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Hexadecane, 2,6,10,14-tetramethyl-

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30200.1814.Shlyakhov, 1984 
Capillaryn-Dotriacontane200.1800.Shlyakhov, 1984 
CapillaryApiezon L200.1787.Shlyakhov, 1984 
CapillaryApiezon L200.1791.Shlyakhov, 1984 
PackedApiezon L200.1786.6Fisch, Olácsi, et al., 1980 
PackedSE-30150.1811.Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975 
PackedSE-30200.1814.Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975 
PackedApiezon L130.1790.Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975 
PackedApiezon L150.1790.Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975 
CapillarySE-30100.1814.Shlyakhov, Koreshkova, et al., 1975 
CapillaryApiezon L100.1791.Shlyakhov, Koreshkova, et al., 1975 

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1811.Kenig, Simons, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(1.5min) => 20C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 315C (90min)
CapillaryApiezon L1787.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1789.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1789.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1790.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1791.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1791.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1792.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1792.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1793.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1810.7Zeng, Zhao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1809.5Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-541815.Li, Wang, et al., 1998H2, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCross-Linked Methylsilicone1816.Khorasheh, Gray, et al., 19895. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryOV-11812.Berthou and Friocourt, 198150. m/0.30 mm/0.15 «mu»m, H2, 0.5 K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-11811.Berthou and Friocourt, 198150. m/0.30 mm/0.15 «mu»m, H2, 0.5 K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1795.Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryUltra-21804.King, Matthews, et al., 199550. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryUltra-21809.King, Hamilton, et al., 199350. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 51816.Damste, ten Haven, et al., 198525. m/0.32 mm/0.13 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 130. C; Tend: 330. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1813.Lorenz, Stern, et al., 19834. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryApieson L1789.Albaigès, Borbón, et al., 1981He, Gas-Chrom Q, 6. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 280. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1808.Nadaf, Halimi, et al., 201215. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C 10 0C/min -> 280 0C (3 min)
CapillaryHP-51811.Povolo, Pelizzola, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 280 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 320 0C (20 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS1806.Watanabe, Ueda, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -10 0C (3 min) 50 0C/min -> 40 0C 5 0C/min -> 290 0C (5 min)
Capillary 1815.Cripps, 1995Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1812.Kenig, Sinninghe Damsté, et al., 199525. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 20C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 300C (20min)
CapillarySE-541810.Suzuki and Bailey, 1985Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C(5min) => 8C/min => 200C => 2C/min => 250C
CapillarySqualane1792.Petrov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1811.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1812.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1793.Douglas, Blumer, et al., 1971Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS298.42Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5MS303.08Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Shlyakhov, 1984
Shlyakhov, A.F., Gas chromatography in organic geochemistry, Nedra, Moscow, 1984, 221. [all data]

Fisch, Olácsi, et al., 1980
Fisch, I.; Olácsi, I.; Takács, J.; Vörós, J., Pyrolysis and gas chromatographic examination of phytol and isoprenoid hydrocarbons. Pre-calculation of retention indices by computer, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 1980, 1, 4, 275-295, https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-2370(80)80013-1 . [all data]

Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975
Shlyakhov, A.F.; Anvaer, B.I.; Zolotareva, O.V.; Romina, N.N.; Novikova, N.V.; Koreshkova, R.I., On the possibility of group indentification of hydrocarbons by gas chromatography from temperature coefficients of retention indices, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1975, 30, 788-792. [all data]

Shlyakhov, Koreshkova, et al., 1975
Shlyakhov, A.F.; Koreshkova, R.I.; Telkova, M.S., Gas Chromatography of Isoprenoid Alkanes, J. Chromatogr., 1975, 104, 2, 337-349, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)91857-0 . [all data]

Kenig, Simons, et al., 2005
Kenig, F.; Simons, D.-J.H.; Crich, D.; Cowen, J.P.; Ventura, G.T.; Rehbein-Khalily, T., Structure and distribution of branched aliphatic alkanes with quaternary carbon atoms in Cenomanian and Turonian black shales of Pasquia Hills (Saskatchewan, Canada), Org. Geochem., 2005, 36, 1, 117-138, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orggeochem.2004.06.014 . [all data]

Zeng, Zhao, et al., 2007
Zeng, Y.-X.; Zhao, C.-X.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Yang, H.; Fang, H.-Z.; Yi, L.-Z.; Zeng, Z.-D., Comparative analysis of volatile components from Clematis species growing in China, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2007, 595, 1-2, 328-339, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.12.022 . [all data]

Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 2006
Zhao C.X.; Li, X.N.; Liang Y.Z.; Fang H.Z.; Huang L.F.; Guo F.Q., Comparative analysis of chemical components of essential oils from different samples of Rhododendron with the help of chemometrics methods, Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst., 2006, 82, 1-2, 218-228, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemolab.2005.08.008 . [all data]

