Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δfliquid-276. ± 2.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δcliquid-1367.6 ± 0.3kJ/molCcbChao and Rossini, 1965see Rossini, 1934; Corresponding Δfliquid = -276.9 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Δcliquid-1367.0 ± 0.42kJ/molCcbGreen, 1960Corresponding Δfliquid = -277.6 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Δcliquid-1370.9kJ/molCcbParks, 1925Corresponding Δfliquid = -273.6 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Δcliquid-1368.34kJ/molCcbRichards and Davis, 1920At 291 K; Corresponding Δfliquid = -276.17 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Δcliquid-1368.6kJ/molCcbEmery and Benedict, 1911Corresponding Δfliquid = -275.9 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid159.86J/mol*KN/AHaida, Suga, et al., 1977DH
liquid161.21J/mol*KN/AGreen J.H.S., 1961DH
liquid160.7J/mol*KN/AKelley, 1929DH
liquid177.0J/mol*KN/AParks, 1925Extrapolation below 90 K, 55.19 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
112.4298.15Petrov, Peshekhodov, et al., 1989T = 258.15, 278.15, 298.15, 318.15 K.; DH
111.53298.15Andreoli-Ball, Patterson, et al., 1988DH
112.36298.15Ogawa and Murakami, 1986DH
112.68298.15Tanaka, Toyama, et al., 1986DH
110.51298.15Ogawa and Murakami, 1985DH
115.9298.15Stephens and Olson, 1984T = 266 to 318 K. Cp given as 0.6011 cal/g*K.; DH
112.67298.15Zegers and Somsen, 1984DH
108.07288.15Benson and D'Arcy, 1982DH
113.75298.15Villamanan, Casanova, et al., 1982DH
112.15298.15Brown and Ziegler, 1979T = 159 to 306 K. Results as equation only.; DH
112.30298.15Vesely, Zabransky, et al., 1979DH
112.5298.15Haida, Suga, et al., 1977T = 14 to 300 K. Also glass, supercooled liquid, metastable crystal.; DH
112.30298.15Vesely, Svoboda, et al., 1977T = 298 to 318 K.; DH
112.33298.15Fortier, Benson, et al., 1976DH
112.094298.15Fortier and Benson, 1976DH
111.81298.15Pedersen, Kay, et al., 1975T = 298 to 348 K. Cp(liq) = 98.39 + 0.5368(T/K-273.25) J/mol*K (298 to 348 K).; DH
118.4313.2Paz Andrade, Paz, et al., 1970DH
97.53250.Nikolaev, Rabinovich, et al., 1967T = 80 to 250 K.; DH
112.056297.359Hwa and Ziegler, 1966T = 165 to 304 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
112.26298.Rabinovich and Nikolaev, 1962T = 15 to 55°C.; DH
111.96298.15Green J.H.S., 1961T = 16 to 350 K.; DH
118.8316.Swietoslawski and Zielenkiewicz, 1960Mean value 21 to 66°C.; DH
114.7297.8Mazur, 1940T = 174 to 298 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum. Cp(liq) = 0.5437 + 0.001858t + 0.0000098t2 cal/g*K. Cp(298.15 K) = 114.9 J/mol*K, calculated from equation.; DH
111.7298.Bykov, 1939DH
103.3298.Ernst, Watkins, et al., 1936DH
118.72313.15Fiock, Ginnings, et al., 1931T = 40 to 110°C.; DH
109.87294.31Kelley, 1929T = 16 to 298 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
106.3270.Mitsukuri and Hara, 1929T = 190 to 270 K.; DH
160.7298.1Parks, Kelley, et al., 1929Extrapolation below 90 K, 38.9 J/mol*K. Revision of previous data.; DH
113.4298.0Parks, 1925T = 87 to 298 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
115.1303.Willams and Daniels, 1924T = 303 to 333 K. Equation only.; DH
102.4271.4Gibson, Parks, et al., 1920T = 85 to 271.4 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum. Data also given for the glassy state from 85.9 to 96.3 K.; DH
112.1298.von Reis, 1881T = 288 to 346 K.; DH


Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Chao and Rossini, 1965
Chao, J.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion, formation, and isomerization of nineteen alkanols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1965, 10, 374-379. [all data]

