Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

2-Piperidinone

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-2947.2 ± 0.42kJ/molCcbStrepikeev, Skuratov, et al., 1955Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -2948. kJ/mol; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid,1 bar165.0J/mol*KN/AKolesov, Paukov, et al., 1962DH
solid,1 bar164.8J/mol*KN/AKolesov, Paukov, et al., 1959DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
208.3295.00Kolesov, Paukov, et al., 1962T = 60 to 350 K.; DH
144.2300.Kolesov, Paukov, et al., 1962T = 220 to 390 K.; DH
189.8290.Kolesov, Paukov, et al., 1959T = 60 to 350 K.; DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil529.2KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus312.2KN/AStrepikheev, Skuratov, et al., 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple311.85KN/AKolesov, Paukov, et al., 1962, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
75.5302.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 293. - 312. K.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
10.502311.85Kolesov, Paukov, et al., 1962DH
10.493311.85Kolesov, Paukov, et al., 1959DH
10.5311.9Domalski and Hearing, 1990AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
33.7311.85Kolesov, Paukov, et al., 1962DH
33.6311.85Kolesov, Paukov, et al., 1959DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C5H9NO+ (ion structure unspecified)

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.15 ± 0.02PIPotapov, Filyugina, et al., 1968RDSH
9.30PETreschanke and Rademacher, 1985Vertical value; LBLHLM

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

IR spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2011
NIST MS number 385734

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

UVVis spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Source Huisgen, Brade, et al., 1957
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 1124
Instrument n.i.g.
Melting point 39.5
Boiling point 256

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Strepikeev, Skuratov, et al., 1955
Strepikeev, A.A.; Skuratov, S.M.; Kachinskaya, O.N.; Muromova, R.S.; Brikina, E.P.; Shtekhter, S.M., About the tension of cycle in lactames, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1955, 102, 105-108. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Kolesov, Paukov, et al., 1962
Kolesov, V.P.; Paukov, I.E.; Skuratov, S.M., Free energy change in the polymerization of lactams under standard conditions [low temperature heat capacities of lactams and potassium], Zhur. Fiz. Khim., 1962, 36, 770-779. [all data]

Kolesov, Paukov, et al., 1959
Kolesov, V.P.; Paukov, I.E.; Skuratov, S.M.; Seregin, E.A., Standard entropies of certain lactams, Dokl. Akad. Nauk., 1959, SSSR 128, 130-132. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Strepikheev, Skuratov, et al., 1955
Strepikheev, A.A.; Skuratov, S.M.; Kachinskaya, O.N.; Muromova, R.S.; Brykina, E.P.; Shtekher, S.M., Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1955, 102, 105. [all data]

Kolesov, Paukov, et al., 1962, 2
Kolesov, V.P.; Paukov, I.E.; Skuratov, S.M., Free energy change in the polymerizations of lactams under standard conditions chloride), Zh. Fiz. Khim., 1962, 36, 770. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1990
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase Volume II, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1990, 19, 4, 881, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555876 . [all data]

Potapov, Filyugina, et al., 1968
Potapov, V.K.; Filyugina, A.D.; Shigorin, D.N.; Ozerova, G.A., Photoionization of some compounds containing the carbonyl and amino groups, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1968, 180, 398, In original 352. [all data]

Treschanke and Rademacher, 1985
Treschanke, L.; Rademacher, P., Electronic structure and conformational properties of the amide linkage, J. Mol. Struct., 1985, 122, 47. [all data]

Huisgen, Brade, et al., 1957
Huisgen, R.; Brade, H.; Walz, H.; Glogger, I., Die eigenschaften aliphatischer lactame und die cis-trans-isomerie der saureamidgruppe, Chem. Ber., 1957, 90, 1437-1447. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References