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Octadecanal

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Phase change data

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus315.KN/AGeiseler and Richter, 1960Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Tfus317.KN/ABestmann and Schulze, 1959Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 5. K; TRC
Tfus311.KN/AStephen, 1925Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
Tfus336.7KN/AKrafft, 1880Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 20. K; TRC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
18.1428.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 413. - 616. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
413. - 615.75.32033063.378-39.658Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin R.T.HOLMAN,UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
NIST MS number 36188

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedOV-1200.2018.Yamaoka, Shiraishi, et al., 1985He, Chromosorb W AW DMCS (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011995.Tamura, Kihara, et al., 1991N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011975.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011980.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedPEG 20M200.2396.Yamaoka, Shiraishi, et al., 1985He, Chromosorb W AW DMCS (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2343.Tamura, Kihara, et al., 19912. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 180. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane2043.Zaikin, 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 15. K/min, 270. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySPB-11995.Chisholm, Jell, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-52021.Fokialakis, Melliou, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2400.Choi, 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2380.Choi, Kim. M.-S.L., et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB2336.Liu, Yang, et al., 2001H2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2390.Choi and Sawamura, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-12002.Hu, Liang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryHP-52038.Monsef-Esfahani, Miri, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-52018.Saidana, Mahjoub, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 50. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
CapillaryHP-52013.Ristic, Krivokuca-Dokic, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-52033.Senatore, Landolfi, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-52034.Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 4. min
CapillaryHP-52010.Naka, van Vang, et al., 2003He, 100. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 240. C @ 15. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryHP-5MS2024.Tkachev, Dobrotvorsky, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillaryUltra-21982.King, Hamilton, et al., 199350. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-52017.Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 199160. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-11999.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryOV-1011995.Tamura, Kihara, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-542012.Bestmann, Classen, et al., 1988N2, 60. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1976.Lorenz, Stern, et al., 19834. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 80. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1989.Grzeszczuk, Wesolowska, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 30 0C/min -> 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min)
CapillaryZB-1 MS1999.Al-Reza, Rahman, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 150 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryBPX-52024.se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 210 0C 40 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBPX-52017.se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS2037.Liu, Xu, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (12 min)
CapillaryHP-5MS2016.Moronkola, Ogunwande, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C => 2C/min => 220C
CapillaryHP-52017.Ristic, Krivokuca-Dokic, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS2037.Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryHP-52032.Ansorena, Astiasarán, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryBPX-52032.Madruga, Arruda, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 20 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2390.Choi, 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2343.Tamura, Kihara, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP Innowax2388.Noorizadeh and Farmany, 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC2353.Tabanca, Demirci, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax2357.Duman, Kartal, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5257.8Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007Column length: 60. m; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Geiseler and Richter, 1960
Geiseler, G.; Richter, P., Chem. Ber., 1960, 93, 2511-21. [all data]

Bestmann and Schulze, 1959
Bestmann, H.J.; Schulze, H., Preparation of ALdehydes from Their Esters With Raney Nickel, Chem. Ber., 1959, 92, 530. [all data]

Stephen, 1925
Stephen, H., J. Chem. Soc., 1925, 127, 1874. [all data]

Krafft, 1880
Krafft, F., The production of laurinaldehyde c(12)h(24)o, myristinaldehyde c(14)h(28)o, palmitinaldehyde c(16)h(32)o, stearinaldehyde c(18)h(36)o: I investigation of aldehydes, Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 1880, 13, 1413-8. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Yamaoka, Shiraishi, et al., 1985
Yamaoka, R.; Shiraishi, Y.; Ueno, T.; Kuwahara Y.; Fukami, H., Structure elucidation of koiganal I and II, the sex pheromones of the webbing clothes moth, using capillary GC/MS, Mass Spectroscopy, 1985, 33, 3, 189-195. [all data]

Tamura, Kihara, et al., 1991
Tamura, H.; Kihara, S.; Nakahara, K.; Sugisawa, H., A program for predicting aliphatic compounds using linear equations of GC retention index value, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 1991, 38, 10, 934-939, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.38.934 . [all data]

Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 1984
Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 5, 987-992, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00125a008 . [all data]

Zaikin, 2010
Zaikin, V.G., Personal communication: Retention indices measured during 2010, 2010. [all data]

Chisholm, Jell, et al., 2003
Chisholm, M.G.; Jell, J.A.; Cass, D.M., Jr., Characterization of the major odorants found in the peel oil of Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Clementine using gas chromatography-olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 4, 275-281, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1188 . [all data]

