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1-Pentanol, 4-methyl-

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Phase change data

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil423. ± 4.KAVGN/AAverage of 15 out of 16 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc603.5 ± 0.7KN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
Tc603.5KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tc603.5KN/ALawrenson and Lee, 1978TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap14.45kcal/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
10.63425.N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
12.7372.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 357. - 427. K.; AC
12.2386.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 371. - 427. K.; AC
15.3313.N/AWilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973Based on data from 298. - 427. K.; AC
11.1360.IHovorka, Lankelma, et al., 1940Based on data from 298. - 423. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-αTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kcal/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) 328. - 368.
A (kcal/mol) 17.9
alpha -0.7757
beta 0.8766
Tc (K) 603.5
ReferenceMajer and Svoboda, 1985

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C6H13O- + Hydrogen cation = 1-Pentanol, 4-methyl-

By formula: C6H13O- + H+ = C6H14O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar373.8 ± 2.0kcal/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.
Deltar373.1 ± 2.4kcal/molG+TSBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar367.2 ± 2.1kcal/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.
Deltar366.5 ± 2.3kcal/molCIDCBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

De-protonation reactions

C6H13O- + Hydrogen cation = 1-Pentanol, 4-methyl-

By formula: C6H13O- + H+ = C6H14O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar373.8 ± 2.0kcal/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.
Deltar373.1 ± 2.4kcal/molG+TSBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar367.2 ± 2.1kcal/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.
Deltar366.5 ± 2.3kcal/molCIDCBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-5625
NIST MS number 235434

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-10180.851.Boneva, 1987N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm
CapillaryOV-10190.852.6Boneva, 1987N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm
PackedSE-30100.827.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30120.823.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30140.821.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5875.Mevy, Bessiere, et al., 200625. m/0.2 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-101839.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101840.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30866.Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.29 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30868.Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.29 mm; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M80.1338.Boneva, 1987N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1338.Boneva, 1987N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1300.Kevei and Kozma, 1976Chromosorb

Kovats' RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1318.Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1320.Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1299.Verzera, Campisi, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 0.17 min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryZB-Wax1312.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 1.8 K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1299.Verzera, Campisi, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 0.17 min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1311.Cha, Kim, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1301.Selli, Canbas, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C(3min) => 2C/min => 220C => 3C/min => 245C (20min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1301.Selli, Canbas, et al., 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C(3min) => 2C/min => 220C => 3C/min => 245C(20min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1302.Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1301.Selli, Cabaroglu, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C(3min) => 2C/min => 220C => 3C/min => 245C (20min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1328.Boido, Lloret, et al., 200325. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C (8min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 230C
CapillaryDB-Wax1347.Radovic, Careri, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 30C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryFFAP1310.Yasuhara, 198750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C (5min) => 2C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 210C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30100.827.Zhou and Wu, 2007Column length: 1. m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5 MS836.Srisajjalerwaja, Apichartsrangkoon, et al., 201260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS838.Forero, Quijano, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryElite-5MS838.Tava, Pecetti, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5860.Shen X., Gao Y., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-1839.Tohar, Mohd, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5846.2Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryOV-101838.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5847.Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (2 min) 2 0Cmin -> 60 0C 10 0C/min -> 100 0C 20 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5851.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5866.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1838.Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 2C/min => 200C(1min) => 2C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS837.Cajka, Hajslova, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (0.75 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C 30 0C/min -> 245 0C (1.25 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone827.Chen and Feng, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone821.Feng and Mu, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone827.Kou, Zhang, et al., 2006Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS845.Alissandrakis, Kibaris, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 2C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone827.Fu and Wang, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30838.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane821.Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS833.Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone821.Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-Wax MS1309.Duarte, Dias, et al., 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 25. min
CapillaryCP Wax 52 CB1319.Birtic, Ginies, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1314.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1317.Dregus and Engel, 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1316.Umano, Nakahara, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1324.Wada and Shibamoto, 1997He, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1298.Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1282.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101328.Loughrin, Hamilton-Kemp, et al., 1990He, 60. C @ 1. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelco CO Wax-101325.Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 201260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (6 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 25 0C/min -> 250 0C (6 min)
CapillarySupelco CO Wax-101322.Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 201260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelco CO Wax-101329.Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 201260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1318.Sampaio, Garruti, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 35 0C (9 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 1 0C/min -> 100 0C 16 0C/min -> 210 0C (20 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1312.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1330.Yongsheng, Hua, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 3 0C/min -> 50 0C 5 0C/min -> 120 0C 7 0C/min -> 175 0C 10 0C/min -> 230 0C (8 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101317.Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 2C/min => 200C(1min) => 2C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1316.Tian, Zhang, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 150 0C 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1299.Editorial paper, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1316.Editorial paper, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1301.Selli, Cabaroglu, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 2C/min => 220C => 3C/min => 245C(20min)
CapillaryNukol1298.López and Dufour, 2001N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 45C(5min) => 20C/min => 100C(1min) => 3C/min => 190C(40min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1284.Miranda, Nogueira, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 25 0C (0.5 min) 50 K/min -> 50 0C 3.5 K/min -> 150 0C 7.5 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1297.Caldentey, Daria Fumi, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 25C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C
CapillaryDB-Wax1333.Marlatt, Ho, et al., 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Gude and Teja, 1995
Gude, M.; Teja, A.S., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 4. Aliphatic Alkanols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1995, 40, 1025-1036. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Lawrenson and Lee, 1978
Lawrenson, I.J.; Lee, D.A., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds XLVIII. The critical temperature of some alkanols, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1978, 10, 1111. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Wilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973
Wilhoit, R.C.; Zwolinski, B.J., Physical and thermodynamic properties of aliphatic alcohols, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data Suppl., 1973, 1, 2, 1. [all data]

