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Disulfide, dipropyl

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5100.1110.9Miller and Bruno, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5120.1118.4Miller and Bruno, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-560.1098.0Miller and Bruno, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-580.1104.6Miller and Bruno, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-101130.1102.Misharina and Golovnya, 1989He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
PackedApiezon M130.1115.Garbuzov, Misharina, et al., 1985He or N2, Chromosorb W, AW-DMCS; Column length: 2.1 m
PackedSE-30110.1105.Möckel and Zolg, 1977Chromosorb W AW (80-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedDC-200120.1104.Golovnya and Arsen'ev, 1970Column length: 1.5 m
PackedSE-30130.1104.Golovnya and Arsen'ev, 1970Column length: 1.5 m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M110.1398.Möckel and Zolg, 1977He, Chromosorb W AW (80-100 mesh); Column length: 6. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-51115.Gocmen, Gurbuz, et al., 20040. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-11094.Pino, Fuentes, et al., 2001He, 60. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11082.Johnson, Urso, et al., 199730. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryUltra-11083.9Farkas, Hradský, et al., 199225. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryHP-11090.Kuo and Ho, 199250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryHP-11094.Kuo and Ho, 1992, 250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryOV-1011093.Misharina and Golovnya, 1989He, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-11095.Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 19761. K/min; Column length: 183. m; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryOV-11092.Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1976, 2N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 183. m; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 230. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-11092.Mochizuki, Yamamoto, et al., 199830. m/0.32 mm/4.0 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40 0C (10 min), 2 0C/min to 180 0C, 25 0C/min to 250 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-51107.Triqui and Reineccius, 199530. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1378.Aromdee and Sriubolmas, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1378.Gocmen, Gurbuz, et al., 20040. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1387.Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1365.Nielsen and Poll, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1421.Storsberg, Schulz, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 10. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1387.Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1377.Cha, Kim, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1413.Schulz, Krüger, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups100.1111.Safa and Hadjmohannadi, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.10 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups120.1118.Safa and Hadjmohannadi, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.10 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups60.1098.Safa and Hadjmohannadi, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.10 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups80.1105.Safa and Hadjmohannadi, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.10 «mu»m, Nitrogen

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1098.Sadraei, Ghannadi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryRSL-2001094.Jirovetz, Ngassoum, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51109.Kubec, Drhová, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51107.Sinha, Guyer, et al., 1992He, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1088.Pyun and Shin, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 20 0C/min -> 220 0C (5 min)
CapillarySE-301093.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301096.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryApieson M1115.Gao, Wang, et al., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011096.Zenkevich and Malamakhov, 1987He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101375.Chin, Nazimah, et al., 200710. m/0.1 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1.5 min, 50. K/min, 240. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1390.Chyau and Mau, 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 5. min, 1.5 K/min, 210. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1374.Kubec, Drhová, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1390.Chyau, Lin, et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 1.5 K/min, 210. C @ 10. min

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1377.Gyawali and Kim, 201260. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1356.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1358.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryPEG-10001418.Gao, Wang, et al., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1375.Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 199850. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C (1.5min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 220C (3.5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1377.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Miller and Bruno, 2003
Miller, K.E.; Bruno, T.J., Isothermal Kováts retention indices of sulfur compounds on a poly(5% diphenyl-95% dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 1007, 1-2, 117-125, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(03)00958-0 . [all data]

Misharina and Golovnya, 1989
Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V., Regularities of retention of a pseudohomologous series of dialkylpolysulfides in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1989, 44, 514-519. [all data]

Garbuzov, Misharina, et al., 1985
Garbuzov, V.G.; Misharina, T.A.; Aerov, A.F.; Golovnya, R.V., Gas chromatographic retention indices for sulphur(II)-containing organic substances, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1985, 40, 4, 576-586. [all data]

Möckel and Zolg, 1977
Möckel, H.J.; Zolg, M., Retentionsindices n-aliphatischer Schwefelverbindungen, Z. Anal. Chem., 1977, 285, 1, 45-46, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00446017 . [all data]

Golovnya and Arsen'ev, 1970
Golovnya, R.V.; Arsen'ev, Y.N., Gas-chromatographic method for the analysis of n-mercaptans and symmetrical n-sulfides and n-disulfides, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Div. Chem. Sci. (Engl. Transl.), 1970, 6, 4, 1316-1318, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00852683 . [all data]

