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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedOV-101220.1765.1Didaoui, Touabet, et al., 1997N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 2. m
CapillarySE-30200.1777.Didaoui, Touabet, et al., 199727. m/0.4 mm/0.1 «mu»m, N2, Chromosorb G HP
CapillaryDB-1165.1732.Furr, Zeng, et al., 199015. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB240.1776.Hanai and Hong, 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1240.1772.Hanai and Hong, 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1791.Jayaprakasha, Rao, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 225. C @ 5. min
CapillaryOV-1011766.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011768.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax240.2241.Hanai and Hong, 198925. m/0.25 mm/0.22 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-Wax240.2278.Hanai and Hong, 198925. m/0.25 mm/0.22 «mu»m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M130.2250.Hedin, Thopson, et al., 1972N2; Column length: 15.24 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1772.Saroglou, Marin, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryMega 5MS1775.Condurso, Verzera, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1775.Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51778.Nogueira, Bittrich, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51787.Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS1788.9Zheng and White, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2254.Schwab, Mahr, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB2257.Condurso, Verzera, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1789.Lazarevic, Radulovic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-5 MS1765.Silva, Pott, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51778.Lago, Favero, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1774.Forero, Quijano, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51787.Gogus, Ozel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 7. min, 15. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1749.Petrovic, Ristic, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryBPX51787.Dickschat, Bode, et al., 200525. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 320. C
CapillaryDB-51775.Morteza-Semnani and Saeedi, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51754.Marongiu, Porcedda, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBPX-51773.Diaz and Kite, 20025. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-51780.Flamini, Ertugrul, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51778.Velickovic, Randjelovic, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySPB-51778.Kim, Kim, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 8. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min
CapillaryOV-1011761.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011768.Camciuc, Bessière, et al., 199850. m/0.22 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 100. C @ 1. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryUltra-21792.King, Matthews, et al., 199550. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryOV-1011765.Yang and Sugisawa, 1990N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011766.Yang and Sugisawa, 1990N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySiloxane, 5 % Ph1794.VOC BinBase, 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, 5 % phenyl1794.Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryZB-1 MS1755.Al-Reza, Rahman, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 150 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryBPX-51789.se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 210 0C 40 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBPX-51771.se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51774.Nivinsliene, Butkiene, et al., 200750. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 160 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS1778.Mockute, Bernotiene, et al., 2003Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 60C(1min) => 3C/min => 70C => 15C/min => 170C(8min) => 5C/min => 250C
CapillaryBPX-51789.Madruga, Arruda, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 20 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax-PEG2272.Tigrine-Kordiani, Meklati, et al., 200660. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2286.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryPEG-20M2243.Kubota, Matsujage, et al., 199650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax FSC2279.Akin, Saracoglu, et al., 201260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 oC/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP2287.Wedge, Klun, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 240 0C (20 min)
CapillaryInnowax2287.Baser, Özek, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 K/min -> 240 0C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS296.98Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5MS298.56Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Didaoui, Touabet, et al., 1997
Didaoui, L.; Touabet, A.; Meklati, B.Y., Comparison of mathematical methods for the calculation of retention indices at high temperature in gas chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1997, 20, 11, 605-610, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240201107 . [all data]

Furr, Zeng, et al., 1990
Furr, H.C.; Zeng, S.; Clifford, A.J.; Olson, J.A., Capillary gas chromatography of retinoids (vitamin A compounds) and apo-retinoids: determination of Kováts retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 1990, 527, 406-413, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4347(00)82124-6 . [all data]

Hanai and Hong, 1989
Hanai, T.; Hong, C., Structure-retention correlation in CGC, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1989, 12, 5, 327-332, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240120517 . [all data]

Jayaprakasha, Rao, et al., 2000
Jayaprakasha, G.K.; Rao, L.J.M.; Sakariah, K.K., Chemical composition of the flower oil of Cinnamomum zeylanicum blume, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 9, 4294-4295, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf991395c . [all data]

Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 1984
Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 5, 987-992, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00125a008 . [all data]

Hedin, Thopson, et al., 1972
Hedin, P.A.; Thopson, A.C.; Gueldner, R.C.; Minyard, J.P., Volatile constituents of the boll weevil, J. Insect. Physiol., 1972, 18, 1, 79-86, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1910(72)90066-2 . [all data]

Saroglou, Marin, et al., 2007
Saroglou, V.; Marin, P.D.; Rancic, A.; Veljic, M.; Skaltsa, H., Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of six Hypericum species from Serbia, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2007, 35, 3, 146-152, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2006.09.009 . [all data]

Condurso, Verzera, et al., 2006
Condurso, C.; Verzera, A.; Romeo, V.; Ziino, M.; Trozzi, A.; Ragusa, S., The leaf volatile constituents of Isatis tinctoria by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Planta Medica, 2006, 72, 10, 924-928, https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-946679 . [all data]

Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 2006
Saroglou, V.; Dorizas, N.; Kypriotakis, Z.; Skaltsa, H.D., Analysis of the essential oil composition of eight Anthemis species from Greece, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1104, 1-2, 313-322, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.11.087 . [all data]

Nogueira, Bittrich, et al., 2001
Nogueira, P.C.L.; Bittrich, V.; Shepherd, G.J.; Lopes, A.V.; Marsaioli, A.J., The ecological and taxonomic importance of flower volatiles of Clusia species (Guttiferae), Phytochemistry, 2001, 56, 5, 443-452, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)00213-2 . [all data]

Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 2000
Lazari, D.M.; Skaltsa, H.D.; Constantinidis, T., Volatile constituents of Cerastium candidissimum, a Greek endemic species, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 3, 174-176, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200005/06)15:3<174::AID-FFJ886>3.0.CO;2-Y . [all data]

Zheng and White, 2008
Zheng, Y.; White, E., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2008. [all data]

Schwab, Mahr, et al., 1989
Schwab, W.; Mahr, C.; Schreier, P., Studies on the enzymic hydrolysis of bound aroma components from Carica papaya fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 4, 1009-1012, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00088a042 . [all data]

Lazarevic, Radulovic, et al., 2010
Lazarevic, J.; Radulovic, N.; Palic, R.; Zlatkovic, B., Chemical Analusis of volatile constituents of Berula erecta (Hudson) Coville subsp. erecta (Apiaceae) from Serbia, J. Essential Oil. Res., 2010, 22, 3, 153-156, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2010.9700290 . [all data]

Silva, Pott, et al., 2010
Silva, D.B.; Pott, A.; Oliveira, D.C.R., Analyses of the headspace volatile constituents of aerial parts (leaves and stems), flowers and fruits of Bidens gardneri Bak. and Bidens sulphurea (Cav.) Sch. Bip. using solid-phase microextraction, J. Essen. Oil Res., 2010, 22, 6, 560-563, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2010.9700400 . [all data]

Lago, Favero, et al., 2009
Lago, J.H.G.; Favero, O.A.; Romoff, P., Chemical composition and seasonal variations of the volatile oils from leaves of Michelia champaca L., Magnoliaceae, Braz. J. Pharmacognosia, 2009, 19, 4, 880-882. [all data]

Forero, Quijano, et al., 2008
Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 1, 25-30, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1913 . [all data]

Gogus, Ozel, et al., 2007
Gogus, F.; Ozel, M.Z.; Lewis, A.C., The Effect of Various Drying Techniques on Apricot Volatiles Analysed Using Direct Desorption-GC-TOF/MS, Talanta, 2007, 73, 2, 321-325, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.03.048 . [all data]

Petrovic, Ristic, et al., 2006
Petrovic, S.; Ristic, M.; Milenkovic, M.; Kukic, J.; Antic-Stankovic, J.; Niketic, M., Composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Stachys plumosa Griseb., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 250-252, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1570 . [all data]

Dickschat, Bode, et al., 2005
Dickschat, J.S.; Bode, H.B.; Wenzel, S.C.; Muller, R.; Schulz, S., Biosinthesis and Identification of Volatiles Released by the Myxobacterium Stigmatella aurantiaca, ChemBioChem, 2005, 6, 11, 2023-2033, https://doi.org/10.1002/cbic.200500174 . [all data]

Morteza-Semnani and Saeedi, 2005
Morteza-Semnani, K.; Saeedi, M., The essential oil composition of Phlomis bruguieri Desf. from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 3, 344-346, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1459 . [all data]

Marongiu, Porcedda, et al., 2003
Marongiu, B.; Porcedda, S.; Caredda, A.; de Gioannis, B.; Vargiu, L.; la Colla, P., Extraction of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. Oxycedrus essential oil by supercritical carbon dioxide: influence of some process parameters and biological activity, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 5, 390-397, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1224 . [all data]

Diaz and Kite, 2002
Diaz, A.; Kite, G.C., A comparison of the pollination ecology of Arum maculatum and A. italicum in England, Watsonia, 2002, 24, 171-181. [all data]

Flamini, Ertugrul, et al., 2002
Flamini, G.; Ertugrul, K.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I.; Dural, H.; Bagci, Y., Volatile constituents of two endemic Centaurea species from Turkey: C. pseudoscabiosa subsp. pseudoscabiosa and C. hadimensis, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2002, 30, 10, 953-959, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(02)00043-1 . [all data]

Velickovic, Randjelovic, et al., 2002
Velickovic, D.T.; Randjelovic, N.V.; Ristic, M.S.; Smelcerovic, A.A.; Velickovic, A.S., Chemical composition and antimicrobial action of the ethanol extracts of Salvia pratensis L., Salvia glutinosa L. and Salvia aethiopis L., J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 2002, 67, 10, 639-646, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC0210639V . [all data]

