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Hexadecanal

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Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1RTx-1RTX-1HP-5HP-5 MS
Column length (m) 30.60.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.220.220.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.60.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 250.230.230.240.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.2.2.3.5.
Initial hold (min)    2.10.
Final hold (min)  35.30.  
I 1798.1814.1782.1814.1844.
ReferenceSteiger, Haberer, et al., 2011Dib, Bendahou, et al., 2010Dib, Djabou, et al., 2010Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 2010Ogunwande, Flamini, et al., 2010
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5 MSHP-5HP-5 MSHP-5 MSHP-5MS
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHydrogenHeliumHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 70.70.50.50.60.
Tend (C) 290.290.240.230.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.5.4.2.
Initial hold (min)    4.8.
Final hold (min) 10.  10.15.
I 1818.1818.1800.1811.1807.
ReferenceRadulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010Sadashava, Sharanappa, et al., 2010Forero, Quijano, et al., 2008Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5PE-5HP-5HP-5MS
Column length (m) 25.30.50.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeH2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.520.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.100.50.60.
Tend (C) 280.260.280.280.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.3.4.3.
Initial hold (min)   1.2.5.
Final hold (min)    10. 
I 1815.1810.1811.1811.1813.
ReferencePavlovic, Petrovic, et al., 2007Ristic, Krivokuca-Dokic, et al., 2007Pandey-Rai S., Mallavarapu G.R., et al., 2006Pino, Sauri-Duch, et al., 2006Setzer, Noletto, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5DB-1DB-5DB-1
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeH2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.50.35.40.
Tend (C) 220.220.265.280.245.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.2.55.3.
Initial hold (min) 5.4.1.2.20.
Final hold (min)   20.4. 
I 1811.1814.1789.1826.1792.
ReferenceMorteza-Semnani, Akbarzadeh, et al., 2005Morteza-Semnani and Saeedi, 2005Sarkhail, Amin, et al., 2004Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 2003Gancel, Ollé, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5OV-101HP-5MSUltra-2Ultra-2
Column length (m) 25.50.30.50.50.
Carrier gas HeN2HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.250.520.52
Tstart (C) 40.80.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 280.200.280.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.10.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 5. 1.3.3.
Final hold (min) 5. 20.30.30.
I 1792.1794.1820.1822.1816.
ReferenceMerle, Blázquez, et al., 2002Yang, 2001Tkachev, Dobrotvorsky, et al., 2000King, Matthews, et al., 1995King, Hamilton, et al., 1993
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101DB-5Ultra-1OV-101
Column length (m) 50.50.60.25.50.
Carrier gas   HeHeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum)   1.00.25 
Tstart (C) 80.80.40.80.80.
Tend (C) 200.200.240.260.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.3.3.2.
Initial hold (min)      
Final hold (min)      
I 1794.1794.1811.1795.1794.
ReferenceTamura, Yang, et al., 1993Tamura, Yang, et al., 1993Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 1991Okumura, 1991Yang and Sugisawa, 1990
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101SE-54
Column length (m) 50.50.50.50.25.
Carrier gas N2N2N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 80.80.80.80.60.
Tend (C) 200.200.200.200.260.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.2.6.
Initial hold (min)     2.
Final hold (min)      
I 1794.1794.1794.1797.1819.
ReferenceYang and Sugisawa, 1990Sugisawa, Yamamoto, et al., 1989Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989Bestmann, Classen, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type Capillary
Active phase Methyl Silicone
Column length (m) 25.
Carrier gas  
Substrate  
Column diameter (mm) 0.2
Phase thickness (mum)  
Tstart (C) 80.
Tend (C) 225.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.
Initial hold (min)  
Final hold (min) 20.
I 1796.
ReferenceLorenz, Stern, et al., 1983
Comment MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Steiger, Haberer, et al., 2011
Steiger, S.; Haberer, W.; Muller, J.K., Social environment determines degree of chemical signalling (Supplemented matherials), Biol. Lett., 2011, 7, 6, 822-824, https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2011.0457 . [all data]

Dib, Bendahou, et al., 2010
Dib, M.A.; Bendahou, M.; Bendiabdellah, A.; Djabou, N.; Allali, H.; Tabti, B.; Paolini, J.; Costa, J., Partial chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Daucus crinitus Desf. extracts, Grasas y Aceites, 2010, 61, 3, 271-278, https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.122609 . [all data]

