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Butanoic acid, methyl ester

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-693.0kcal/molCcbSchjanberg, 1935Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -118.8 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
47.361298.15Pintos, Bravo, et al., 1988DH
47.99298.15Fuchs, 1979DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil375. ± 4.KAVGN/AAverage of 22 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc554.5KN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Tc554.5KN/AYoung and Thomas, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Tc551.2KN/AHeilbron, 1891Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Tc544.7KN/ADe Heen, 1888Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 8. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc34.28atmN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.8000 atm; TRC
Pc34.250atmN/AYoung and Thomas, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.39 atm; TRC
Pc36.02atmN/AHeilbron, 1891Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2.0000 atm; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc2.939mol/lN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.098 mol/l; TRC
rhoc2.940mol/lN/AYoung and Thomas, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.04 mol/l; TRC
rhoc2.85mol/lN/AHeilbron, 1891Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.098 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap9.5 ± 0.3kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 11 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
8.076375.9N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
8.82350.N/Avan Genderen, van Miltenburg, et al., 2002AC
9.82 ± 0.05284.N/Avan Genderen, van Miltenburg, et al., 2002AC
9.18332.N/ASwiatek and Malanowski, 2002Based on data from 317. - 360. K.; AC
8.70364.N/AOrtega, Susial, et al., 1990Based on data from 349. - 384. K.; AC
8.17390.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 375. - 545. K.; AC
10.2261.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 246. - 375. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
375.5 - 545.4.715151758.314-2.421Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
246.4 - 375.54.579281528.058-41.606Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Trimethyl orthobutyrate + Water = Butanoic acid, methyl ester + 2Methyl Alcohol

By formula: C7H16O3 + H2O = C5H10O2 + 2CH4O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-6.272 ± 0.014kcal/molCmWiberg, Martin, et al., 1985liquid phase; solvent: Aqueous dioxane
Deltar-6.315 ± 0.014kcal/molCmWiberg, 1980liquid phase; solvent: Water; Hydrolysis

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
4.8 MButtery, Ling, et al., 1969

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)199.9kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity192.5kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.07 ± 0.03PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
10.15PEBenoit and Harrison, 1977Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C3H6O2+10.18C2H4EIHolmes and Lossing, 1980LLK
C3H6O2+10.17 ± 0.05?EIHolmes and Lossing, 1979LLK
C3H6O2+11.0 ± 0.2C2H4EIHowe, Williams, et al., 1969RDSH
C4H7O+11.2 ± 0.2CH3OEIHowe, Williams, et al., 1969RDSH

