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2-Butene, (E)-

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil274.2 ± 0.5KAVGN/AAverage of 10 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus167.35KN/AKistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple167.62KN/AChao, Hall, et al., 1983Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Ttriple167.61KN/AGuttman and Pitzer, 1945Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; by extrapolation of 1/f to 0; TRC
Ttriple167.3KN/ATodd and Parks, 1936Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc428.6 ± 0.1KN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Tc428.6KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tc428.61KN/AAmbrose, Cox, et al., 1960Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; Visual, PRT, IPTS-48; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc41.0 ± 0.2barN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.2377l/molN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc4.21 ± 0.02mol/lN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap21.97kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap21.3kJ/molN/AReid, 1972AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
22.757274.04N/AGuttman and Pitzer, 1945, 2P = 101.325 kPa; DH
22.72274.N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
23.9272.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 205. - 287. K.; AC
23.6288.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 273. - 315. K.; AC
23.3328.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 313. - 385. K.; AC
23.2397.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 382. - 428. K.; AC
22.76 ± 0.63274.CGuttman and Pitzer, 1945, 2ALS
22.8 ± 0.1274.CGuttman and Pitzer, 1945, 2AC
24.2259.N/AGuttman and Pitzer, 1945, 2Based on data from 203. - 274. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
23.9268.N/ALamb and Roper, 1940Based on data from 205. - 283. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
23.83273.4VKistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1935, 2At 355 °K; ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-αTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) 274. - 394.
A (kJ/mol) 30.69
alpha -0.1948
beta 0.417
Tc (K) 428.6
ReferenceMajer and Svoboda, 1985

Entropy of vaporization

DeltavapS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
83.04274.04Guttman and Pitzer, 1945, 2P; DH

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
201.70 - 274.134.0436982.166-30.775Guttman and Pitzer, 1945, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
9.757167.62Chao, Hall, et al., 1983, 2DH
9.757167.61Guttman and Pitzer, 1945, 2DH
9.76167.6Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
9.861167.3Todd and Parks, 1936, 2DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
58.2167.62Chao, Hall, et al., 1983, 2DH
58.21167.61Guttman and Pitzer, 1945, 2DH
58.94167.3Todd and Parks, 1936, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Kistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1935
Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Ruhoff, J.R.; Smith, H.A.; Vaughan, W.E., Heats of Organic Reactions II. Hydrogenation of Some Simpler Olefinic Hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1935, 57, 876-82. [all data]

Chao, Hall, et al., 1983
Chao, J.; Hall, K.R.; Yao, J.M., Thermodynamic Properties of Simple Alkenes, Thermochim. Acta, 1983, 64, 285. [all data]

Guttman and Pitzer, 1945
Guttman, L.; Pitzer, K.S., trans-2-Butene. The Heat Capacity, Heats of Fusion and Vaporization and Vapor Pressure. The Entropy and Barrier to Internal Rotation, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1945, 67, 324-7. [all data]

Todd and Parks, 1936
Todd, S.S.; Parks, G.S., Thermal Data on Organic Compounds XV. Some Heat Capacity, Entropy and Free Energy Data for the Isomeric Butenes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1936, 58, 134. [all data]

Tsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996
Tsonopoulos, C.; Ambrose, D., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 6. Unsaturated Aliphatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1996, 41, 645-656. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Ambrose, Cox, et al., 1960
Ambrose, D.; Cox, J.D.; Townsend, R., The critical temperatures of forty organic compounds, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1960, 56, 1452. [all data]

Reid, 1972
Reid, Robert C., Handbook on vapor pressure and heats of vaporization of hydrocarbons and related compounds, R. C. Wilhort and B. J. Zwolinski, Texas A Research Foundation. College Station, Texas(1971). 329 pages.$10.00, AIChE J., 1972, 18, 6, 1278-1278, https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.690180637 . [all data]

Guttman and Pitzer, 1945, 2
Guttman, L.; Pitzer, K.S., trans-2-Butene. The heat capacity, heats of fusion and vaporization, and vapor pressure. The entropy and barrier to internal rotation, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1945, 67, 324-327. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Lamb and Roper, 1940
Lamb, Arthur B.; Roper, Edwin E., The Vapor Pressures of Certain Unsaturated Hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1940, 62, 4, 806-814, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01861a032 . [all data]

Kistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1935, 2
Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Ruhoff, J.R.; Smith, H.A.; Vaughan, W.E., Heats of organic reactions. II. Hydrogenation of some simpler olefinic hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1935, 57, 876-882. [all data]

Chao, Hall, et al., 1983, 2
Chao, J.; Hall, K.R.; Yao, J.M., Thermodynamic properties of simple alkenes, Thermochim. Acta, 1983, 64(3), 285-303. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Todd and Parks, 1936, 2
Todd, S.S.; Parks, G.S., Thermal data on organic compounds. XV. Some heat capacity, entropy and free energy data for the isomeric butenes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1936, 58, 134-137. [all data]


Notes

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