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2-Dodecanone

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedOV-101220.1394.3Didaoui, Touabet, et al., 1997N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 2. m
CapillarySE-30220.1383.8Didaoui, Touabet, et al., 199727. m/0.4 mm/1.13 «mu»m, N2, Chromosorb G HP
CapillaryApolane220.1382.1Didaoui, Touabet, et al., 199743. m/0.29 mm/0.28 «mu»m, N2
PackedApolane220.1366.5Didaoui, Touabet, et al., 19972. m/0.29 mm/0.28 «mu»m, N2, Chromosorb G HP
CapillaryOV-101180.1392.9Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011371.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011375.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1697.Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 190. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51348.Boskovic, Radulovic, et al., 200530. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryOV-11375.Valero, Sanz, et al., 199920. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-11373.Stashenko, Villa, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C
PackedOV-1011378.Nixon, Wong, et al., 1979Gas-Chrom Q, 2. K/min; Column length: 2.5 m; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
PackedApiezon M1356.Golovnya and Uraletz, 1971N2, Celite 545, 6. K/min; Column length: 1.5 m; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedApiezon M1361.Golovnya and Uraletz, 1971N2, Celite 545, 6. K/min; Column length: 1.5 m; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedSE-301384.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11377.Eri, Khoo, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: -20C (5min) => 10C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 200C => 10C/min => 280C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax1704.Ledauphin, Basset, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1692.Shimoda, Yoshimura, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1704.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101710.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101711.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-160.1370.Amboni, Junkes, et al., 2002 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011379.Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 201125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51391.Soleimani and Azar, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 60. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1380.Lis and Milczarek, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-51401.Utsunomia, Kawata, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryOV-1011345.Boyom, Keumedjio, et al., 20025. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51388.Limberger, Simões-Pires, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOptima-11389.de Beck, Bessière, et al., 200025. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCross-Linked Methylsilicone1375.Bravo and Hotchkiss, 1993He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryUltra-21402.King, Hamilton, et al., 199350. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-51396.Lee, Macku, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryUltra-11373.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryOV-1011389.Zenkevich and Ventura, 1991Helium, 50. C @ 0. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 0. min; Column length: 54. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm
CapillaryOV-1011377.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-301367.Yaacob, Abdullah, et al., 19894. K/min; Column length: 10. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 20. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryTR-5 MS1395.Kurashov, Mitrukova, et al., 201415. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C (3 min) 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillarySiloxane, 5 % Ph1404.VOC BinBase, 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1397.Nance and Setzer, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 3 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, 5 % phenyl1404.Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-51410.se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 210 0C 40 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBPX-51410.se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301377.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane1370.Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1375.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998N2; Column length: 25. m; Phase thickness: 0.39 «mu»m; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Wax1692.Fredj, Marzouk, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1708.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1709.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1674.Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1688.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySP-10001698.De Llano D.G., Ramos M., et al., 199025. m/0.2 mm/0.43 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1688.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1698.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998N2; Column length: 60. m; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Didaoui, Touabet, et al., 1997
Didaoui, L.; Touabet, A.; Meklati, B.Y., Comparison of mathematical methods for the calculation of retention indices at high temperature in gas chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1997, 20, 11, 605-610, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240201107 . [all data]

Cha and Lee, 1994
Cha, K.-W.; Lee, D.-J., Prediction of retention indices of various compounds in gas-liquid chromatography, J. Korean Chem. Soc., 1994, 38, 2, 108-120, retrieved from http://journal.kcsnet.or.kr/publi/dh/dh94n2/108.pdf. [all data]

Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 1984
Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 5, 987-992, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00125a008 . [all data]

Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978
Tressl, R.; Friese, L.; Fendesack, F.; Köppler, H., Studies of the volatile composition of hops during storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1978, 26, 6, 1426-1430, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60220a036 . [all data]

Boskovic, Radulovic, et al., 2005
Boskovic, Z.; Radulovic, N.; Stojanovic, G., Essential oil composition of four Achillea species from the balkans and its chemotaxonomic significance, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2005, 41, 6, 674-678, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-006-0009-6 . [all data]

Valero, Sanz, et al., 1999
Valero, E.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., Volatile components in microwave- and conventionally-heated milk, Food Chem., 1999, 66, 3, 333-338, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(99)00069-2 . [all data]

