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Triacontane

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
133.300.Hoehne, 1981T = 300 to 500 K. Cv = 1.30 J/g*K.
193.3301.Garner, Van Bibber, et al., 1931crystaline, II phase; T = 289 to 373 K. Mean value 16 to 38°C, «beta»-form.

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
CAL - James S. Chickos, William E. Acree, Jr., Joel F. Liebman, Students of Chem 202 (Introduction to the Literature of Chemistry), University of Missouri -- St. Louis
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil722.9KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus338.9 ± 0.5KAVGN/AAverage of 19 out of 22 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap36.40kcal/molCGCChickos and Hanshaw, 2004Based on data from 434. - 539. K.; AC
Deltavap39.32 ± 0.1kcal/molCGCNichols, Orf, et al., 2000AC

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (atm) Reference Comment
531.70.004Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
34.2 ± 0.5454.TEPiacente, Fontana, et al., 1994Based on data from 422. - 487. K.; AC
26.60510.A,EStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 495. - 723. K. See also Kudchadker and Zwolinski, 1966.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
16.45338.7Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
26.726335.3Domalski and Hearing, 1996CAL
48.576338.7

Temperature of phase transition

Ttrs (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
335.15crystaline, IIcrystaline, ISchaerer, Busso, et al., 1955DH
338.55crystaline, IliquidSchaerer, Busso, et al., 1955DH

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
8.9601335.25crystaline, IIcrystaline, ICompany, 1973DH
16.450338.65crystaline, IliquidCompany, 1973DH
8.7199332.2crystaline, IIcrystaline, IGarner, Van Bibber, et al., 1931DH
16.450338.7crystaline, IliquidGarner, Van Bibber, et al., 1931DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
26.72335.25crystaline, IIcrystaline, ICompany, 1973DH
48.57338.65crystaline, IliquidCompany, 1973DH
26.24332.2crystaline, II, ácrystaline, I, à transitionGarner, Van Bibber, et al., 1931DH
48.57338.7crystaline, IliquidGarner, Van Bibber, et al., 1931DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Timothy J. Johnson, Tanya L. Myers, Yin-Fong Su, Russell G. Tonkyn, Molly Rose K. Kelly-Gorham, and Tyler O. Danby

Condensed Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Additional Data

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Detailed documentation for this spectrum is available.

Particle size distribution data for this spectrum is available.

Owner Public domain
Origin Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Under IARPA Contract
Date March 2017
State solid
Instrument Bruker Tensor 37 FTIR
Aperture 6 mm
External diffuse reflectance accessory A 562-G integrating sphere
Beam splitter Ge on KBr
Diameter of detector port in sphere 2×2 mm, 60° field of view MCT
Sphere diameter 75 mm
Acquisition mode double-sided, forward-backward
Scanner velocity 40 kHz
Co-added scans 2048
Phase resolution 32.00
Phase correction Mertz
Zero filling
Spectral range 7,500 to 600 cm-1 saved; 7500 to 600 cm-1 reported
Resolution 0.96450126
Spectral resolution 4 cm-1
Wavenumber accuracy ± 0.4 cm-1
Apodization function Blackman-Harris 3-term
Low-pass filter Open
Switch gain on 512 points

Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-2836
NIST MS number 231640

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS467.01Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-1488.4Johnson, Urso, et al., 199730. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hoehne, 1981
Hoehne, G.W.H., Transitions of n-alkanes above the melting point, Polym. Bull. (Berlin), 1981, 6, 41-46. [all data]

Garner, Van Bibber, et al., 1931
Garner, W.E.; Van Bibber, K.; King, A.M., The melting points and heats of crystallization of the normal long-chain hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Soc. (London), 1931, 1931, 1533-1541. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Chickos and Hanshaw, 2004
Chickos, James S.; Hanshaw, William, Vapor Pressures and Vaporization Enthalpies of the n -Alkanes from C 21 to C 30 at T = 298.15 K by Correlation Gas Chromatography, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2004, 49, 1, 77-85, https://doi.org/10.1021/je0301747 . [all data]

Nichols, Orf, et al., 2000
Nichols, Gary; Orf, Jennifer; Reiter, Sarah M.; Chickos, James; Gokel, George W., The vaporization enthalpies of some crown and polyethers by correlation gas chromatography, Thermochimica Acta, 2000, 346, 1-2, 15-28, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-6031(99)00405-0 . [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Piacente, Fontana, et al., 1994
Piacente, Vincenzo; Fontana, Danilo; Scardala, Paolo, Enthalpies of Vaporization of a Homologous Series of n-Alkanes Determined from Vapor Pressure Measurements, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1994, 39, 2, 231-237, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00014a009 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Kudchadker and Zwolinski, 1966
Kudchadker, A.P.; Zwolinski, B.J., Vapor Pressure and Boiling Points of Normal Alkanes, C 21 to C 100 ., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1966, 11, 2, 253-255, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60029a039 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Schaerer, Busso, et al., 1955
Schaerer, A.A.; Busso, C.J.; Smith, A.E.; Skinner, L.B., Properties of pure normal alkanes in the C17 to C36 range, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1955, 77, 2017-2019. [all data]

Company, 1973
Company, J.C., Measurement and interpretation of crystallization equilibriums of heavy paraffin and aromatic hydrocarbon solutions, Chem. Eng. Sci., 1973, 28, 318-323. [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]

Johnson, Urso, et al., 1997
Johnson, C.I.; Urso, A.; Geleta, L., Broad spectrum analysis of municipal and industrial effluents discharged into the Peace, Athabasca and Slave river basins: characterization of effluent samples, 1994 - Volume 1 of 2, Northern River Basins Study Project Report No. 121, Norther River Basins Study, Edmonton, Alberta, 1997, 27. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References