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Normal boiling point

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein

Tboil (K) Reference Comment
457.7Gupta, Nanoti, et al., 1992Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
457.2Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS
457.2Majer and Svoboda, 1985 
457.7Pawlowski and Wieckowska, 1980Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
457.1Kurtyka and Kurtyka, 1979Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
457.25Campbell, Kartzmark, et al., 1968Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
457.4Lindberg and Stenholm, 1966Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
457.Deshpande and Pandya, 1965Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
457.7Katti and Chaudhri, 1964Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
457.06Stadnicki, 1962Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; listed as boiling temp. see also BP FIXEDCOND for condensing temp.; TRC
457.6Stephenson and Van Winkle, 1962Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
457.1Kurtyka, 1961Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 9.2 K; TRC
457.3Ellis and Razavipour, 1959Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
457.5Gjaldbaek and Andersen, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
457.1Kovalenko and Trifonov, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
455.7Pino and Paleari, 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
457.5Kortuem, Moegling, et al., 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
457.08Dreisbach and Martin, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC
457.5Lecat, 1946Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
457.4Green and Spinks, 1945Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
457.5Lecat, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
457.5Lecat, 1943, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
457.82Kumler and Halverstadt, 1941Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
457.2Albright, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
457.6Butler and Ramchandani, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
457.6Timmermans and Hennaut-Roland, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
457.5Buehler, Wood, et al., 1932Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
455.Blacet, Leighton, et al., 1931Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
457.5Lecat, 1930Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; not clear that this is a new measurement; TRC
457.6Marti, 1930Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
457.50Lecat, 1926Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
457.6Timmermans and Martin, 1926Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
457.7Grimm and Patrick, 1923Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
455.9Bingham, Van Klooster, et al., 1920Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
456.0Bingham, Van Klooster, et al., 1920Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
458.Knowles, 1920Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
457.Hartung, 1916Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
457.6Timmermans, 1914Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; not clear that this is a new measurement; TRC
457.6Timmermans, 1912Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
457.6Timmermans, 1911Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
457.6Timmermans, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
457.Perkin, 1896Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
456.Weegmann, 1888Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
455.Kahlbaum, 1884Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
455.Hoffmann, 1850Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 5. K; TRC
455.1Hofmann, 1844Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 11.11 K; TRC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Go To: Top, Normal boiling point, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Gupta, Nanoti, et al., 1992
Gupta, S.K.; Nanoti, S.M.; Rawat, B.S., Vapor-Liquid Equilibria for the Systems Hexane-Aniline and Hexane-Benzene- Aniline at Atmosphereic Pressure, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1992, 37, 162. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Pawlowski and Wieckowska, 1980
Pawlowski, W.; Wieckowska, E., Distribution Studies on Ternary System Water--Benzene--Chloro- or Nitroaniline, Pol. J. Chem., 1980, 54, 543. [all data]

Kurtyka and Kurtyka, 1979
Kurtyka, Z.M.; Kurtyka, E.A., Vapor-Liquid Equilibria in the Systems Aniline-Pseudocumene, o-Toluidine-n-Decane, and m-Xylidine-n-Dodecane at Atmos. Press., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1979, 24, 15. [all data]

Campbell, Kartzmark, et al., 1968
Campbell, A.N.; Kartzmark, E.M.; Anand, S.C.; Cheng, Y.; Dzikowski, H.P.; Skrynyk, S.M., Partially miscible liquid systems: the density, change of volume on mixing, vapor pressure, surface tension, and viscosity in the system: aniline-hexane, Can. J. Chem., 1968, 46, 2399-407. [all data]

Lindberg and Stenholm, 1966
Lindberg, J.J.; Stenholm, V., Viscosities, Densities, and Related Properties of Binary Mixtures Containing Dimethyl Sulphoxide and Mono-Subst. Benzenes or Guaiacol, Suom. Kemistiseuran Tied., 1966, 75, 22. [all data]