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 118791

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1333.705.6Hu, Lu, et al., 2006 
CapillarySE-54110.719.9Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 198915. m/0.28 mm/2.5 «mu»m, Ar
CapillarySE-54130.719.1Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 198915. m/0.28 mm/2.5 «mu»m, Ar
CapillarySE-54150.718.9Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 198915. m/0.28 mm/2.5 «mu»m, Ar
CapillaryApiezon L + KF70.697.Svetlova, Samusenko, et al., 198630. m/0.25 mm/0.06 «mu»m
CapillarySE-30100.723.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30120.706.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3080.710.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.710.Haken and Korhonen, 1984N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.709.Haken and Korhonen, 1984N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-10180.717.Haken and Korhonen, 1984N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-10180.706.Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
PackedSE-3070.711.Heintz, Druilhe, et al., 1977N2, Chromosorb W AW (0.20-0.25 mm); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30150.702.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30100.715.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedOV-1150.714.Ashes and Haken, 1971 
PackedSE-30100.704.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30150.714.Germaine and Haken, 1969Celite 560; Column length: 3.7 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1705.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1708.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1705.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1708.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryBP-1705.Bartley and Schwede, 1989He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101710.Morales and Duque, 1987He, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30702.Chretien and Dubois, 1978Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M100.982.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedCarbowax 20M100.997.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-201008.Wyllie and Leach, 199070. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M980.Nishimura, Yamaguchi, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryBP-20975.MacLeod and Pieris, 1983H2, 65. C @ 3. min, 12. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M990.Buttery, Seifert, et al., 1982He, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 170. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5710.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5710.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5717.Bylaite and Meyer, 200630. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, 50. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5727.Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5MS724.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS724.Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5723.Píno, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS740.Bruna, Hierro, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB690.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB723.Elmore, Campo, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB730.Oruna-Concha, Ames, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB696.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-5724.Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 2001He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySPB-1707.Larráyoz, Addis, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 13. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB696.Pino and Marbot, 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB696.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-5719.Moio, Piombino, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-5720.Moio, Piombino, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-5719.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-5720.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryOV-101709.5Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 199750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 140. C
CapillarySE-30707.2Grigor'eva, Golovnya, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 140. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone708.Píry, Príbela, et al., 199525. m/0.2 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1720.Wu, Kuo, et al., 199150. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 40. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS720.6Tret'yakov, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C
CapillaryDB-5728.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5735.Boscaini, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB731.Oruna-Concha, Bakker, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5717.Beaulieu and Grimm, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C (1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB737.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryHP-5724.Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-1704.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 200(1min) => 5C/min => 300C(25min)
CapillaryBPX-5720.Bauchot, Mottram, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He; Program: 0 0C (8 min) -> (1 min) -> 50 0C (2 min) 2.5 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 250 0C
PackedSE-30711.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax992.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax981.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillarySupelcowax-10993.Arena, Guarrera, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 7. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB980.Kourkoutas, Elmore, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr998.Ménager, Jost, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax976.Varming, Andersen, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax989.Varming, Petersen, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 25. min
CapillaryAT-Wax953.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax993.Rega, Fournier, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryAT-Wax955.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryAT-Wax958.Pino and Marbot, 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryAT-Wax955.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax979.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-Wax993.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax985.Shimoda, Wu, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M980.Píry, Príbela, et al., 199550. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 170. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax969.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax969.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax978.Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax984.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1992He, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M961.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M967.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M977.Chen, Kuo, et al., 1982He, 50. C @ 10. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 160. C
PackedCarbowax 20M971.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite 545, 4.6 K/min; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-10982.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10987.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 15C/min => 200C (1min)
CapillaryStabilwax989.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryStabilwax995.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryStabilwax973.Klesk and Qian, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1001.Iversen, Jakobsen, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 32C(1.5min) => 3C/min => 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 200C (10min)
CapillarySupelcowax-10965.Cadwallader and Xu, 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => (6C/min) => 80C(6min) => (15C/min) => 200C(10min)
CapillaryFFAP971.Yasuhara, 198750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C (5min) => 2C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 210C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101120.716.Blazso, Ujszaszi, et al., 1980Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillaryOV-101160.706.Blazso, Ujszaszi, et al., 1980Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
PackedSE-3070.716.Yabumoto, Jennings, et al., 1977 
PackedApieson L120.676.Kurdina, Markovich, et al., 1969not specified, not specified