Stashenko, Villa, et al., 1995
Stashenko, E.E.; Villa, H.S.; Combariza, M.Y., Comparative study of Colombian rue oils by high resolution gas chromatography using different detection systems, J. Microcolumn Sep., 1995, 7, 2, 117-122, https://doi.org/10.1002/mcs.1220070204 . [all data]

Nixon, Wong, et al., 1979
Nixon, L.N.; Wong, E.; Johnson, C.B.; Birch, E.J., Nonacidic constituents of volatiles from cooked mutton, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1979, 27, 2, 355-359, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60222a044 . [all data]

Golovnya and Uraletz, 1971
Golovnya, V.; Uraletz, V.P., Gas chromatographic analysis of flavour components with correlation isothermal retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 1971, 61, 65-71, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)92384-7 . [all data]

van den Dool and Kratz, 1963
van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1963, 11, 463-471, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)80947-X . [all data]

Eri, Khoo, et al., 2000
Eri, S.; Khoo, B.K.; Lech, J.; Hartman, T.G., Direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry profiling of hop (Humulus lupulus L.) essential oils in support of varietal characterization, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 4, 1140-1149, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9911850 . [all data]

Ledauphin, Basset, et al., 2006
Ledauphin, J.; Basset, B.; Cohen, S.; Payot, T.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled Calvados and Cognac: Carbonyl and sulphur compounds, J. Food Comp. Anal., 2006, 19, 1, 28-40, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2005.03.001 . [all data]

Shimoda, Yoshimura, et al., 2001
Shimoda, M.; Yoshimura, Y.; Yoshimura, T.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Volatile flavor compounds of sweetened condensed milk, J. Food Sci., 2001, 66, 6, 804-807, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2001.tb15176.x . [all data]

Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 1994
Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Imayoshi, K.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Volatile flavor compounds in spray-dried skim milk powder, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 4, 984-988, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00040a028 . [all data]

Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 1989
Tanchotikul, U.; Hsieh, T.C.-Y., Volatile Flavor Components in Crayfish Waste, J. Food Sci., 1989, 54, 6, 1515-1520, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1989.tb05149.x . [all data]

Amboni, Junkes, et al., 2002
Amboni, R.D.DeM.C.; Junkes, B. daS.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Quantitative structure-property relationships study of chromatographic retention indices and normal boiling points for oxo compounds using the semi-empirical topological method, J. Mol. Struct. (Theochem), 2002, 586, 1-3, 71-80, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0166-1280(02)00062-3 . [all data]

Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 2011
Zenkevich, I.G.; Eliseenkov, E.V.; Kasatochkin, A.N.; Zhakovskaya, Z.A.; Khoroshko, L.O., Gas chromatographic identification of chlorination products of aliphatic ketones, J. Chromatogr., 2011, 1218, 21, 3291-3299, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2010.12.056 . [all data]

Soleimani and Azar, 2009
Soleimani, M.; Azar, P.A., Volatile composition of Ruta graveolens L. of North of Iran, World Appl. Sci. J., 2009, 7, 1, 124-126. [all data]

Lis and Milczarek, 2006
Lis, A.; Milczarek, J., Chemical composition of the essential oils from fruits, leaves and flowers of Phellodendron sachalinense (Fr. Schmidt) Sarg., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 683-686, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1662 . [all data]

Utsunomia, Kawata, et al., 2005
Utsunomia, H.; Kawata, J.; Chanoki, W.; Shirakawa, N.; Miyazawa, M., Components of Essential Oil from Woods of Prunus mume Sieb. at Zucc., J. Oleo Sci., 2005, 54, 11, 609-612, https://doi.org/10.5650/jos.54.609 . [all data]

Boyom, Keumedjio, et al., 2002
Boyom, F.F.; Keumedjio, F.; Dongmo, P.M.J.; Ngadjui, B.T.; Zollo, A.; Menut, C.; Bessiere, J.M., Essential oils from Croton zambesicus Muell. Arg. growing in Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 3, 215-217, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1081 . [all data]

Limberger, Simões-Pires, et al., 2002
Limberger, R.P.; Simões-Pires, C.; Sobral, M.; Menu, C.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Henriques, A.T., Essential oils from some Myrceugenia species (Myrtaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 5, 341-344, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1113 . [all data]

de Beck, Bessière, et al., 2000
de Beck, P.O.; Bessière, J.M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile constituents from leaves and wood of Leea guineensis G. Don (Leeaceae) from Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 3, 182-185, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200005/06)15:3<182::AID-FFJ888>3.0.CO;2-X . [all data]