Kim, Kim, et al., 2000
Kim, H.-J.; Kim, K.; Kim, N.-S.; Lee, D.-S., Determination of floral fragrances of Rosa hybrida using solid-phase trapping-solvent extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 902, 2, 389-404, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00863-3 . [all data]

Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000
Tamura, H.; Boonbumrung, S.; Yoshizawa, T.; Varanyanond, W., Volatile components of the essential oil in the pulp of four yellow mangoes (Mangifera indica L.) in Thailand, Food Sci. Technol. Res., 2000, 6, 1, 68-73, https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.6.68 . [all data]

Camciuc, Bessière, et al., 1998
Camciuc, M.; Bessière, J.M.; Vilarem, G.; Gaset, A., Volatile components in okra seed coat, Phytochemistry, 1998, 48, 2, 311-315, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(97)01127-8 . [all data]

King, Matthews, et al., 1995
King, M.-F.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Effect of beef packaging method on volatile compounds developed by oven roasting or microwave cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 3, 773-778, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00051a039 . [all data]

Yang and Sugisawa, 1990
Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H., Citrus Suachi Hort. ex Shirai. Volatile components in Sudachi (Citrus Sudachi Hort. ex Shirai) juice, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 1990, 37, 12, 946-952, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.37.12_946 . [all data]

VOC BinBase, 2012
VOC BinBase, The volatile compound BinBase (VOC BinBase), 2012, retrieved from http://fiehnlab.ucdavis.edu/projects/VocBinBase and http://binbase.sourceforge.net. [all data]

Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011
Skogerson, K.; Wohlgemuth, G.; Fiehn, O., VocBinNase, 2011, retrieved from http://fiehnlab.ucdavis.edu/projects//VocBinBase. [all data]

Al-Reza, Rahman, et al., 2009
Al-Reza, S.M.; Rahman, A.; Kang, S.C., Chemical composition and inhibitory effect of essentiasl oil and organic extracts of Cestrum nocturnum L. om food-borne pathogens, Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 2009, 44, 6, 1176-1182, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2009.01939.x . [all data]

se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 2009
se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 2009, 1216, 14, 2881-2890, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2008.10.061 . [all data]

Nivinsliene, Butkiene, et al., 2007
Nivinsliene, O.; Butkiene, R.; Gudalevic, A.; Mockute, D.; Meskauskiene, V.; Grigaliunaite, B., Influence of urban environment on chemical composition of Tilia cordata essential oil, Chemija, 2007, 18, 1, 44-49. [all data]

Mockute, Bernotiene, et al., 2003
Mockute, D.; Bernotiene, G.; Judzentiene, A., Volatile compounds of the aerial parts of wild St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) plants, Chemija, 2003, 14, 3, 108-111. [all data]

Madruga, Arruda, et al., 2000
Madruga, M.S.; Arruda, S.G.B.; Narain, N.; Souza, J.G., Castration and slaughter age effects on panel assessment and aroma compounds of the mestico goat meat, Meat Sci., 2000, 56, 2, 117-125, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(00)00025-5 . [all data]

Tigrine-Kordiani, Meklati, et al., 2006
Tigrine-Kordiani, N.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Abalysis by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry of the essential oil of Zygophyllum album L., an aromatic and medicinal plant growing in Algeria, Int. J. Aromatherapy, 2006, 16, 3-4, 187-191, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijat.2006.09.008 . [all data]

Kubota, Matsujage, et al., 1996
Kubota, K.; Matsujage, Y.; Sekiwa, Y.; Kobayashi, A., Identification of the characteristic volatile flavor compounds formed by cooking squid (Todarodes pacificus Steenstrup), Food Sci. Technol., 1996, 2, 3, 163-166. [all data]

Akin, Saracoglu, et al., 2012
Akin, M.; Saracoglu, H.T.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils from different parts of Buplerum rotundifolium L., Rec. Nat. Prod., 2012, 6, 3, 316-320. [all data]

Wedge, Klun, et al., 2009
Wedge, D.E.; Klun, J.A.; Tabanca, N.; Demirci, B.; Ozek, T.; Baser, K.H.C.; Liu, Z.; Zhang, S.; Cantrell, C.L.; Zhang, J., Bioactivity-guided fractionation and GC/MS fingerprinting of Amgelica sinensis and Angelica archangelica root components for antifungal and mosquito deterrent activity, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 2, 464-470, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf802820d . [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2000
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, T.; Demirci, B.; Duman, H., Composition of the essential oil of Glaucosciadium cordifolium (Boiss.) Burtt et Davis from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 1, 45-46, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<45::AID-FFJ867>3.0.CO;2-L . [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]


Notes

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