Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Benzoic acid, 4-nitro-

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-427.2 ± 0.8kJ/molCcbLebedeva, Ryadnenko, et al., 1971Hfusion=8.3±0.3, see Lebedeva, Rjadnenko, et al., 1969; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-3042. ± 0.8kJ/molCcbLebedeva, Ryadnenko, et al., 1971Hfusion=8.3±0.3, see Lebedeva, Rjadnenko, et al., 1969; ALS
Deltacsolid-3049.75kJ/molCcbVerkade, 1926ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
197.9323.Satoh and Sogabe, 1941T = 0 to 100 C. Mean value.; DH
180.3298.Andrews, Lynn, et al., 1926T = 22 to 245 C.; DH
182.8297.9Andrews, 1926T = 110 to 344 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus512.35KN/ABooss and Hauschildt, 1972Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Tfus512.4KN/AAndrews, Lynn, et al., 1926, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Tfus507.KN/AJohnson and Guest, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub119.7 ± 0.6kJ/molMERibeiro da Silva, 1999AC

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
115.4 ± 0.6374.MERibeiro da Silva, 1999Based on data from 367. - 381. K.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
36.9512.4Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
36.900512.35Booss and Hauschildt, 1972DH
36.900512.4Andrews, Lynn, et al., 1926DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
72.0512.35Booss and Hauschildt, 1972DH
72.0512.4Andrews, Lynn, et al., 1926DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C7H4NO4- + Hydrogen cation = Benzoic acid, 4-nitro-

By formula: C7H4NO4- + H+ = C7H5NO4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1373. ± 9.2kJ/molG+TSTaft and Bordwell, 1988gas phase
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1343. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRETaft and Bordwell, 1988gas phase

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.2 ± 0.2EIBenoit, 1973LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C7H4NO3+11.6 ± 0.2OHEIBenoit, 1973LLK

De-protonation reactions

C7H4NO4- + Hydrogen cation = Benzoic acid, 4-nitro-

By formula: C7H4NO4- + H+ = C7H5NO4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1373. ± 9.2kJ/molG+TSTaft and Bordwell, 1988gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1343. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRETaft and Bordwell, 1988gas phase; B

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1998.
NIST MS number 290676

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

UVVis spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Source Grammaticakis, 1951
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 205
Instrument n.i.g.
Melting point 242
Boiling point sub

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Lebedeva, Ryadnenko, et al., 1971
Lebedeva, N.D.; Ryadnenko, V.L.; Kuznetsova, I.N., Heats of combustion and enthalpies of formation of certain aromatic nitro-derivatives, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1971, 45, 549. [all data]

Lebedeva, Rjadnenko, et al., 1969
Lebedeva, N.D.; Rjadnenko, B.L.; Gutner, N.M., Heats of formation of some N-containing organic compounds, Int. Conf. Calorim. Therm. (Warsaw, Poland), 1969, 1-8. [all data]

Verkade, 1926
Verkade, P.E., Verbrandingswarmten van plaatsings-isomere benzol-derivaten en de theorie der geinduceerde alterneeren de polatiteit, Verslag Akad. Wetenschappen Amsterdam, 1926, 35, 492-504. [all data]

Satoh and Sogabe, 1941
Satoh, S.; Sogabe, T., The heat capacities of some organic compounds containing nitrogen and the atomic heat of nitrogen. (1), Sci., Pap. Inst. Phys. Chem. Res. (Tokyo), 1941, 38, 197-203. [all data]

Andrews, Lynn, et al., 1926
Andrews, D.H.; Lynn, G.; Johnston, J., The heat capacities and heat of crystallization of some isomeric aromatic compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 1274-1287. [all data]

Andrews, 1926
Andrews, D.H., The specific heats of some isomers of the type ortho, meta and para C6H4XY from 110 to 340K, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 1287-1298. [all data]

Booss and Hauschildt, 1972
Booss, H.J.; Hauschildt, K.R., Die Schmelzenthalpie des Benzils und 4-Nitrophenols, Z. Anal. Chem., 1972, 261(1), 32. [all data]

Andrews, Lynn, et al., 1926, 2
Andrews, D.H.; Lynn, G.; Johnston, J., The Heat Capacities and Heat of Crystallization of Some Isomeric Aromatic Compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 1274. [all data]

Johnson and Guest, 1910
Johnson, T.B.; Guest, H.H., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1910, 32, 761. [all data]

Ribeiro da Silva, 1999
Ribeiro da Silva, M., Enthalpies of combustion, vapour pressures, and enthalpies of sublimation of three methoxy-nitrobenzoic acids. Vapour pressures and enthalpies of sublimation of the three nitrobenzoic acids, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1999, 31, 11, 1429-1441, https://doi.org/10.1006/jcht.1999.0507 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Taft and Bordwell, 1988
Taft, R.W.; Bordwell, F.G., Structural and Solvent Effects Evaluated from Acidities Measured in Dimethyl Sulfoxide and in the Gas Phase, Acc. Chem. Res., 1988, 21, 12, 463, https://doi.org/10.1021/ar00156a005 . [all data]

Benoit, 1973
Benoit, F., Substituent effects in mass spectrometry. III. Substituent effects in the dissociation of the molecular ions of para and meta subtituted benzoic acids, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1973, 7, 295. [all data]

Grammaticakis, 1951
Grammaticakis, P., Contribution a l'etude de l'absorption dans l'ultraviolet moyen et le visible des arylamines isomeres et de leurs derives N substitues (Premier memoire), Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1951, 18, 220-226. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References