Rossini, 1934
Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion and of formation of the normal aliphatic alcohols in the gaseous and liquid states, and the energies of their atomic linkages, J. Res. NBS, 1934, 13, 189-197. [all data]

Green, 1960
Green, J.H.S., Revision of the values of the heats of formation of normal alcohols, Chem. Ind. (London), 1960, 1215-1216. [all data]

Parks, 1925
Parks, G.S., Thermal data on organic compounds I. The heat capacities and free energies of methyl, ethyl and normal-butyl alcohols, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1925, 47, 338-345. [all data]

Richards and Davis, 1920
Richards, T.W.; Davis, H.S., The heats of combustion of benzene, toluene, aliphatic alcohols, cyclohexanol, and other carbon compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1920, 42, 1599-1617. [all data]

Emery and Benedict, 1911
Emery, A.G.; Benedict, F.G., The heat of combustion of compounds of physiological importance, Am. J. Physiol., 1911, 28, 301-307. [all data]

Haida, Suga, et al., 1977
Haida, O.; Suga, H.; Seki, S., Calorimetric study of the glassy state. XII. Plural glass-transition phenomena of ethanol, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1977, 9, 1133-1148. [all data]

Green J.H.S., 1961
Green J.H.S., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part 5. Ethyl alcohol, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1961, 57, 2132-2137. [all data]

Kelley, 1929
Kelley, K.K., The heat capacities of ethyl and hexyl alcohols from 16°K to 298°K and the corresponding entropies and free energies, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1929, 51, 779-786. [all data]

Petrov, Peshekhodov, et al., 1989
Petrov, A.N.; Peshekhodov, P.B.; Al'per, G.A., Heat capacity of non-aqueous solutions of non-electrolyts with N,N-dimethylformamide as a base, Sbornik Nauch. Trud., Termodin. Rast. neelect., Ivanovo, Inst. nevod. rast., 1989, Akad. [all data]

Andreoli-Ball, Patterson, et al., 1988
Andreoli-Ball, L.; Patterson, D.; Costas, M.; Caceres-Alonso, M., Heat capacity and corresponding states in alkan-1-ol-n-alkane systems, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 1, 1988, 84(11), 3991-4012. [all data]

Ogawa and Murakami, 1986
Ogawa, H.; Murakami, S., Excess isobaric heat capacities for water + alkanol mixtures at 298.15 K, Thermochim. Acta, 1986, 109, 145-154. [all data]

Tanaka, Toyama, et al., 1986
Tanaka, R.; Toyama, S.; Murakami, S., Heat capacities of {xCnH2n+1OH+(1-x)C7H16} for n = 1 to 6 at 298.15 K, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1986, 18, 63-73. [all data]

Ogawa and Murakami, 1985
Ogawa, H.; Murakami, S., Flow microcalorimeter for heat capacities of solutions, Thermochim. Acta, 1985, 88, 255-260. [all data]

Stephens and Olson, 1984
Stephens, M.; Olson, J.D., Measurement of excess heat capacities by differential scanning calorimetry, Thermochim. Acta, 1984, 76, 79-85. [all data]

Zegers and Somsen, 1984
Zegers, H.C.; Somsen, G., Partial molar volumes and heat capacities in (dimethylformamide + an n-alkanol), J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1984, 16, 225-235. [all data]

Benson and D'Arcy, 1982
Benson, G.C.; D'Arcy, P.J., Excess isobaric heat capacities of water - n-alcohol mixtures, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1982, 27, 439-442. [all data]

Villamanan, Casanova, et al., 1982
Villamanan, M.A.; Casanova, C.; Roux-Desgranges, G.; Grolier, J.-P.E., Thermochemical behavior of mixtures of n-alcohol + aliphatic ether: heat capacities and volumes at 298.15 K, Thermochim. Acta, 1982, 52, 279-283. [all data]

Brown and Ziegler, 1979
Brown, G.N., Jr.; Ziegler, W.T., Temperature dependence of excess thermodynamic properties of ethanol + n-heptane and 2-propanol + n-heptane solutions, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1979, 24, 319-330. [all data]

Vesely, Zabransky, et al., 1979
Vesely, F.; Zabransky, M.; Svoboda, V.; Pick, J., The use of mixing calorimeter for measuring heat capacities of liquids, Coll. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1979, 44, 3529-3532. [all data]