Deshpande and Pandya, 1965
Deshpande, D.D.; Pandya, M.V., Thermodynamics of Binary Solutions Part 1.--Heats of Mixing of Aniline in Benzene, Carbontetrachloride and Chlorobenzene, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1965, 61, 1858. [all data]

Katti and Chaudhri, 1964
Katti, P.K.; Chaudhri, M.M., Boiling Points and Surface Tension of Mixtures of Benzyl Acetate with Dioxane, Aniline, and Meta-Cresol, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1964, 9, 128. [all data]

Stadnicki, 1962
Stadnicki, J.S., Tonometric Investigations of Binary and Ternary Azeotropes. IV. Binary System Aniline-n-Undecane, Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci., Ser. Sci. Chim., 1962, 10, 299. [all data]

Stephenson and Van Winkle, 1962
Stephenson, R.W.; Van Winkle, M., Modification of Relative Volatilities by Addition of Solvent, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1962, 7, 510. [all data]

Kurtyka, 1961
Kurtyka, Z., Series of Binary Azeotropes Formed by Aniline, o-Toluidine and m-Xylidine with Normal Paraffinic Hydrocarbons, Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci., Ser. Sci. Chim., 1961, 9, 745. [all data]

Ellis and Razavipour, 1959
Ellis, S.R.M.; Razavipour, M., Vapour-liquid equilibria at reduced pressures: n-butanol-ethyl benzene; aniline-p-cymene, Chem. Eng. Sci., 1959, 11, 99. [all data]

Gjaldbaek and Andersen, 1954
Gjaldbaek, J. Chr.; Andersen, E.K., The Solubility of Carbon Dioxide, Oxygen, Carbon Monoxide and Nitrogen in Polar Solvents, Acta Chem. Scand., 1954, 8, 1398. [all data]

Kovalenko and Trifonov, 1954
Kovalenko, K.N.; Trifonov, N.A., Physicochemical Analysis of Systems Formed by Diphenylamine with Quinoline and Aniline (Fusibility, Density, and Viscosity)., Zh. Fiz. Khim., 1954, 28, 312. [all data]

Pino and Paleari, 1951
Pino, P.; Paleari, C., Synthesis of Anilides from Unsaturated Compounds, Carbon Monoxide,and Aniline, Gazz. Chim. Ital., 1951, 81, 646. [all data]

Kortuem, Moegling, et al., 1950
Kortuem, G.; Moegling, D.; Woerner, F., The Efficiency of Circulation Apparatuses for Determining Boiling and Vapor Pressure Diagrams of Binary Liquids., Chem.-Ing.-Tech., 1950, 22, 453. [all data]

Dreisbach and Martin, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Martin, R.A., Physical Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 2875-8. [all data]

Lecat, 1946
Lecat, M., Azeotropes of Amines, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Ser. 1, 1946, 60, 169. [all data]

Green and Spinks, 1945
Green, B.C.; Spinks, J.W.T., Equilibrium Diagrams for Binary Mixtures of Aniline, Ethylaniline, and Diethylaniline, Can. J. Res., Sect. B, 1945, 23, 269. [all data]

Lecat, 1943
Lecat, M., Negative and other Azeotropes, C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci., 1943, 217, 242. [all data]

Lecat, 1943, 2
Lecat, M., Azeotropes of Ethyl Urethane and other Azeotropes, C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci., 1943, 217, 273. [all data]

Kumler and Halverstadt, 1941
Kumler, W.D.; Halverstadt, I.F., The Dipole Moment of Sulfanilamide and Related Compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1941, 63, 2182. [all data]

Albright, 1937
Albright, P.S., Exper. Tests of Recent Theories Descriptive of the Salting-out Effect, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1937, 59, 2098. [all data]

Butler and Ramchandani, 1935
Butler, J.A.V.; Ramchandani, C.N., The Solubility of Non-electrolytes. Part II. The Influence of the Polar Group on the Free Energy of Hydration of Aliphatic Compounds., J. Chem. Soc., 1935, 1935, 952. [all data]

