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Behenic alcohol

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-14450. ± 10.kJ/molCcbFreeman and Bagby, 1989Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -782. kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections)

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
CAL - James S. Chickos, William E. Acree, Jr., Joel F. Liebman, Students of Chem 202 (Introduction to the Literature of Chemistry), University of Missouri -- St. Louis

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus343.KN/AKuchhal, Shukla, et al., 1979Crystal phase 1 phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.25 K; TRC
Tfus342.4KN/ADavies and Kybett, 1965Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
Tfus343.2KN/AShulman, Formo, et al., 1961Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap135.9 ± 0.8kJ/molCGCNichols, Kweskin, et al., 2006AC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub207. ± 10.kJ/molVDavies and Kybett, 1965ALS
Deltasub239. ± 10.kJ/molN/ADavies and Kybett, 1965AC

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (bar) Reference Comment
453.20.0003Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
115.3351.A,MEStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 344. - 459. K. See also Davies and Kybett, 1965.; AC

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
207. ± 10.330.MEDavies and Kybett, 1965Based on data from 335. - 341. K. See also Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
85.07340.8ACTong, Tan, et al., 2008Based on data from 80. - 400. K.; AC
86.06343.9N/Avan Miltenburg, Oonk, et al., 2001AC
46.57345.2N/AKuchhal, Shukla, et al., 1979AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
50.72333.9Kuchhal, Shukla, et al., 1979, 2CAL
134.9345.2

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
State gas
Instrument HP-GC/MS/IRD

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-6052
NIST MS number 233032

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101200.2470.4Kittiratanapiboon, Jeyashoke, et al., 199815. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB240.2475.Hanai and Hong, 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1240.2476.Hanai and Hong, 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-52456.Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-52501.Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS2501.4Zheng and White, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2979.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS2470.Xu, Han, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 2. min, 15. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-12468.Lazarevic, Palic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS2493.Vedernikov and Roschin, 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 150. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS2470.Xu, Han, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 15. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryElite-5MS2494.Tava, Pecetti, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryUltra-12443.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillarySE-542497.Bestmann, Classen, et al., 1988N2, 60. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 260. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS2467.Grzeszczuk, Wesolowska, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 30 0C/min -> 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-52456.Yusuf and Bewaji, 2011Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-52456.Yusuf and Bewaji, 2011, 2Helium; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-52456.Yusuf and Bewaji, 2011, 2Helium; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS2498.Vedernikov and Roschin, 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySF-962473.Kawasaki, Matsui, et al., 1998Column length: 40. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Program: 75C => 3C/min => 190C(25min) => 3C/min => 210C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS397.16Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5MS401.29Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5400.57Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5367.9Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007Column length: 60. m; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Freeman and Bagby, 1989
Freeman, B.; Bagby, M.O., Heats of combustion of fatty esters and triglycerides, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 1989, 66, 1601-1605. [all data]

Kuchhal, Shukla, et al., 1979
Kuchhal, Y.K.; Shukla, R.N.; Biswas, A.B., Differential thermal analysis of n-long chain alcohols and corresponding alkoxy ethanols, Thermochimica Acta, 1979, 31, 1, 61-70, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(79)80008-8 . [all data]

Davies and Kybett, 1965
Davies, M.; Kybett, B., Sublimation and vaporization heats of long-chain alcohols, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1965, 61, 1608. [all data]

Shulman, Formo, et al., 1961
Shulman, S.; Formo, M.W.; Rheineck, A.E., Aliphatic Urethanes. Effect of Chain Length on Some Physical Properties, J. Am. Oil Chem. SOc., 1961, 38, 205-8. [all data]

Nichols, Kweskin, et al., 2006
Nichols, Gary; Kweskin, Sasha; Frericks, Margaret; Reiter, Sarah; Wang, Gin; Orf, Jennifer; Carvallo, Brett; Hillesheim, Dorothea; Chickos, James, Evaluation of the Vaporization, Fusion, and Sublimation Enthalpies of the 1-Alkanols: The Vaporization Enthalpy of 1-, 6-, 7-, and 9-Heptadecanol, 1-Octadecanol, 1-Eicosanol, 1-Docosanol, 1-Hexacosanol, and Cholesterol at T = 298.15 K by Correlation Gas Chromatography, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2006, 51, 2, 475-482, https://doi.org/10.1021/je0503857 . [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Tong, Tan, et al., 2008
Tong, Bo; Tan, Zhi-Cheng; Wang, Shao-Xu, Thermodynamic Properties of 1-Docosanol, Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2008, 24, 9, 1699-1702, https://doi.org/10.3866/PKU.WHXB20080930 . [all data]

van Miltenburg, Oonk, et al., 2001
van Miltenburg, J. Cees; Oonk, Harry A.J.; Ventola, Lourdes, Heat Capacities and Derived Thermodynamic Functions of 1-Octadecanol, 1-Nonadecanol, 1-Eicosanol, and 1-Docosanol between 10 K and 370 K, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2001, 46, 1, 90-97, https://doi.org/10.1021/je000048s . [all data]