Dib, Djabou, et al., 2010
Dib, M.ElA.; Djabou, N.; Desjobert, L.-M.; Allali, H.; Tabti, B.; Muselli, A.; Costa, J., Characterization of volatile compounds of Daucus crinitus Desf. headspace solid phase microextraction as alternative technique to hydrodistillation, Chem, Centr. J., 2010, 4, 16, 1-15. [all data]

Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 2010
Kahriman, N.; Tosun, G.; Genc, H.; Yayli, N., Comparative essential oil analysis of Geranium sylvaticum estracted by hydrodistillation and microwave distillation, Turk. J. Chem., 2010, 34, 969-976. [all data]

Ogunwande, Flamini, et al., 2010
Ogunwande, I.A.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Omikorede, O.; Azeez, R.A.; Ayodele, A.A.; Kamil, Y.O., Aromatic plants growing in Nigeria: essential oil constituents of Cassia alata (Linn.) Roxb. and Helianthus annuus L., Rec. Nat. Prod., 2010, 4, 4, 211-217. [all data]

Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Blagojevic, P.; Palic, R., Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6168-6185, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15096168 . [all data]

Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.S.; Dordevic, N.D.; Palic, R.M., Volatiles of Pleurospermum austriacum (L.) Hoffm. (Apiaceae), J. Serbian Chem. Soc., 2010, 75, 12, 1-11, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC100323127R . [all data]

Sadashava, Sharanappa, et al., 2010
Sadashava, C.T.; Sharanappa, P.; Remashree, A.B.; Raghu, A.V.; Udayan, P.S.; Balachandran, I., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from bark of Pittosporum dasycaulon Mig., Adv. Biol. Res., 2010, 4, 6, 301-304. [all data]

Forero, Quijano, et al., 2008
Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 1, 25-30, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1913 . [all data]

Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 2007
Ferhat, M.A.; Tigrine-Kordjani, N.; Chemat, S.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Rapid Extraction of Volatile Compounds Using a New Simultaneous Microwave Distillation: Solvent Extraction Device, Chromatographia, 2007, 65, 3-4, 217-222, https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-006-0130-5 . [all data]

Pavlovic, Petrovic, et al., 2007
Pavlovic, M.; Petrovic, S.; Ristic, M.; Maksimovic, Z.; Kovacevic, N., Essential oil of filipendula hexapetala, Chem. Natural Compounds, 2007, 43, 2, 228-229, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-007-0088-z . [all data]

Ristic, Krivokuca-Dokic, et al., 2007
Ristic, M.; Krivokuca-Dokic, D.; Radanovic, D.; Nastovski, T., Etarsko ulje Arnica montata i Arnica chamissonis, Hem. Ind., 2007, 61, 5, 272-277, https://doi.org/10.2298/HEMIND0704272R . [all data]

Pandey-Rai S., Mallavarapu G.R., et al., 2006
Pandey-Rai S.; Mallavarapu G.R.; Naqvi A.A.; Yadav A.; Rai S.K.; Srivastava S.; Singh D.; Mishra R.; Kumar S., Volatile components of leaves and flowers of periwinkle Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don from New Delhi, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 427-430, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1606 . [all data]

Pino, Sauri-Duch, et al., 2006
Pino, J.; Sauri-Duch, E.; Marbot, R., Changes in volatile compounds of Habanero chile pepper (Capsicum chinense Jack. cv. Habanero) at two ripening stages, Food Chem., 2006, 94, 3, 394-398, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.11.040 . [all data]

Setzer, Noletto, et al., 2006
Setzer, W.N.; Noletto, J.A.; Lawton, R.O., Chemical composition of the floral essential oil of Randia matudae from Monteverde, Costa Rica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 244-246, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1567 . [all data]

Morteza-Semnani, Akbarzadeh, et al., 2005
Morteza-Semnani, K.; Akbarzadeh, M.; Rostami, B., The essential oil composition of Teucrium chamaedrys L. from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 5, 544-546, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1479 . [all data]

