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Ethanol

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Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5 MSDB-5HP-1Methyl SiliconeVB-5
Column length (m) 30.60.50. 60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHe He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.2 0.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.000.33 1.
Program not specified40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)40C(2min) => 2C/min => 200C => 15C/min => 250C (30min)not specified35C(1min) => 4C/min => 175C => 10C/min => 260C
I 448.489.472.493.472.
ReferenceKotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 2012Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 2011Barra, Baldovini, et al., 2007Chen and Feng, 2007Karlshøj, Nielsen, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Methyl SiliconeMethyl SiliconeHP-5Methyl SiliconeSE-30
Column length (m)  60.60.  
Carrier gas  Helium   
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.320.32  
Phase thickness (mum)  1.01.  
Program not specified-50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)not specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 493.462.482.439.440.
ReferenceKou, Zhang, et al., 2006Blunden, Aneja, et al., 2005Thierry, Maillard, et al., 2005Fu and Wang, 2004Vinogradov, 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Methyl SiliconeMethyl SiliconeSPB-1Polydimethyl siloxanesMethyl Silicone
Column length (m)   60.  
Carrier gas   He  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)   0.53  
Phase thickness (mum)   5.  
Program not specifiednot specified40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200Cnot specifiednot specified
I 455.443.427.443.443.
ReferenceN/AZenkevich, 1999Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996Zenkevich, Korolenko, et al., 1995
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1SPB-1SPB-1CP Sil 8 CBDB-1
Column length (m) 30.60.60.40.30.
Carrier gas HeHeliumHeliumHeH2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.530.530.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1.5.05.00.250.25
Program 40C (4min) => 10C/min => 200C => 50C/min => 250C40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0Cnot specified30 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 120 0C30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
I 428.427.421.446.440.
ReferenceSchuberth, 1994Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992Weller and Wolf, 1989Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type Capillary
Active phase OV-1
Column length (m)  
Carrier gas  
Substrate  
Column diameter (mm)  
Phase thickness (mum)  
Program not specified
I 421.
ReferenceRamsey and Flanagan, 1982
Comment MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 2012
Kotowska, U.; Zalikowski, M.; Isidorov, V.A., HS-SPME/GC-MS analysis of volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds emitted from municipal sewage sludge, Environ. Monit. Asses., 2012, 184, 5, 2893-2907, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-2158-8 . [all data]

Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 2011
Miyazaki, T.; Plotto, A.; Goodner, K.; Gmitter F.G., Distribution of aroma volatile compounds in tangerine hybrids and proposed inheritance, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2011, 91, 3, 449-460, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4205 . [all data]

Barra, Baldovini, et al., 2007
Barra, A.; Baldovini, N.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Albino, L.; Lesecq, C.; Cuvelier, L.L., Chemical analysis of French beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) by headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and simultaneous distillation/extraction (SDE), Food Chem., 2007, 101, 3, 1279-1284, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.12.027 . [all data]

Chen and Feng, 2007
Chen, Y.; Feng, C., QSPR study on gas chromatography retention index of some organic pollutants, Comput. Appl. Chem. (China), 2007, 24, 10, 1404-1408. [all data]

Karlshøj, Nielsen, et al., 2007
Karlshøj, K.; Nielsen, P.V.; Larsen, T.O., Prediction of Penicillium expansum Spoilage and Patulin Concentration in Apples Used for Apple Juice Production by Electronic Nose Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 11, 4289-4298, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf070134x . [all data]

Kou, Zhang, et al., 2006
Kou, J.; Zhang, S.; Hu, Y.; Qiao, H.; Li, J., Stidy on the relationships between structures and gas chromatographic retention indices of alcohols, Comput. Appl. Chem. (Chinese), 2006, 23, 7, 651-654. [all data]

Blunden, Aneja, et al., 2005
Blunden, J.; Aneja, V.P.; Lonneman, W.A., Characterization of non-methane volatile organic compounds at swine facilities in eastern North Carolina, Atm. Environ., 2005, 39, 36, 6707-6718, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.03.053 . [all data]

Thierry, Maillard, et al., 2005
Thierry, A.; Maillard, M.-B.; Bonnarme, P.; Roussel, E., The addition of Propionibacterium freudenreichii to raclette cheese induces biochemical changes and enhances flavor development, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 10, 4157-4165, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0481195 . [all data]

Fu and Wang, 2004
Fu, S.-P.; Wang, Y.-Q., Estimation and prediction of gas chromatographic retention indices of alcohols by molecular electronegativity-distance vector, J. Chongqing Univ., 2004, 27, 6, 106-109. [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Zenkevich, 1999
Zenkevich, I.G., New Application of the Retention Index Concept in Gas and High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Fresenius' J. Anal. Chem., 1999, 365, 4, 305-309, https://doi.org/10.1007/s002160051491 . [all data]

Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997
Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56, retrieved from http://www.odccp.org/pdf/technicalseries1997-01-011.pdf. [all data]

Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996
Zenkevich, I.G.; Chupalov, A.A., New Possibilities of Chromato Mass Pectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds Using Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Molecular Structural Fragments, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 1996, 32, 5, 656-666. [all data]

Zenkevich, Korolenko, et al., 1995
Zenkevich, I.G.; Korolenko, L.I.; Khralenkova, N.B., Desorption with solvent vapor as a method of sample preparation in the sorption preconcentration of organic-compounds from the air of a working area and from industrial-waste gases, J. Appl. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1995, 50, 10, 937-944. [all data]

Schuberth, 1994
Schuberth, J., Joint use of retention index and mass spectrum in postmortem tests for volatile organics by headspace capillary gas chromatography with ion-trap detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 1994, 674, 1-2, 63-71, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)85217-0 . [all data]

Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992
Strete, P.J.; Ruprah, M.; Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and identification of volatile substances by headspace capillary gas chromatography to aid the diagnosis of acute poisoning, Analyst, 1992, 117, 7, 1111-1127, https://doi.org/10.1039/an9921701111 . [all data]

Weller and Wolf, 1989
Weller, J.-P.; Wolf, M., Massenspektroskopie und Headspace-GC, Beitr. Gerichtl. Med., 1989, 47, 525-532. [all data]

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988
Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Güntert, M.; Jennings, W., Nectarine volatiles: vacuum steam distillation versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1988, 36, 3, 553-560, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00081a037 . [all data]

Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982
Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 240, 2, 423-444, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99622-5 . [all data]


Notes

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