Kuchhal, Shukla, et al., 1979, 2
Kuchhal, Y.K.; Shukla, R.N.; Biswas, A.B., Differential thermal analysis of n-long chain alcohols and corresponding alkoxy ethanols, Thermochim. Acta, 1979, 31, 1, 61, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(79)80008-8 . [all data]

Kittiratanapiboon, Jeyashoke, et al., 1998
Kittiratanapiboon, K.; Jeyashoke, N.; Krisnangkura, K., The relationship of Kováts retention indices and equivalent chain lengths of fatty acid methyl esters on a methyl silicone capillary column, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1998, 36, 7, 361-364, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/36.7.361 . [all data]

Hanai and Hong, 1989
Hanai, T.; Hong, C., Structure-retention correlation in CGC, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1989, 12, 5, 327-332, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240120517 . [all data]

Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 2000
Lazari, D.M.; Skaltsa, H.D.; Constantinidis, T., Volatile constituents of Centaurea pelia DC., C. thessala Hausskn. subsp. drakiensis (Freyn Sint.) Georg. and C. zuccariniana DC. from Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 1, 7-11, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<7::AID-FFJ860>3.0.CO;2-3 . [all data]

Rostad and Pereira, 1986
Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 6, 328-334, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090603 . [all data]

Zheng and White, 2008
Zheng, Y.; White, E., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2008. [all data]

Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 1994
Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Imayoshi, K.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Off-flavor compounds in spray-dried skim milk powder, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 6, 1323-1327, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00042a014 . [all data]

Xu, Han, et al., 2012
Xu, L.-L.; Han, T.; Wu, J.-Z.; Zhang, Q.-Y.; Zhang, H.; Huang, B.-K.; Rahman, K., Comparative research of chemical constituents, antifungal and antitumor properties of ether extracts of Panax ginseng and its endophytic fungus, 2012, retrieved from http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Comparative .... [all data]

Lazarevic, Palic, et al., 2010
Lazarevic, J.S.; Palic, R.V.M.; Radulovic, N.S.; Ristic, N.R.; Stojanovic, G.S., Chemical composition and screening of the antimicrobial and antioxidative acrivity of extracts of Stachys species, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 2010, 75, 10, 1347-1359, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC100601117L . [all data]

Vedernikov and Roschin, 2010
Vedernikov, D.N.; Roschin, V.I., Extractive compounds of Birch Buds (Betula pendula Roth.): I. Composition of fatty acids, hydrocarbons , and esters, Rus. J. Bioorg. Chem., 2010, 36, 7, 894-898, https://doi.org/10.1134/S1068162010070174 . [all data]

Xu, Han, et al., 2009
Xu, L.-L.; Han, T.; Wu, J.-Z.; Zhang, Q.-Y.; Zhang, H.; Huang, B.-K.; Rahman, K., Comparative research of chemical constituents, antifungal and antitumor properties of ether extracts of Panax ginseng and its endophytic fungus, Phytomedicine: Int. J. Phytotherapy Phytopharmacology, 2009, 16, 6-7, 609-616, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2009.03.014 . [all data]

Tava, Pecetti, et al., 2007
Tava, A.; Pecetti, L.; Ricci, M.; Pagnotta, M.A.; Russi, L., Volatile compounds from leaves and flowers of Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) Stirt. (Fabaceae) from Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 5, 363-370, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1806 . [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Bestmann, Classen, et al., 1988
Bestmann, H.-J.; Classen, B.; Kobold, U.; Vostrowsky, O.; Klingauf, F.; Stein, U., Steam volatile constituents from leaves of Rhus typhina, Phytochemistry, 1988, 27, 1, 85-90, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(88)80595-8 . [all data]

Grzeszczuk, Wesolowska, et al., 2011
Grzeszczuk, M.; Wesolowska, A.; Jadczak, D.; Jakubowska, B., Nutritional value of Chili edible flowers, Acta Sci. Pol. Hortorum Cultus, 2011, 10, 2, 85-94. [all data]

Yusuf and Bewaji, 2011
Yusuf, O.K.; Bewaji, C.O., Evaluation of essential oils composition of methanolic Allium sativum extract on Trypanosoma brucei infected rats, Res. Pharmaceutical Biotechnol., 2011, 3, 2, 17-21. [all data]

Yusuf and Bewaji, 2011, 2
Yusuf, O.K.; Bewaji, C.O., GC-MS of volatile components of fermented wheat germ extract, J. Cereals Oilseeds, 2011, 2, 3, 38-42. [all data]

Kawasaki, Matsui, et al., 1998
Kawasaki, W.; Matsui, K.; Akakabe, Y.; Itai, N.; Kajiwara, T., Long-chain aldehyde-forming activity in tobacco leaves, Phytochemistry, 1998, 49, 6, 1565-1568, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(98)00236-2 . [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]

Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007
Fuentes, M.J.; Font, R.; Gomez-Rico, M.F.; Martin-Gullon, I., Pyrolysis and combustion of waste lubricant oil from diesel cars: Decomposition and pollutants, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 2007, 79, 1-2, 215-226, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2006.12.004 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References