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5 MS721.Majcher, Lawrowski, et al., 201025. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS728.Pino, Marquez, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySE-54723.Laselan, Buettner, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 0. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1705.Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1698.Chen, Sheu, et al., 2006Nitrogen, 40. C @ 1. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 9. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryHP-5724.Isidorov, Purzynska, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5723.0Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryHP-5710.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5710.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5710.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5714.Azodanlou, Darbellay, et al., 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySPB-5722.Ledauphin, Guichard, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5724.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillaryRSL-200706.Ngassoum, Jirovetz, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5722.Rouseff, Jella, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryUltra-1712.Iwaoka, Zhang, et al., 199350. m/0.31 mm/0.17 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1705.Peppard, 199230. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1705.Peppard, 199230. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1703.Shiota, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1706.Shiota, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101705.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1705.Takeoka and Butter, 1989He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1709.Takeoka and Butter, 1989He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1710.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-30706.Dirinck, de Pooter, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Tstart: 20. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySiloxane, 5 % Ph745.VOC BinBase, 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5712.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/1.00 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, 5 % phenyl745.Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS729.Pino, Marquez, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5722.Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (2 min) 2 0Cmin -> 60 0C 10 0C/min -> 100 0C 20 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5725.Qiao, Xie, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 3 0C/min -> 160 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (3 min)
CapillaryHP-5724.Qiao, Xie, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone702.Chen and Feng, 2007Program: not specified
CapillarySE-54723.Lasekan, Buettner, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillarySE-30702.Liu, Liang, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5717.Beaulieu, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C => 5C/min => 100C => 15C/min => 250C (19C)
CapillarySE-30705.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1725.Alves and Franco, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C(10min) => 2C/min => 110C => 5C/min => 200C(10min)
CapillarySPB-5715.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5723.Jordán, Margaría, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-5723.Jordán, Goodner, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5726.Jordán, Goodner, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5723.Jordán, Margaría, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB720.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-1705.Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone706.Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1704.Yen and Lin, 199960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 40 - 80 0C at 2 0C/min 80 - 200 0C at 5 0C/min 200 0C (10 min)
CapillarySPB-1706.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillarySPB-1706.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1723.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1702.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1704.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryOV-101705.Morales and Duque, 1987He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1723.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedPEG100.1000.Dowling, Evans, et al., 1990Phasesep W (10 %)
PackedPEG100.1026.Dowling, Evans, et al., 1990Phasesep W (10 %)
PackedCarbowax 20M100.983.Yabumoto, Jennings, et al., 1977 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-FFAP981.Laselan, Buettner, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 0. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax971.Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10943.Chin, Nazimah, et al., 200710. m/0.1 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1.5 min, 50. K/min, 240. C @ 2. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M986.Kafkas and Paydas, 200725. m/0.25 mm/0.40 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 260. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB982.Povolo, Contarini, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryZB-Wax981.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax992.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax992.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryPEG-20M989.Narain, Almeida, et al., 200450. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1000.Alves and Franco, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax983.Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryTC-Wax983.Suhardi, Suzuki, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax993.Paniandy, Chane-Ming, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax945.Ulrich, Hoberg, et al., 199760. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 1.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10985.Girard and Lau, 199590. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 20. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M975.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryDB-Wax982.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax984.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1004.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillaryFFAP955.Ortiz, Echeverra, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 70 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 142 0C 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax994.Valappil, Fan, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 7 0C/min -> 110 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP981.Lasekan, Buettner, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax983.Mattheis, Fan, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C (5min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M975.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryPEG-20M974.Garruti, Franco, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(8min) => 4C/min => 110C => 16C/min => 200C
CapillaryDB-Wax975.Miranda, Nogueira, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 25 0C (0.5 min) 50 K/min -> 50 0C 3.5 K/min -> 150 0C 7.5 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax975.Paniandy, Chane-Ming, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1000.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.985.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M980.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Schjanberg, 1935
Schjanberg, E., Die Verbrennungswarmen und die Refraktionsdaten einiger chlorsubstituierter Fettsauren und Ester., Z. Phys. Chem. Abt. A, 1935, 172, 197-233. [all data]

Pintos, Bravo, et al., 1988
Pintos, M.; Bravo, R.; Baluja, M.C.; Paz Andrade, M.I.; Roux-Desgranges, G.; Grolier, J.-P.E., Can. J. Chem., 1988, 1179. [all data]

Fuchs, 1979
Fuchs, R., Heat capacities of some liquid aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic esters at 298.15 K, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1979, 11, 959-961. [all data]

Young, 1910
Young, S., The Internal Heat of Vaporization constants of thirty pure substances, Sci. Proc. R. Dublin Soc., 1910, 12, 374. [all data]

Young and Thomas, 1893
Young, S.; Thomas, G.L., The vapour pressures, molecular volumes, and critical constants of ten of the lower esters, J. Chem. Soc., 1893, 63, 1191. [all data]