Gocmen, Gurbuz, et al., 2004
Gocmen, D.; Gurbuz, O.; Rouseff, R.L.; Smoot, J.M.; Dagdelen, A.F., Gas chromatographic-olfactometric characterization of aroma active compounds in sun-dried and vacuum-dried tarhana, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2004, 218, 6, 573-578, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-004-0913-6 . [all data]

Pino, Fuentes, et al., 2001
Pino, J.A.; Fuentes, V.; Correa, M.T., Volatile constituents of Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum Rottl. ex Sprengel) and Rakkyo (Allium chinense G. Don), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 3, 1328-1330, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9907034 . [all data]

Johnson, Urso, et al., 1997
Johnson, C.I.; Urso, A.; Geleta, L., Broad spectrum analysis of municipal and industrial effluents discharged into the Peace, Athabasca and Slave river basins: characterization of effluent samples, 1994 - Volume 1 of 2, Northern River Basins Study Project Report No. 121, Norther River Basins Study, Edmonton, Alberta, 1997, 27. [all data]

Farkas, Hradský, et al., 1992
Farkas, P.; Hradský, P.; Kovác, M., Novel flavour components identified in the steamn distillate of onion (Allium cepa L.), Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1992, 195, 5, 459-462, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01191718 . [all data]

Kuo and Ho, 1992
Kuo, M.-C.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile constituents of the distilled oils of Welsh onions (Allium fistulosum L. variety Maichuon) and scallions (Allium fistulosum L. variety Caespitosum), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 1, 111-117, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00013a021 . [all data]

Kuo and Ho, 1992, 2
Kuo, M.-C.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile constituents of the solvent extracts of Welsh onions (Allium fistulosum L. variety Maichuon) and scallions (A. fistulosum L. variety caepitosum), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 10, 1906-1910, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00022a036 . [all data]

Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1976
Schreyen, L.; Dirinck, P.; van Wassenhove, F.; Schamp, N., Analysis of leek volatiles by headspace condensation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1976, 24, 6, 1147-1152, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60208a023 . [all data]

Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1976, 2
Schreyen, L.; Dirinck, P.; van Wassenhove, F.; Schamp, N., Volatile flavor components of leek, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1976, 24, 2, 336-341, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60204a056 . [all data]

Mochizuki, Yamamoto, et al., 1998
Mochizuki, E.; Yamamoto, T.; Komiyama, Y.; Nakazawa, H., Identification of allium products using flame photometric detection gas chromatography and distribution patterns of volatile sulfur compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 12, 5170-5176, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9803076 . [all data]

Triqui and Reineccius, 1995
Triqui, R.; Reineccius, G.A., Changes in flavor profiles with ripening of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicholus), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 7, 1883-1889, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00055a024 . [all data]

Aromdee and Sriubolmas, 2006
Aromdee, C.; Sriubolmas, N., Essential oil of the flowers of Azadirachta indica (Meliaceae), Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol., 2006, 28, 1, 115-119. [all data]

Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 2004
Nielsen, G.S.; Larsen, L.M.; Poll, L., Impact of blanching and packaging atmosphere on the formation of aroma compounds during long-term frozen storage of leek (Allium ampeloprasum Var. Bulga) slices, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 15, 4844-4852, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049623c . [all data]

Nielsen and Poll, 2004
Nielsen, G.S.; Poll, L., Determination of odor active aroma compounds in freshly cut leek (Allium ampeloprasum Var. Bulga) and in long-term stored frozen unblanched and blanched leek slices by gas chromatography olfactometry analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 6, 1642-1646, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030682k . [all data]

Storsberg, Schulz, et al., 2004
Storsberg, J.; Schulz, H.; Keusgen, M.; Tannous, F.; Dehmer, K.J.; Joachim Keller, E.R., Chemical characterization of interspecific hybrids between Allium cepa L. and Allium kermesinum Rchb., J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 17, 5499-5505, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049684a . [all data]

Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 2003
Nielsen, G.S.; Larsen, L.M.; Poll, L., Formation of aroma compounds and lipoxygenase (EC 1.13.11.12) activity in unblanced leek (Allium ampeloprasum Var. Bulga) slices during long-term frozen storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 7, 1970-1976, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020921o . [all data]

Cha, Kim, et al., 1998
Cha, Y.J.; Kim, H.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active compounds in Kimchi during fermentation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 5, 1944-1953, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9706991 . [all data]

