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Thiophene, 2,5-dimethyl-

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid58.489cal/mol*KN/ACarlson and Westrum, 1965 

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
42.620298.15Carlson and Westrum, 1965T = 5 to 305 K.

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil409.7KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple204.87KN/ACarlson and Westrum, 1965, 2Metastable crystal phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.06 K; TRC
Ttriple210.58KN/ACarlson and Westrum, 1965, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.03 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap9.6 ± 0.2kcal/molCRibeiro da Silva and Santos, 2008AC

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (atm) Reference Comment
407.20.974Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
9.49348.IAStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 333. - 374. K. See also Eon, Pommier, et al., 1971 and Dykyj, Svoboda, et al., 1999.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
333.4 - 373.54.86801925.967-12.704Eon, Pommier, et al., 1971Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
2.13210.6Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
1.9577210.58crystaline, IliquidCarlson and Westrum, 1965DH
1.7689204.87crystaline, IIliquidCarlson and Westrum, 1965Metastable crystals. Note error in table on Hm and Tm.; DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
9.297210.58crystaline, IliquidCarlson and Westrum, 1965DH
8.633204.87crystaline, IIliquidCarlson and Westrum, 1965Metastable; DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.10EIAloisi and Pignataro, 1973LLK
8.18CTSAloisi and Pignataro, 1973LLK
8.23PEBock and Roth, 1983Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.09PESchweig and Thiel, 1974Vertical value; LLK

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
State gas
Instrument HP-GC/MS/IRD

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1992
NIST MS number 125431

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Alexander N. Yermakov, Alexy A. Usov, Antonina A. Goncharova, Axlexander N. Leskin, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Bol'shakov, et al., 1969
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 20133
Instrument unknown
Boiling point 136.5

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-1100.864.Misharina, Beletsky, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillarySE-30100.865.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101100.863.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He
PackedApiezon M130.891.Garbuzov, Misharina, et al., 1985He or N2, Chromosorb W, AW-DMCS; Column length: 2.1 m
PackedApiezon M130.891.Golovnya, Garbuzov, et al., 1978Chromosorb W, AW/DMS; Column length: 2.1 m
CapillaryApiezon L120.894.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane120.845.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane86.840.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane120.845.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySqualane86.840.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryApiezon L120.894.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 40M100.1178.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedPEG-20M1161.Galt and MacLeod, 1984N2, Celite, 70. C @ 9. min, 10. K/min; Column length: 5.5 m; Tend: 175. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB875.Elmore, Campo, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryBPX-5877.Ames, Guy, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBP-5867.Whitfield and Mottram, 20014. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5882.Madruga and Mottram, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-1855.Misharina, Beletsky, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 8. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-30850.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199450. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1865.Yu, Lin, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryOV-101863.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199350. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101852.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-1852.Kuo and Ho, 199250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryOV-101856.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199250. m/0.31 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1853.Zhang and Ho, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5881.Moon, Cliff, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 3C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 260C(2min)
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS874.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryBPX-5878.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 199950. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C(2min) => 4C/min => 280C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1156.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1190.Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1190.Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 2004, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1179.Nielsen and Poll, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1188.Yu, Wu, et al., 199350. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 10. min, 1.5 K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryCarbowax 40M1172.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1153.Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101168.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 15C/min => 200C (1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101162.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5876.Shedid, 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPONA856.Yang, Wang, et al., 200450. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryPONA850.Yang, Wang, et al., 200350. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 150. C
CapillaryPONA853.Yang, Yang, et al., 200350. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryDB-1859.Tai and Ho, 199860. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-101868.Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101866.Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP-Sil 5852.Damste, van Dalen, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, Helium, 0. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP-Sil 5852.Damste, van Dalen, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, Helium, 0. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB852.Damste, Kock-van Dalen, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB852.Damste, Kock-van Dalen, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5882.Shivashankar, Roy, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 200 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 220 0C (8 min)
CapillaryVF-5882.Shivashankar, Roy, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS878.Grzeszczuk, Wesolowska, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 30 0C/min -> 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane873.Xu, He, et al., 2010Program: 40 0C 20 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryHP-5MS894.Mu, Wang, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 160C => 15C/min => 300C
CapillaryHP-5 MS905.Pyun and Shin, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 20 0C/min -> 220 0C (5 min)
CapillarySE-30866.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryPONA853.Yang, Wang, et al., 200350. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone852.Misharina, 1995Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1202.Chyau and Mau, 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 5. min, 1.5 K/min, 210. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1157.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1165.Shibamoto and Russell, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1167.Shibamoto and Russell, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1165.Shibamoto and Russell, 1976N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1166.Shibamoto and Russell, 1976N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1187.Gyawalia, Seo, et al., 200660. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 220C(20min) => 5C/min => 230C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1161.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Carlson and Westrum, 1965
Carlson, H.G.; Westrum, E.F., Jr., 2,5-Dimethylthiophene. Heat capacities and thermodynamic properties from 5 to 300 K and fusion of stable and metastable phases, J. Phys. Chem., 1965, 68, 1524-1530. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Carlson and Westrum, 1965, 2
Carlson, H.G.; Westrum, E.F., 2,5-Dimethylthiopnehe. Heat Capacities and Thermodynamic Properties from 5 to 300 K and Fusion of Stable and Metastable Phases, J. Phys. Chem., 1965, 69, 1524. [all data]

