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Benzene, 1-ethyl-2-methyl-

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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-101OV-1CP Sil 2HP-1HP-1
Column length (m) 50.50.100.25.25.
Carrier gas H2  N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.250.250.200.20
Phase thickness (mum) 0.2 0.25  
Temperature (C) 60.100.80.60.60.
I 961.54973.5974.6961.961.
ReferenceGaray, 2000Zhu, Zhang, et al., 1999Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995Zhang, Li, et al., 1992Zhang, Li, et al., 1992
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-1OV-1PONAOV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 52.52.50.50.50.
Carrier gas N2H2H2 He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.20.250.20
Phase thickness (mum) 0.380.380.5  
Temperature (C) 100.100.100.100.100.
I 973.2972.5973.6973.973.
ReferenceMatisová and Kurán, 1990Matisová and Kurán, 1990Matisová and Kurán, 1990Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Matisová, Kovacicová, et al., 1989
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101ApolaneOV-101OV-101Squalane
Column length (m) 278.200.278.278. 
Carrier gas N2N2H2H2 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.25 
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 120.120.100.100.100.
I 976.994.972.973.964.
ReferenceMatisová, Moravcová, et al., 1988Matisová, Moravcová, et al., 1988Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988Nabivach and Vasiliev, 1987
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneDB-1DB-1SE-30
Column length (m) 100.100.60.60.15.
Carrier gas HeHe  N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)   0.2640.2590.25
Phase thickness (mum)    1. 
Temperature (C) 106.96.60.60.70.
I 965.962.961.1961.6964.6
ReferenceKugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983Lubeck and Sutton, 1983Lubeck and Sutton, 1983Tóth, 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30SE-30OV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 100.100.50.50.50.
Carrier gas   N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.50.50.300.300.30
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 130.80.100.120.140.
I 984.968.974.978.987.
ReferenceBredael, 1982Bredael, 1982Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneOV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 50.50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas N2N2N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.30.30.3
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 86.96.100.120.140.
I 961.1963.4974.2978.0986.7
ReferenceMacák, Nabivach, et al., 1982Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 1.50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas HeN2N2N2N2
Substrate Chromaton N-AW-HMDS    
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.86.86.86.86.
I 970.960.5961.1961.1960.5
ReferenceNabivach and Kirilenko, 1980Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 50.50.50.100.120.
Carrier gas N2  N2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.250.250.230.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 86.86.96.100.100.
I 961.1961.1963.4966.961.7
ReferenceNabivach and Kirilenko, 1979Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Engewald and Wennrich, 1976Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryPackedPackedPacked
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSE-30SE-30SE-30
Column length (m) 120.100.6.16.16.1
Carrier gas HeH2N2N2N2
Substrate   Chrom WChrom WChrom W
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25   
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.80.110.120.130.
I 961.7958.25977.980.984.
ReferenceLulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976Soják and Rijks, 1976Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedCapillary
Active phase SE-30SE-30SE-30SE-30Squalane
Column length (m) 6.16.16.16.150.
Carrier gas N2N2N2N2H2
Substrate Chrom WChrom WChrom WChrom W 
Column diameter (mm)     0.2
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 140.110.120.140.100.
I 988.978.982.988.967.
ReferenceMitra, Mohan, et al., 1974Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 25.510.550.45.200.
Carrier gas HeHeN2N2N2
Substrate   Celite 545  
Column diameter (mm) 0.50.250.30.20.2
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 65.100.120.92.115.
I 963.2964.7970.964.969.3
ReferenceSvob and Deur-Siftar, 1974Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972Krupcík, Liska, et al., 1970Krupcík, Liska, et al., 1970
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 200.200.
Carrier gas N2N2
Substrate   
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.2
Phase thickness (mum)   
Temperature (C) 115.86.
I 968.8961.2
ReferenceSoják and Bucinská, 1970Soják and Bucinská, 1970
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Garay, 2000
Garay, F., Application of a flow-tunable, serially coupled gas chromatographic capillary column system for the analysis of complex mixtures, Chromatographia Sup., 2000, 51, 1, s108-s120, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02492792 . [all data]

Zhu, Zhang, et al., 1999
Zhu, X.; Zhang, L.; Chen, J.; Wang, L.; Che, X., The application quantitative structure-retention relationship of GC to aid MS qualitative analysis, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 1999, 17, 4, 351-353. [all data]

Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995
Estel, D.; Mohnke; Biermans; Rotzsche, The analysis of C4-C11 hydrocarbons in naphtha and reformate with a new apolar fused silica column, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1995, 18, 7, 403-412, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240180703 . [all data]

Zhang, Li, et al., 1992
Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 1992, 33, 3/4, 138-146, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02275894 . [all data]

Matisová and Kurán, 1990
Matisová, E.; Kurán, P., Reproducibility of retention indices measurement of alkylbenzenes on crosslinked methyl silicone phase fused silica capillaries, Chromatographia, 1990, 30, 5/6, 328-332, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02319717 . [all data]

Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989
Dimov, N.; Mekenyan, Ov., Quantitative Relationships Between the Structure of Alkylbenzenes and Their Gas Chromatographic Retention on Stationary Phasses with Different Polarity, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 471, 227-236, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94170-0 . [all data]