Fokialakis, Melliou, et al., 2003
Fokialakis, N.; Melliou, E.; Magiatis, P.; Harvala, C.; Mitaku, S., Composition of the steam volatiles of six Euphorbia spp. from Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 1, 39-42, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1148 . [all data]

Choi, 2003
Choi, H.-S., Character impact odorants of Citrus Hallabong [(C. unshiu Marcov × C. sinensis Osbeck) × C. reticulata Blanco] cold-pressed peel oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 9, 2687-2692, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf021069o . [all data]

Choi, Kim. M.-S.L., et al., 2002
Choi, H.-S.; Kim. M.-S.L.; Sawamura, M., Constituents of the essential oil of cnidium officinale Makino, a Korean medicinal plant, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 1, 49-53, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1038 . [all data]

Liu, Yang, et al., 2001
Liu, T.-T.; Yang, T.-S.; Wu, C.-M., Changes of volatiles in soy sauce-stewed pork during cold storage and reheating, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2001, 81, 15, 1547-1552, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.978 . [all data]

Choi and Sawamura, 2000
Choi, H.-S.; Sawamura, M., Composition of the essential oil of Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka (Hyuganatsu), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 10, 4868-4873, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000651e . [all data]

Hu, Liang, et al., 2010
Hu, C.-D.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Guo, F.-Q.; Li, X.-R.; Wang, W.-P., Determination of essential oil composition from Osmanthus fragrans tea by GC-MS combined with a chemometric resolution method, Molecules, 2010, 15, 5, 3683-3693, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15053683 . [all data]

Monsef-Esfahani, Miri, et al., 2010
Monsef-Esfahani, H.R.; Miri, A.; Amini, M.; Amanzadeh, Y.; Hadjiakhoondi, A.; Hajiaghaee, R.; Ajani, Y., Seasonal variations in the chemical composition, antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of Teucrium persicum Boiss. essential oils, Res. J. Biol. Sci., 2010, 5, 7, 492-498, https://doi.org/10.3923/rjbsci.2010.492.498 . [all data]

Saidana, Mahjoub, et al., 2008
Saidana, D.; Mahjoub, M.A.; Boussaada, O.; Chriaa, J.; Cheraif, I.; Daami, M.; Mighri, Z.; Helal, A.N., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile compounds of Tamarix boveana (Tamaricaceae), Microbiol. Res., 2008, 163, 4, 445-455, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2006.07.009 . [all data]

Ristic, Krivokuca-Dokic, et al., 2007
Ristic, M.; Krivokuca-Dokic, D.; Radanovic, D.; Nastovski, T., Etarsko ulje Arnica montata i Arnica chamissonis, Hem. Ind., 2007, 61, 5, 272-277, https://doi.org/10.2298/HEMIND0704272R . [all data]

Senatore, Landolfi, et al., 2006
Senatore, F.; Landolfi, S.; Celik, S.; Bruno, M., Volatile components of Centaurea calcitrapa L. and Centaurea sphaerocephala L. ssp. sphaerocephala, two Asteraceae growing wild in Sicily, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 282-285, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1585 . [all data]

Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 2003
Dhanda, J.S.; Pegg, R.B.; Shand, P.J., Saskatchewan specialty livestock value-added program - Saskatchewan agri-food innovation fund (AFIF) Project #98000016, 2003, retrieved from http://www.agr.gov.sk.ca/afif/Projects/19980016.pdf. [all data]

Naka, van Vang, et al., 2003
Naka, H.; van Vang, L.; Inomata, S.-I.; Ando, T.; Kimura, T.; Honda, H.; Tsuchida, K.; Sakurai, H., Sex pheromone of the persimmon fruit moth, Stathmopoda masinissa: identification and laboratory bioassay of (4E, 6Z)-4,6-hexadecadien-1-ol derivatives, J. Chem. Ecol., 2003, 29, 11, 2447-2459, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1026301800140 . [all data]

Tkachev, Dobrotvorsky, et al., 2000
Tkachev, A.V.; Dobrotvorsky, A.K.; Vjalkov, A.I.; Morozov, S.V., Chemical composition of lipophylic compounds from the body surface of unfed adult Ixodes persulcatus ticks (Acari: Ixodidae), Experimental and Applied Acarology, 2000, 24, 2, 145-158, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006430323587 . [all data]

King, Hamilton, et al., 1993
King, M.-F.; Hamilton, B.L.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Isolation and identification of volatiles and condensable material in raw beef with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 11, 1974-1981, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00035a030 . [all data]

Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 1991
Berdague, J.-L.; Denoyer, C.; Le Quéré, J.-L.; Semon, E., Volatile components of dry-cured ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1257-1261, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a012 . [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Tamura, Kihara, et al., 1990
Tamura, H.; Kihara, S.; Sugisawa, H., A New Identification Method for Aliphatic Compounds Using Linear Equation of the GC Retention Index Value, Agric. Biol. Chem., 1990, 54, 12, 3171-3176, https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb1961.54.3171 . [all data]

Bestmann, Classen, et al., 1988
Bestmann, H.-J.; Classen, B.; Kobold, U.; Vostrowsky, O.; Klingauf, F.; Stein, U., Steam volatile constituents from leaves of Rhus typhina, Phytochemistry, 1988, 27, 1, 85-90, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(88)80595-8 . [all data]

Lorenz, Stern, et al., 1983
Lorenz, G.; Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Haddon, W.F.; Tillin, S.J.; Teranishi, R., Identification of sheep liver volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1983, 31, 5, 1052-1057, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00119a033 . [all data]

Grzeszczuk, Wesolowska, et al., 2011
Grzeszczuk, M.; Wesolowska, A.; Jadczak, D.; Jakubowska, B., Nutritional value of Chili edible flowers, Acta Sci. Pol. Hortorum Cultus, 2011, 10, 2, 85-94. [all data]

Al-Reza, Rahman, et al., 2009
Al-Reza, S.M.; Rahman, A.; Kang, S.C., Chemical composition and inhibitory effect of essentiasl oil and organic extracts of Cestrum nocturnum L. om food-borne pathogens, Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 2009, 44, 6, 1176-1182, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2009.01939.x . [all data]

se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 2009
se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 2009, 1216, 14, 2881-2890, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2008.10.061 . [all data]

Liu, Xu, et al., 2007
Liu, Y.; Xu, X.-L.; Zhou, G.-H., Comparative study of volatile compounds in traditional Chinese Nanjing marinated duck by different extraction techniques, Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 2007, 42, 5, 543-550, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2006.01264.x . [all data]

Moronkola, Ogunwande, et al., 2007
Moronkola, D.O.; Ogunwande, I.A.; Walker, T.M.; Setzer, W.N.; Oyewole, I.O., Identification of the main volatile compounds in the leaf and flower of Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl) Gray, J. Nat. Med., 2007, 61, 1, 63-66, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11418-006-0019-5 . [all data]

Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 2001
Ansorena, D.; Gimeno, O.; Astiasarán, I.; Bello, J., Analysis of volatile compounds by GC-MS of a dry fermented sausage: chorizo de Pamplona, Food Res. Int., 2001, 34, 1, 67-75, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0963-9969(00)00133-2 . [all data]

Ansorena, Astiasarán, et al., 2000
Ansorena, D.; Astiasarán, I.; Bello, J., Influence of the simultaneous addition of the protease flavourzyme and the lipase novozyme 677BG on dry fermented sausage compounds extracted by SDE and analyzed by GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 6, 2395-2400, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990931y . [all data]

Madruga, Arruda, et al., 2000
Madruga, M.S.; Arruda, S.G.B.; Narain, N.; Souza, J.G., Castration and slaughter age effects on panel assessment and aroma compounds of the mestico goat meat, Meat Sci., 2000, 56, 2, 117-125, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(00)00025-5 . [all data]

Choi, 2004
Choi, H.-S., Volatile constituents of satsuma mandarins growing in Korea, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 5, 406-412, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1283 . [all data]

Noorizadeh and Farmany, 2010
Noorizadeh, H.; Farmany, A., Exploration of linear and nonlinear modeling techniques to predict of retention index of essential oils, J. Chin. Chem. Soc., 2010, 1268-1277. [all data]

Tabanca, Demirci, et al., 2006
Tabanca, N.; Demirci, B.; Ozek, T.; Kirimer, N.; Can Baser, K.H.; Bedir, E.; Khan, I.A.; Wedge, D.E., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of essential oils from Pimpinella species gathered from Central and Northern Turkey, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1117, 2, 194-205, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.03.075 . [all data]

Duman, Kartal, et al., 2005
Duman, H.; Kartal, M.; Altun, L.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., The essential oil of Stachys laetivirens Kotschy Boiss. ex Rech. fil., endemic in Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 1, 48-50, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1362 . [all data]

Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007
Fuentes, M.J.; Font, R.; Gomez-Rico, M.F.; Martin-Gullon, I., Pyrolysis and combustion of waste lubricant oil from diesel cars: Decomposition and pollutants, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 2007, 79, 1-2, 215-226, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2006.12.004 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References