Schulz, Krüger, et al., 1998
Schulz, H.; Krüger, H.; Liebmann, J.; Peterka, H., Distribution of volatile sulfur compounds in an interspecific hybrid between onion (Allium cepa L.) and leek (Allium porrum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 12, 5220-5224, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9806208 . [all data]

Safa and Hadjmohannadi, 2005
Safa, F.; Hadjmohannadi, M.R., Use of topological indices of organic sulfur compounds in quantitative structure-retention relationship study, QSAR Comb. Sci., 2005, 24, 9, 1026-1032, https://doi.org/10.1002/qsar.200530008 . [all data]

Sadraei, Ghannadi, et al., 2003
Sadraei, H.; Ghannadi, A.; Malekshahi, K., Composition of the essential oil of Asa-foetida and its spasmolytic action, Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 2003, 11, 3, 136-140. [all data]

Jirovetz, Ngassoum, et al., 2002
Jirovetz, L.; Ngassoum, M.B.; Geissler, M., Analysis of the headspace aroma compounds of the seeds of the Cameroonian garlic plant Hua gabonii using SPME/GC/FID, SPME/GC/MS and olfactometry, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2002, 214, 3, 212-215, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-001-0481-y . [all data]

Kubec, Drhová, et al., 1999
Kubec, R.; Drhová, V.; Velísek, J., Volatile compounds thermally generated from S-propylcysteine and S-propylcysteine sulfoxide - aroma precursors of Allium vegetables, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 3, 1132-1138, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980974z . [all data]

Sinha, Guyer, et al., 1992
Sinha, N.K.; Guyer, D.E.; Gage, D.A.; Lira, C.T., Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of onion flavors and their analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 5, 842-845, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00017a027 . [all data]

Pyun and Shin, 2006
Pyun, M.-S.; Shin, S., Antifungal effects of the volatile oils from Allium plants against Trichophyton species and synergism of the oils with ketoconazole, Phytomedicine, 2006, 13, 6, 394-400, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2005.03.011 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Gao, Wang, et al., 2003
Gao, Y.; Wang, Y.; Yao, X.; Zhang, X.; Liu, M.; Hu, Z.; Fan, B., The prediction for gas chromatographic retention index of disulfides on stationary phases of different polarity, Talanta, 2003, 59, 2, 229-237, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0039-9140(02)00500-3 . [all data]

Zenkevich and Malamakhov, 1987
Zenkevich, I.G.; Malamakhov, A.C., Evaluation of Molecular Weights of Organic Compounds based on Retention Parameters at Chromato-Spectral Analysys. Additional Criterion of Molecular Ions' Identification, Vestn. St. Petersb. Univ. Ser. 4: Fiz. Khim, 1987, 2, 101-106. [all data]

Chin, Nazimah, et al., 2007
Chin, S.T.; Nazimah, S.A.H.; Quek, S.Y.; Che Man, Y.B.; Rahman, R.A.; Hashim, D.M., Analysis of volatile compounds from Malaysian durians (Durio zibethinus) using headspace SPME coupled to fast GC-MS, J. Food Comp. Anal., 2007, 20, 1, 31-44, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2006.04.011 . [all data]

Chyau and Mau, 2001
Chyau, C.-C.; Mau, J.-L., Effects of various oils on volatile compounds of deep-fried shallot flavouring, Food Chem., 2001, 74, 1, 41-46, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(00)00336-8 . [all data]

Chyau, Lin, et al., 1997
Chyau, C.-C.; Lin, Y.-C.; Mau, J.-L., Storage stability of deep-fried shallot flavoring, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 8, 3211-3215, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970109z . [all data]

Gyawali and Kim, 2012
Gyawali, R.; Kim, K.-S., Bioactive volatile compounds of three medicinal plants from Nepal, Kathmandu Univ. J. Sci., Engineering and Technol., 2012, 8, 1, 51-62. [all data]

Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 2004
Kim. J.H.; Ahn, H.J.; Yook, H.S.; Kim, K.S.; Rhee, M.S.; Ryu, G.H.; Byun, M.W., Color, flavor, and sensory characteristics of gamma-irradiated salted and fermented anchovy sauce, Radiation Phys. Chem., 2004, 69, 2, 179-187, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0969-806X(03)00400-6 . [all data]

Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 1998
Jakobsen, H.B.; Hansen, M.; Christensen, M.R.; Brockhoff, P.B.; Olsen, C.E., Aroma volatiles of blanched green peas (Pisum sativum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 9, 3727-3734, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980026y . [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]


Notes

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