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Butane, 1-nitro-

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-1100.808.56Görgényi and Héberger, 2003N2; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 3. «mu»m
CapillaryHP-1110.810.11Görgényi and Héberger, 2003N2; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 3. «mu»m
CapillaryHP-1120.811.95Görgényi and Héberger, 2003N2; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 3. «mu»m
CapillaryHP-140.801.32Görgényi and Héberger, 2003N2; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 3. «mu»m
CapillaryHP-150.802.43Görgényi and Héberger, 2003N2; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 3. «mu»m
CapillaryHP-160.803.51Görgényi and Héberger, 2003N2; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 3. «mu»m
CapillaryHP-170.804.40Görgényi and Héberger, 2003N2; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 3. «mu»m
CapillaryHP-180.805.74Görgényi and Héberger, 2003N2; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 3. «mu»m
CapillaryHP-190.807.39Görgényi and Héberger, 2003N2; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 3. «mu»m
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.763.8Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000He; Column length: 3.3 m
CapillaryDB-5140.853.48Hobbs and Conde, 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.765.2Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 3.3 m
PackedApolane130.767.Dutoit, 1991Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSF-96100.824.Boneva and Dimov, 1979N2; Column length: 2. m
PackedSF-96110.824.Boneva and Dimov, 1979N2; Column length: 2. m
PackedSF-9690.822.Boneva and Dimov, 1979N2; Column length: 2. m
PackedApolane70.754.6Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976He, Chromosorb; Column length: 2.4 m
PackedApiezon L100.788.Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968N2, DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.3 m
PackedApiezon L150.804.Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968N2, DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.3 m
PackedApiezon L130.791.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m
PackedApiezon L190.800.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax100.1331.2Görgényi and Héberger, 2003Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax110.1333.7Görgényi and Héberger, 2003Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax120.1337.1Görgényi and Héberger, 2003Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax50.1310.2Görgényi and Héberger, 2003Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax60.1313.5Görgényi and Héberger, 2003Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax70.1317.5Görgényi and Héberger, 2003Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax80.1322.0Görgényi and Héberger, 2003Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax90.1326.6Görgényi and Héberger, 2003Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5826.02Hobbs and Conde, 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5842.53Hobbs and Conde, 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 300. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-1804.Harvey and Wenzel, 200915. m/0.25 mm/0.10 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 185. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryZB-1805.Harvey and Wenzel, 200915. m/0.25 mm/0.10 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 185. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryZB-1805.Harvey and Wenzel, 200915. m/0.25 mm/0.10 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 185. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 35. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone791.N/AProgram: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Görgényi and Héberger, 2003
Görgényi, M.; Héberger, K., Minimum in the temperature dependence of the Kováts retention indices of nitroalkanes and alkanenitriles on an apolar phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 985, 1-2, 11-19, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01842-3 . [all data]

Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000
Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsár, Z.; Kováts, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 904, 2, 211-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00908-0 . [all data]

Hobbs and Conde, 1992
Hobbs, J.R.; Conde, E.P., Gas chromatographic retention indices of explosives and nitro-compounds in Advances in Analysis and Detection of Explosives: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Analysis of Detection of Explosives, September 7-10, 1992, Jerusalem Israel, J. Yinon, ed(s)., Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, 1992, 153-164. [all data]

Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992
Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 609, 1-2, 229-259, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)80167-S . [all data]

Dutoit, 1991
Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 555, 1-2, 191-204, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87179-X . [all data]

Boneva and Dimov, 1979
Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Chromatographic retention indices of C1-C4 nitroparaffins, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1979, 34, 6, 902-905. [all data]

Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976
Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarján, G.; Kováts, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 63-83, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84063-2 . [all data]

Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968
Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 1968, 21, 5, 1125-1141, https://doi.org/10.1071/CH9681125 . [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19590420745 . [all data]

Harvey and Wenzel, 2009
Harvey, S.D.; Wenzel, T.J., Selective retention of explosives and related compounds on gas-chromatographic capillary columns coated with lanthanide(III) beta-diketonate polymers, J. Chromatogr. A, 2009, 1216, 36, 6417-6423, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.07.008 . [all data]


Notes

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