Heilbron, 1891
Heilbron, E., Summary of the Critical Data Up To Now on Liquids., Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1891, 1, 601-13. [all data]

De Heen, 1888
De Heen, P., Research on Physics and Theory of Liquids, Experimental Part Paris, 1888. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

van Genderen, van Miltenburg, et al., 2002
van Genderen, Aad C.G.; van Miltenburg, J. Cees; Blok, Jacobus G.; van Bommel, Mark J.; van Ekeren, Paul J.; van den Berg, Gerrit J.K.; Oonk, Harry A.J., Liquid--vapour equilibria of the methyl esters of alkanoic acids: vapour pressures as a function of temperature and standard thermodynamic function changes, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 2002, 202, 1, 109-120, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3812(02)00097-3 . [all data]

Swiatek and Malanowski, 2002
Swiatek, Barbara E.; Malanowski, Stanislaw K., Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium in m -Xylene + Cyclohexanol at 19.99 and 94.93 kPa, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2002, 47, 3, 478-481, https://doi.org/10.1021/je010246z . [all data]

Ortega, Susial, et al., 1990
Ortega, Juan; Susial, Pedro; De Alfonso, Casiano, Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibrium of methyl butanoate with ethanol and 1-propanol binary systems, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1990, 35, 2, 216-219, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00060a037 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Wiberg, Martin, et al., 1985
Wiberg, K.B.; Martin, E.J.; Squires, R.R., Thermochemical studies of carbonyl compounds. 3. Enthalpies of hydrolysis of ortho esters, J. Org. Chem., 1985, 50, 4717-4720. [all data]

Wiberg, 1980
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Buttery, Ling, et al., 1969
Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Guadagni, D.G., Volatilities Aldehydes, Ketones, and Esters in Dilute Water Solution, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1969, 17, 385-389. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Watanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962
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Benoit and Harrison, 1977
Benoit, F.M.; Harrison, A.G., Predictive value of proton affinity. Ionization energy correlations involving oxygenated molecules, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 3980. [all data]

Holmes and Lossing, 1980
Holmes, J.L.; Lossing, F.P., Gas-phase heats of formation of keto and enol ions of carbonyl compounds., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1980, 102, 1591. [all data]

Holmes and Lossing, 1979
Holmes, J.L.; Lossing, F.P., Keto and enol forms of methyl acetate molecular ions, their stability and interconvertibility prior to fragmentation in the gas phase, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1979, 14, 512. [all data]

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Hu, Lu, et al., 2006
Hu, X.-F.; Lu, C.-H.; Yin, C.-S., Modeling Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Oxygen-containing Compounds by Novel Atom-type Topological Indices, Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 2006, 19, 3, 243-247, https://doi.org/10.1360/cjcp2006.19(3).243.5 . [all data]

Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 1989
Grigor'eva, D.N.; Vasil'ev, A.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Variation in retention indices and equivalent chain lengths of homologous series of n-alkyl acetates, n-alkyl methyl ketones, and methyl esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids as a function of homolog number and analysis temperature, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1989, 44, 1, 68-73. [all data]

Svetlova, Samusenko, et al., 1986
Svetlova, N.I.; Samusenko, A.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Advantage of the universal equation over the linear equation for the calculation of retention parameters of homologous series in capillary chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 12, 737-740, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240091205 . [all data]

Haken and Korhonen, 1985
Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVIII. Retention increments of aliphatic C1-C18 n-alkyl esters of butanoic acid and its monochloro derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 320, 2, 325-334, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)90510-2 . [all data]

Haken and Korhonen, 1984
Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXIV. Studies of chlorinated methyl propanoates and butanoates on a non-polar capillary column, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 284, 474-477, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87849-3 . [all data]

Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983
Komárek, K.; Hornová, L.; Horna, A.; Churácek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. III. Separation of alkyl halogenopropionates and halogenobutyrates on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 262, 316-320, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88112-7 . [all data]

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Notes

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