Li, Wang, et al., 1998
Li, W.; Wang, H.; Sun, Y.; Huang, A.; Sun, Y., Capillary gas chromatographic analysis of volatile components in goat feces, Fenxi Huaxue, 1998, 26, 8, 935-939. [all data]

Khorasheh, Gray, et al., 1989
Khorasheh, F.; Gray, M.R.; Selucky, M.L., Correlation for Kováts retention index of C9-C26 monoalkyl and polymethyl alkanes and alkenes, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 481, 1-16, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)96747-0 . [all data]

Berthou and Friocourt, 1981
Berthou, F.; Friocourt, M.P., Gas Chromatographic Separation of Diastereomeric Isoprenoids as Molecular Markers of Oil Pollution, J. Chromatogr., 1981, 219, 3, 393-402, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)80383-0 . [all data]

Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 2007
Ferhat, M.A.; Tigrine-Kordjani, N.; Chemat, S.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Rapid Extraction of Volatile Compounds Using a New Simultaneous Microwave Distillation: Solvent Extraction Device, Chromatographia, 2007, 65, 3-4, 217-222, https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-006-0130-5 . [all data]

King, Matthews, et al., 1995
King, M.-F.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Effect of beef packaging method on volatile compounds developed by oven roasting or microwave cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 3, 773-778, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00051a039 . [all data]

King, Hamilton, et al., 1993
King, M.-F.; Hamilton, B.L.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Isolation and identification of volatiles and condensable material in raw beef with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 11, 1974-1981, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00035a030 . [all data]

Damste, ten Haven, et al., 1985
Damste, J.S.S.; ten Haven, H.L.; de Leeuw, J.W.; Schenck, P.A., Organic geochemical studies of a Messinian evaporitic basin, northern Apennines (Italy) - II. Isoprenoid and n-alkyl thiophenes and thiolanes, Adv. Org. Geochem., 1985, 10, 4-6, 791-805, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0146-6380(86)80016-X . [all data]

Lorenz, Stern, et al., 1983
Lorenz, G.; Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Haddon, W.F.; Tillin, S.J.; Teranishi, R., Identification of sheep liver volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1983, 31, 5, 1052-1057, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00119a033 . [all data]

Albaigès, Borbón, et al., 1981
Albaigès, J.; Borbón, J.; Gassiot, M., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric identification of geochemically significant isoalkane hydrocarbons, J. Chromatogr., 1981, 204, 491-498, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)81696-9 . [all data]

Nadaf, Halimi, et al., 2012
Nadaf, M.; Halimi, M.; Mortazavi, M., Identification of nonpolar chemical composition Spartium junceum flower growing in Iran by GC-MS, Middle-East J. Sci. Res., 2012, 11, 2, 221-224. [all data]

Povolo, Pelizzola, et al., 2009
Povolo, M.; Pelizzola, V.; Ravera, D.; Contarini, G., Significance of the nonvolatile minor compounds of the neutral lipid fraction as markers of the origin of dairy products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 16, 7387-7394, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf8040353 . [all data]

Watanabe, Ueda, et al., 2008
Watanabe, A.; Ueda, Y.; Higuchi, M.; Shiba, N., Analysis of volatile compounds in beef fat by dinamic-headspace solid phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography - mass spectrometry, J. Food Sci., 2008, 73, 5, 420-425, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.00764.x . [all data]

Cripps, 1995
Cripps, G.C., Biogenic hydrocarbons in the particulate material of the water column of the Bellingshausen Sea, Antarctica, in the region of the marginal ice zone, Deep-Sea Res. II, 1995, 42, 4-5, 1123-1135, https://doi.org/10.1016/0967-0645(95)00075-2 . [all data]

Kenig, Sinninghe Damsté, et al., 1995
Kenig, F.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Kock-van Dalen, A.C.; Rijpstra, W.I.C.; Huc, A.Y.; de Leeuw, J.W., Occurrence and origin of mono-, di-, and trimethylalkanes in modern and holocene cyanobacterial mats from Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 1995, 59, 14, 2999-3015, https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(95)00190-5 . [all data]

Suzuki and Bailey, 1985
Suzuki, J.; Bailey, M.E., Direct sampling capillary GLC analysis of flavor volatiles from ovine fat, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 3, 343-347, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00063a006 . [all data]

Petrov, 1984
Petrov, A.A., Hydrocarbons of petroleum, Nauka (publishing house), Moscow, 1984, 263. [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Douglas, Blumer, et al., 1971
Douglas, A.G.; Blumer, M.; Eglinton, G.; Douraghi-Zadeh, K., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric characterization of naturally-occurring acyclic isoprenoid carboxylic acids, Tetrahedron, 1971, 27, 6, 1071-1092, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-4020(01)90855-5 . [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References