Ribeiro da Silva and Santos, 2008
Ribeiro da Silva, Manuel A.V.; Santos, Ana Filipa L.O.M., Experimental study on the thermochemistry of 2,5-dimethylthiophene and its acetyl derivative, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 2008, 40, 8, 1217-1221, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jct.2008.04.005 . [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Eon, Pommier, et al., 1971
Eon, C.; Pommier, C.; Guiochon, G., Vapor pressures and second virial coefficients of some five-membered heterocyclic derivatives, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1971, 16, 4, 408-410, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60051a008 . [all data]

Dykyj, Svoboda, et al., 1999
Dykyj, J.; Svoboda, J.; Wilhoit, R.C.; Frenkel, M.L.; Hall, K.R., Vapor Pressure of Chemicals: Part A. Vapor Pressure and Antoine Constants for Hydrocarbons and Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium and Hydrogen Containing Organic Compounds, Springer, Berlin, 1999, 373. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Aloisi and Pignataro, 1973
Aloisi, G.G.; Pignataro, S., Molecular complexes of substituted thiophens with «sigma» and «pi» acceptors, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 1, 1973, 69, 534. [all data]

Bock and Roth, 1983
Bock, H.; Roth, B., Radical ions. 49. Redox reactions of some thiophene derivatives, Phosphorus Sulfur, 1983, 14, 211. [all data]

Schweig and Thiel, 1974
Schweig, A.; Thiel, W., Photoionization cross sections: He I- and He II-photoelectron spectra of homologous oxygen and sulphur compounds, Mol. Phys., 1974, 27, 265. [all data]

Bol'shakov, et al., 1969
Bol'shakov, G.F., et al., Ultraviolet spectra of heteroorganic compounds, 1969, 131. [all data]

Misharina, Beletsky, et al., 1994
Misharina, T.A.; Beletsky, I.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Chromatographic and IR characteristics of methyl-, formyl-, and acetyl-substituted furans and thiophenes, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 1994, 43, 1, 64-69, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00699137 . [all data]

Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 1992
Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A.; Beletskiy, I.V., Influence of methyl, formyl and acetyl groups on retention of substituted furans and thiophenes in capillary GC, Chromatographia, 1992, 34, 9/10, 497-501, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02290243 . [all data]

Garbuzov, Misharina, et al., 1985
Garbuzov, V.G.; Misharina, T.A.; Aerov, A.F.; Golovnya, R.V., Gas chromatographic retention indices for sulphur(II)-containing organic substances, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1985, 40, 4, 576-586. [all data]

Golovnya, Garbuzov, et al., 1978
Golovnya, R.V.; Garbuzov, V.G.; Aerov, A.F., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulfur-containing compounds. 5. Thiophene, furan, and benzene derivatives, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 1978, 11, 2271-2274. [all data]

Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973
Agr, X.X.; Tesaric, K.; Janak, J., Will be entered later, J. Chromatogr., 1973, 95, 207-215. [all data]

Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972
Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarík, K.; Janák, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162° gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kováts retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 1972, 65, 1, 207-215, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86933-2 . [all data]

Galt and MacLeod, 1984
Galt, A.M.; MacLeod, G., Headspace sampling of cooked beef aroma using Tenax GC, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 1, 59-64, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00121a016 . [all data]

Elmore, Campo, et al., 2002
Elmore, J.S.; Campo, M.M.; Enser, M.; Mottram, D.S., Effect of lipid composition on meat-like model systems containing cysteine, ribose, and polyunsaturated fatty acids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 5, 1126-1132, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0108718 . [all data]

Ames, Guy, et al., 2001
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Notes

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