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Acetic acid

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Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxCarbowax 20MDB-WaxDB-WaxSOLGel-Wax
Column length (m) 60. 30.30.30.
Carrier gas Helium HeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20 0.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.250.250.25
Program 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0Cnot specifiednot specifiednot specified40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
I 1448.1458.1451.1457.1446.
ReferenceGyawali and Kim, 2012Lee, Chong, et al., 2012Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SOLGel-WaxSOLGel-WaxCP-Wax 52 CBDB-WaxHP-Innowax
Column length (m) 30.30. 30.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHelium HydrogenHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25 0.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25 0.250.25
Program 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)not specifiednot specified35 0C (9 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 1 0C/min -> 100 0C 16 0C/min -> 210 0C (20 min)40 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 220 0C (5 min)
I 1449.1450.1462.1445.1473.
ReferenceJohanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011Povolo, Cabassi, et al., 2011Sampaio, Garruti, et al., 2011Xiao, Dai, et al., 2011
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxDB-WaxDB-WaxPolyethylene glycol (Free Fatty Acid Phase)Polyethylene glycol (Free Fatty Acid Phase)
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHydrogen   
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.500.50  
Program 45 0C (1 min) 5 oC/min -> 170 0C 10 0C/min -> 260 0C (1 min)40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (40 min)not specifiednot specified
I 1492.1452.1452.1447.1449.
ReferenceCajka, Riddellova, et al., 2010San-Juan, Petka, et al., 2010Ferreira, Juan, et al., 2009Harraca, Syed, et al., 2009Harraca, Syed, et al., 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Polyethylene glycol (Free Fatty Acid Phase)DB-FFAPDB-FFAPDB-WaxFFAP
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30. 
Carrier gas  HeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.25 
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.250.25 
Program not specified50 0C 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 250 0Cnot specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 1457.1456.1454.1445.1462.
ReferenceHarraca, Syed, et al., 2009Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 2009Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 2009Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SOLGel-WaxSOLGel-WaxSupelcowax 10DB-WaxPEG 20M
Column length (m) 30.30.50.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.530.530.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.500.500.250.250.25
Program 40 0C 7 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)not specified45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)50 0C 20 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C40 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 230 0C
I 1448.1443.1498.1445.1450.
ReferenceShu and Shen, 2008Shu and Shen, 2008Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2008Tao, Wenlai, et al., 2008Zhang, Zhang, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10DB-FFAPDB-FFAPCarbowax 20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30. 30.
Carrier gas He   Hydrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.32 0.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.25 0.25
Program 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C(10min)40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C(10min)not specified44 0C 3 0C/min -> 170 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C
I 1480.1449.1451.1410.1440.
ReferenceBerard, Bianchi, et al., 2007Buettner, 2007Buettner, 2007Dury-Brun, Fournier, et al., 2007Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-FFAPDB-FFAPBP-20BP-20
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HydrogenHe HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program not specified40C(1min) => 7C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)35C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C(10min)50C(1min) => 2.5C/min => 100C => 2C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 220C50C(1min) => 2.5C/min => 100C => 2C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 220C
I 1450.1443.1428.1457.1457.
ReferenceGonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 2007Greger and Schieberle, 2007Lasekan, Buettner, et al., 2007Pontes, Marques, et al., 2007Pontes, Marques, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxHP-InnowaxHP-InnowaxHP-Innowax
Column length (m) 30.30.60.60.30.
Carrier gas HydrogenHeHeliumHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.500.250.250.250.5
Program 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 220 0C 3 0C/min -> 245 0C (20 min)50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 150 0C 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min)40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)not specified30C(2min) => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
I 1409.1441.1454.1459.1476.
ReferenceSelli, 2007Tian, Zhang, et al., 2007Viegas and Bassoli, 2007Viegas and Bassoli, 2007Weldegergis B.T., Tredoux A.G.J., et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PEG-20MDB-WaxSupelcowax-10DB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.60.60.30.30.
Carrier gas  HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.20.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 40C(3min) => 5C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)40C(3min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 220C(20min) => 5C/min => 230C35C(3min) => 5C/min => 110C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)45C(5min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)45C(5min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)
I 1450.1432.1452.1418.1401.
