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Butane, 1-ethoxy-

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil364.7KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Tboil365.4KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tboil365.2KN/ASpurr and Zeitlin, 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
Tboil365.5KN/ANorris and Rigby, 1932Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tboil365.9KN/ATimmermans, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc531.KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap36.41kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap36.3 ± 0.1kJ/molCMajer, Wagner, et al., 1980AC
Deltavap36.5kJ/molN/AAmbrose, Ellender, et al., 1976Based on data from 311. - 365. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
31.63365.4N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
35.2326.A,EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 311. - 365. K. See also Ambrose, Ellender, et al., 1976, Cidlinský and Polák, 1969, and Dykyj, 1972.; AC
36.3229.15CMajer, Wagner, et al., 1980ALS
32.1365.N/AAmbrose, Ellender, et al., 1976Based on data from 311. - 365. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kJ/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
298. - 358.54.670.2952531.Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference
311.33 - 364.534.062571252.485-56.685Cidlinský and Polák, 1969

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.3 ± 0.1EIAudier, Bouchoux, et al., 1982LBLHLM
9.36EIHolmes, Fingas, et al., 1981LLK
9.53PEBachiri, Mouvier, et al., 1980Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C4H8+9.8 ± 0.1C2H6OEIAudier, Bouchoux, et al., 1982LBLHLM
C4H9O+9.4 ± 0.1C2H5EIAudier, Bouchoux, et al., 1982LBLHLM

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
State gas
Instrument HP-GC/MS/IRD

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 118183

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSqualane80.669.Fernández-Sánchez, García-Domínguez, et al., 1987H2
PackedApiezon L120.665.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.669.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon M130.668.Golovnya and Garbuzov, 1974N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.1 m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax780.Cha, Kim, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5684.Savel'eva, Zenkevich, et al., 200325. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 270. C @ 15. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30684.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes648.Zenkevich, 1997Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes685.Zenkevich, Chupalov, et al., 1996Program: not specified
PackedApiezon L668.7Keiko, Prokop'ev, et al., 1972Program: not specified
PackedSqualane673.3Keiko, Prokop'ev, et al., 1972Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M788.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Spurr and Zeitlin, 1950
Spurr, R.A.; Zeitlin, H., The dipole moments of some aliphatic ethers, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1950, 72, 4832. [all data]

Norris and Rigby, 1932
Norris, J.F.; Rigby, G.W., Reactivity of Atoms and Groups in Organic Compounds XII. The Preparation and Properties of Mixed Aliphatic Ethers with Special Reference to those Containing the Tert-Butyl Radical, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1932, 54, 2088. [all data]

Timmermans, 1922
Timmermans, J., Investigation of the Freezing Point of Organic Substances VII, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1922, 31, 389. [all data]

Majer, Wagner, et al., 1980
Majer, V.; Wagner, Z.; Svoboda, V.; Cadek, V., Enthalpies of vaporization and cohesive energies for a group of aliphatic ethers, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1980, 12, 387-391. [all data]

Ambrose, Ellender, et al., 1976
Ambrose, D.; Ellender, J.H.; Sprake, C.H.S.; Townsend, R., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds XLIII. Vapour pressures of some ethers, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1976, 8, 2, 165-178, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(76)90090-2 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Cidlinský and Polák, 1969
Cidlinský, J.; Polák, J., Saturated vapour pressures of some ethers, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1969, 34, 4, 1317-1321, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19691317 . [all data]

Dykyj, 1972
Dykyj, J., Petrochemia, 1972, 12, 1, 13. [all data]

Audier, Bouchoux, et al., 1982
Audier, H.E.; Bouchoux, G.; Hoppilliard, Y.; Milliet, A., The mechanism of formation of [C4H9O]+ ions from isobutyl etyhyl ether, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1982, 17, 382. [all data]

Holmes, Fingas, et al., 1981
Holmes, J.L.; Fingas, M.; Lossing, F.P., Towards a general scheme for estimating the heats of formation of organic ions in the gas phase. Part I. Odd-electron cations, Can. J. Chem., 1981, 59, 80. [all data]

Bachiri, Mouvier, et al., 1980
Bachiri, M.; Mouvier, G.; Carlier, P.; Dubois, J.E., Evaluation quantitative des effets de substituants sur les premiers potentiels d'ionisation de composes monofonctionnels aliphatiques, J. Chim. Phys., 1980, 77, 899. [all data]

Fernández-Sánchez, García-Domínguez, et al., 1987
Fernández-Sánchez, E.; García-Domínguez, J.A.; García-Muñoz, J.; Menéndez, V.; Molera, M.J., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention indices on binary mixed stationary phases, An. Quim., 1987, 83, 56-58. [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Golovnya and Garbuzov, 1974
Golovnya, R.V.; Garbuzov, V.G., Effect of heteroatom in aliphatic sulfur- and oxygen-containing compounds on the values of the retention indices in gas chromatography, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 1974, 7, 1519-1521. [all data]

Cha, Kim, et al., 1998
Cha, Y.J.; Kim, H.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active compounds in Kimchi during fermentation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 5, 1944-1953, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9706991 . [all data]

Savel'eva, Zenkevich, et al., 2003
Savel'eva, E.I.; Zenkevich, I.G.; Radilov, A.S., Identification the Products of Chemical Neutralization of O-Isobutyl-S-(2-diethylaminoethyl)methylthiophosphonate in the Composition of Bitumen-Salt Matrices, Zh. Anal. Khim. (Rus.), 2003, 58, 2, 135-145. [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Zenkevich, 1997
Zenkevich, I.G., Influence of the Variations of Dynamics Molecular Parameterts on the Additivity of Chromatigraphic Retention Indices of Products of Organic Reactions Relative to Initial Reagents, Dokl. Akad. Nauk (Rus.), 1997, 353, 5, 625-627. [all data]

Zenkevich, Chupalov, et al., 1996
Zenkevich, I.G.; Chupalov, A.A.; Herzschuh, R., Correlation of the Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices with the Differences of Innermolecular Energies of Reagents and Products of Chemical Reactions, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 1996, 32, 11, 1685-1691. [all data]

Keiko, Prokop'ev, et al., 1972
Keiko, V.V.; Prokop'ev, B.V.; Kuz'menko, L.P.; Kalinina, N.A.; Modonov, V.B., The use of an additive scheme of calculation of the indices of retention in gas-liquid chromatography communication. 3. Some regularities in the manifestation of the inductive effect, Izv. Akad. Nauk Kaz. SSR Ser. Khim., 1972, 12, 2629-2633. [all data]


Notes

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