Bravo and Hotchkiss, 1993
Bravo, A.; Hotchkiss, J.H., Identification of volatile compounds resulting from the thermal oxidation of polyethylene, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 1993, 47, 10, 1741-1748, https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1993.070471004 . [all data]

King, Hamilton, et al., 1993
King, M.-F.; Hamilton, B.L.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Isolation and identification of volatiles and condensable material in raw beef with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 11, 1974-1981, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00035a030 . [all data]

Lee, Macku, et al., 1991
Lee, S.-R.; Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles formed in heated butter, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 11, 1972-1975, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00011a017 . [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Zenkevich and Ventura, 1991
Zenkevich, I.G.; Ventura, K., Gas Chromatographic Identification of Volatile Products of Thermal Degradation of Bitumen, Zh. Prikl. Khim. (Rus.), 1991, 9, 1974-1979. [all data]

Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990
Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 1990, 62, 24, 2676-2684, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00223a006 . [all data]

Yaacob, Abdullah, et al., 1989
Yaacob, K.B.; Abdullah, C.M.; Joulain, D., Essential Oil of Ruta graveolens L., J. Essent. Oil Res., 1989, 1, 5, 203-207, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1989.9697787 . [all data]

Kurashov, Mitrukova, et al., 2014
Kurashov, E.A.; Mitrukova, G.G.; Krylova, Yu.V., Variations in the component composition of essential oil of Ceratophyllum demersum (Ceratophyllaceae) during vegetation (in press), Plant Resources (Rastitel'nye Resursy), 2014, 1, 000-000. [all data]

VOC BinBase, 2012
VOC BinBase, The volatile compound BinBase (VOC BinBase), 2012, retrieved from http://fiehnlab.ucdavis.edu/projects/VocBinBase and http://binbase.sourceforge.net. [all data]

Nance and Setzer, 2011
Nance, M.R.; Setzer, W.N., Volatile components of aroma hops (Humulus lupulus L.) commonly used in beer brewing, J. of Brewing and Distilling, 2011, 2, 2, 16-22. [all data]

Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011
Skogerson, K.; Wohlgemuth, G.; Fiehn, O., VocBinNase, 2011, retrieved from http://fiehnlab.ucdavis.edu/projects//VocBinBase. [all data]

se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 2009
se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 2009, 1216, 14, 2881-2890, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2008.10.061 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003
Junkes, B.S.; Castanho, R.D.M.; Amboni, C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Semiempirical Topological Index: A Novel Molecular Descriptor for Quantitative Structure-Retention Relationship Studies, Internet Electronic Journal of Molecular Design, 2003, 2, 1, 33-49. [all data]

Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998
Weyerstahl, P.; Marschall, H.; Thefeld, K.; Subba, G.C., Constituents of the essential oil from the rhizomes of Hedychium gardnerianum Roscoe, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 6, 377-388, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199811/12)13:6<377::AID-FFJ755>3.0.CO;2-F . [all data]

Fredj, Marzouk, et al., 2007
Fredj, M.B.H.; Marzouk, B.; Chraief, I.; Boukef, K.; Marzouk, Z., Analysis of Tunisian Ruta graveolens L. oils from Jemmel, Journal of Food, Agriculture Environment, 2007, 5, 1, 52-55. [all data]

Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 1999
Iwatsuki, K.; Mizota, Y.; Kubota, T.; Nishimura, O.; Masuda, H.; Sotoyama, K.; Tomita, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis. Evluation of aroma of pasteurized and UHT processed milk by aroma extract dilution analysis, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 1999, 46, 9, 587-597, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk.46.587 . [all data]

Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991
Kawakami, M.; Kobayashi, A., Volatitle constituents of greem mate and roasted mate, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1275-1279, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a016 . [all data]

De Llano D.G., Ramos M., et al., 1990
De Llano D.G.; Ramos M.; Polo C.; Sanz J.; Martinez-Castro I., Evolution of the volatile components of an artisanal blue cheese during ripening, J. Dairy Sci., 1990, 73, 7, 1676-1683, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(90)78842-X . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References