ReferenceZhang C., Zhang H., et al., 2007Gyawalia, Seo, et al., 2006Kourkoutas, Bosnea, et al., 2006Krings, Zelena, et al., 2006Krings, Zelena, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MDB-WaxDB-FFAP
Column length (m) 60.  60.30.
Carrier gas Nitrogen  HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25  0.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25  0.250.25
Program 50 0C (4 min) -> 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0Cnot specifiednot specified35C(5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C (5min)40C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C(10min)
I 1425.1436.1451.1453.1449.
ReferenceQuijano and Pino, 2006Editorial paper, 2005Editorial paper, 2005Mattheis, Fan, et al., 2005Buettner and Welle, 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-FFAPDB-FFAPDB-FFAPDB-FFAPDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30. 
Carrier gas HeHeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.32 
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.25 
Program 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C(10min)40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C (10min)40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C (10min)40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C (10min)not specified
I 1449.1449.1449.1449.1461.
ReferenceBuettner and Welle, 2004Buettner, 2004Buettner, 2004Buettner, 2004Escudero, Gogorza, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxBP-21PEG-20MDB-FFAPCP-Wax 52CB
Column length (m) 60.50.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHe H2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.220.250.30.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C50C => 2.5C/min => 180C(2min) => 1C/min => 200C(10min)50C(8min) => 4C/min => 110C => 16C/min => 200C35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 220C50C(5min) => 7C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C(10min)
I 1447.1435.1447.1434.1446.
ReferenceKim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 2004Salinas, Zalacain, et al., 2004Garruti, Franco, et al., 2003Triqui and Bouchriti, 2003Escalona, Birkmyre, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase TRWAXFFAPCP-Wax 52CBNukolDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.30.30.25.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeN2 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.25 0.25
Program not specified35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)50C(5min) => 7C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C(10min)45C(5min) => 20C/min => 100C(1min) => 3C/min => 190C(40min)50C(4min) => 4C/min => 130C => 1C/min => 190C => 4C/min => 220C(20min)
I 1476.1450.1447.1468.1430.
ReferenceTorrens, 2002Buettner and Schieberle, 2001Escalona, Birkmyre, et al., 2001López and Dufour, 2001Mayorga, Knapp, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxInnowaxCarbowax 20MFFAPCP-Wax 52CB
Column length (m) 30.60.50.50.50.
Carrier gas  HeN2  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.20.20.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.20.331.2
Program 50C(4min) => 4C/min => 130C => 1C/min => 190C => 4C/min => 220C(20min)60C(10min) => 4C/min => 200C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C60C => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 220C60C(1min) => 2.5C/min => 115C => 1C/min => 210C(30min)40C(10min) => 3C/min => 190C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)
I 1439.1475.1425.1408.1457.
ReferenceMayorga, Knapp, et al., 2001Özcan, Akgül, et al., 2001Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 2001Tucker, Maciarello, et al., 2001Muresan, Eillebrecht, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase FFAPPEGFFAPDB-FFAPFFAP
Column length (m) 25.40.25.30.30.
Carrier gas  HydrogenHe He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.1820.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.30.300.250.250.25
Program 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C(1min) => 6C/min => 230C35 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 100 0C 3 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 20 0C/min -> 240 0C (2 min)35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 230C35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C
I 1453.1463.1431.1435.1439.
ReferenceReiners and Grosch, 1998Vas, Gal, et al., 1998Zehentbauer and Grosch, 1998Guth, 1997Schermann and Schieberle, 1997
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Polyethylene GlycolFFAPFFAPFFAPFFAP
Column length (m)   30.30. 
Carrier gas   HeHelium 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)   0.320.32 
Phase thickness (mum)    0.25 
Program not specifiednot specified35C => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 4C/min => 240C35 0C (2 min) 40 0C/min -> 50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min)not specified
I 1428.1435.1446.1455.1435.
ReferenceZenkevich, Korolenko, et al., 1995Guth and Grosch, 1994Schieberle and Grosch, 1994Blank and Schieberle, 1993Guth and Grosch, 1993
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.60.60.  
Carrier gas HeHeHe  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.25  
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.25  
Program not specified35C (5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C(5min)35C (5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C(5min)not specifiednot specified
I 1409.1454.1454.1430.1430.
ReferenceHatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992Mattheis, Buchanan, et al., 1992Mattheis, Buchanan, et al., 1992Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type Capillary
Active phase DB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.
Carrier gas  
Substrate  
Column diameter (mm) 0.32
Phase thickness (mum)  
Program not specified
I 1450.
ReferenceBinder, Flath, et al., 1989
Comment MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Gyawali and Kim, 2012
Gyawali, R.; Kim, K.-S., Bioactive volatile compounds of three medicinal plants from Nepal, Kathmandu Univ. J. Sci., Engineering and Technol., 2012, 8, 1, 51-62. [all data]

