, J., Some aspects of dynamic headspace analysis of volatile components in honey, Foog Res. International, 2008, 41, 8, 838-848, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2008.07.010 . [all data]

Berard, Bianchi, et al., 2007
Berard, J.; Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Chatel, A.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Characterization of the volatile fraction and of free fatty acids of Fontina Valle d'Aosta, a protected designation of origin Italian cheese, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 293-300, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.11.041 . [all data]

Viegas and Bassoli, 2007
Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 2007, 30, 8, 2031-2034, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422007000800040 . [all data]

Kourkoutas, Kandylis, et al., 2006
Kourkoutas, Y.; Kandylis, P.; Panas, P.; Dooley, J.S.G.; Nigam, P.; Koutinas, A.A., Evaluation of freeze-dried kefir coculture as starter in feta-type cheese production, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2006, 72, 9, 6124-6135, https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.03078-05 . [all data]

Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004
Junkes, B.S.; Amboni, R.D.M.C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Application of the semi-empirical topological index in quantitative structure-chromatographic retention relationship (QSRR) studies of aliphatic ketones and aldehydes on stationary phases of different polarity, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2004, 15, 2, 183-189, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532004000200005 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Muresan, Eillebrecht, et al., 2000
Muresan, S.; Eillebrecht, M.A.J.L.; de Rijk, T.C.; de Jonge, H.G.; Leguijt, T.; Nijhuis, H.H., Aroma profile development of intermediate chocolate products. I. Volatile constituents of block-milk, Food Chem., 2000, 68, 2, 167-174, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(99)00171-5 . [all data]

Castioni and Kapetanidis, 1996
Castioni, P.; Kapetanidis, I., Volatile constituents from Brunfelsia grandiflora ssp. grandiflora: qualitative analysis by GC-MS, Scientia Pharmaceutica, 1996, 64, 83-91. [all data]

Zenkevich, Korolenko, et al., 1995
Zenkevich, I.G.; Korolenko, L.I.; Khralenkova, N.B., Desorption with solvent vapor as a method of sample preparation in the sorption preconcentration of organic-compounds from the air of a working area and from industrial-waste gases, J. Appl. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1995, 50, 10, 937-944. [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]

Shibamoto, 1987
Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s)., Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274. [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982
Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 240, 2, 423-444, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99622-5 . [all data]

MacLeod and Pieris, 1981
MacLeod, A.J.; Pieris, N.M., Volatile flavor components of beli fruit (Aegle marmelos) and a processed product, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 6, 1262-1264, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00108a040 . [all data]


Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, References