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2-Furancarboxaldehyde, 5-methyl-

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Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxHP-InnowaxSupelko CO Wax
Column length (m) 60.30.30.60.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0Cnot specifiednot specified40 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 220 0C (5 min)40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
I 1569.1570.1600.1591.1578.
ReferenceGyawali and Kim, 2012Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012Xiao, Dai, et al., 2011Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 2010
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelko CO WaxStabilwaxDB-FFAPDB-FFAPSupelcowax-10
Column length (m) 60.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program not specified35 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 5 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)50 0C 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 250 0Cnot specified45 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 270 0C (21 min)
I 1578.1567.1544.1560.1551.
ReferenceVekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 2010Chinnici, Guerrero, et al., 2009Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 2009Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 2009de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxSupelcowax 10DB-WaxSupelcowax-10DB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.50.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeHydrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program not specified45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)50 0C 20 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C40C(10min) => 2C/min => 200C(1min) => 2C/min => 250C (10min)44 0C 3 0C/min -> 170 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C
I 1566.1588.1556.1572.1566.
ReferenceZhao, Xu, et al., 2009Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2008Tao, Wenlai, et al., 2008Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2007Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxHP-InnowaxBP-20BP-20DB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HydrogenHeliumHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program not specified30 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 1 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 195 0C (45 min)50C(1min) => 2.5C/min => 100C => 2C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 220C50C(1min) => 2.5C/min => 100C => 2C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 220C50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 150 0C 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min)
I 1563.1586.1569.1569.1561.
ReferenceGonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 2007Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007Pontes, Marques, et al., 2007Pontes, Marques, et al., 2007Tian, Zhang, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxHP-InnowaxHP-InnowaxInnowax FSCDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.30.60.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeHeHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.250.25
Program 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)not specified30C(2min) => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
I 1588.1570.1610.1585.1552.
ReferenceViegas and Bassoli, 2007Viegas and Bassoli, 2007Weldegergis B.T., Tredoux A.G.J., et al., 2007Baser, Özek, et al., 2004Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase InnowaxCarbowax 20MHP-InnowaxSupelcowax-10Nukol
Column length (m) 60. 30. 25.
Carrier gas He He N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.32 0.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.5  
Program 50C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240Cnot specified50C(4min) => 10C/min => 230C(10min) => 10C/min => 250Cnot specified45C(5min) => 20C/min => 100C(1min) => 3C/min => 190C(40min)
I 1586.1576.1586.1523.1570.
ReferenceSelli, Kürkçüoglu, et al., 2004Vinogradov, 2004Piasenzotto, Gracco, et al., 2003Jung, Kim, et al., 2001López and Dufour, 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MPEGDB-WaxSupelcowax-10Supelcowax-10
Column length (m) 50.40.60.30.30.
Carrier gas N2HydrogenN2HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.182 0.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.20.300.250.25 
Program 60C => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 220C35 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 100 0C 3 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 20 0C/min -> 240 0C (2 min)not specified50C(2min) => 7C/min => 140C => 17.5C/min => 230C35C => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 4C/min => 240C
I 1577.1590.1586.1563.1555.
ReferenceTeai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 2001Vas, Gal, et al., 1998Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998Chang, Seitz, et al., 1995Schieberle and Grosch, 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.
Column length (m)  50.
Carrier gas  Hydrogen
Substrate   
Column diameter (mm)  0.32
Phase thickness (mum)   
Program not specifiednot specified
I 1562.1551.
ReferencePeng, Yang, et al., 1991Waggott and Davies, 1984
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Gyawali and Kim, 2012
Gyawali, R.; Kim, K.-S., Bioactive volatile compounds of three medicinal plants from Nepal, Kathmandu Univ. J. Sci., Engineering and Technol., 2012, 8, 1, 51-62. [all data]

Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012
Welke, J.E.; Manfroi, V.; Zanus, M.; Lazarotto, M.; Zini, C.A., Characterization of the volatile profile of Brazilian merlot wines through comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2012, 1226, 124-139, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.01.002 . [all data]

Xiao, Dai, et al., 2011
Xiao, Z.; Dai, S.; Niu, Y.; Yu, H.; Zhu, J.; Tian, H.; Gu, Y., Discrimination of Chinese vinegars based on headspace solid-phase microextraction - gas chromatography mass spectrometry of volatile compounds and multivariate analysis, J. Food Sci., 2011, 76, 8, c1125-c1135, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02356.x . [all data]

Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 2010
Vekiari, S.A.; Orepoulou, V.; Kourkoutas, Y.; Kamoun, N.; Msallem, M.; Psimouli, V.; Arapoglou, D., Characterization and seasonal variations of the quality of virgin olive oil of the Thoumbolia and Koroneiki varieties from Southern Greece, Grasas y Aceites, 2010, 61, 3, 221-231, https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.108709 . [all data]

Chinnici, Guerrero, et al., 2009
Chinnici, F.; Guerrero, E.D.; Sonni, F.; Natali, N.; Marin, R.N.; Riponi, C., Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) characterization of volatile compounds in quality vinegars with protected Europian geographical indication, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 11, 4784-4792, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf804005w . [all data]

Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 2009
Mebazaa, R.; Mahmoudi, A.; Fouchet, M.; Dos Santos, M.; Kamissoko, F.; Nafti, A.; Ben Cheikh, R.; Rega, B.; Camel, V., Characterization of volatile compounds in Tunisian fenugreek seeds, Food Chem., 2009, 115, 4, 1326-1336, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.01.066 . [all data]

de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 2009
de Simon, B.F.; Estruelas, E.; Munoz, A.M.; Cadahia, E.; Sanz, M., Volatile compounds in acacia, chestnut, cherry, ash, and oak woods, with a view to their use in cooperage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 8, 3217-3227, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf803463h . [all data]

Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009
Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 2009, 74, 2, c90-c99, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.01029.x . [all data]

Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2008
Soria, A.C.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanz, J., Some aspects of dynamic headspace analysis of volatile components in honey, Foog Res. International, 2008, 41, 8, 838-848, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2008.07.010 . [all data]

Tao, Wenlai, et al., 2008
Tao, L.; Wenlai, F.; Yan, X., Characterization of volatile and semi-volatile compounds in Chinese rica wines by headspace solid phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry, J. Inst. Brew., 2008, 114, 2, 172-179, https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2050-0416.2008.tb00323.x . [all data]

Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2007
Bosch-Fuste, J.; Riu-Aumatell, M.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Volatile profiles of sparkling wines obtained by three extraction methods and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 428-435, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.12.053 . [all data]

Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 2007
Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of ecological post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition Analysis, 2007, 20, 3-4, 297-307, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2006.12.004 . [all data]

Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007
Narain, N.; Galvao, M. deS.; Ferreira, D.DaS.; Navarro, D.M.A.F., Flavor biogeneration in Mangaba (Hancornia speciosa Gomes) fruit, BioEng. Campinas, 2007, 1, 1, 25-31. [all data]

Pontes, Marques, et al., 2007
Pontes, M.; Marques, J.C.; Camara, J.S., Screening of volatile composition from Portuguese multifloral honeys using headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-quadrupole mass spectrometry, Talanta, 2007, 74, 1, 91-103, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.05.037 . [all data]

Tian, Zhang, et al., 2007
Tian, Y.; Zhang, X.; Huang, T.; Zou, K.; Zhou, J., Research advances on the essential oils from leaves of Eucalyptus, Food Fermentation Ind. (Chinese), 2007, 33, 10, 143-147. [all data]

Viegas and Bassoli, 2007
Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 2007, 30, 8, 2031-2034, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422007000800040 . [all data]

Weldegergis B.T., Tredoux A.G.J., et al., 2007
Weldegergis B.T.; Tredoux A.G.J.; Crouch A.M., Application of a headspace sorptive extraction method for the analysis of volatile components in South African wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 21, 8696-8702, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf071554p . [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2004
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, T.; Kirimer, N.; Deliorman, D.; Ergun, F., Composition of the essential oils of Galium aparine L. and Galium odoratum (L.) Scop. from Turkey, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 305-307, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698728 . [all data]

Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 2004
Kim. J.H.; Ahn, H.J.; Yook, H.S.; Kim, K.S.; Rhee, M.S.; Ryu, G.H.; Byun, M.W., Color, flavor, and sensory characteristics of gamma-irradiated salted and fermented anchovy sauce, Radiation Phys. Chem., 2004, 69, 2, 179-187, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0969-806X(03)00400-6 . [all data]

Selli, Kürkçüoglu, et al., 2004
Selli, S.; Kürkçüoglu, M.; Kafkas, E.; Cabaroglu, T.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Canbas, A., Volatile flavour components of mandarin wine obtained from clementines (Citrus reticula Blanco) extracted by solid-phase microextraction, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 5, 413-416, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1323 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Piasenzotto, Gracco, et al., 2003
Piasenzotto, L.; Gracco, L.; Conte, L., Solid phase microextraction (SPME) applied to honey quality control, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2003, 83, 10, 1037-1044, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1502 . [all data]

Jung, Kim, et al., 2001
Jung, E.-J.; Kim, J.-P.; Cho, J.-E.; Lee, J.-W.; Lee, Y.-B.; Kim, W.-J., effect of extraction solvent on volatile compounds of garlic oleoresin, J. Korean Soc. Food Sci. Nutr., 2001, 30, 6, 1033-1037. [all data]

López and Dufour, 2001
López, M.G.; Dufour, J.P., Chapter 6. Tequilas: charm analysis of Blanco, Teposado, and Anejo tequilas, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 2001, 782, 62-72. [all data]

Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 2001
Teai, T.; Claude-Lafontaine, A.; Schippa, C.; Cozzolino, F., Volatile compounds in fresh pulp of pineapple (Ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) from French Polynesia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2001, 13, 5, 314-318, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2001.9712222 . [all data]

Vas, Gal, et al., 1998
Vas, G.; Gal, L.; Harangi, J.; Dobo, A.; Vekey, K., Determination of volatile aroma compounds of Blaeufrankisch wines extracted by solid-phase microextraction, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1998, 36, 10, 505-510, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/36.10.505 . [all data]

Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998
Weyerstahl, P.; Marschall, H.; Weirauch, M.; Thefeld, K.; Surburg, H., Constituents of commercial Labdanum oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 5, 295-318, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(1998090)13:5<295::AID-FFJ751>3.0.CO;2-I . [all data]

Chang, Seitz, et al., 1995
Chang, C.-Y.; Seitz, L.M.; Chambers, E., IV, Volatile Flavor Components of Breads Made from Hard Red Winter Wheat and Hard White Winter Wheat, Cereal Chem., 1995, 72, 3, 237-242. [all data]

Schieberle and Grosch, 1994
Schieberle, P.; Grosch, W., Potent odorants of rye bread crust - differences from the crumb and from wheat bread crust, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1994, 198, 4, 292-296, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01193177 . [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, References