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Anthracene, 1-methyl-

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedOV-101230.1966.Grimmer and Böhnke, 1975Gas Chrom Q; Column length: 10. m
CapillaryOV-101230.1966.Grimmer and Böhnke, 1972N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51934.8Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51959.3Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51976.3Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryOV-11920.7Zhang, Shen, et al., 200025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-51934.8Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51959.3Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51976.3Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedOV-1011966.Kaliszan and Lamparczyk, 1978Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5315.9Wang, Hou, et al., 200730. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5316.Shao, Wang, et al., 200630. m/0.3 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane323.33Skrbic and Onjia, 20062. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5323.38Piao, Chu, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-54322.20Ivanov and Golovko, 1994He, 3. K/min, 260. C @ 40. min; Column length: 25. m; Tstart: 130. C
CapillaryDB-5323.3Palmentier, Britten, et al., 198980. C @ 1. min, 3.5 K/min, 300. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-5327.7Viau, Studak, et al., 1984Helium, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 90. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-52323.33Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.3 mm/0.34 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5322.6Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007Column length: 60. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS343.34Cheng, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryUltra-1323.3Sremac, Skrbic, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 40-100 0C 3-15 0C/min -> 290 0C
CapillarySE-52323.33Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified

References

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Grimmer and Böhnke, 1975
Grimmer, G.; Böhnke, H., Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon profile analysis of high-protein foods, oils, and fats by gas chromatography, J. Ass. Offic. Anal. Chem, 1975, 58, 4, 725-733. [all data]

Grimmer and Böhnke, 1972
Grimmer, G.; Böhnke, H., Bestimmung des Gesamtgehaltes aller polycyclischen aromatischen Kohlenwasserstoffe in Luftstaub und Kraftfahrzeugabgas mit der Capillar-Gas-Chromatographie, Z. Anal. Chem., 1972, 261, 4-5, 310-314, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00786987 . [all data]

Song, Lai, et al., 2003
Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s)., Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193. [all data]

Zhang, Shen, et al., 2000
Zhang, M.-J.; Shen, S.-D.; Chen, S.-Y.; Sun, Y.-H., Analysis of heavy oil fractions in high-temperature coal tar by capillary gas chromatography/fourier transform infrared spectrometry, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 2000, 18, 3, 241-246. [all data]

Lai and Song, 1995
Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 1995, 74, 10, 1436-1451, https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-2361(95)00108-H . [all data]

Kaliszan and Lamparczyk, 1978
Kaliszan, R.; Lamparczyk, H., A Relationship between the Connectivity Indices and Retention Indices of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1978, 16, 6, 246-248, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/16.6.246 . [all data]

Wang, Hou, et al., 2007
Wang, G.; Hou, Z.; Sun, Y.; Liu, Y.; Xie, B.; Liu, S., Investigation of pyrolysis behavior of fenoxycarb using PY-GC-MS assisted with chemometric methods, Chem. Anal., 2007, 52, 141-156. [all data]

Shao, Wang, et al., 2006
Shao, X.; Wang, G.; Sun, Y.; Zhang, R.; Xie, K.; Liu, H., Determination and Characterization of the Pyrolysis Products of Isoprocarb by GC-MS, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 2006, 44, 3, 141-147, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/44.3.141 . [all data]

Skrbic and Onjia, 2006
Skrbic, B.; Onjia, A., Prediction of Lee Retention Indices of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Artificial Neural Networks, J. Chromatorg. A, 2006, 1108, 2, 279-284, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.01.080 . [all data]

Piao, Chu, et al., 1999
Piao, M.; Chu, S.; Zheng, M.; Xu, X., Characterization of the combustion products of polyethylene, Chemosphere, 1999, 39, 9, 1497-1512, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00054-5 . [all data]

Ivanov and Golovko, 1994
Ivanov, V.I.; Golovko, A.K., Investigation of the composition of petroleum anthracene hydrocarbons, Pet. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1994, 34, 6, 504-512. [all data]

Palmentier, Britten, et al., 1989
Palmentier, J.-P.F.; Britten, A.J.; Charbonneau, G.M.; Karasek, F.W., Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in lubricating oil base stocks using high-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 469, 241-251, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)96459-3 . [all data]

Viau, Studak, et al., 1984
Viau, A.C.; Studak, S.M.; Karasek, F.W., Comparative analysis of hazardous compounds on flu-ash from municipal waste incineration by gas chromatography / mass spectrometry, Can. J. Chem., 1984, 62, 11, 2140-2145, https://doi.org/10.1139/v84-366 . [all data]

Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 1979
Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 1979, 51, 6, 768-773, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac50042a043 . [all data]

Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007
Fuentes, M.J.; Font, R.; Gomez-Rico, M.F.; Martin-Gullon, I., Pyrolysis and combustion of waste lubricant oil from diesel cars: Decomposition and pollutants, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 2007, 79, 1-2, 215-226, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2006.12.004 . [all data]

Cheng, Liu, et al., 2005
Cheng, D.-X.; Liu, B.-X.; Sun, Y.-A.; Xie, B.; Zhang, H.-L., rapid analysis of pyrolysis products of cholesterol by GC-MS assited with boiling point - Lee retention index, journal of Instrumental Analysis - Fenxi ceshi xuebao, 2005, 24, 6, 85-88. [all data]

Sremac, Skrbic, et al., 2005
Sremac, S.; Skrbic, B.; Onjia, A., Artificial neural network prediction of quantitative structure-retention relationships of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in gas chromatography, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 2005, 70, 11, 1291-1300, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC0511291S . [all data]

Shlyakhov, 1984
Shlyakhov, A.F., Gas chromatography in organic geochemistry, Nedra, Moscow, 1984, 221. [all data]


Notes

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