Timmermans and Hennaut-Roland, 1935
Timmermans, J.; Hennaut-Roland, M., Physical constants of 20 organic compounds. VII. Supplement, J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1935, 32, 589. [all data]

Buehler, Wood, et al., 1932
Buehler, C.A.; Wood, J.H.; Hull, D.C.; Erwin, E.C., A Study of Molecular Organic Compounds. IV. The Molecular Organic Compounds of Phenol, their Parachors and Refractivities, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1932, 54, 2398. [all data]

Blacet, Leighton, et al., 1931
Blacet, F.E.; Leighton, P.A.; Bartlett, E.P., The Specific Heats of Five Pure Organic Liquids and of Ethyl Alcohol- Water Mixtures, J. Phys. Chem., 1931, 35, 1935. [all data]

Lecat, 1930
Lecat, M., Azeotropism in Binary Mixtures Containing an Alcohol Mixed with an amine, a nitro derivative, an ether or water., Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem., 1930, 186, 119. [all data]

Marti, 1930
Marti, F.B., Methods and equipment used at the bureau of physico-chemical standards: 3 Physico-chemical properties of some solid organic compounds at normal temperatures, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1930, 39, 590. [all data]

Lecat, 1926
Lecat, M., New binary azeotropes: 3rd list, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Ser. B, 1926, 45, 284-94. [all data]

Timmermans and Martin, 1926
Timmermans, J.; Martin, F., The Work of Intl. Bur. of Physical-Chemical Standards - Methods and Apparatus, J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1926, 23, 733-46. [all data]

Grimm and Patrick, 1923
Grimm, F.V.; Patrick, W.A., The Dielectric Constastants of Organic Liquids at the Boilin Point, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1923, 45, 2794. [all data]

Bingham, Van Klooster, et al., 1920
Bingham, E.C.; Van Klooster, H.S.; Kleinspehn, W.G., The Fluidities and Volumes of Some Nitrogenous Organic Compds. XXX, J. Phys. Chem., 1920, 24, 1. [all data]

Knowles, 1920
Knowles, C.L., Some physical constants of pure aniline, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 1920, 12, 9, 881. [all data]

Hartung, 1916
Hartung, E.J., A Contribution to the Theory of Solution, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1916, 12, 66. [all data]

Timmermans, 1914
Timmermans, J., Freezing temperature of organic compounds. II., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1914, 27, 334. [all data]

Timmermans, 1912
Timmermans, J., Experimental Research on the Density of Liquids Below 0 Degrees., Sci. Proc. R. Dublin Soc., 1912, 13, 310. [all data]

Timmermans, 1911
Timmermans, J., Researches on the freezing point of organic liquid compounds, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1911, 25, 300. [all data]

Timmermans, 1910
Timmermans, J., The Purification and Physical Constants of Several Organic Liquids, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1910, 24, 244. [all data]

Perkin, 1896
Perkin, W.H., LXIX. On Magnetic Rotatory Power, especially of Aromatic Compounds, J. Chem. Soc., 1896, 69, 1025-1257. [all data]

Weegmann, 1888
Weegmann, R., The Molecular Refraction of SOme Brominated Ethanes and Ethylenes and The Present Status of the Landolt-Bruhlschen Theory, Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1888, 2, 218. [all data]

Kahlbaum, 1884
Kahlbaum, G.W.A., The dependence of Boiling Temperature on Air Pressure, Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 1884, 17, 1245. [all data]

Hoffmann, 1850
Hoffmann, A.W., Researches Regarding Molecular Constitution of the Volatile Org. Bases, J. Chem. Soc., 1850, 3, 279. [all data]

Hofmann, 1844
Hofmann, A.W., A Chemical Investigation of the Organic Bases Contained in Coal Gas Naphtha, Philos. Mag., 1844, 24, 115. [all data]


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