Lee, Chong, et al., 2012
Lee, P.-R.; Chong, I.S.-M.; Yu, B.; Curran, P.; Liu, S.-Q., Effect of precursors on volatile compounds in Papaya wine fermented by mixed yeasts, Uncorrected proof, 2012, 000-000. [all data]

Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012
Welke, J.E.; Manfroi, V.; Zanus, M.; Lazarotto, M.; Zini, C.A., Characterization of the volatile profile of Brazilian merlot wines through comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2012, 1226, 124-139, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.01.002 . [all data]

Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011
Johanningsmeier, S.D.; McFeeters, R.F., Detection of volatile spoilage metabolites in fermented cucumbers using nontargeted, comprehensive 2-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGCxTOFMS), J. Food Sci., 2011, 76, 1, c168-c177, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01918.x . [all data]

Povolo, Cabassi, et al., 2011
Povolo, M.; Cabassi, G.; Profaizer, M.; Lanteri, S., Study on the use of evolved gas analysis FT-IR (EGA FT-IR) for the evaluation of cheese volatile fraction, The Open Food Sci. J., 2011, 5, 1, 10-16, https://doi.org/10.2174/1874256401105010010 . [all data]

Sampaio, Garruti, et al., 2011
Sampaio, K.S.; Garruti, D.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Janzantti, N.S.; Da Silva, M.A.AP., Aroma volatiles recovered in the water phase of cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale L.) juice during concentration, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2011, 91, 10, 1801-1809, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4385 . [all data]

Xiao, Dai, et al., 2011
Xiao, Z.; Dai, S.; Niu, Y.; Yu, H.; Zhu, J.; Tian, H.; Gu, Y., Discrimination of Chinese vinegars based on headspace solid-phase microextraction - gas chromatography mass spectrometry of volatile compounds and multivariate analysis, J. Food Sci., 2011, 76, 8, c1125-c1135, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02356.x . [all data]

Cajka, Riddellova, et al., 2010
Cajka, T.; Riddellova, K.; Klimankova, E.; Carna, M.; Pudil, F.; Hajslova, J., Traceability of olive oil based on volatiles pattern and multivariante analysis, Food Chem., 2010, 121, 1, 282-289, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.12.011 . [all data]

San-Juan, Petka, et al., 2010
San-Juan, F.; Petka, J.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V.; Escudero, A., Producing headspace extracts for the gas chromatography - olphactometric evaluation of wine aroma, Food Chemistry, 2010, 123, 1, 188-195, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.03.129 . [all data]

Ferreira, Juan, et al., 2009
Ferreira, V.; Juan, F.S.; Escudero, A.; Cullere, L.; Fernandez-Zurbano, P.; Saenz-Navajas, M.P.; Cacho, J., Modeling quality of premium Spanish red wines from gas chromatography-olfactometry data, J. Agr. Food. Chem., 2009, 57, 16, 7490-7498, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9006483 . [all data]

Harraca, Syed, et al., 2009
Harraca, V.; Syed, Z.; Guerin, P.M., Olfactory and behavioural responces of tsetse flies, Glossina spp., to rumen metabolites, J. Comp. Physiol. A, 2009, 195, 9, 815-824, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00359-009-0459-y . [all data]

Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 2009
Mebazaa, R.; Mahmoudi, A.; Fouchet, M.; Dos Santos, M.; Kamissoko, F.; Nafti, A.; Ben Cheikh, R.; Rega, B.; Camel, V., Characterization of volatile compounds in Tunisian fenugreek seeds, Food Chem., 2009, 115, 4, 1326-1336, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.01.066 . [all data]

Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009
Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 2009, 74, 2, c90-c99, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.01029.x . [all data]

Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 2008
Frauendorfer, F.; Schieberle, P., Changes in key aroma compounds of criollo cocoa beans during roasting, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2008, 56, 21, 10244-10251, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf802098f . [all data]

Shu and Shen, 2008
Shu, N.; Shen, H., Aroma-impact compounds in Lysimachia foenum-graecum extracts, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 1, 1-6, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1908 . [all data]

Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2008
Soria, A.C.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanz, J., Some aspects of dynamic headspace analysis of volatile components in honey, Foog Res. International, 2008, 41, 8, 838-848, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2008.07.010 . [all data]

Tao, Wenlai, et al., 2008
Tao, L.; Wenlai, F.; Yan, X., Characterization of volatile and semi-volatile compounds in Chinese rica wines by headspace solid phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry, J. Inst. Brew., 2008, 114, 2, 172-179, https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2050-0416.2008.tb00323.x . [all data]

Zhang, Zhang, et al., 2008
Zhang, C.; Zhang, H.; Wang, L.; Guo, X., Effect of carrot (Daucus carota) antifreeze proteins on texture preperties of frozen dough and volatile compounds of crumb, Food. Sci. Technol. (Lebesmittel-Wissenschaft und Technologie), 2008, 41, 6, 1029-1036, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2007.07.010 . [all data]

Berard, Bianchi, et al., 2007
Berard, J.; Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Chatel, A.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Characterization of the volatile fraction and of free fatty acids of Fontina Valle d'Aosta, a protected designation of origin Italian cheese, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 293-300, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.11.041 . [all data]

Buettner, 2007
Buettner, A., A selective and sensitive approach to characterize odour-active and volatile constituents in small-scale human milk samples, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 6, 465-473, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1822 . [all data]

Dury-Brun, Fournier, et al., 2007
Dury-Brun, C.; Fournier, N.; Pernin, K.; Guichard, E.; Voilley, A., A new approach to studying sponge cake aroma after storage in treated paper and plastic packaging by direct gas chromatography?olfactometry (D-GC-O), Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 255-264, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1788 . [all data]

Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 2007
Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of ecological post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition Analysis, 2007, 20, 3-4, 297-307, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2006.12.004 . [all data]

Greger and Schieberle, 2007
Greger, V.; Schieberle, P., Characterization of the Key Aroma Compounds in Apricots (Prunus armeniaca) by Application of the Molecular Sensory Science Concept, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 13, 5221-5228, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0705015 . [all data]

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Notes

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