Vesely, Svoboda, et al., 1977
Vesely, F.; Svoboda, V.; Pick, J., Heat capacities of some organic liquids determined with the mixing calorimeter, 1st Czech. Conf. Calorimetry (Lect. Short Commun.), 1977, C9-1-C9-4. [all data]

Fortier, Benson, et al., 1976
Fortier, J.-L.; Benson, G.C.; Picker, P., Heat capacities of some organic liquids determined with the Picker flow calorimeter, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1976, 8, 289-299. [all data]

Fortier and Benson, 1976
Fortier, J.-L.; Benson, G.C., Excess heat capacities of binary liquid mixtures determined with a Picker flow calorimeter, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1976, 8, 411-423. [all data]

Pedersen, Kay, et al., 1975
Pedersen, M.J.; Kay, W.B.; Hershey, H.C., Excess enthalpies, heat capacities, and excess heat capacities as a function of temperature in liquid mixtures of ethanol + toluene, ethanol + hexamethyldisiloxane, and hexamethyldisiloxane + toluene, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1975, 7, 1107-1118. [all data]

Paz Andrade, Paz, et al., 1970
Paz Andrade, M.I.; Paz, J.M.; Recacho, E., Contribucion a la microcalorimetria de los calores especificos de solidos y liquidos, An. Quim., 1970, 66, 961-967. [all data]

Nikolaev, Rabinovich, et al., 1967
Nikolaev, P.N.; Rabinovich, I.B.; Lebedev, B.V., Specific heat of H- and D-ethyl alcohol in the interval 80-250K, Zhur. Fiz. Khim., 1967, 41, 1294-1299. [all data]

Hwa and Ziegler, 1966
Hwa, S.C.P.; Ziegler, W.T., Temperature dependence of excess thermodynamic properties of ethanol-methylcyclohexane and ethanol-toluene systems, J. Phys. Chem., 1966, 70(8), 2572-2593. [all data]

Rabinovich and Nikolaev, 1962
Rabinovich, I.B.; Nikolaev, P.N., Isotopic effect in the specific heat of some deutero compounds, Dokl. Akad. Nauk, 1962, SSSR 142, 1335-1338. [all data]

Swietoslawski and Zielenkiewicz, 1960
Swietoslawski, W.; Zielenkiewicz, A., Mean specific heat in homologous series of binary and ternary positive azeotropes, Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci. Ser. Sci. Chim., 1960, 8, 651-653. [all data]

Mazur, 1940
Mazur, V.J., On the specific heat of ethyl alcohol, Acta Phys. Polon., 1940, 8, 6-11. [all data]

Bykov, 1939
Bykov, V.T., Heat of mixing of liquids, Zhur. Fiz. Khim., 1939, 13, 1013-1019. [all data]

Ernst, Watkins, et al., 1936
Ernst, R.C.; Watkins, C.H.; Ruwe, H.H., The physical properties of the ternary system ethyl alcohol-glycerin-water, J. Phys. Chem., 1936, 40, 627-635. [all data]

Fiock, Ginnings, et al., 1931
Fiock, E.F.; Ginnings, D.C.; Holton, W.B., Calorimetric determinations of thermal properties of methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol, and benzene, J. Res., 1931, NBS 6, 881-900. [all data]

Mitsukuri and Hara, 1929
Mitsukuri, S.; Hara, K., Specific heats of acetone, methyl-, ethyl-, and n-propyl-alcohols at low temperatures, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 1929, 4, 77-81. [all data]

Parks, Kelley, et al., 1929
Parks, G.S.; Kelley, K.K.; Huffman, H.M., Thermal data on organic compounds. V. A revision of the entropies and free energies of nineteen organic compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1929, 51, 1969-1973. [all data]

Willams and Daniels, 1924
Willams, J.W.; Daniels, F., The specific heats of certain organic liquids at elevated temperatures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1924, 46, 903-917. [all data]

Gibson, Parks, et al., 1920
Gibson, G.E.; Parks, G.S.; Latimer, W.M., Entropy changes at low temperatures. II. Ethyl and propyl alcohols and their equal molal mixture, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1920, 42, 1542-1550. [all data]

von Reis, 1881
von Reis, M.A., Die specifische Wärme flüssiger organischer Verbindungen und ihre Beziehung zu deren Moleculargewicht, Ann. Physik [3], 1881, 13, 447-464. [all data]


Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, References