Morteza-Semnani and Saeedi, 2005
Morteza-Semnani, K.; Saeedi, M., The essential oil composition of Phlomis bruguieri Desf. from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 3, 344-346, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1459 . [all data]

Sarkhail, Amin, et al., 2004
Sarkhail, P.; Amin, G.; Shafiee, A., Composition of the essential oil of Phlomis persica Boiss and Phlomis chorassanica Bunge from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 6, 538-540, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1338 . [all data]

Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 2003
Dhanda, J.S.; Pegg, R.B.; Shand, P.J., Saskatchewan specialty livestock value-added program - Saskatchewan agri-food innovation fund (AFIF) Project #98000016, 2003, retrieved from http://www.agr.gov.sk.ca/afif/Projects/19980016.pdf. [all data]

Gancel, Ollé, et al., 2002
Gancel, A.-L.; Ollé, D.; Ollitrault, P.; Luro, F.; Brillouet, J.-M., Leaf and peel volatile compounds of an interspecific citrus somatic hybrid [Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swing. + Citrus paradisi Macfayden], Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 6, 416-424, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1119 . [all data]

Merle, Blázquez, et al., 2002
Merle, H.; Blázquez, M.A.; Boira, H., Chemical composition of the essential oil of Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. flowers in the western Mediterranean area in International Symposium on Loquat, April 11-13, 2002 (CIHEAM-IAMZ, 2003, p. 191-193), Llácer,G.; Badenes,M.L., ed(s)., Centre International de Hautes Etudes Agronomiques Mediterranean, Valencia, Spain, 2002, 191-193. [all data]

Yang, 2001
Yang, R., Analysis of the volatile components in peel oil of Yuzu by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 2001, 29, 3, 313-316. [all data]

Tkachev, Dobrotvorsky, et al., 2000
Tkachev, A.V.; Dobrotvorsky, A.K.; Vjalkov, A.I.; Morozov, S.V., Chemical composition of lipophylic compounds from the body surface of unfed adult Ixodes persulcatus ticks (Acari: Ixodidae), Experimental and Applied Acarology, 2000, 24, 2, 145-158, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006430323587 . [all data]

King, Matthews, et al., 1995
King, M.-F.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Effect of beef packaging method on volatile compounds developed by oven roasting or microwave cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 3, 773-778, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00051a039 . [all data]

King, Hamilton, et al., 1993
King, M.-F.; Hamilton, B.L.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Isolation and identification of volatiles and condensable material in raw beef with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 11, 1974-1981, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00035a030 . [all data]

Tamura, Yang, et al., 1993
Tamura, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Aroma profiles of peel oils of acid citrus, ACS Sym. Ser., 1993, 525, 121-136. [all data]

Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 1991
Berdague, J.-L.; Denoyer, C.; Le Quéré, J.-L.; Semon, E., Volatile components of dry-cured ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1257-1261, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a012 . [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Yang and Sugisawa, 1990
Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H., Citrus Suachi Hort. ex Shirai. Volatile components in Sudachi (Citrus Sudachi Hort. ex Shirai) juice, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 1990, 37, 12, 946-952, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.37.12_946 . [all data]

Sugisawa, Yamamoto, et al., 1989
Sugisawa, H.; Yamamoto, M.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., The comparison of volatile components in peel oil from four species of navel orange, Nippon Shokuhin Kogio Gakkaishi, 1989, 36, 6, 455-462, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.36.6_455 . [all data]

Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989
Sugisawa, H.; Yang, R.H.; Kawabata, C.; Tamura, H., Volatile constituents in the peel oil of sudachi (Citrus sudachi), Agric. Biol. Chem., 1989, 53, 6, 1721-1723, https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb1961.53.1721 . [all data]

Bestmann, Classen, et al., 1988
Bestmann, H.-J.; Classen, B.; Kobold, U.; Vostrowsky, O.; Klingauf, F.; Stein, U., Steam volatile constituents from leaves of Rhus typhina, Phytochemistry, 1988, 27, 1, 85-90, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(88)80595-8 . [all data]

Lorenz, Stern, et al., 1983
Lorenz, G.; Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Haddon, W.F.; Tillin, S.J.; Teranishi, R., Identification of sheep liver volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1983, 31, 5, 1052-1057, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00119a033 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References