Matisová, Kovacicová, et al., 1989
Matisová, E.; Kovacicová, E.; Ha, P.T.; Kolek, E.; Engewald, W., Identification of alkylbenzenes up to C12 by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. II. Retention indices on OV-101 columns and retention-molecular structure correlations, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 475, 2, 113-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)89667-9 . [all data]

Matisová, Moravcová, et al., 1988
Matisová, E.; Moravcová, A.; Krupcík; Cellár, P.; Leclercq, P.A., Problems with the reproducibility of retention data on capillary columns with hydrocarbon C87 as the stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 454, 65-71, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)88602-1 . [all data]

Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988
Matisová, E.; Rukríglová, M.; Krupcík, J.; Kovacicová, E.; Holotík, S., Identification of alkylbenzenes up to C12 by capillary gas chromatography and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. I. OV-101 as stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 455, 301-309, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)82129-4 . [all data]

Nabivach and Vasiliev, 1987
Nabivach, V.M.; Vasiliev, E.E.E., Correlation dependencies of GC retention indices from physical chemical properties and structures of aromatic hydrocarbons, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Khim. Khim. Tekhnol., 1987, 30, 72-75. [all data]

Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983
Kugucheva, E.E.; Mashinsky, V.I., Retention Indices of Aromatic Hydrocarbons on Capillary Columns with Squalan and Polyphenyl Ether, Zh. Anal. Khim. (Rus), 1983, 38, 11, 2023-2026. [all data]

Lubeck and Sutton, 1983
Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, DL., Kovats retention indices of selected hydrocarbons through C10 on bonded phase fused silica capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1983, 6, 6, 328-332, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240060612 . [all data]

Tóth, 1983
Tóth, T., Use of capillary gas chromatography in collecting retention and chemical information for the analysis of complex petrochemical mixtures, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 279, 157-165, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)93614-3 . [all data]

Bredael, 1982
Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1982, 5, 6, 325-328, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240050610 . [all data]

Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982
Gerasimenko, V.A.; Nabivach, V.M., Relationship between molecular structure and gas chromatographic retention of alkylbenzenes C8-C1 2 on polydimethylsiloxane, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1982, 37, 110-116. [all data]

Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982
Macák, J.; Nabivach, V.; Buryan, P.; Sindler, S., Dependence of retention indices of alkylbenzenes on their molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 234, 2, 285-302, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)81867-1 . [all data]

Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981
Gerasimenko, V.A.; Kirilenko, A.V.; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. Chromatogr., 1981, 208, 1, 9-16, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)87953-4 . [all data]

Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980
Nabivach, V.M.; Kirilenko, A.V., Relationship between the gas chromatographic behaviour and the molecular structure of hydrocarbon samples and various stationary phases. Part II. Correlation between the retention index, physicochemical properties and molecular structure, Chromatographia, 1980, 13, 2, 93-100, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02263060 . [all data]

Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979
Nabivach, V.M.; Kirilenko, A.V., The use of retention indices for identifying the components of crude benzene, Solid Fuel Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1979, 13, 3, 82-87. [all data]

Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978
Nabivach, V.M.; Bur'yan, P.; Matsak, I., Retention indices of aromatic hydrocarbons on a squalane capillary column, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1978, 33, 7, 1108-1113. [all data]

Engewald and Wennrich, 1976
Engewald, W.; Wennrich, L., Molekülstruktur und Retentionsverhalten. VIII. Zum Retentionsverhalten höherer Alkylbenzole bei der Gas-Verteilungs-Chromatographie, Chromatographia, 1976, 9, 11, 540-547, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02275960 . [all data]

Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976
Lulova, N.I.; Leont'eva, S.A.; Timofeeva, A.N., Gas-chromatographic method of determination of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasolines in Proceedings of All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes. Vol.18, All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes, Moscow, 1976, 30-53. [all data]

Soják and Rijks, 1976
Soják, L.; Rijks, J.A., Capillary gas chromatography of alkylbenzenes. I. Some problems encountered with the precision of the retention indcies of alkylbenzenes, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 119, 505-521, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86812-0 . [all data]

Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974
Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Advances in the utilization of the retention index system for characterizing hydrocarbons in complex mixtures by gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 99, 215-230, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)90857-4 . [all data]

Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2
Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Gas chromatographic analysis of complex hydrocarbon mixtures, J. Chromatogr. A, 1974, 91, 633-648, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97944-0 . [all data]

Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974
Svob, V.; Deur-Siftar, D., Kovats Retention Indices in the Identification of Alkylbenzene Degradation Products, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 91, 677-689, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97947-6 . [all data]

Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972
Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarík, K.; Janák, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162° gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kováts retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 1972, 65, 1, 207-215, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86933-2 . [all data]

Krupcík, Liska, et al., 1970
Krupcík, J.; Liska, O.; Soják, L., The applicability of the linear free energy relationships for the identification of some alkyl aromatic hydrocarbons by open tubular column gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1970, 51, 119-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)96846-3 . [all data]

Soják and Bucinská, 1970
Soják, L.; Bucinská, A., Open tubular column gas chromatography of dehydrogenation products of C6-C10 n-alkanes. Separation and identification of mixtures of C6-C10 straight-chain alkanes, alkenes and aromatics, J. Chromatogr., 1970, 51, 75-82, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)96841-4 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, References