Hovorka, Lankelma, et al., 1940
Hovorka, Frank; Lankelma, Herman P.; Schneider, Isadore, Thermodynamic Properties of the Hexyl Alcohols. IV. 3-Methylpentanol-1 and 2-Methylpentanol-5, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1940, 62, 5, 1096-1098, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01862a029 . [all data]

Haas and Harrison, 1993
Haas, M.J.; Harrison, A.G., The Fragmentation of Proton-Bound Cluster Ions and the Gas-Phase Acidities of Alcohols, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1993, 124, 2, 115, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(93)80003-W . [all data]

Boand, Houriet, et al., 1983
Boand, G.; Houriet, R.; Baumann, T., The gas phase acidity of aliphatic alcohols, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1983, 105, 2203. [all data]

Boneva, 1987
Boneva, S., Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices for C6 Alkanols on OV-101 and Carbowax 20M Capillary Columns, Chromatographia, 1987, 23, 1, 50-52, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02310419 . [all data]

Pías and Gascó, 1975
Pías, J.B.; Gascó, L., GC Retention Data of Alcohols and Benzoyl Derivatives of Alcohols, J. Chromatogr. - Chrom. Data, 1975, d14-d16. [all data]

Mevy, Bessiere, et al., 2006
Mevy, J.-P.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Greff, S.; Zombre, G.; Viano, J., Composition of the volatile oil from the leaves of Ximenia americana L., Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2006, 34, 7, 549-553, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2006.01.007 . [all data]

Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 1984
Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 5, 987-992, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00125a008 . [all data]

Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980
Brander, C.F.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Identification of Some Volatile Compounds of Wine of Vitis Vinifera Cultivar Pinot Noir, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 1980, 31, 1, 69-75. [all data]

Kevei and Kozma, 1976
Kevei, E.; Kozma, E., Gaschromatographische Untersuchungsmethoden zur Aromaprüfung in gekochtem Schweinefleisch (M. semimembranosus), Nahrung, 1976, 20, 3, 243-252, https://doi.org/10.1002/food.19760200303 . [all data]

Verzera, Campisi, et al., 2005
Verzera, A.; Campisi, S.; Zappalá, M., SUPELCO. Using SPME-GC-MS to characterize volatile components of honey as indicators of botanical origin, 2005, retrieved from http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/Brands/SupelcoHome/TheReporter.html. [all data]

Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004
Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 16, 5124-5134, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040052y . [all data]

Verzera, Campisi, et al., 2001
Verzera, A.; Campisi, S.; Zappalá, M.; Bonaccorsi, I., SPME-GC-MS analysis of honey volatile components for the characterization of different floral origin, Am. Lab. Fairfield Conn., 2001, 33, 15, 18-21. [all data]

Cha, Kim, et al., 1998
Cha, Y.J.; Kim, H.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active compounds in Kimchi during fermentation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 5, 1944-1953, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9706991 . [all data]

Selli, Canbas, et al., 2006
Selli, S.; Canbas, A.; Cabaroglu, T.; Erten, H.; Gunata, Z., Aroma components of cv. Muscat of Bornova wines and influence of skin contact treatment, Food Chem., 2006, 94, 3, 319-326, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.11.019 . [all data]

Selli, Canbas, et al., 2006, 2
Selli, S.; Canbas, A.; Cabaroglu, T.; Erten, H.; Lepoutre, J.-P.; Gunata, Z., Effect of skin contact on the free and bound aroma compounds of the white wine of Vitis vinifera L. cv Narince, Food Control, 2006, 17, 1, 75-82, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2004.09.005 . [all data]

Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 2004
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Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References